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FINAL COACHING &

REFINEMENT ADMINI
STRATION

Dean Wilfredo R. Beralde


Review Director & lecturer
Chairman, Philippine Society of Criminology Inc.
INTERPOL Delegate for Police Education & Training
Lecturer Police Training School and Regional
Training Center
FINAL
COUNTDOWN

2
Come, Holy Spirit, Divine
Creator, true source of light and
fountain of wisdom! Pour forth
your brilliance upon my dense
intellect, dissipate the darkness
which covers me, that of sin and of
ignorance. Grant me a penetrating
mind to understand, a retentive
memory, method and ease in
learning, the lucidity to
comprehend, and abundant grace
in expressing myself. Guide the
beginning of my work, direct its
progress, and bring it to successful
completion. This I ask to the Holy
God the only Father to all
humanity, forever and ever. Amen.

3
1
Which of the statement is true?
1.As the police station increases in size,
routine desk duty and records task increase to
such extent that the desk officer is not able to
hand them alone;
2.Police records are not that important in
police administration;
3.In large departments, the Desk Officer
devote frontline exclusively to records tasks;
4.In small police station, the need for a full-
time Record Officer is justifiable.
4
1
Which of the statement is true?
1.As the police station increases in size,
routine desk duty and records task increase to
such extent that the desk officer is not able to
hand them alone;
2.Police records are not that important in
police administration;
3.In large departments, the Desk Officer
devote frontline exclusively to records tasks;
4.In small police station, the need for a full-
time Record Officer is justifiable.
5
2
The type of undercover operation
wherein a technique appears to be a
longer time and is considered as the
most different investigative activity yet
the most rewarding.
1.surveillance
2.penetration
3.casing
4.undercover operation
6
2
The type of covert operation wherein a
technique appears to be a longer time
and is considered as the most different
investigative activity yet the most
rewarding.
1.surveillance
2.penetration
3.casing
4.undercover operation
7
Take Note!
•SURVEILLANCE is the secretive continuous process of
watching persons, things or places to obtain information
concerning activities, operations, identities, and contacts
of persons. Other defined it as a planned observation of
persons, places or objects and activity.
•UNDERCOVER work is a work that requires the
assumption by a police agent of an identity in keeping
with the situation to be explored. The agent must drop
his real identity and adopt another, and the length of time
to accomplish this job is quite longer.
•CASING is an activity that is also covert whose purpose
is to established cover on the entire place where the
criminal hides to easily assault and arrest the suspects
or fugitives without giving them opportunity to escape
and fight back. 8
3

The Traffic Police Department of the


Singapore Police Force responsible for
the following, EXCEPT…
1.stringiest driving testing and licensing
2.comprehensive traffic education

3.traffic control system


4.tough legislation and enforcement
9
3

The Traffic Police Department of the


Singapore Police Force responsible for
the following, EXCEPT…
1.stringiest driving testing and licensing
2.comprehensive traffic education

3.traffic control system


4.tough legislation and enforcement
10
Comparative Policing

Just like any police organization police is


NOT involve in LAWMAKING, which is
considered a sole function of CONGRESS.
In the question Singapore Police Force is
actually involved in the RIGID
IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL LAWS ON
TRAFFIC including that of training and
issuance of driver’s license. Except here is
“TOUGH LEGISLATION”…
Comparatively that is the task of the LTO
in the Philippines.
11
4
Philippine National Police employment
requires some special qualifications for
its applicant. One of this is the height
requirement which specifically required
that female applicant must have a
height at least:
1.1.60 meters
2.1.57 meters
3.1.52 meters
4.1.55 meters
12
4
Philippine National Police employment
requires some special qualifications for
its applicant. One of this is the height
requirement which specifically required
that female applicant must have a
height at least:
1.1.60 meters
2.1.57 meters
3.1.52 meters
4.1.55 meters
13
What is prescribed by RA 6975?
•A citizen of the Philippines;
•A person of good moral conduct;
•Of sound mind and body;
•Must possess a formal baccalaureate degree for appointment as officer and
must have finished at least second year college or the equivalent of seventy-
two (72) collegiate units for appointment as non-officer or an equivalent
training or experience for those already in the service upon the effectivity of
this Act.
•Must be eligible in accordance with the standards set by the Commission;
•Must not have been dishonorably discharged from military employment or
dismissed for cause from any civilian position in the Government;
•Must not have been convicted by final judgment of an offense or crime
involving moral turpitude;
•Must be at least one meter and sixty-two centimeters (1.62 m.) in height for
male and one meter and fifty-seven centimeters (1.57 m.) for female;
•Must weight not more or less than five kilograms (5 kg.) of the standard
weight corresponding to his or her height, age, and sex; and
•For a new applicant, must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than
thirty (30) years of age.

14
What is prescribed by RA 8551?
•A citizen of the Philippines;
•A person of good moral conduct;
•Must have passed the psychiatrist/psychological, drug and physical test administered by the
PNP or by the NAPOLCOM accredited government hospital for the purpose of determining
physical and mental health;
•Must possess a four year baccalaureate degree from recognized institution of learning;
•Must be eligible m accordance with the standards set by the commission;
•Must not have been dishonorably discharged from military employment or dismissed for
cause from any civilian position in the government;
•Must not have been convicted by final judgment of an offense involving moral turpitude;
•Must be at least one meter and sixty-two centimeters (1.62m.) in height for male and one
meter and fifty-seven (1.57m) for female;
•Must weigh not more or less than five kilograms; (5kgs) from the standards weight
corresponding to his of her height age and sex, and.
•For a new applicant, must not be less than twenty one (21) nor more than (30) years of
age: except for the last qualification, the above-enumerated qualifications, shall be
continuing in character and an absence of any one of them at any given time shall be
ground for separation or retirement from the service: Provided, That PNP members who are
already in the service upon the effectivity of this Act shall be given at least two (2) more
years to obtain the minimum educational qualification and one (1) year to satisfy the
weight requirement.

15
5
What is the basic law which regulates the
organization, operation and business
activities of private detective, watchmen
and security guard agencies?
1.R.A. 5478
2.R.A. 5874
3.R.A. 5487
4.R.A. 5784

16
5
What is the basic law which regulates the
organization, operation and business
activities of private detective, watchmen
and security guard agencies?
1.R.A. 5478
2.R.A. 5874
3.R.A. 5487
4.R.A. 5784

17
6
It is the susceptibility of a plant to
damage, loss or destruction due to
various hazards.
1.relative necessity
2.relative security
3.relative criticality
4.relative vulnerability

18
6
It is the susceptibility of a plant to
damage, loss or destruction due to
various hazards.
1.relative necessity
2.relative security
3.relative criticality
4.relative vulnerability

19
The closest term to susceptibility is
VULNERABILITY, hence the answer is
relative vulnerability. Meaning the extreme
exposure of plant to damage, loss or
destruction.

CRITICALITY is seriousness of the situation;


while NECESSITY is condition of being
needed or something essential; SECURITY
is of course state of being safe and freedom
from loss or danger. 20
7
It is a structured group of people brought
together for a special purpose to achieve
a certain objectives.
1.Hierarchy
2.Administration
3.Management
4.Organization

21
•ADMINISTRATION means the management
of the affairs of a business, organization, or
institution.
•MANAGEMENT means organizing and
controlling of the affairs of a business or a
sector of a business.
•ORGANIZATION means a group of people
identified by a shared interest or purpose.
•SUPERVISION means to watch over an
activity or task being carried out by somebody
and ensure that it is performed correctly…
This item clearly state that the answer is “D”.
Bringing people as one to accomplish a goal.

