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Academic Writing

Setho Hadisuyatmana, S.Kep.Ns., M.NS


Dept. Jiwa dan Komunitas
Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga
Topics

Writing academic article

Referencing Style
Pre-test
1. Despite the importance to recognize the physiological
process of a disease, nurses are obliged to understand one’s
illness experience in providing holistic care.
2. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, there is
a distinct difference between disease and illness.
3. Illness, on the other hand, is the human experience of
symptoms and suffering, and refers to how the disease is
perceived, lived with, and responded to by individuals, their
families, and their caregivers.
4. Disease refers to the pathophysiology of the condition, such
as an alteration in structure and function.
WRITING ACADEMIC ARTICLE

Topic 1
Writing Academic Article
The Anatomy of Academic Article

Shaping a paragraph

Expressing sentences
General Rules
• One main idea in each paragraph
• Avoid repetition of words in one sentence
• Do not use one information more than once
• Abbreviation (shortened word) is not allowed
• No place for plagiarism
Shaping Article’s Anatomy
Intro

Body

Closing
Introductory Paragraph(s)
Main Idea
Approx. 2 sentences

Body
Description of main idea’s
key words
Connecting sentence

Relating the intro to the


next paragraph
Body Paragraph(s)

Example 1
Example 2
Example 3

Explaining examples, Explanation of a process


definitions
Body Paragraph(s)

Comparison, Controversy,
Contrasting
Closing a Summary

Can be Inductive or Deductive

Summary of main point

No more new information


Post test
1. Despite the importance to recognize the physiological
process of a disease, nurses are obliged to understand one’s
illness experience in providing holistic care.
2. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, there is
a distinct difference between disease and illness.
3. Illness, on the other hand, is the human experience of
symptoms and suffering, and refers to how the disease is
perceived, lived with, and responded to by individuals, their
families, and their caregivers.
4. Disease refers to the pathophysiology of the condition, such
as an alteration in structure and function.
The correct order is 2-4-3-1
Although the terms are often used interchangeably, there is
a distinct difference between disease and illness (2).
Disease refers to the pathophysiology of the condition, such
as an alteration in structure and function (4). Illness, on the
other hand, is the human experience of symptoms and
suffering, and refers to how the disease is perceived, lived
with, and responded to by individuals, their families, and
their caregivers (3). Despite the importance to recognize the
physiological process of a disease, nurses are obliged to
understand one’s illness experience in providing holistic
care (1).
Try out
1. Make one paragraph consist of four sentences!
(You can choose either the introductory, body,
or closing paragraph)
2. Define what paragraph it is!
3. Say it out loud!
4. Let your friend justifies it for you!
“Referencing is a system used in the academic community
to indicate where ideas, theories, quotes, facts and any
other evidence and information used to undertake an
assignment, can be found”

Topic 2

REFERENCING
Why do I need to reference?
• Avoiding plagiarism
• Appraising appropriate credit to the author and
institute
• To demonstrate the depth of your research
• To enable readers to consult for themselves to
the primary resource
What do I need to reference
• All the information you gather from resources
you used
• Video
• Printed and digital articles and books
• websites
Style options
1. Harvard
2. Vancouver
3. APA
4. MLA, etc.
Harvard styles
• Various method of Harvard styles
• In bibliography  Alphabetical order
• In text commonly:
• At the end of sentence (name year) or
(name year, page) or
• In the opening of a sentenceName (year)
or Name (year, page)
Reading materials
• http://www.staffs.ac.uk/assets/harvard_quick_guide_tc
m44-47797.pdf
and
• http://sydney.edu.au/library/subjects/downloads/citatio
n/Harvard_Complete.pdf
Vancouver Styles
• In the bibliography the reference is sorted in
numbering order, such as
(1) Butler SW (author/s). Secrets from the Black Bag (title). London
(place published) : The Royal College of General Practitioners
(publisher); 2005 (year published).
• In text, usually uses superscripted number, like
• Depression is one mental alteration that may expressed with
excessive fatigue, prolonged condolence, uninterested, guilty, and
losing appetite (1).
Reading materials
• https://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/vancouv.
pdf
and
• http://www.southampton.ac.uk/library/resources/docu
ments/vancouverreferencing.pdf
and
• http://library.vcc.ca/downloads/VCC_VancouverStyleGui
de.pdf
Assignment and Trials
• Make two paragraphs (free topics) in a word document:
• The first paragraph uses Harvard referencing style,
• while the second paragraph uses Vancouver style
• Choose either intro, body or closing paragraph
• Submit your doc to your class coordinator
• Your class coordinator should send the whole
document in a .zip file to setho.h@fkp.unair.ac.id
• Failure to submit will cost you a hard and soft skill
marking.
Thank you

FINAL SUBMISSION 1 MAY 2015