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Optimizing Energy-efficient by Integrating Intelligence Immune System

with Edge Computing in Manufacturing Processes

Tsai-Shen Wu | twu21@masonlive.gmu.edu
Department of Applied Information Technology | George Mason University
Ting-Ta Hou | thou2@masonlive.gmu.edu Wei Cao | wcao2@masonlive.gmu.edu
Department of Data Analytics Engineering | George Mason University
Nowadays, Big Data analytics have been applying in many fields. For example, In our methodology, we have two data points. First, energy consumption, it
Finance, Marketing, Social Media, Robot and so on… These applications cause the means in the same period of time that the volume of wattage consumption in
revolution of various industries. In manufacturing, how to raise the productivity every manufacturing process. Second, produced products, it means based on the
or energy-efficient is a problem which is worth to explore. A latest research was same wattage consumption that the number of manufactured products.
proposed in 2018 [1]. The scholars were trying to apply Intelligent Immune There are two major methods which are used to collect data. First, it is advanced
System (IIS) in manufacturing process to decrease the energy consumption. Also, CNC machines. The CNC machine is a method for automating control of machine
another research discusses how to detect and avoid disruption in IIS [2]. These tools through the use of software embedded in a microcomputer attached to the
researches highlight the significance of IIS in manufacturing. However, they didn’t tool. In our research, we want to use CNC to do preliminary processing of data.
discuss the possibility of integrating with Edge Computing structure. Edge Therefore, we use it to collect the wattage consumption in each machine during
computing is a common solution adopted by manufacturing industries. The the manufacturing process every ten seconds.
concept is one virtue layer added between the process of data collecting and data For the analytics method, we utilize cross analysis to compare the consumption
analyzing. In this middle layer, data can be processed in a preliminary step. Figure 2. The danger theory-based IIS framework [1] between two different system frameworks. The Chi Square is the most common
Afterward, the data will be uploaded to the upper layer to proceed advance EDGE COMPUTING way to apply in cross analysis.
analysis. There are some advantages in edge computing. We believe if we Edge computing is to perform the processing data near the edge of network, where
combine the Intelligent Immune System and Edge Computing, we can promote the data is generated, instead of centralized data centers. In order to develop edge
the total performance of IIS. In this research, we want to focus on Intelligent computing to manufacturing industries, Chen et al. [4] proposed an architecture of
Immune System integrating with edge computing in manufacturing process to edge computing for IoT-based manufacturing. In this research, they compared the
enhance the energy-efficient. centralized task scheduling mechanism with the self-organized task mechanism
whose time length of robot operation and average upload speed of backbone
INTELLEGENCE IMMUNE SYSTEM network speed are better.
Formula 1. Chi Square test
Recent research has showed that energy saving become a significant indicator of DISCUSSION
manufacturing [5]. However, relevant energy-efficient solutions for manufacturing Our research exigence is that the previous research has not paid much attention
have not been effectively implemented. Hence, Wang et al. [1] proposed the IIS to to combine IIS with edge computing. The purpose of our research is to justify
implement energy-efficient by observing electric energy consumption. In the end of edge computing combine with IIS together can help manufacturing process
their research paper, they said a novel idea – combing IIS with edge computing. improve the energy-efficiency. We suggest the manufacturing industries which
Hence, our research aims to integrate the immune mechanism and the edge consume huge energy in their manufacturing process can deploy our system in
computing structure in order to carry out to improve efficiency and effectiveness of their original system.
In our research, we have discussed the energy-efficient between IIS and IIS with
edge computing. However, we do not probe the different property of
manufacturing industries causing the difference. Every manufacturing industry
has their own manufacturing processes. In certain situation, the edge computing
structure may consume more energy than only use IIS. The mainly difficulty in our
research is the process of collecting the data. We assume each facility has sensor
which can collect all of data we need. However, this is a huge cost for industries. If
the cost is greater than the benefits, the system is unnecessary. Also, not every
facility and sensor are compatible. This will have some technical problems that
Figure 1. Structure of the framework based on artificial immune cells [3]
need to be overcame.
Originally, Immune System is a human’s mechanism which defends people against
pathogen and prevents infections. Intelligent Immune System (IIS) is
designed according to this idea. The purpose of IIS is preventing manufacturing
processes from abnormal situations beforehand. It is able to memorize REFERENCES
1. S. Wang, Y. Liang, W. Li and X. Cai, "Big Data enabled Intelligent Immune System for energy efficient," Journal of Cleaner Production, pp.
elements causing disruption and reuse the solutions in similar situation in future. 507-520, 2018.
2. M. Dai, D. Tang, Y. Xu and W. Li, "Energy-aware integrated process planning and scheduling for job shops," Sustainable Manufacturing and
The decision makers can base on the detective mechanism to find the issues Remanufacturing Management, vol. 229, no. 1_suppl, pp. 13-26, 2018.
3. S. Darmoul, H. Pierreval and S. Hajri-Gabouj, "Handling disruptions in manufacturing systems: An immune perspective," Engineering
before the occurrence of problems to enhance the productivity which includes Applications of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 110-121, 2013.
4. B. Chen, J. Wan, A. Celesti, D. Li, H. Abbas and Q. Zhang, "Edge Computing in IoT-Based Manufacturing," IEEE Communications Magazine,
reducing the expense, time cost and raising quality [3]. vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 103-109, 2018.
5. Engert, S., Rauter, R., Baumgartner, R., 2016. Exploring the integration of corporate.sustainability into strategic management: a literature
review. J. Clean. Prod. 112,(4), 2833e2850.
Figure 3. The framework of IIS combining edge computing