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Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering

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Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Lingkungan Kerja
1. Pengantar K3
2. Hazard, Risk, Control
3. Penyakit Akibat Kerja
4. Ergonomi
5. Personal Protection Equipment/Alat Pelindung Diri
6. Hazardous Material
1. MSDS
7. Fire Protection
1. APAR Training
8. Kebisingan
9. Laboratorium Safety
10. Pengenalan Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan Kerja (SMK3)
11. Hazard Communication
Evaluasi
1. Quiz
2. Ujian Akhir
3. Tugas 1
4. Tugas 2
Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering
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History of OSHA
 The concept of Occupational Health and Safety (K3) is
first started from the industry in the United States in
1911,
 Do not pay attention to health and safety for its workers.
 Failure on the implementation of the work that resulted in
harm for companies/workers commonly called the Accident,
 Accidents considered a fate that must be accepted by the
company and the workforce.
 Workers who are victims do not get attention, both morally
and materially from the company.
 The company emphasizes that accidents are the fault of their
own labor, so companies do not need to provide appropriate
compensation.
Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering
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History of OSHA
 H.W Heinrich (1931) The Domino Theory.
 This concept has given attention to the accident that
occurred.
 Accidents that occur due to shortcomings inherent in
the working environment and / or errors labor.
 The development of this concept is the term unsafe
condition and unsafe act

Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering


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Domino Theory
 Heinrich
 Ratio of 1:29:300.
 Each major accident happened, then there is also 29
Accidents Minor, and about 300 accidents with no
damage.
 Frank Bird
 Ratio of 1:10:30:600 (1.7 million accidents).
 Every serious accident happened, there were also 10
Accidents Minor, 30, damage to property, and about 600
Accidents without loss.

Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering


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Perkembangan Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja
 TYE/PEARSON
 Ratio of 1:3:50:80:400 (research on 1.000.000 accidents)
 Every Fatal Accident that occurred, there are also 3
Accidents Minor so that the victim will be out for three
days, so there are 50 events that require P3K, 80 times
and 400 property damage accidents without damage.

Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering


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Workplace accidents, illness and incidents

are preventable
provided that

Health and Safety


is Managed
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Occupational Safety and Health Department of Environmental Engineering
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Accident, Incident, Hazard
 Accident (Kecelakaan)
 undesired event giving rise to death, ill health, injury,
damage or other loss.
 Incident (Kejadian/insiden)
 event that gave rise to an accident or had the potential to
lead to an accident.
 Hazard (Bahaya)
 source or situation with a potential for harm in terms of
human injury or ill, health, damage to property, damage
to the workplace environment, or a combination of these.

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5
What could happen?
Near-miss Minor injury

Major injury Death


Piramida Kecelakaan
 (Ratio Study of Accidental Losses)

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Iceberg Theory
 Ratio of Monetary Accidental Losses (H.W
Heinrich’s)

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Iceberg Theory

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Let’s Have a Great Sem!

12/1/2018 Occupational Safety and Health 14


Department of Environmental Engineering