22
7
It is a structured group of people brought
together for a special purpose to achieve
a certain objectives.
1.Hierarchy
2.Administration
3.Management
4.Organization

23
8
Based on the principles of delegation, which of
the following statements is LEAST
ACCURATE?
1.when a task is delegated, enough authority to
complete must also be delegated;
2.the supervisor can successfully avoid
responsibility and delegates tasks to others;
3.if the supervisor is responsible for more than
he can accomplish alone, he must delegate the
work to his subordinates;
4.the supervisor must exercise care that he
does not delegate tasks beyond the capacity of
his subordinates. 24
Remember!
The SUPERVISOR is always accountable to
the act of his/her men… This enshrined in
the doctrine on “COMMAND
RESPONSIBILITY” as embodied in
Executive Order 226.
Avoiding responsibility is indispensable for a
leader or supervisor.

25
8
Based on the principles of delegation, which of
the following statements is LEAST
ACCURATE?
1.when a task is delegated, enough authority to
complete must also be delegated;
2.the supervisor can successfully avoid
responsibility and delegates tasks to others;
3.if the supervisor is responsible for more than
he can accomplish alone, he must delegate the
work to his subordinates;
4.the supervisor must exercise care that he
does not delegate tasks beyond the capacity of
his subordinates. 26
9
On June 1 2010, the president of the
Philippines will meet all the heads of the
government agencies at the Heroes Hall,
Malacañang. What is the list that the
Presidential Security Group must prepare so
that these agency heads can enter
Malacañang Gate 7?
1.Security List
2.Secret List
3.Gate Pass
4.Access List
27
Security list, secret list, and access
list…
•SECURITY LIST is a security that has been
accepted for trading by one of the organized and
registered securities exchanges that is used for
BOND and SECURITY..
•SECRET LIST is a list of either person, activity or
things that are considered classified and cannot
be accessed by anybody without authority;
•ACCESS LIST is an authenticated list of
personnel given to security personnel allowing
entry to a compound or installation or part thereof.
•GATE PASS on the other hand is a scheme of
providing a temporary passes (an ID tag or
number or chips) for access in a particular
area/office
28
9
On June 1 2010, the president of the
Philippines will meet all the heads of the
government agencies at the Heroes Hall,
Malacañang. What is the list that the
Presidential Security Group must prepare so
that these agency heads can enter
Malacañang Gate 7?
1.Security List
2.Secret List
3.Gate Pass
4.Access List
29
10
Reliability rating of intelligence is A
to F. If A is very reliable, E is what?
1.Not usually reliable
2.Unreliable
3.Usually reliable
4.Fairly reliable

30
ADMIRALTY SCALE
RELIABILITY OF SOURCE
A - Completely reliable
B - Usually reliable
C - Fairly reliable
D - Not usually reliable
E – Unreliable
F - Reliability (Unknown) cannot be judged

31
11
What is considered to be the BASIC GOAL of
community policing?
1.To assign patrol officers and first line
supervisors in temporary capacity to a
particular neighborhood;
2.To allow the police and the community to
interact with the climate of dysfunction;
3.To decentralize the operation to the
maximum degree;
4.To get the officer on the beat more involved
in the community

32
Principle of Community
Policing
•Community support must be maintained
•Community resentment must be avoided
•Community goodwill must be developed
•Community must be keep informed
This principle can be attained only through
deployment of police beat in the community
who could be able to positively bring the image
of the PNP to maintain goodwill and
confidence AND CAN WORK WITH THE
COMMUNITY.

33
11
What is considered to be the BASIC GOAL of
community policing?
1.To assign patrol officers and first line
supervisors in temporary capacity to a
particular neighborhood;
2.To allow the police and the community to
interact with the climate of dysfunction;
3.To decentralize the operation to the
maximum degree;
4.To get the officer on the beat more involved
in the community

34
12
Which of the following is NOT a
mode of separation?
1.Retirement
2.Demotion
3.Resignation
4.Attrition

35
•Retirement means leaving from job or career
after having been attained the required number
of years provided by the laws. Retirement is of
two (2) ways; Optional and mandatory or
compulsory
•Resignation is a formal notification of leaving
a job at the will of the worker;
•Attrition is a mode of downsizing the number
of worker due to laws or regulation
THE ABOVE MODE ARE CONSIDERED
SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE…
Demotion is a mode of reduction in rank or
status without separating from the work or job

36
12
Which of the following is NOT a
mode of separation?
1.Retirement
2.Demotion
3.Resignation
4.Attrition

37
13
Under Republic Act 8551, the PNP shall
have an Internal Affairs Service. What is
the title of the head of this Internal Affairs
Service?
1.Secretary General
2.Director General
3.Directorial Staff
4.Inspector General

38
13
Under Republic Act 8551, the PNP shall
have an Internal Affairs Service. What is
the title of the head of this Internal Affairs
Service?
1.Secretary General
2.Director General
3.Directorial Staff
4.Inspector General

39
14
The principal form of police
transportation for police officers
assigned in police boxes in Japan is…
1.Police Car
2.Motorcycle
3.Bicycle
4.Motor boat

40
•Safe to say that Koban (Police Boxes in
the Metropolis) Police are issued
PATROL CAR for their immediate
response. Majority of police boxes were
at Koban than in Chuzaisho (police
boxes in the rural areas and villages)
whose policemen are issued bicycle for
their works.

41
14
The principal form of police
transportation for police officers
assigned in police boxes in Japan is…
1.Police Car
2.Motorcycle
3.Bicycle
4.Motor boat

42
15
Highly qualified police applicants such as
engineers, nurses, graduates of forensic
sciences can enter in the police service
as officers through…
1.Regular Promotion
2.Commisionship
3.Attrition
4.Lateral Entry

43
Take Note!
•There is no such COMMISSIONHIP in the
PNP and this term is only applied for aspiring
officers in the AFP without undergoing a
military academy, such that those who are
member of the RESERVED CORPS or those
professional who passed in the officer
candidate soldier examination.
•In the PNP aspiring civilian who wanted to be
commissioned as officers is CALLED
LATERAL ENTRY as provided by R.A. 6975.
Professional like physicians, lawyer and priest
may be directly hire as police senior inspector
while other professional may be hired as police
inspector to include criminologist.
44
15
Highly qualified police applicants such as
engineers, nurses, graduates of forensic
sciences can enter in the police service
as officers through…
1.Regular Promotion
2.Commisionship
3.Attrition
4.Lateral Entry

45
16
You are assigned with the Patrol Division
of the Naga City Police Station. Which of
the following types of plan are you
expected to prepare?
1.Financial Plan
2.Operational Plan
3.Development Plan
4.Management Plan

46
Police Plans & Operation
Why OPERATIONAL PLANS?
Because operational plans shall be prepared
to accomplish each of the primary police
task. Patrol is the ultimate task considered
PRIMARY OR LINE TASK and is divided
into two types, they are:
1.Regular Operating Plans
2.Meeting the unusual need plans

47
16
You are assigned with the Patrol Division
of the Naga City Police Station. Which of
the following types of plan are you
expected to prepare?
1.Financial Plan
2.Operational Plan
3.Development Plan
4.Management Plan

48
17
It is a training program which provides a
smooth transition of the theory of the
academy or training center to practical
application on the street.
1.Skills training
2.Police Training
3.Field Training
4.Recruit Training

49
18
What barrier is constructed by man to
delay access to area being protected?
1.Natural Barrier
2.Energy Barrier
3.Physical Barrier
4.Personal Barrier

50
TYPES OF BARRIER
•Natural Barriers – refers to natural terrain features that delay or make
the entry or access of intruder difficult. Examples: rivers, cliffs, ravines,
etc.
•Structural Barriers – refers to barriers or features constructed by
man that tend to deny access or delay intrusion. Examples: walls,
fences, roofing’s, ceilings, etc.
•Human Barriers – refers to guards, office and shop workers who stand
between the intruder and the matter being protected.
•Animal Barriers – refers to canine or dogs trained to guard duties
such as German Shepherds, Doberman, etc.
•Energy Barriers – refers to the electrical or electronic devices used to
enhance security in addition to the guard system. Examples: protective
lighting and anti-intrusion alarm system

In the CHOICES there is NO STRUCTURAL BARRIERS, but PHYSICAL


BARRIERS are structures made by man, making it as your choice.

