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VALUE ORIENTATION

AND ACADEMIC
ACHIEVEMENT
Chapter 6
Values
orientation

Difficulties in Academic
involving achievement
parents

Parents’
interest and Motivation
attitude

Parents’ job Values


dissatisfaction

Parents’ value
and aspiration
 A crucial part of every child’s growth and
development.

 Greatly affected their


(a)education
(b)orientation
(c)character

 Like the popular Malay proverbs, “Melentur


buluh, biarlah dari rebungnya.”

Value orientation
 Related to the students’ ability &
performance which is multidimensional:
(a)human growth and cognitive
(b)emotional
(c)social
(d)physical development

 These factors give reflection the whole


child. [Steinberg, 1993]

Academic achievement
To provide a motive, a need or desire
that causes a person to act (Webster)
Definition

Goal

Involves 4 Effort
aspects:
(Gardner, Desire to attain the goal
1985)
Favorable attitude towards the
activity in question.
Motivation
The importance of motivation for a student:
 Determines the extent of learner’s active
involvement and attitude towards learning
(Ngeow, Karen Yeok-Hwa, 1998)
 Main element that determines success in
developing a second language and also the
extent of active, personal involvement in second
language learning (Oxford & Shearin, 1994)

Motivation
Success in the task
(combining satisfaction and reward)

Major sources of
motivation in learning
(Fisher, 1990)

The teacher Natural interest (intrinsic


(extrinsic reward) satisfaction)

Motivation
 Knowledge passed down from the parents to the
children.

 An individual without good values orientation will


be lost in so many ways:
a) No ambition in life
b) Develop negative attitudes
c) Many other circumstances that lead to an
unhealthy life.

 Parents’ responsibility to instill good behaviour in


their little ones.

Values
 Authoritative

a. Firm but caring, have high


expectation.
b. High self-esteem , confident and
security.
c. Willing to take risk and are
successful in school.

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Authoritarian

a. Detached from verbal give and


take.
b. Worried more on pleasing their
parents.

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Permissive

a. Total freedom are given to the


children.
b. Lack of self control
c. Easily unmotivated

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Uninvolved

a. Parents have little interest in their


child development.
b. Lacking self control and long term
goals.
c. Easily frustrated.

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Crandell 1963, Hess and Halloway, 1984,
aspiration for their children’s educational
attainments are related to their children’s
own aspiration for academic success.

 According to Goodnow and Collins 1990,


Parent’s aspiration for educational
attainments however changes as children
make their way trough educational system.

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Children will be more motivated and
successful if the parents take interest and
are involved in their child development.

 For example, parents send their children to


the best tuition available or getting the best
teacher as a home tutor or sending them
to a seminar to help the children become
more succesful.

Parents’ values and aspiration


 Parents are facing:
◦ Working condition and timetable
◦ Workload
◦ Stress and conflicts

 Educate their children to achieve one step


ahead better than the parents
 Help children to become more motivated
and determined

Parents’ job dissatisfaction


Parents’ job dissatisfaction
Teenage marriage

Poor education, less prestigious


job

Pressure of having and raising


children

Working in at lower level

Create job dissatisfaction


 The role of parents in the academic
achievement of their children can be range
from indirect to direct involvement.

Three (3) different types of parental


involvement :
1. Actual involvement in school.
2. At home behaviors.
3. The attitudes and expectations
of parents.

Parents’ interest and attitude


 When parents are involved in their children’s
education, it benefits both parents and children
for it :

a. Enhance children’s self-esteem


b. Improves children’s academic
achievement
c. Improves parent-child relationship
d. Help parents develop positive attitudes
towards school
e. Better understanding of the schooling
process

Parents’ interest and attitude


 Ways to involve parents in their children’s
education:

a) Involvement at school

Attending the PIBG meeting held


annually in schools.

Attending the students’ report card day


held twice a year.

Parents’ interest and attitude


b) Involvement at home

Help with homework and selection of courses


(Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch and Darling
1992)

Encourage and support their academic


endeavors

Monitor their everyday activities (Keith,


Reimers, Fehrmann, Pottebaum and Aubey
1986)

Parents’ interest and attitude


 Parents do not have the time to do so

 They find it uneasy to be at school

 Socioeconomics level differ from others

 Parents don’t have the knowledge and don’t


know in what ways they can contribute

Difficulties in involving parents