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Let’s Learn

• to state rules
We will learn ...
• How to use “must”, and “must not”, to state rules
Must
 must digunakan untuk menunjukkan
perintah untuk melakukan sesuatu.

 People must obey the rules. = Masyarakat


harus / mesti mematuhi peraturan.
Must
 All moslems must pray five times a day.
 All moslems must fast during Ramadan.
 if a traffic light is red, a car must stop.
 We must respect our teachers.

The pattern is
S + must + V1
Must vs. Should
 Gunakan must ketika sesuatu itu  Gunakan should ketika sesuatu itu
sangat penting untuk dilakukan dan bagus untuk dilakukan, tetapi tidak apa-
kamu tidak boleh meninggalkannya. apa bila tidak dilakukan (hanya bersifat
anjuran).
All moslems must fast during All moslems should fast for two
Ramadan. days before Eid ul-Adha.
Must vs. Should
 Gunakan must ketika sesuatu itu  Gunakan should ketika sesuatu itu
penting dilakukan dan kamu tidak punya perlu dilakukan, tetapi kamu masih punya
pilihan lain bila tidak melakukannya. pilihan lain dalam melakukannya.

I must study tonight. I will have I should study tonight. I have


national examinations tomorrow. some homework to do, but I’m tired.
I’ll study tomorrow morning. I am
going to go to bed now.
Let’s practice
• Click here to go to the exercise.
Must not (mustn’t)
 must not atau mustn’t digunakan untuk
menunjukkan larangan untuk melakukan
sesuatu.

 We must not throw trash in public places.


= Kita dilarang membuang sampah di
tempat umum.
Must not (mustn’t)
 Students must not wear jeans to school.
 Students mustn’t cheat in exams.
 We mustn’t tell lies.

The pattern is
S + must not / mustn’t + V1
Now, let’s practice
Write your own school’s rules. Use “must” and “must not”!
My School’S ruleS
1. The students must wear a uniform every
day.
2. The students must noT wear sandals, T-
shirts, or jeans at any time during school
hours.
3. The students must keep the class clean and
tidy.
4. The students must not come late to school.
Sources
Azar, B.S. and Hagen, S.A. 2006. Basic English Grammar (3rd
Edition). White Plains: Pearson Longman
Swan, M. 1995. Basic English Usage. Oxford: Oxford University
Press
These slides can be downloaded through
ahfaiz.wordpress.com

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