51
19
He exercises the power to revoke for
cause, licenses issued to security
guards.
1.Chief PNP
2.Undersecretary for peace & order
3.Secretary DILG
4.Chairman, NAPOLCOM

52
Basis:
•Section 18, RA 5487 as amended
•In the IRR of RA 5487, Rule II, Penal
provision, Section 1. (Only the Chief PNP can
Cancel all issued licenses)
•Under the same IRR, the Chief SAGSD have
the same role in case of application for license:
“SECTION 14. Disposition of
Applications for License. All license to exercise
private security profession shall be processed
for the appropriate Approval, Disapproval,
Cancellation or Suspension by the Chief,
SAGSD.”

53
OTHERS: Rule IV, Part 2, Section 12
SECTION 12. Approval, Cancellation and
Suspension of LTO. Unless revoked or modified by
the Chief, PNP, the authority to approve, cancel or
suspend the license to operate shall be exercised
by the following:
a. Approval of New Regular LTO CPNP
b. Cancellation of Regular LTO CPNP
c. Re-instatement of Regular LTO CPNP
d. Suspension of Regular LTO CPNP
e. Renewal of Regular LTO DCSG
f. Approval of Temporary LTO DCSG
g. Reversion of Regular to Temporary LTO DCSG
h. Cancellation of Temporary LTO DCSG
i. Suspension of Temporary LTO DCSG
LTO = License to Operate/CPNP = Chief, PNP/DCSG =
Director, CSG

54
20
In counterintelligence, surveillance is
categorized according to intensity and
sensitivity. When there is intermittent
observation, varying in occasion, then
this surveillance is called:
1.loose
2.open
3.discreet
4.close

55
Note:
•Intermittent means – discontinuous.
Meaning LOOSE

•Open is similar to OVERT


•Discreet means COVERT

•There is no such CLOSE in intelligence


and surveillance operation

56
21
The amount and nature of the demands of
the police service are not the same on all of
the three shifts. It is therefore necessary to
make available maximum manpower at the
time of the police service that is of greatest
demand. This organized by…
1.clientele
2.purpose
3.time
4.process

57
•Organization BY AREA BASIS; this is the grouping of subordinate
units or elements under a commanders who is made responsible by
higher authority for some continuing operations within a specified
geographic area.
•Organization ACCORDING TO FUNCTION is defined as the grouping
together of subordinate units or elements under a commander who is
charged with specific functions without respect to any geographic area.
•Under special circumstances, organizations may be established to
serve a particular sector of the client public, this is ORGANIZATION BY
CLIENTELE BASIS
•Organization on THE BASIS OF WORK PROCESSESS is the
grouping together of subordinate units or elements primarily trained to
practice a given or related jobs.
•Organization on the BASIS OF CONTINGENCY means the creation of
a contingent small unit in a short term period comprising the organic
elements tactically organized to address a specific situation or
phenomenon occurring in the area of responsibility.
•Organization ACCORDING TO TIME refers to maximization of the
police manpower depending on the time where it is required
58
21
The amount and nature of the demands of
the police service are not the same on all of
the three shifts. It is therefore necessary to
make available maximum manpower at the
time of the police service that is of greatest
demand. This organized by…
1.clientele
2.purpose
3.time
4.process

59
22
The PNP has a program which ensures the
deployment of policemen in busy and crime
prone areas. This called…
1.patrol deployment program
2.roving patrol and TV patrol program
3.patrol and visibility program
4.police visibility program

60
Take note…
There were quizzer and downloadable
materials in the internet whose answer
(suggested answer according to them) is
“C”… this is a deliberate and logically
wrong because patrol purpose is “visibility”
and the aim of visibility can be attained only
through “patrol”. The suggested answer is
redundant. Patrol and visibility as a term
may fall as two distinct activity. The correct
answer is police visibility program or if not
PATROL PROGRAM or PATROL ACTIVITY 61
22
The PNP has a program which ensures the
deployment of policemen in busy and crime
prone areas. This called…
1.patrol deployment program
2.roving patrol and TV patrol program
3.patrol and visibility program
4.police visibility program

62
23
Planning is the formal process of
choosing the following, EXCEPT…
1.purpose for which the organization
performs
2.an organizational mission and overall
objectives for both the short run and the
long run
3.strategies to achieve the objectives
4.divisional, departmental and individual
objectives based on organizational
objectives
63
Under the significance and importance of
planning, paragraph 2 states that”

“The use of rational design or pattern


for ALL the public safety undertakings.”
This is NOT divisional, departmental nor
individual.

64
23
Planning is the formal process of
choosing the following, EXCEPT…
1.purpose for which the organization
performs
2.an organizational mission and overall
objectives for both the short run and the
long run
3.strategies to achieve the objectives
4.divisional, departmental and individual
objectives based on organizational
objectives
65
24
All regional appointments of
commissioned officers commence with
the rank of:
1.Senior Police Officer 1
2.Inspector
3.Police Officer III
4.Senior Inspector

66
25
These are work programs of line
divisions which relate to the nature
and extent of the workload and the
availability resources.
1.administrative plan
2.operational plan
3.strategic plan
4.tactical plan

67
Note this:
•nature and extent of the workload
means assignment that are made to
assure accomplishment of the police
purpose… Under the above question LINE
DIVISION was emphasized.
•The only PLAN that can accomplished
police purpose is OPERATIONAL PLAN
(see Reviewer, Volume 1, page 235)

68
25
These are work programs of line
divisions which relate to the nature
and extent of the workload and the
availability resources.
1.administrative plan
2.operational plan
3.strategic plan
4.tactical plan

69
26
Police officer must develop the
_______ of recording the facts as they
learned and as the evidence is
obtained.
1.obligation
2.perspective
3.habit
4.duty

70
•OBLIGATION means something that must be
done as a legal duty;
•PERSPECTIVE means evaluation of situation
or facts based from one’s point of view
•DUTY is an obligation that needs to comply..

•Under the concerned question, the answer is


HABIT. The foretasted cannot be developed
because all of legal and personal parameters.

71
26
Police officer must develop the
_______ of recording the facts as they
learned and as the evidence is
obtained.
1.obligation
2.perspective
3.habit
4.duty

72
27
A crew which is assigned to
mobile car usually consists of
____________.
1.a driver and intelligence agent
2.a driver and a traffic man
3.a driver and a recorder
4.a driver recorder and supervisor

73
Again this question might create confusion
because there were downloadable materials and quizzers
which suggest that the answer is “D”. This is also
deliberate because since the founding of Patrol Car, most
of the patrol supervisor prefer that patrolling car must be
manned only by 1 officer.
Under this question, a supervisor does not
necessarily go with the mobile car (or patrol car). And a
recorder is not a necessary personnel in a patrol vehicle. In
the book of ORLANDO W. WILSON, the leading U.S.
Policeman who is the father of police professionalism
state that the primary purpose of mobile patrol is the safe
operation of their patrol vehicle through constant
observation of places and observation of traffic condition.
(Police Administration, 5th Ed., by O.W.Wilson et.al, page 551-552)

Under this circumstances, TRAFFIC PERSONNEL is a crew.

