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S ta te Uni ve rs i ty of J a k a rta



Biology Education A 2017

What’s come to your mind
If you see these pictures?

Have you ever heard about

platelets or thrombocytes?
The Outline
How it works on
Blood Clotting

The Structure
Platelets introduction
Platelets are tiny cell fragments
that are found within our blood

These very small blood cells

are essential for preventing excess
blood loss and repairing bodily
what is the role of platelets in
where it produces? the body?

Platelets are produced in the bone

marrow, the same as the red cells Platelets are responsible for
and most of the white blood stopping the bleeding and
cells. Platelets are produced from helping to repair bodily
very large bone marrow cells
called megakaryocytes.
 A healthy range of platelets is considered to be between 150,000
to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood.
 diameter is only about 20 percent of that of red blood cells.
 platelets are small colorless, non nucleated cells
 shape is spherical or rod shaped and become oval or disc-shaped
when inactivated
The structure
Platelets on Blood Clotting
Once platelets arrive
the brain sends signals to where they are needed, a
the platelets to go to the plug is formed to stop the
damage site and form a bleeding
The body releases natural
chemicals to attract more
platelets to the affected
area as necessary

platelets arrive to the Clotting factors in the form

damaged area to adhere of small molecules cause
to the cut edges. blood-borne materials to
adhere together and seal
the wound.

Once the blood vessel heals back to its original shape, the
blood clot dissolves and platelets return to their resting
Platelets function