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Personal Development

By:
Mrs. Virginia D. Pasatiempo
Activity no: __
SELF-CONCEPT INVENTORY
Take a look at your own self-concept
and answer the following self-concept
inventory in your journal. Give yourself
a rating using the scale: 0= very weak;
1= weak; 2=somewhat weak/
somewhat strong; 3= strong; 4= very
strong
1.I have strong sex appeal.
2.I am proud of my physical
figure.
3.I am physically attractive and
beautiful/handsome.
4.I exude with charm and poise.
5.I can easily get along with.
6. I can adjust to different people
and different situations.
7. I am approachable; other people
are at ease and comfortable with
me
8. I am lovable and easy to love.
9. I am a fast learner, can
understand instruction easily.
10. I am intelligent.
11. I have special talents and abilities.
12. I can easily analyze situations and
make right judgments.
13. I can be trusted in any transaction.
14. I have a clean conscience and carry
no guilty feeling.
15. I have integrity and good
reputation.
16. My friends and classmates can look up
to me as a model worth emulating.
17. I can express my ideas without
difficulty.
18. I talk in a persuasive manner that I can
easily get people to accept what I say.
19. I can express my ideas in writing
without difficulty.
20. I am a good listener.
21. I am emotionally stable and not
easily rattled when faced with
trouble.
22. I am logical and rational in my
outlook and decisions.
23. I feel and act with confidence.
24. I am a mature person.
SCORING
Copy this table in your
journal. Write your
score opposite each
number and get the
subtotal.
PHYSICAL APPEAL HUMAN RELATIONS INTELLIGENCE

1. _______ 5. _______ 9. _______


2. _______ 6. _______ 10. _______
3. _______ 7. _______ 11. _______
4. _______ 8. _______ 12. _______
Subtotal: _________ Subtotal: _________ Subtotal: _________

CHARACTER COMMUNICATIONS MATURITY

13. _______ 17. _______ 21. _______


14. _______ 18. _______ 22. _______
15. _______ 19. _______ 23. _______
16. _______ 20. _______ 24. _______
Subtotal: _________ Subtotal: _________ Subtotal: _________
HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE YOURSELF?
1.In what areas do you
consider yourself strong
(with score 14-16 or
somewhat weak (score of
10-13) and very weak
(below 10)?
HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE YOURSELF?
2. Are there qualities you
consider as your weakness
but other people consider as
your strength? What are
these? Check with a partner,
(depend your answer, WHY?)
SELF CONCEPT
• Imagine yourself looking
into a mirror. What do you
see? Do you see your ideal
self?
IDEAL SELF
• Is the self that you aspire to
be.
• It is the one that you hope will
possess characteristics similar
to that of a mentor or some
other worldly figure?
ACTUAL SELF
• However is the one that you
actually see.
• It is the self that has
characteristics that you were
nurtured or, in some cases,
born to have.
• The Actual self and the ideal
self are two broad categories
of SELF CONCEPT.
• SELF CONCEPT refers to our
awareness of yourself.
• it is the construct that
negotiates these two selves.
• In other words, it connotes
first the identification of the
ideal self as separate from
others, and second, it
encompasses all the
behaviours evaluated in the
actual self that you engage in
to reach the ideal self.
• The actual self is built on
self knowledge.
• SELF KNOWLEDGE- is
derived from social
interactions that provide
insight into how others
react to you.
• The actual self is who we actually
are.
• It is how we think, how we feel, look
and act.
• The actual self can be seen by others,
but because we have no way of truly
knowing how others view us.
• The actual self is our SELF-IMAGE.
• The IDEAL SELF, on the
other hand, is how we
want to be. It is an
idealized image that we
have developed over time,
based on that we have
learned and experienced.
• The ideal self could include
components of what our
parents have taught us, what
we admire in others, what our
society promotes, and what
we think is in our best interest.
NEGOTIATION
• That exist between the two selves which
is complex because there are numerous
exchanges between the ideal and actual
self.
• These exchanges are exemplified in
SOCIAL ROLES that are adjusted and re-
adjusted and are derived from outcomes
of social interactions from infant to adult
development
• Alignment is important.
• If the way that I am (actual self) is aligned
with the way that I want to be (the ideal
self), then I will feel a sense of mental
well-being or peace of mind.
• If the way that I am is not aligned with
how I want to be, the INCONGRUENCE or
lack of alignment, will result in mental
distress or anxiety.
• The greater the level of
incongruence between the
ideal self and real self, the
greater the level of
resulting distress.
INGHAM & LUFT’S JOHARI
WINDOW MODEL
DIAGRAMS
• This four quadrant grid was
developed by American
psychologists Joseph Luft
and Harry Ingham in 1955
at the University of
California Los Angeles.
• This tool is a direct and
useful to achieve self
awareness, learning about
the self as a human being
as well as developing
healthy relationships
between individuals.
JOHARI WINDOW