74
Finally…
A SUPERVISOR cannot be considered in
any manner as MOBILE PATROL CREW.
No supervisor might want to become a crew
of a patrol vehicle whom he is supervising.
In the case of recorder, almost all police
personnel are trained on this matter so that
a patrolman manning a car can do the
works of RECORDING matters being
observed.
75
27
A crew which is assigned to
mobile car usually consists of
____________.
1.a driver and intelligence agent
2.a driver and a traffic man
3.a driver and a recorder
4.a driver recorder and supervisor

76
28
All of the following are members of the
People’s Law Enforcement Board (PLEB),
EXCEPT..
1.Three (3) members chosen by the Peace
and Order Council from among the respected
members of the community
2.Any barangay captain of the city/municipality
concerned
3.Any member of the Sangguniang
Panglungsod/Pambayan
4.A bar member chosen by the Integrated Bar
of the Philippines (IBP)

77
Legal Basis: Sec. 43, RA 6975
Composition and Term of Office — The PLEB shall
be composed of the following:
1.Any member of the sangguniang panglunsod/bayan chosen
by his respective sanggunian;
2.Any barangay captain of the city or municipality concerned
chosen by the association of barangay captains; and
3.Three (3) other members who shall be chosen by the peace
and order council from among the respected members of the
community known for their probity and integrity, one (1) of
whom must be a member of the Bar or in the absence thereof,
a college graduate, or the principal of the central elementary
school in the locality.
Amended by RA 8551, sec. 67…
All of them shall serve for two (3) years. Their chairman shall
be elected from among of them. One must be a woman, and
can be remove only by cause by the city or municipal peace
and order council.

78
29
An industrial complex must establish
its first line of physical defense. It
must have…
1.the building itself
2.perimeter barrier
3.communication barrier
4.window barrier

79
COMPONENTS OF PHYSICAL
SECURITY
•Perimeter Barriers (1st Line of
Defense)
•Building Exteriors (2nd Line of
Defense)
•Interior Controls (3rd Line of Defense)

80
30
It is the circumspect inspection of a place
to determine its suitability for a particular
operational purposes.
1.inspection
2.surveillance
3.survey
4.casing

81
CIRCUMSPECT means…
Consideration of all possible
circumstances and consequences before
taking an action. Prior to raid and assault
CASING is necessary.

DONOT BE CONFUSE WITH


SURVEILLANCE
SURVEILLANCE is continuous process
of watching persons, things or places to
obtain information. 82
31
In the civil service system, merit
and fitness are the primary
considerations in the…
1.two-party system
2.evaluation system
3.promotional system
4.spoils system

83
32
The minimum age requirement for
Security Manager or Operator for
security manager or operator of a
security agency is :
1.40 years old
2.30 years old
3.25 years old
4.35 years old

84
Basis: Rule IV, License to Operate,
Part 1
SECTION 2. Basic requirement of an operator or
manager of agency –
a. The operator or manager of an agency
including, managers of branch offices, must be:
1. Filipino citizen;
2. Not be less than twenty five (25) years of age;
3. College graduate and/or a commissioned officer in
the inactive service or retired from the Armed Forces
of the Philippines or the Philippine National Police;
4. Has taken a course/seminar on industrial Security
Management and/or must have adequate training or
experience in security business; and,
5. Good moral character

85
33
Which of this statement is CORRECT?
1.conduction is heat transfer through
combustion
2.conduction is heat transfer by solid
materials
3.conduction is heat transfer by air motion
4.conduction is heat transfer by
electromagnetic waves

86
PROPAGATION OF FIRE
HEAT TRANSFER
•Conduction – transmittance of the heat
thru medium
•Convection – heat transfer by air motion
•Radiation – heat transfer by
Electromagnetic

Wood is solid material and is a


conductor to fire, although not
all solid can be a conductor.

87
34
In the de-briefing, the intelligence
agent is asked to discuss which of
the following:
1.his educational profile and school’s
attended
2.his personal circumstances such as his
age, religious affiliation, address, etc..
3.his political inclination and/or party
affiliation
4.his observation and experiences in the 88
•Debriefing means to question formally
and systematically in order to obtain useful
information or intelligence from the agent.

Under the concerned question the answer


is “D”

89
35
It is a natural man made structure or
physical device which is capable of
restricting, deterring, or delaying illegal
access to an installation.
1.fence
2.wall
3.barrier
4.hazard

90
36
It provides means and ways by
which all personnel and employees
are trained to make them security
conscious and discipline.
1.security check
2.security survey
3.security promotions
4.security education

91
Distinction between SECURITY
SURVEY and SECURITY
EDUCATION
•SECURITY SURVEY is a fact-
finding probe to determine a plant
adequacy and deficiency in all
aspects of security with the
corresponding recommendation.
•SECURITY EDUCATION is the
exposure and teaching of employees
on security and its relevance to their
work (answer)
92
37
Which of the following is the most
important characteristics of a good
operation plan.
1.only one officer is responsible for its
execution
2.need for on-the-operation modification
3.presents objectives and allocation of
resources but not the methodology
4.all the details of the plan are properly
identified and evaluated and as such details
are known by implementor;
93
38
Private security agencies has to be
registered with the…
1.Department of Interior & Local
Government
2.National Police Commission
3.Security and exchange commission
4.National Bureau of Investigation

94
LEGAL BASIS
•Section 7, Republic Act 5487

•Section 7, Application for License. The


application shall be made in writing and shall be
filed with the Chief, Philippine Constabulary. It
shall contain the full name of the applicant, his
age, civil status, residence and location of
business. If the4 applicant is a corporation,
association or partnership, a copy of the certificate
of registration with the SECURITIES &
EXCHANGE COMMISSION together with its by-
laws and articles of incorporation with the Bureau
of Commerce.
95
39
A single uninterrupted line of authority
– often represented by boxes and lines
of an organizational chart – should run
in order by rank from top command to
level of the organization.
1.organization control
2.scalar chain
3.span of control
4.administrative control

96
THE SCALAR PRINCIPLE. (Chain of
Command)
Prescribe the vertical hierarchy of
organizations. It has 2 conditions to achieve
effective coordination:
1.UNITY OF COMMAND
1. One source of authority
2. Centralization of Decision-making
2.SPAN OF CONTROL
1. Clear cut-line of authority
2. Individual personnel should report only
to one superior

97
40
What form of intelligence is involved
when information is obtained without
the knowledge of the person whom the
information or documents may be used,
or if the information is clandestinely.
1.covert
2.overt
3.active
4.undercover

98
Note:
•Intermittent means – discontinuous.
Meaning LOOSE

•Open is similar to OVERT


•Discreet means COVERT (secret)

•There is no such CLOSE in intelligence


and surveillance operation

99
41
The provincial Governor shall choose
the provincial director from a list of
________ eligible's recommended by
the PNP Director’s preferable from
the same province, city or
municipality.
1.six (6)
2.three (3)
3.five (5)
4.six (6)
100
LEGAL BASIS
R.A. 6975, Chapter III, D, Sec. 51, Par.
(a.-1)

•Power to Choose the Provincial Director


— The provincial governor shall choose
the provincial director from a list of three
(3) eligible's recommended by the PNP
regional director.

