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BIOLOGI UMUM

SILABUS PERKULIAHAN
1. BIOLOGI : CABANG ILMU BIOLOGI, CIRI-CIRI KEHIDUPAN,
METODA ILMIAH
2. ASAL USUL KEHIDUPAN
3. FENOMENA KIMIA DAN FISIKA KEHIDUPAN
4. SEL : STRUKTUR SEL HEWAN DAN TUMBUHAN, BAGIAN-
BAGIAN SEL, DAUR HIDUP SEL,
5. METABOLISME : ANABOLISME(FOTOSINTESIS, SINTESA
PROTEIN), KATABOLISME(RESPIRASI SEL)
6. STRUKTUR DAN FUNGSI TUMBUHAN
7. STRUKTUR FUNGSI HEWAN
8. KLASIFIKASI MAHLUK HIDUP
9. KETERKAITAN MAHLUK HIDUP DENGAN LINGKUNGAN
10. GENETIKA DAN EVOLUSI
RENCANA
PERKULIAHAN
Sistem Penilaian Buku Catatan kuliah
 UAS: 40+, + foto copy power
 UTS: 30+, point ditempel
 Tugas Individu : 5 Dikumpulkan
 Tugas Kelompok: 15 sewaktu waktu
 Kehadiran: 10+

A : 80 – 100; B: 65 – 84,9; C: 55 –
64,9; D: 35 – 54,9; E: < 34,9
Tugas Kelompok : Format Jurnal
- Presentasi makalah 1. Judul
- LKM (Lembar Kerja 2. Tanggal
Mahasiswa)
3. Tujuan
4. Hasil pengamatan
Tugas Individu :
- Catatan
- Aktivitas di kelas
What is Biology?
• Biology is the study of life. As we study biology,
we will frequently run across a lot of “big words”
that you will need to learn. One thing that can
help you understand those words, which will also
aid you in everything from reading the
newspaper to communicating with your doctor, is
to know the Greek or Latin (or other) derivations
of the wordstems which make up those words.
For example, the word “biology” is made from
the wordstems bios, which means “life,” and -
logy which means “to study” or “the study of.”
Why are you here?
• Is biology important in your everyday life?
How? What sorts of questions about biology
are or should be important to non-majors, to
general people?
• What branches or subdisciplines within
biology might have the answers to those
questions? Can you think of any other
branches of biology and what they study? For
example. . .
• Anatomy
The study of body parts and their locations
• ana = up
• tom= to cut
• Botany : The study of plants
• botan = grass, pasture
• Cytology :The study of cells
• Cyto = cell
• Ecology: The study of the interrelations between organisms and their
environment
• eco = house
• Entomology: The study of insects
• entomoc = insect
Is it alive?
• OK, that’s the easy part, but how do you know
they’re alive or not? How can you tell? What
makes the difference? What properties do living
organisms have that makes them alive? Make a
list of the things come to your mind.
• The properties that all living organisms share, the
things that enable us to recognize something as
being alive, are called the emergent properties of
life. Biologists say that all living organisms
have/can do these things. How does this list
compare with your list?
Properties of an Organism:

• Precise Organization
The various levels of organization include atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, systems, whole
organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and the biosphere. “Form follows function” means that the
form of a body part or structure is related to its function. The form or shape of a structure within an organism is
correlated to the purpose or function of that structure. For example, a bird’s wing and a human arm are
homologous structures and have the same bones, yet are differently modified to serve different functions.
• Ability to Take in Energy and Use It
Much of the energy an organism takes in is in the form of food (= chemicals), thus we’ll need to look at some of
the basic chemistry needed for an organism to be alive.
• Ability to Respond to Stimuli
Organisms can interact with their environment, including both the non-living components such as sunlight and
other organisms in the community. All the organisms within a community influence/interact with each other.
• Capacity for Growth and Development
Growth and development are guided by DNA, the genetic code. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a very unusual
chemical because it can direct the synthesis (manufacture) of more molecules just like itself, something most
chemicals cannot do.
• Ability to Reproduce
All organisms can only reproduce their own kind, their own species. Little flies are not the offspring of big flies or
of bees, but of other little fly parents just like themselves. All organisms are composed of cells.
• Additional Property of a Population: Ability to Evolve