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Let’s Learn

• to state obligations
We will learn ...
• How to use “have to / has to”, and “don’t have to /
doesn’t have to”, to state obligation
have to / has to
 have to / has to digunakan untuk
menunjukkan kewajiban untuk melakukan
sesuatu.

 This is my medicine. I have to take it four


times a day = Ini obat saya. Saya harus /
berkewajiban meminumnya empat kali
sehari.
have to / has to
 You can take any snacks from the canteen, but you have to pay for
it.
 Students have to pray before the lesson begins.
 Abdul will observe stars. He has to use a telescope.
 Annabelle wants to have Facebook, so she has to create a
Facebook account.

The pattern is
S + have to / has to* + V1
Notes
 have to digunakan untuk subjek selain orang ketiga tunggal (I, you,
we, they)
You have to wear a sport outfit for PE (Physical Education).
 has to digunakan untuk subjek orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it)
Via has toothache. She has to go to a dentist.
don’t have to / doesn’t have to
 don’t have to digunakan untuk subjek
selain orang ketiga tunggal (I, you, we,
they)
We don’t have to go to school on Sunday.
 doesn’t have to digunakan untuk
subjek orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it)
Ken is piggybacking Sarah, so she doesn’t
have to walk.
have to / has to and must
 have to / has to dan must mempunyai makna yang sama.

 People need food. People have to eat food.


 People need food. People must eat food.
don’t have to / doesn’t have to vs. must not
• don’t have to / doesn’t have to dipakai untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu
yang tidak perlu dilakukan.

• must not dipakai untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu yang tidak boleh dilakukan
atau larangan (prohibition).

You don’t have to wear a watch to school, but you must not wear sandals.
Kamu tidak perlu memakai arloji ke sekolah, tapi kamu dilarang memakai sandal.
Let’s practice
• Click here to go to the exercise.
Sources
Azar, B.S. and Hagen, S.A. 2006. Basic English Grammar (3rd
Edition). White Plains: Pearson Longman
Murphy, R. 2000. Essential Grammar in Use (2nd edition).
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Swan, M. 1995. Basic English Usage. Oxford: Oxford University
Press
These slides can be downloaded through
ahfaiz.wordpress.com

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