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Vectors and Rodent Control

• Definition of terms:

Infectivity:
Infectivity is a measure of the ability of a disease agent to establish itself in the
host and cause disease. This term can be used qualitatively, when an agent is
referred to as being of low, medium or high infectivity, or quantitatively.
• Definition of terms:

Virulence/ pathogenicity
• Virulence or pathogenicity can be defined as a measure of the severity of a disease
caused by a specified agent.
• Definition of terms:

Vector:
• Vector is any living agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into
another living organism.
• Definition of terms:

Vector control:
• Vector control is any method to limit or eradicate the mammals, birds, insects or
other arthropods which transmit disease pathogens. Ex- Mosquito control.

• Habitat control:
• Reducing contact:
• Chemical control:
• Biological control:
• Definition of terms:

Incubation period:
• Incubation period, which is the period of time that elapses from the infection of
the host by the agent to the appearance of clinical symptoms.
• Definition of terms:

Incubation period:
• Incubation period, which is the period of time that elapses from the infection of
the host by the agent to the appearance of clinical symptoms.
• Definition of terms:

Prepatent period:
• Prepatent period, which is the period between the infection of the host by the
agent and the detection of the agent in the tissues or secretions of the host.
• Definition of terms:

Period of communicability:
• Period of communicability, which is the period of time during which an infected
host remains capable of transmitting the infective agent.