101
42
A direction that is provided on a one-to-
one basis is called…
1.administration
2.management
3.organization
4.supervision

102
•ADMINISTRATION means the management
of the affairs of a business, organization, or
institution.
•MANAGEMENT means organizing and
controlling of the affairs of a business or a
sector of a business.
•ORGANIZATION means a group of people
identified by a shared interest or purpose.
•SUPERVISION means to watch over an
activity or task being carried out by somebody
and ensure that it is performed correctly…
This item clearly state that the answer is “D”.
Supervising means watching one working to
ensure its accomplishment.

103
43
You are the patrol supervisor for the morning
shift. You don’t have enough men to cover all
the patrol beats. Which of the following will
you implement?
1.Assign roving mobile patrol with no foot
patrol
2.Assign mobile patrols only in strategic
places
3.maintain your patrolmen at the station and
just wait for calls for assistance
4.Assign foot patrol in congested and busy
patrol beats but assign a roving mobile patrol
to cover beats which are not covered by foot
patrol 104
44
A ________ plan relates to the problem of
equipping, staffing and preparing the
police station to do the job and rather
than the actual operation of the
organization.
1.management plan
2.tactical plan
3.procedural plan
4.operational plan
105
Your clue…the red mark!

MANAGEMENT PLANS. Plans of


management shall map out in advance all
operations involved in the organization
management or personnel and material and in the
procurement and disbursement of money.
The clue to answer on the QUESTION is:
“Plan that relates to the problem of
equipping, staffing and preparing the police
station to do the job” rather than (NOT) the
actual operation of the organization.
106
45
The list below composes of the
Philippine National Police National
Support Service. One under the list
DOES NOT belong to the Administrative
Support Units, what is that?
1.SAF
2.Training Service
3.Health Service
4.HQ Support Service
107
Take note on this!
•Clue: All Administrative Support Units is
ending with the word “SERVICE”, while all
Operational
support units ended
with
“GROUP” except
SAF.

108
PNP ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
CHIEF, PNP

Internal
Program Affairs Service
PNP Human Rights
Management Deputy Chief, PNP Deputy Chief, PNP
Affairs Office
Office for for
Administration Operations

The Chief of the


Directorial Staff

DIRECTORIAL STAFF

Directorate for Directorate Directorate for Directorate for Directorate for Directorate Directorate for
Directorate Directorate Directorate Directorate Directorate
Personnel and for Integrated Police- Investigation Human Resource for Information &
for for Police for for for
Records Community and Detective and Doctrines Research and Communications
Intelligence Operations Operations Logistics Plans Comptrollership
Management Relations Management Development Development Tech Mgmt

Administrative Support Units (Service) Operational Support Units (Groups)


Logistics Information Communications Police Security Criminal Special
Finance Health Maritime Intelligence
Support Technology and Electronic and Protection Investigation and Action
Service Service Group Group
Service Mgmt Service Service Group Detection Group Force

Headquarters Aviation Highway Police-Community


Chaplain Engineering Training Civil Security Crime
Legal Service Support Security Patrol Relations
Service Service Service Group Laboratory
Service Group Group Group

National Capital Regional Police Office Police Regional Office 1-3, 5-13, ARMM, CAR, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA

Regional Regional
5 District Offices Mobile Group
Mobile Group Provincial Police Offices City Police Offices

Police Stations Provincial Municipal/Component City City Mobile


CPO Police Stations
Mobile Group Police Stations Group
Sub-stations
Precincts
46
It is the importance of the firm or installation
in relation to national security.
1.relative necessity
2.relative security
3.relative vulnerability
4.relative criticality

110
•RELATIVE SECURITY is the answer.
• A FIRM of COMPANY can be related or
compared to a country whose purpose of
the management is to ensure SAFETY
and SECURITY of the worker. Country’s
primary concern on the other hand is
NATIONAL SECURITY.

111
47
Bicycle patrol have the combined
advantage of _______________ since
they can be operated very quietly and
without attracting attention.
1.reduced speed and greater area
covered
2.shorter travel time and wide area
coverage
3.mobility and wide area coverage
4.mobility and stealth
112
48
The budget is a __________ plan in
terms of expenditure requirements.
1.tactical plan
2.financial plan
3.work plan
4.control plan

113
49
The term used for the object of
surveillance is “subject” while the
investigator conducting the
surveillance is :
1.rabbit
2.surveillant
3.decoy
4.target

114
SURVEILLANT is the person who conducts
surveillance.
CONVOY is an accomplice or associate of
the subject who follows him to detect
surveillance
FINGERMAN is an individual who can
positively point out the subject
TAIL is a person behind the eye (the second
agent nearest the subject).
115
How about rabbit?
RABBIT is the subject?
It becomes part of police parlance based from the
COMMAND “CATCH (HUNT) THAT RABBIT”.

The LAPD, The FBI, and the CIA are all trying to prove that they
are the best at apprehending criminals. The President decides
to give them a test. He releases a rabbit into a forest and each
of them has to catch it.
The CIA goes in. They place animal informants throughout the
forest. They question all plant and mineral witnesses. After
three months of extensive investigations they conclude that
rabbits do not exist.
The FBI goes in. After two weeks with no leads they burn the
forest, killing everything in it, including the rabbit, and they
make no apologies. The rabbit had it coming.
The LAPD goes in. They come out two hours later with a badly
beaten bear. The bear is yelling: "Okay! Okay! I'm a rabbit! I'm
a rabbit!

116
50
It is a police function which serve as
the backbone of the police service. In
all types of police station, there is a
specific unit assigned to undertake this
function in view of its importance.
1.vice control
2.criminal investigation
3.patrol
4.traffic enforcement

117
51
This policemen are assigned in the
rural area of the Japanese Police and
is the frontline of the organization in
the community and at the same time
the first responder assigned in a
police boxes.
1.Chuzaisho
2.Kidotai
3.Imperial army
4.Koban
118
52
The INTERPOL is using a notice to
inform a member country with regards to
an unknown cadaver found. When it is
distributed, the color of the notice is
what?
1.Orange
2.Red
3.Blue
4.Black
119
INTERPOL NOTICES
Red Notice
Used to seek the arrest with a view to extradition of subjects wanted
and based upon an arrest warrant.
Green Notice
Used to provide warnings and criminal intelligence about persons who
have committed criminal offences, and are likely to repeat these
crimes in other countries.
Blue Notice
Used to collect additional information about a person's identity or
illegal activities in relation to a criminal matter
Yellow Notice
Used to help locate missing persons, especially minors, or to help
identify persons who are not able to identify themselves (e.g. those
suffering from amnesia)
Black Notice
Used to seek the true identity of unidentified bodies.
Orange Notice
Used to warn police, public bodies and other international
organizations of possible threats to them from hidden weapons, parcel
bombs and other dangerous items or material.

120
53
Which of the following statement is
FALSE?
1.Patrol officers are assigned to the New
Cops on the Blocks
2.Foot patrol places the patrol officers to
greater danger than mobile patrol
3.Helicopter patrol is less than foot patrol
4.The PNP does not employ foot patrol

121
Logic…
•The PNP DOES NOT EMPLOY
foot patrol is FALSE.

•WHY
•Because the ultimate work of the
POLICE IS patrol

122
54
It is the weakest link in the security
chains.
1.managers
2.barriers
3.personnel
4.inspections

123
54
It is the weakest link in the security
chains.
1.managers
2.barriers
3.personnel
4.inspections

124
55
Designed to outline series of related
operations to accomplish a common
objective normally within a given time or
period.
1.Contingency Plan
2.Supporting plan
3.Strategic plan
4.Campaign Plan

125
Designed to outline series of related
operations to accomplish a common
objective normally within a given time or
period.
CRITICAL ANALYSIS:
What is STRATEGY? consist of plans and
procedure adopted by the police for the
attainment of operational objectives, aims,
purposes, or situation, and their
accomplishment that involve leadership.

