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Effect of Mid-day Meal

on MP Result
Presented by:-
Debanjan Giri & Biman Bera
Introduction
The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the government of
India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide. The
programme supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper
primary classes. The objective of the scheme is to help improve the effectiveness
of education by improving the nutritional status of school children and also to
increase the enrollment ratio.
But for this scheme a school has to face a lot of disturbance(administrative
problems) which may also effect the result of the higher class student like
MP(Madhyamik Pariksha) students.
So, it is basically a trade off. By our project we studied a particular
school’s(Krishnanagar High School) MP results of six(3 pre and 3 post) years. And try
to come to a decision…..
Objective:-
The key objective of the study is as follows:
➢To study the disturbance for midday meal is really has any
effect of this years MP results.
Method of data collection:-
Step 1:
We choose a Madhyamik school in our locality and collect this school’s 6 years MP
result from 2009 t0 2014 and the midday meal is started at this school from 2012.
We found the population-

Various years MP results:-


Pre midday meal years
2009(no. of students 97)
642,589,619,576,598,587,515,555,535,494,594,563,529,480,516,381,480,503,572,480,370,480,480,480,413,406,480,480,544,480,480
,419,409,431,486,480,480,423,414,480,426,436,424,404,403,419,388,436,362,410,322,367,378,415,383,404,408,405,369,387,383,41
1,385,418,663,492,480,488,480,486,370,396,419,480,416,541,480,427,480,344,354,333,399,311,480,410,405,480,400,395,381,366,3
58,384,365,395,381,
2010(no. of students 104)
627,627,541,575,513,519,553,600,572,579,579,570,625,628,603,574,512,515,506,562,434,565,530,483,480,480,480,480,480,493,499
,524,425,480,419,426,387,412,343,391,374,390,368,343,316,328,376,338,384,343,389,427,343,435,480,371,382,305,285,321,321,39
2,313,336,405,430,435,348,348,480,352,316,408,536,536,480,534,518,480,480,430,410,480,400,480,390,379,433,414,424,418,383,3
78,480,428,415,361,313,338,317,368,245,370,354,
2011(no. of students 115)
585,579,595,599,575,597,557,521,538,495,535,538,480,406,480,496,397,524,538,436,402,480,404,425,367,480,438,388,437,385,392
,386,399,480,413,406,437,385,357,403,354,399,403,377,418,506,355,364,332,392,352,320,290,344,326,283,352,372,313,305,312,30
8,319,290,314,369,335,343,276,332,343,618,322,526,627,525,526,558,509,480,480,430,481,347,423,375,522,410,480,480,315,333,3
42,334,281,329,315,382,289,367,350,372,324,320,332,298,321,295,313,345,316,304,322,333,296,
Post Midday Meal years
2012(no. of students 123)
597,592,576,519,507,501,526,477,509,504,510,521,443,423,445,372,420,440,457,421,420,360,379,317,420,343,42
0,420,430,462,376,420,379,308,420,347,317,360,375,345,307,284,273,344,242,311,237,348,270,269,285,271,256,
229,259,346,365,420,316,359,375,365,319,371,319,420,341,264,283,308,279,513,439,481,448,441,436,420,431,37
9,355,420,294,363,420,420,320,363,365,344,364,420,420,329,319,321,305,376,295,280,269,287,325,303,296,282,
308,263,333,420,350,330,306,420,420,377,301,289,210,222,181,271,251,
2013(no. of students 146)
530,552,535,523,511,527,560,456,508,480,486,554,503,413,401,453,455,293,377,410,462,494,323,376,369,372,39
1,407,269,398,296,327,376,341,343,307,280,303,332,285,332,340,267,291,307,240,221,294,306,255,200,256,273,
186,281,282,272,234,241,222,247,247,290,212,228,272,223,240,257,333,202,191,204,227,229,245,211,211,205,21
5,549,570,430,422,393,381,385,331,338,468,378,320,367,334,413,369,441,407,355,366,396,371,268,287,332,359,
318,293,291,345,297,284,293,281,299,297,245,233,209,290,241,246,293,221,273,309,234,253,264,192,243,223,27
8,276,272,230,220,233,256,224,162,267,244,227,238,227,
2014(no. of students 129)
583,554,517,521,563,579,563,573,399,533,494,479,473,466,440,453,446,395,433,405,450,339,365,389,346,318,33
6,394,328,387,397,401,311,309,361,345,321,321,391,359,283,329,237,441,326,330,385,432,420,338,327,229,253,
296,231,206,261,371,276,248,246,286,283,408,299,245,268,253,393,507,562,510,483,497,494,458,444,401,468,33
1,441,464,386,390,391,461,359,366,380,343,374,382,283,285,394,256,259,333,378,322,279,247,272,249,207,232,
263,212,312,274,282,269,267,283,242,286,204,241,292,263,277,313,235,206,189,210,329,328,236,
Method of data collection:-
Step 2:
Using Random Number Table from this population we choose 12 data from every
respective year.
We found the samples-
Every years 12 samples choosen:-
Pre midday meal years
2009
480,381,480,362,480,589,516,419,408,385,410,419
2010
600,480,328,524,392,513,419,408,354,480,371,435
2011
418,367,322,377,329,538,319,438,404,321,436,304

