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Allan

Aivs

Det-det
Group 6

Raniel

Whil
1.7 Your boss announced that the speed of the
company Boeing 737 is to be cut from 525 mi/hr to
475 mi/hr “to conserve fuel”, thus cutting
consumption from 2200 gal/hr to 2000 gal/hr. How
many gal are saved in a 1000-mi trip?

Solution:

2200 gal x hr x 1000 mi


hr 525 mi
-
=
4190.48 gal
= -20.05
2000 gal gal hr 1000 mi
x x
hr 475 mi
=
No gas was saved!
4210.53 gal
1.23 The velocity in a pipe in turbulent flow is
expressed by the following equation:
Where τ is the shear stress in
N/m2 at the pipe wall, ρ is the
density of the fluid in kg/m3, u
is the velocity, and k is a
coefficient. You are asked to
modify the equation so that the shear stress can
be introduced in units of τ’ which are lbf/ft2, and the
density be ρ’ in lbm/ft3 so that the velocity
becomes ft/s. Give the final equation in terms of u’,
τ’ and ρ’ so a reader will know that AES units is
used.
Convert:

u(τ,ρ) u(τ ’,ρ ’)


Solution:

τ N = τ’ lbf x 1 ft2 x 1 atm


m2 ft2 122 in2 14.7 lbf
in2

x
101325 Pa
1 atm
= 47.87 τ’ N/m2
Solution:

τ N = 47.87 τ’ N/m2
m2
ρ kg = ρ’ lbm x 1 ft3
m3 ft3 30.483 cm3

x 1003 cm3 x 1 kg
1 m3 2.2 lbm
= 16.05 ρ’ kg/m3
Solution:
1/2
τ N
m2
=
k 47.87 τ’
u’
ρ kg = 16.05 ρ’
m3
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be
added to 2 L of water at 30oC.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed/m3 of water
used at 30oC.
c) Find the composition of the solution in mol%, Vol%,
Molarity, molality, Normality.
Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be
added to 2 L of water at 30oC.
Solution:
2L x 1000 mL x .996 g
1L mL
= 1992 g water

Mass of water = 1992 g


Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be
added to 2 L of water at 30oC.
Solution:
Let z = mass of CuSO4.5H2O

0.20 = z
1992 + z

z = 498 g of CuSO4.5H2O

Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g


Mass of water = 1992 g
Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water
used at 30oC.
Solution: VolSol’n = 2.075 x 10-3 m3

VolSol’n = 2481 g x 1 mL
1.2 g
x
1 cm3 x
1 m3
1 mL 1003 cm3
= 2.075 x 10-3 m3

Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g


Mass of water = 1992 g
Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water
used at 30oC.
Solution: VolSol’n = 2.075 x 10-3 m3

Volwater = 2000 mL

x
1 cm3 x
1 m3
1 mL 1003 cm3
= 2 x 10-3 m3

Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g


Mass of water = 1992 g
Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water
used at 30oC.
Solution: VolSol’n = 2.075 x 10-3 m3

VolSol’n 2.075 x 10-3 m3


=

Volwater 2 x 10-3 m3

= 1.0375

Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g


Mass of water = 1992 g
Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL
Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution
containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
c) Find the composition of the solution in mol%, Vol%,
Molarity, molality, Normality.
Solution:
n CuSO4 = 498 g x mol = 3.120 mol
159.608 g
n water = 1992 g x mol = 7.978 mol
249.684 g
%mol = 3.120 mol x 100 = 28.11%
11.098 mol
%vol = (498g x cm3 x mL ) x 100 = 6.92%
3.6 g 1cm3
2000 mL
Molarity = 3.120 mol / 2 L = 1.56 mol/L
molality = 3.120 mol / 1.992 kg = 1.57 mol/kg
Normality = (gram equivalent weight) / L of sol’n
= (3.120/1) / 2 L = 1.56 N
Thank
you
for
Listening!

This presentation was made by Wilberchie