126
56
It is the protection of high ranking
officials from harm.
1.Asset Protection
2.Document Security
3.Physical security
4.VIP security

127
VIP/DIGNITARY SECURITY
1.To ensure protection of live/lives of
VIP/dignitary.
2.The clear the routine route(s) from any
danger or hazard.
3.To avoid assassination plot and/or
ambuscade to visiting VIP/dignitary.
4.To establish coordinate efforts with foreign
and local agencies re VIP/dignitary security
requirements.

128
57
Which of the following best reflect the
first step, logically and to some extent
chronologically, in planning the budget
for an operating unit of a police
agency?
1.Forecast of workload
2.Find out how money was given last
year
3.Establish a priority for each task or
activity
4.Take no monitoring of present 129
57
Which of the following best reflect the
first step, logically and to some extent
chronologically, in planning the budget
for an operating unit of a police
agency?
1.Forecast of workload
2.Find out how money was given last
year
3.Establish a priority for each task or
activity
4.Take no monitoring of present 130
58
A police station should have a
________ plan which includes every
step that has been outlined and
officially adopted as the standard
method of action to be followed by
members of the police organization.
1.tactical plan
2.procedural plan
3.management plan
4.operational plan
131
CLUE & BASIS: “standard method of action to be followed by
members “ (see the underline sentence here & below)

•POLICY OR PROCEDURAL PLAN.


Standard operating procedure shall be planned to
guide members in routine field operations and in
some special operations in accordance with the ff.
procedures: This is specifically referred to:
1. Field Procedures
Example: Reporting, saluting, use of firearms,
investigation of crimes, raids, etc..
2. Headquarters Procedure
3. Special Operating Procedures
Example: Preservation of evidence as each chief
has its own
way of dealing with this.

132
59
Which of the following is considered as
the most important factor in formulating
an effective patrol strategy?
1.training of station commander
2.adequacy of resources of the police
station
3.rank of the patrol commander
4.salary rates of police personnel
Example: The use of phone, use of police
devices, dispatching process.

133
60
Who among the following have summary
dismissal power’s over errant police
members?
1.District Director
2.Provincial Director
3.Chief PNP
4.Chief of Police

134
61
In understanding a long range
program directed towards
simplification of the police records,
the first step should be a study of:
1.mechanics in which the current
records system operates
2.utilization of existing records system
3.administrative structure of the
organization
4.records systems of similar
organization
135
61
In understanding a long range
program directed towards
simplification of the police records,
the first step should be a study of:
1.mechanics in which the current
records system operates
2.utilization of existing records system
3.administrative structure of the
organization
4.records systems of similar
organization
136
62
These procedures relate to the
assignment and method of
performance of police tasks away
from headquarters.
1.field procedures
2.headquarters procedure
3.staff procedures
4.systems procedure

137
63
The father of organized military
espionage was..
1.Akbar
2.Alexander the Great
3.Genghis Khan
4.Frederick the Great

138
FREDERICK THE GREAT (OR Frederick II of
Prussia)
•With the growth of the modern
national state, systematized
espionage became a fundamental
part of government in most
countries. Joseph Fouché is
credited with developing the first
modern political espionage system,
and Frederick II of Prussia is
regarded as the founder of modern
military espionage. Read more:
•espionage: History | Infoplease.com
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/espi
onage-history.html#ixzz2gcGfsWQQ

139
64
Chief petty officer in the Philippine
Navy is equivalent to what rank in
the Philippine national Police.
1.SPOIV
2.Police Inspector
3.SPOIII
4.Senior Inspector

140
64
Chief petty officer in the Philippine
Navy is equivalent to what rank in
the Philippine national Police.
1.SPOIV
2.Police Inspector
3.SPOIII
4.Senior Inspector

141
RANK OF PHILIPPINE NAVY
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Admiral (4 star general) (PDG)
Vice Admiral (3 star general/LG) (PDDG)
Rear Admiral (2 star general/MG) (PD)
Commodore (1 star general/BG) (P/CSupt) Chief Petty Officer (SPO4) MSGT
Captain (Col) (P/SSupt) Petty Officer 1st Class (SPO3) TSGT
Commander (Lt. Col) (P/Supt) Petty Officer 2nd Class (SPO2) SSGT
Lt. Commander (Maj) (P/CInsp) Petty Officer 3rd Class (SPO1) SGT
Lt. Senior Grade (Capt) (P/Sinsp) Seaman 1st Class (PO3) CPL
Lt. Junior Grade (1ST & 2ND Lt) (P/Insp) Seaman 2nd Class (PO2) PFC
Ensign (note: there is no 2nd & 1st LT in PNP) Apprentice Seaman (PO1) PVT

142
65
It is the degree of difference that
exists among the structures, tasks
and managerial orientations of
various departments.
1.decentralization
2.integration
3.centralization
4.differentiation

143
Note:

•The term “DEGREE OF DIFFERENCE”


is your clue that the answer is
DIFFERENTIATION.

144
66
If a high wind has an extinguishing
effect on a fire, the most probable
extinguishment method is…
1.smothering
2.cooling
3.fuel removal
4.dilution

145
67
Listed below are all types of patrol,
EXCEPT :
1.horse patrol
2.foot patrol
3.T.V. patrol
4.motorcycles patrol

146
68
Upon arrival at his assigned beat, the
patrol officer must immediately report
to the :
1.Desk officer
2.Unit supervisor
3.Commander
4.Sector Supervisor

147
The concerned patrol personnel must report directly to his
immediate BOSS. In the question the immediate boss is the UNIT
SUPERVISOR. Unit is the smallest of all the division of
organization from where a small team belong. Below is
comparison of the different term for this purpose.
Beat – an area, in contrast to a route, assigned for patrol
purposes, whether foot or motorized. It is also sometimes used
for the assignment of motorized traffic officers instead of a route.
Sector – an area containing two or more beats, routes or posts.
The squad of officers assigned to a sector is headed by a
sergeant.
District – a geographical subdivision of the city for patrol
purposes usually with its own station. A district is usually headed
by a captain.
Area – a section or territorial division of a large city each
comprised of a designated districts headed by an area
commander.

148
69
Who pioneered the systems of
curfews, physical security and vice
controls?
1.King Alfred
2.Robert Peel
3.King Edward
4.Julius Caesar

149
King Edward 1 made an authentic attempt
to establish a bonafide POLICE
ORGANIZATION. The Statute of Winchester
enacted in 1285 replaced the pledge system with
a domestic security called WATCH and WARD.
The origin of the word police can be traced to
either the Greek word POLIS meaning city, or the
Roman word POLITES, meaning CITIZEN. The
GENESIS of POLICE CONTROL AND CRIME
PREVENTION through curfews, physical
security, & vice control lies with KING EDWARD
1. (See Reviewer, Volume 1, Police Organization and
Administration, page 190.) 150
70
Organizations that refer to the
direct accomplishment of
objectives.
1.Line organizations
2.Staff organization
3.Support organization
4.Unusual organization

151
•THE PRIMARY OR LINE TASKS
OPERATION (OR ORGANIZATION)
shall include patrol, investigation,
traffic, vice and juvenile control.
Accomplishment of these primary
tasks shall achieve the main objective
of the PNP as organization.

