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Quality Management

in Spinning

Engr. M. Mohi Uddin

B.Sc. In Textiles, Dhaka

M.Sc. In Textiles, UMIST, UK
Approaches Towards the Successful
Quality Management in Spinning
1. Fibre Selection & Procurement Mgt
2. Fibre Testing & Quality Assessment
3. Bale Management
4. Process Control Mgt
5. Machinery Maintenance & Auditing
6. Off-Line & On-Line Quality Management
7. Yarn Quality Data Monitoring & Mgt
8. Continuous Quality Improvement towards
customers satisfaction
Fibre Selection & Procurement

Based on the Size of the spinning mills, the management

should take into account the followings:
1. Annual requirement of raw cotton
2. Quality Profile of the mills
3. Raw Cotton Sourcing from throughout the globe based on
growth & quality to meet the quality profile
4. Procurement Scheduling for Quality Consistency
5. Cost of mixing
Fibre Properties
► A. Quality Characteristics of Textile Fibre For
Spinning, Testing Procedures & Bale Management:
► 1. Main Fibre Properties Required for Spinning:
► Fiber Length & Length Uniformity
► Fibre Fineness & Maturity
► Tensile Properties
► Colour, Trash & Leaf Grades
► 2. Other Properties
► Nep Content
► Frictional Properties
► Moisture etc.
Fibre Length & Length Uniformity

Different Length Characteristics:

1. Staple Length (by Classer)
2. Effective Length (Baer Sorter)
3. Span Length (Fibrogram)
4. Modal Length
5. Mean Length
6. Upper Half Mean Length (HVI)
7. Upper Quartile Length-AFIS (by Wt. & by No.)
8. Uniformity Ratio, Uniformity Index (HVI)
9. SFI (HVI), SFC(n) & SFC(w)-AFIS
Short Fibre Content

► Short Fibre Index

► Short Fibre Content by Number(SFCn)
► Short Fibre Content by Wt (SFCw)
Fineness & Maturity

a) Fineness:
millitex = milligram/km
Micronaire (mic)= microgram/inch
Millitex = mic x 39.37

b) Maturity: Degree of cell wall thickening

Maturity ratio=(hair wt. of fibre)/(hair wt of std fibre)
MR =(% normal-%dead)/200 + 0.7

c) Immature Fibre Content (IFC) : The fibres with cell

wall thickening of less than 25%
Tensile Properties
Strength: Measured as gm/tex or cN/tex

Elongation (%): (increase in length)/original length x 100


Elongation(%) =(l2-l1)/l1 x 100

Colour, Trash & Leaf Grades

1. Colour: Resultant value of Reflectance & Yellowness of

Reflectance = Rd
Yellowness = +b
Method developed by Nickerson & Hunter and is widely used by USDA Cotton
& HVI.

2. Trash grade : area of trash covered with ratio of total fibre area (HVI)
& count per gm by AFIS

3. Leaf grade: Assessed by Cotton Classer

Bale Management
Main Quality Characteristics considered:
► Mic
► Colour
► SCI, Length
► Strength

► Engineered Fibre Selection (EFS)

Best Practices for Quality
Management in the Mills
► In Mill Management
► In Cotton Sourcing & Mixing
► In the Blow Room
► In Carding
► In Combing