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definition

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teams VALIDITY
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types

QUALITY OF BEING FACTUALLY SOUND


Psychological Testing and Assessment
history CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
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REFERS TO HOW WELL A TEST OR
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TOOL MEASURES THE


CONSTRUCTS THAT IT WAS
DESIGNED TO MEASURE
1940 1950 1954
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history
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trying to come APA COMITTEE PSYCHOLOGICAL


up with ways TESTS
to validate
experiments
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PAUL MEEHL LEE CRONBACH


CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Professor of Psychology at President of the American


the University of Minnesota Psychological Association
CONSTRUCT

Definition

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is an attribute, proficiency, ability, or skill

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that happens in the human brain and is
defined by established theories.

EXAMPLES: INTELLIGENCE, ANXIETY, FEAR, MOTIVATION


2 TYPES OF CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
CONVERGENT VALIDITY
Degree to which the operationalization is
SIMILAR TO (converges on) other

definition

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operationalizations to which it theoretically
should be similar.

DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY
Reflects the degree to which an
instrument can distinguish between
concepts constructs and characteristics
CONVERGENT PRINCIPLE
MEASURES OF CONSTRUCT THAT ARE RELATED TO
EACH OTHER SHOULD BE STRONGLY CORRELATED

SELF-ESTEEM
CONSTRUCT

Principle

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definition
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SELF SOCIAL SELF-
CONFIDENCE
WORTH SKILLS APPRAISAL

1.00 .83 .89 .91


.83 1.00 .85 .90
.89 .85 1.00 .86
.91 .90 .86 1.00
DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY

principle

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definition
Essentially, measures of discriminant validity help

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us determine if two measures that should not be
correlated/related are ACTUALLY not related.
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