152
71
The provincial director belongs to…
1.Top Echelon
2.Middle Echelon
3.Intermediate Echelon
4.Lower Echelon

153
71
The provincial director belongs to…
1.Top Echelon
2.Middle Echelon
3.Intermediate Echelon
4.Lower Echelon

154
The CHAIN OF COMMAND
A unit director exercises his authority and responsibility through a
“chain of command”. A chain of command is consists of different
levels as follow:
1.Top Echelon- the topmost level where the overall responsibility
and authority whereby subordinate commands and units are
placed. The command group composed of the CPNP, DCA DCO
and the TCDS constitute the top echelon in the PNP.
2.Middle Echelon- the next lower echelon constitutes such
subordinate command units apportioned by the commander in
order to accomplish his tasks. The national support units, regional,
provincial, city, district police offices compose the middle echelon.
This echelon is further categorized below:
a. Top Middle Echelon - NSUs/Regional Offices
b. Intermediary Middle Echelon - Provincial/City
Police Offices
c. Lower Middle Echelon - Provincial/City
District Offices
3.Lower Echelon – the lower echelon is comprised of the
subordinate units further apportioned by subordinate commanders,
such as the city and municipal police stations.

155
72 A fixed point or location to which an
officer is assigned for duty, such as an
intersection or crosswalk for traffic
duty; a spot or location for general duty,
observation and surveillance or for the
apprehension of a wanted person or
about to commit a crime; or the
designated desk or office.
1.Beat
2.Route
3.Post
4.Area

156
Beat – an area, in contrast to a route, assigned for patrol
purposes, whether foot or motorized. It is also sometimes
used for the assignment of motorized traffic officers instead
of a route.
Area – a section or territorial division of a large city each
comprised of a designated districts headed by an area
commander.
Post- a fixed point or location to which an officer is
assigned for duty, such as an intersection or crosswalk for
traffic duty; a spot or location for general duty, observation
and surveillance or for the apprehension of a wanted person
or about to commit a crime; or the designated desk or office.
Route- a length of street or streets, designated for patrol
purposes. A route is most frequently used for assignment of
traffic officers or assignment for foot patrol officers.
157
73
Which of the following is the most
common reason why an informer gives
information to the police.
1.wants to be known to the police

2.revenge
3.as a good citizen
4.monetary reward

158
REMEMBER THIS!
•INFORMER gives information in
consideration of a reward

•INFORMANT gives information because


they are law abiding and public-spirited
citizen.

159
74
In surveillance, the following are done, to
alter the appearance of the surveillance
vehicle, except :
1.changing license plates of surveillance
vehicles
2.putting on and removing hats, coats and
sunglasses
3.changes of seating arrangements within the
surveillance vehicles
4.keep three cars behind the subject car
160
75
To improve delegation, the following
must be done, EXCEPT :
1.establish objectives and standards
2.count the number of supervisors

3.require completed works


4.define authority and responsibility

161
76
Protective lighting, perimeter barrier and
______ systems are known in industrial
security management physical security.
1.relieving
2.accounting
3.reporting
4.guarding

162
PHYSICAL SECURITY is
concerned with the
physical measures
adopted to prevent
unauthorized access to
equipment, facilities,
materials and documents,
and to safeguard them
against espionage,
sabotage, damage and
theft.
Under this question
protective lighting,
perimeter barrier and
guarding is a form of
physical security. 163
77
A PNP uniformed personnel who has
been relieved for just cause & has not
been given assignment within 2 years
after such relief shall be separated or
retired. This is an attrition by :
1.Other means
2.Demotion in position
3.Relief
4.Non promotion

164
77
A PNP uniformed personnel who has
been relieved for just cause & has not
been given assignment within 2 years
after such relief shall be separated or
retired. This is an attrition by :
1.Other means
2.Demotion in position
3.Relief
4.Non promotion

165
78
Used to provide warnings and
criminal intelligence about persons
who have committed criminal
offences, and are likely to repeat
these crimes in other countries. What
is this notice in the INTERPOL?
1.Red
2.Orange
3.Blue
4.Green
166
INTERPOL NOTICES
Red Notice
Used to seek the arrest with a view to extradition of subjects wanted
and based upon an arrest warrant.
Green Notice
Used to provide warnings and criminal intelligence about persons who
have committed criminal offences, and are likely to repeat these
crimes in other countries.
Blue Notice
Used to collect additional information about a person's identity or
illegal activities in relation to a criminal matter
Yellow Notice
Used to help locate missing persons, especially minors, or to help
identify persons who are not able to identify themselves (e.g. those
suffering from amnesia)
Black Notice
Used to seek the true identity of unidentified bodies.
Orange Notice
Used to warn police, public bodies and other international
organizations of possible threats to them from hidden weapons, parcel
bombs and other dangerous items or material.

167
79 This means that a subordinate is
responsible only one commander and
orders that come from the top echelon
must be the same orders to be passed
on the lowest echelon in the
organization. It is important that only
one man be in complete command of
each situation and that only one man be
in direct command or supervision of
each officer.
1.Span of control
2.Division of work
3.unity of command
4.command responsibility
168
79 This means that a subordinate is
responsible only one commander and
orders that come from the top echelon
must be the same orders to be passed
on the lowest echelon in the
organization. It is important that only
one man be in complete command of
each situation and that only one man be
in direct command or supervision of
each officer.
1.Span of control
2.Division of work
3.unity of command
4.command responsibility
169
THE SCALAR PRINCIPLE. (Chain of
Command)
Prescribe the vertical hierarchy of
organizations. It has 2 conditions to achieve
effective coordination:
1.UNITY OF COMMAND
1. One source of authority
2. Centralization of Decision-making
2.SPAN OF CONTROL
1. Clear cut-line of authority
2. Individual personnel should report only
to one superior

170
80
Police personnel may be effectively
distributed according to any of the
following classification EXCEPT :
1.by time
2.by area
3.by function
4.by supervision

171
80
Police personnel may be effectively
distributed according to any of the
following classification EXCEPT :
1.by time
2.by area
3.by function
4.by supervision

172
81
What administrative support unit
conducts identification and evaluation
of physical evidences related to crimes,
with emphasis on their medical,
chemical, biological and physical
nature.
1.logistics service
2.crime laboratory
3.engineering service
4.finance center
173
81
What administrative support unit
conducts identification and evaluation
of physical evidences related to crimes,
with emphasis on their medical,
chemical, biological and physical
nature.
1.logistics service
2.crime laboratory
3.engineering service
4.finance center
174
•THE PRIMARY OR LINE TASKS
OPERATION (OR ORGANIZATION)
shall include patrol, investigation,
traffic, vice and juvenile control.
Accomplishment (or fulfillment) of
these primary tasks shall achieve the
main objective of the PNP as
organization.
175
82
Those who are charged with the actual
fulfillment of the agency’s mission are
_______ personnel.
1.staff
2.supervision
3.management
4.line

176
83
Which of the following is contained in
the heading of an intelligence report?
1.reporting unit
2.conclusion
3.signature of the director of operation

4.assessment of the operation

177
83
Which of the following is contained in
the heading of an intelligence report?
1.reporting unit
2.conclusion
3.signature of the director of operation

4.assessment of the operation

178
84
Licenses of private security guards
are processed and controlled by
the…
1.PNP
2.NAPOLCOM
3.DILG
4.SEC

179
85
A municipality with less than 30
thousand population is regarded as what
class municipality:
1.4th
2.3rd
3.2nd
4.1st

180
85
A municipality with less than 30
thousand population is regarded as what
class municipality:
1.4th
2.3rd
3.2nd
4.1st