A. OPEN/ FREE B. BLIND AREA


AREA

C. HIDDEN D. UNKNOWN
AREA
A) OPEN/ FREE AREA
• It represents the things that you
know about yourself, and the
things that others know about
you.
• This includes your behaviour,
knowledge, skills, attitude and
public history.
B) BLIND AREA
• It represents things
about you that you
aren’t aware of, but that
are known by others.
C) HIDDEN AREA
•It represents things
that you know about
yourself but the
others don’t know.
D. UNKNOWN
• Last quadrant represents
things that are unknown
to you, and are
unknown to others
HOW DO WE GET TO KNOW
OURSELVES?
1. Introspection or Self Analysis.
2. Keep a Self-Reflective Journal.
3. Be Self-Aware (A tune in our
feelings, thoughts & actions to
understand how it affects us and
the significant others).
4) Self Affirmation
(focuses on your
inner strength and
beauty.
DEVELOPING THE
WHOLE PERSON
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
• Individuality is never measured by
external factors alone.
• Mental ability forms part and parcel of
one’s persona.
• People Differ in several ways.
Intelligence is one element that
separates one from all others of the
same demographic people.
• All other things equal, individuals
have the ability and even the skills to
learn.
• These learning whether significant or
not become a basis for evaluating,
analyzing and making decisions
pertinent to their everyday
dilemmas.
INTELLIGENCE

• Several philosophers have


asserted that intelligence cannot
be absolutely measured
considering that standards differ
according to time and space.
• EINSTEIN himself said that, “The True Sign
Of Intelligence Is Not Knowledge But
Imagination.”
• SOCRATES said “ I know that I am
intelligent, because I know that I know
nothing”.
• The true measure of intelligence and its
definition cannot be absolutely established.
• Hence we refer to how psychologists have
endeavored to conceptualize intelligence.
• COON (2006) summed up relevant insights
about essence of intelligence.
• He stated that CHARLES SPEARMAN (1927)
proposed that intelligence is the single
factor that enables problem solving and
doing well in all areas of cognition.
• LOUIS LEON THURSTONE (1938) proposed
that there are seven primary abilities such
as verbal, memory, numerical abilities, etc.
• RAYMOND CATTELL (1963) described
intelligence as crystallized and fluid and
includes knowledge and skills measured
by tests and vocabulary.
• The same arises from experience,
acculturation and education.
• FLUID INTELLIGENCE is hereditary, based
on neuro-physiological structures
manifested in a person’s ability to think
and reason abstractly.
• ROBERT STERNBERG (1991) stated
that intelligence consists of the
componential, experiential and
contextual intelligence.
• Componential aspect focuses on
the mental components involved
in analyzing which is entailed in
academic intelligence.
• Today, intelligence (STERNBERG 2004) is
defined as the global capacity to act
purposely to think rationally and deal
effectively with the immediate
environment.
• Intelligence involves reasoning,
problem solving ability, knowledge,
memory and the successful
adaptation to one’s surrounding.
PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
• ERIC ERIKSON, a German-born Psychoanalyst
emphasized on the influence of the society on
the developing individual.
• He stated that every uniqueness is a result of an
individual’s relationship with the significant
others as he goes along performing his everyday
tasks.
• How one relates with his family members,
relatives, peers, co-workers and neighbors
shows his degree of social health.
PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
• Extends beyond childhood and even
adolescence. As persons continue to
age, they continue to mature and
change as well depending on the
resolution of the issues confronting
them.
AGENCIES OF SOCIALIZATION
1. Family (initial) Greatly influence
the formation of an
2. School individual’s
3. Church perception about
life, his role in the
4. Government community and
society as well as
5. Social/ mass media about the essence
of his very
6. Peers existence.
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
• An individual’s physique, body and health
are significant areas in assessing the over-
all characteristics of a person.
• Evidently, it is not only influenced by
internal factors such as one’s brain and
emotions but it is influenced as well by
our physique.
• Our image is a reflection of our lifestyle
and the kind of lives we lead.
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
• Evidently, human lifespan has deteriorated
so much that age factor is no longer the
common reason for dying. The leading
cause of death today is heart disease,
cancer and stroke.
• Contributing factors are stress, (Lifestyle)
fast food & preserve food product,
smoking, drugs, alcohol consumption, etc.
MORAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT
• A holistic understanding of
human development includes not
only an understanding of what
our senses can perceive.
• One’s behavior is determined by
his mind which in turn is
motivated by his spirit.
MORAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT
• Every decision that we make holds us
liable.
• Its consequences are our responsibility.
“with great powers comes great
responsibility”-spiderman
• Ethics has taught us of our duty as a
human person. “Love GOD above all
things and love our neighbor as we love
ourselves.
MORAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT
• Priority is self-preservation but
next to this is our
responsibility to the larger
community.
• Hence, decisions should be
weighed to determine its pros
and cons.
FACTORS that affect the
process of decision-making
1. Morality (principle concerning how
individuals distinguish what is right from
what is wrong)
-comes from the latin word “moralitas”,
which denotes manner, character and
proper behavior.
-differentiation of intentions, decisions
and actions between those that are
distinguished as proper and those that
are improper.
• However, “FREEWILL” becomes an
important element as individuals
are provided a “freedom of
decision” as they are not forced
into performing something which
is against their will as one is
always considered LIABLE FOR HIS
ACTS.
2. Values is the worth that we assign to
things/entities that are considered to be
important.
- It is an abstraction that is manifested in
our actions.
- They are deep seated and remain
constant overtime.
- PRODUCT OF OUR SOCIALIZATION
originates from our family, our peers,
school, church, government and mass
media.
Example of Filipino values:
- Pakikisama
- Bayanihan
These are positive values, unless
taken into the wrong light which
connotes being with people who
influence the individual on wrong
practices because they are friends.
Some values include the following:
1. loyalty- faithful to words we
speak, devoted in relationships;
conscientious to our duty.
2. Sincerity- truthfulness to
promises, openness and
transparency about one’s
thoughts.
3. Kindness- benevolence and
gentleness in treating other
people.