Post Midday Meal years


2012
280,445,348,521,420,307,264,301,452,504,271,222
2013
294,240,290,228,535,333,320,227,287,282,273,268
2014
390,521,234,329,554,235,328,573,333,366,387,318
Method of data collection:-
Step 3:
Convert every sample number to percentage because some years (2009,2010,2011)
full marks is 800 and others (2012,2013,2014) is 700.
We found the percentages of the samples-
Every choosen samples converted to %:-
Pre midday meal years
2009
60%,47.525%,60%,45.25%,60%,73.625%,64.5%,52.375%,51%,48.125%,51.25%,52.375%
2010
75%,60%,41%,65.5%,49%,64.125%,52.375%,51%,44.25%,60%,46.375%,54.375%
2011
52.25%,45.875%,40.25%,47.125%,41.125%,67.25%,39.875%,54.75%,50.5%,40.125%,54.5%,38%

Post Midday Meal years


2012
40%,63.571%,49.714%,74.429%,60%,43.857%,37.714%,43%,65.286%,72%,38.714%,31.714%
2013
42%,34.286%,41.429%,32.571%,76.429%,47.571%,45.714%,32.429%,41%,40.286%,39%,38.286%
2014
55.714%,74.429%,33.429%,47%,79.149%,33.571%,46.857%,81.857%,47.571%,52.286%,55.286%,45.429%
Statistical tools used…
➢For this data analysis we choose t-test to decide whether
there has any really significant association between midday meal
program and the result of MP of this school.
➢Use STATA software for calculation.
Hypothesis:

The null hypothesis is following,


H0:There is no significant association between Midday meal Program and the MP result of the
school.
H0: µ1=µ2
H1:There is significant association between Midday meal Program and the MP result of the
school.
H1: µ1≠µ2

~ t70 ,under H0
Where,
X1= Mean of first set of values
X2= Mean of second set of values
S1 = Standard deviation of first set of values
S2 = Standard deviation of second set of values
n1 = Total number of values in first set
n2 = Total number of values in second set.
PRE MD POST MD

52.79861 49.54883
MEAN

9.471116 14.79431
Std. Dev.
Two-sample t test with unequal variances
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Obs Mean Std. Err. Std. Dev. [95% Conf. Interval]
---------+--------------------------------------------------------------------
x | 36 52.79861 1.57852 9.471119 49.59404 56.00318
y | 36 49.54883 2.465718 14.79431 44.54316 54.5545
---------+--------------------------------------------------------------------
combined | 72 51.17372 1.466246 12.44151 48.25011 54.09733
---------+--------------------------------------------------------------------
diff | 3.24978 2.927711 -2.607398 9.106958
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
diff = mean(x) - mean(y) t = 1.1100
Ho: diff = 0

Ha: diff < 0 Ha: diff != 0 Ha: diff > 0


Pr(T < t) = 0.8643 Pr(|T| > |t|) = 0.2715 Pr(T > t) = 0.1357
Conclusion:-
From the above result we have seen that at 5% level of significance H0 is
accepted.
Ha: diff < 0 Ha: diff != 0 Ha: diff >
0
Pr (T < t) = 0.8643 Pr (|T| > |t|) = 0.2715 Pr (T > t) = 0.1357
Because here, p-value greater than level of significance.
Finally we conclude that, There is no significant association between Midday meal
Program and the MP result of the school(µ1=µ2).

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