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WQT-Material, Position and

Acceptance criteria
Mahamad Noor
Groove Weld Positions – QW461
Groove Weld Positions – QW461
Groove Weld Positions – QW461
Groove Weld Positions – QW461
Performance Qualification
Position & Dia Limits- QW461.9
Qualification Test Position & Type of Weld Qualified
Plate & Pipe Fillet Plate &
Weld Position Pipe ≤ 24”
Over 24” Pipe
1G F F* F
2G F, H F*&H* F,H
Plate 3G F,V F* F,H,V
Groove 4G F,O F* F,H,O
2G, 3G &4G ALL F*&H* ALL
Spcl. Position SP & F SP & F SP & F
1G F F F
2G F,H F,H F,H
Pipe$ 5G F,V,O F,V,O ALL
Groove 6G ALL ALL ALL
2G &5G ALL ALL ALL
Spcl. Position SP,F SP,F SP&F
* Pipe 2 ⅞” OD and Over, $ Pipe OD Restrictions As Per QW 452.3, 452.4 & 452.6
Performance Qualification
Groove-Weld, Pipe Dia. Limits QW 452.3

Out Side Dia. Of Test Coupon in Out Side Dia. Qualified


mm ( in) Min. Max.
Less Than 25 (1”) Size Welded Unlimited
25 (1”) to 73 (2⅞”) 25 (1”) Unlimited

Over 73 (2⅞”) 73 (2⅞”) Unlimited


Notes:-
1) Type & Number of Tests as per QW-452.1
2) 73 mm OD is equivalent to 2½” NB Pipe
3) Welders Qualified on Groove, Are Also Qualified for making Fillets of all Sizes on Any Thickness
& Any Pipe Dia.
QW-423 Alternate Base Materials
for Welder
Qualification
• Base metal used for welder qualification may be
substituted for the metal specified in the WPS in
accordance with the following table.
• A base metal shown in the left column is used for
welder qualification, the welder is qualified to weld
all combinations of base metals shown in the right
column,
• Including unassigned metals of similar chemical
composition to these metals.

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Material test and qualified

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Electrode qualified (F no)-Welder
QW-433 Alternate F-Numbers for
Welder
• The following tables identify
the filler metal or electrode that
the welder used during
qualification testing as
“Qualified With,” and the
electrodes or filler metals that
the welder is qualified to use in
production welding as
“Qualified For.”
• “Qualified With,” and the
electrodes or filler metals that
the welder is qualified to use in
production welding as
“Qualified For.”
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F No test and qualified

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Acceptance-bend test
• The weld and heat-affected zone of a transverse weld
bend specimen shall be completely within the bent
portion of the specimen after testing.
• The guided-bend specimens shall have no open
discontinuity in the weld or heat-affected zone exceeding
1⁄8 in. (3 mm), measured in any direction on the convex
surface of the specimen after bending.
• Open discontinuities occurring on the corners of the
specimen during testing shall not be considered unless
there is definite evidence that they result from lack of
fusion, slag inclusions, or other internal discontinuities.
• For corrosion-resistant weld overlay cladding, no open
discontinuity exceeding 1⁄16 in. (1.5 mm), measured in
any direction, shall be permitted in the cladding, and no
open discontinuity exceeding 1⁄8 in. (3 mm) shall be
permitted along the approximate weld interface
Radiographic examination
• The minimum length of coupon(s) to be
examined shall be 6 in. (150 mm).
• The entire weld circumference for pipe(s),
except that for small diameter pipe, multiple
coupons may be required, but the number need
not exceed four consecutively made test
coupons.
• The radiographic technique and acceptance
criteria shall be in accordance with QW-191.

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Acceptance criteria-radiographic
examination
• QW-191.2.2 Acceptance Standards.
Welds in test assemblies shall be judged unacceptable when the
radiograph exhibits any imperfections in excess of the limits
specified below.
• (a) Linear Indications
(1) any type of crack or zone of incomplete fusion or penetration

• (2) any elongated slag inclusion which has a length greater than
(a) 1⁄8 in. (3 mm) for t up to 3⁄8 in. (10 mm), inclusive
(b) 1⁄3t for t over 3⁄8 in. (10 mm) to 21⁄4 in. (57 mm), inclusive
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(c) 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) for t over 21⁄4 in. (57 mm)
QW-191.2.2 Acceptance Standards.
• (3) any group of slag inclusions in line that have an aggregate length
greater than t in a length of 12t, except when the distance between
the successive imperfections
• exceeds 6L where L is the length of the longest imperfection in the
group
• (b) Rounded Indications
(1) The maximum permissible dimension for rounded indications shall
be 20% of t or 1⁄8 in. (3 mm), whichever is smaller.
• 2) For welds in material less than 1⁄8 in. (3 mm) in thickness, the
maximum number of acceptable rounded indications shall not
exceed 12 in a 6 in. (150 mm) length of weld.

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• Rounded Indication
• A proportionately fewer number of rounded indications shall be
permitted in welds less than 6 in. (150 mm) in length.
• (3) For welds in material 1⁄8 in. (3 mm) or greater in thickness, the
charts in Appendix I represent the maximum acceptable types of
rounded indications illustrated in typically clustered, assorted, and
randomly dispersed configurations. Rounded indications less than
1⁄32 in. (0.8 mm) in maximum diameter shall not be considered in
the radiographic acceptance tests of welders and welding operators
in these ranges of material thicknesses.

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Rounded Indication

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Rounded Indication

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• If welder weld 6 inch pipe with thickness 6mm
and 2G position. Explain the range of thickness
qualified and the size of pipe qualified and the
position qualified.
• Explain the alternate base metal test and base
metal qualified for welder qualification test
(WQT)
• Explain the acceptance criteria if the test to
qualified WQT by mechanical test.