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PHYSICAL, BIOLOGY AND CHEMICAL

ENVIRONMENT

ITS EFFECT ON ECOLOGY AND HUMAN


HEALTH
BACKGROUND

• Human life and


welfare are ecological
dependent
• Human health
affected by
environment
• Global environment
resources problem
MANUSIA DAN LINGKUNGAN SEBAGAI SISTEM

NATURE

Human
Environment

CULTURE SOCIETY
Course objective

• Explain the concept and component of


physical, chemical and biology environment
• Explain its relationship with human health
• Identify potential physical, chemical and
biological environment risk factor
• Develop potential controlling mechanism of
physical, chemical and biological hazard
The Ecology System
The Ecosystem
Concept

• Differentiation
• Collaboration
• Competition DYNAMIC

• Interaction BALANCE
• Continuity
Environment Component

• Some different classification


– Biotic and a-biotic environment
– Natural and non-natural
environment
– Biophysics and Psychosocial
– Water, air, land, biologic and social
Physical, Chemical and Biology
Factors

SITE AND LOCATION

BIOLOGICAL PHYSICAL

CHEMICAL
SITE AND LOCATION

• Earthquake
• Volcanoes
• Windstorm
• Drought
• Landslide
• Avalanche
• Lightning
BIOLOGIC
• Infectious diseases agent:
– Parasit
– Viral
– fungus
• Reservoir:
– Human
– animal
• Vector
• Animal and Plants:
– Organism toxin
CHEMICAL
• Natural:
– Methane
– H2S
• Non-natural:
– Pesticide
– Hydrocarbon
– SO2
– No2
PHYSICAL
• Temperature
• Dust
• Electromagnetic
radioation
• Vibration
• Noise
• Light and color
• Contrast and glare
Example: Classroom
2003

• Site and location:

• Biologic

• Chemical

• Physical
Health Ecology System

PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL ECOLOGIC, ECONOMIC


AND BIOLOGICAL AND AESTHETIC
FACTOR EFFECTS

TOTAL EFFECT ON
HUMAN AND WELFARE

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC INDIVIDUAL HUMAN


AND CULTURAL SYSTEM
FACTORS

FUTURE GENARATION
EFFECT
PHYSICAL CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
ECOLOGIC
Sources of Chemical, Infectious Agent, Mutagenic Factors and ECONOMIC
Physical hazards AESTHETIC

Natural Productions, Others


Processes Consumption, Animals Humans
& Condition Transportation

TOTAL
LIFE’S MEDIA INSECT EFFECT
VECTORS
AIR WATER LAND

WEATHER &
CLIMATE

BIOLOGICAL LIFE FOOD


TERESTRIAL AQUATIC HUMAN
SYSTEM

Social, economic and cultural


INDIVIDUAL HUMAN SYSTEM
PHYSICAL ECOLOGIC
CHEMICAL ECONOMIC
BIOLOGICAL AESTHETIC
TOTAL
EFFECTS ON
HUMAN AND
WELFARE
INDIVIDUAL HUMAN SYSTEM

Other Host
Factors Psychological
Capacity to FUTURE
react Effect
GENERATION
EFFECTS
Tolerance Somatic
Exposure or Effect
Adaptation
SOCIAL Adverse
ECONOMIC Fetal Effect
CULTURE
GLOBAL ECOLOGY CONCERN
we live at the same earth
Presipitasi Asam
Lapisan Ozon
Gas Rumah Kaca
Limbah Berbahaya
Samodra
Keseragaman Biologis
Presipitasi Asam
Fuel Burning,
Industry Emission

Sulfur and NO

Hujan Asam, Salju


Asam

Water and Land Biotic Env. Change


Pollution Deforestasi

Economy & Health


Impact
Lapisan Ozon
Pendingin, Aerosol,
Penipisan Ozon
Busa Plastik, dll

Effect on other
organism UV radiation

Health Effect:
Cancer, Cataract
Gas Rumah Kaca
Fuel Burning, CO2 + Other
Industry Emission

Pemanasan Global, Peningkatan


Permukaan air laut

Kekeringan Lahan Perubahan


Distribusi Vektor

HEALTH EFFECT
ENVIRONMENT RISK MANAGEMENT

• Based on ecosystem
concept
• System approach
• Two main approach:
– Ecology effect controlling
– Human welfare effect
controlling
Ecology Effect Controlling
• Pembangunan berwawasan
lingkungan
• National site plan
• Baku Mutu Lingkungan
• Environment Quality Control
• Technology and Industry Selection
• AMDAL
• Environment Law
Human Effect Controlling
• Separation
• Substitution
• Shielding
• Treatment
– destruction
– conversion
– removal
– inhibition
– prevention
A thing is right when it tends to preserve
integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic
community

It is wrong when it tends


otherwise

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