181
CLASSIFICATION OF POLICE
OFFICES:
Components Cities:
•Type “A” for cities with population ranging from
100,000 and above
•Type “B” for cities with population ranging from
75.000 to less than 100,000.
•Type “C” for cities with less than 75,000
population
Municipalities
•Type “A” for those with population ranging from
75,000 or more
•Type “B” for those with population with ranging
from 30,000 to 75,000.
•Type “C” for those with population of less than
30,000
182
86
INTERPOL is composed of more than 180
countries throughout the world. They are
operating in the four areas (continent) in the
world and maintaining their offices therein.
Which of the following below is not that area.
1.Africa
2.Australia
3.Asia
4.America

183
Update on INTERPOL
•Presently INTERPOL is now 190 (kindly
correct your reviewer; Reviewer Volume 1,
page 420 stated only 182 country)
•Present Sec. Gen. was RONALD NOBLE
•Past President is KHOO BOON HUI and
newly succeeded by MIREILLE
BALESTRAZZI.
•Fiscal Budget is €70 million

184
87
Some of the instructions in foot
surveillance are the following EXCEPT :
1.stop quickly, look behind
2.window shop, watch reflection
3.drop paper, never mind what happens
to the paper
4.retrace steps

185
87
Some of the instructions in foot
surveillance are the following EXCEPT :
1.stop quickly, look behind
2.window shop, watch reflection
3.drop paper, never mind what happens
to the paper
4.retrace steps

186
88
A plan with a time horizon of 5-10 years
is called :
1.long term plan
2.strategic plan
3.annual plan
4.mid-term plan

187
Classification of Plan
According to Time

• Strategic or Long Range Plan


5 years or more
• Intermediate or Medium Range Plan
Between 1 year & 5 years planning
• Operational or Short Range Plan
Below the range of a year

188
89
What should be undertaken by a Security
Officer before he can prepare a
comprehensive security program for his
industrial plan?
1.security conference
2.security check
3.security survey
4.security education

189
NOTE: If the choices has SECURITY PLANNING, this is
the appropriate answer, in its absence the answer is
SECURITY SURVEY
SECURITY SURVEY is the process of conducting an exhaustive
physical examination and thorough inspection of all operational
systems and procedures of a facility.
Purpose of Security Survey
a. To determine existing state of security
b. To locate weaknesses in defenses
c. To determine degree of protection required
d. To produce recommendations, establishing a total security
program
SECURITY INSPECTION is the process of conducting physical
examination to determine compliance with established security
policies and procedures as a result of security survey. Note
SECURITY INSPECTION IS DONE LATER.

190
90
This patrol method utilizes disguise,
deception and lying in wait rather than
upon high-visibility patrol techniques.
1.low visibility patrol
2.direct-deterrent patrol
3.decoy patrol
4.high visibility patrol

191
The answer is LOW VISIBILITY PATROL
1.low visibility patrol refers to patrolling where
the police has the capability to respond
immediately. Deployment of personnel in the field
is not necessary.
2.direct-deterrent patrol is based on the result
of crime analysis that identify areas needed to be
patrolled. Arrest and warning are some of the
activity of the police.
3.decoy patrol is also known as combat patrol
where the aims of the police is intensified
operation against both criminal elements and
dissidents.
4.high visibility patrol is instilling the
psychology of omnipresence in the street making
patrol as a routine and regular activity of the
force. 192
91
It enforces all traffic laws and regulations to
ensure the safety of motorists and
pedestrians and attain an orderly traffic.
1.Civil Relations Group
2.Traffic Operation Center
3.Highway Patrol Group
4.Traffic Management Command

193
91
It enforces all traffic laws and regulations to
ensure the safety of motorists and
pedestrians and attain an orderly traffic.
1.Civil Relations Group
2.Traffic Operation Center
3.Highway Patrol Group
4.Traffic Management Command

194
92
is a sudden attack or invasion of a
building or small locality to effect an
arrest, to secure evidence of illegal
activity, or recover stolen property as
necessary material in the prosecution of
an offense.
1.observation
2.raid
3.search and seizure
4.arrest POLICE ACTION

195
93
In cutting a roof to ventilate, the
firefighter should avoid _______.
1.cutting a very large hole
2.cutting several small hole
3.cutting roof boards near the beam
4.making openings over the fire

196
94
Plans can be changed to meet
future requirements which are not
considered during the planning
stages. This indicates _____ in
planning.
1.responsiveness
2.flexibility
3.efficiency
4.effectiveness
197
95
In stationary surveillance, the
following must be observed,
EXCEPT :
1.never meet subject face to face
2.recognize fellow agent
3.avoid eye contact
4.if burnt out drop subject must be
relinquish

198
95
In stationary surveillance, the
following must be observed,
EXCEPT :
1.never meet subject face to face
2.recognize fellow agent
3.avoid eye contact
4.if burnt out drop subject must be
relinquish

199
96
Pedro is thief who is eyeing at the
handbag of Marissa. PO1 Santos is
standing a few meters away from
Marissa. The thief’s desire to steal is not
diminished by the presence of the police
officer but the ___________ for
successful theft is;
1.ambition
2.feeling
3.intention
4.opportunity

200
96
Pedro is thief who is eyeing at the
handbag of Marissa. PO1 Santos is
standing a few meters away from
Marissa. The thief’s desire to steal is not
diminished by the presence of the police
officer but the ___________ for
successful theft is;
1.ambition
2.feeling
3.intention
4.opportunity

201
97
Peace and order Council is organized in
every city and municipality by virtue
of…
1.EO 388
2.EO 309
3.EO 1012
4.PD 309

202
97
Peace and order Council is organized in
every city and municipality by virtue
of…
1.EO 388
2.EO 309
3.EO 1012
4.PD 309

203
98
A plan of coping up an attack against
buildings equipped with alarm system
is an example of…
1.extra-management plan
2.management plan
3.procedural plan
4.tactical plan

204
TYPES OF PLAN: Your clue see
highlighted sentence
•TACTICAL PLANS. These ARE the procedures for
coping with specific situations at known locations.
Included in this category are plans for dealing with an
attack against the buildings with alarm systems and an
attack against police headquarters by law less elements.
•OPERATIONAL PLANS. These are plans for operations
of special divisions like the patrol, detectives, traffic, fire
and juvenile control divisions. Operational plans shall be
prepared to accomplish each of the primary police
tasks.
•POLICY OR PROCEDURAL PLAN. Standard operating
procedure shall be planned to guide members in
routine field operations.
NOTE: You will not be confused with Management Plan
& Extra Office Plan since these two do not relate with
police activity.
205
99
PNP in-service training program are
under the responsibility of the…
1.PNP-DPL
2.PNP-DHRDD
3.PNP-DPRM
4.PNP-DLogistics

206
NOTE: Under RA 6975 & 8551,
training is under the auspices of the
PNP-DHRDD
•Directorate for Human Resource and
Doctrine Development. Consist of three (3)
divisions, namely; Individual Training Program
Development Division; Unit Training Program
Development Division; and General Doctrine
Development Division.
•But with the re-structuring of the PNP
Organization, in-service training at Institutional
Level shall be under the TRAINING SERVICE,
while at the regional level shall be at the R1.

207
100
Dogs have an acute sense of ______
thus, their utilization in tracking
down lost persons or illegal drugs.
1.smell
2.hearing
3.eating
4.drinking

208
101
Wiretapping operation is the process
of...
1.placing a hidden camera
2.placing a concealed microphone
3.placing a monitor system to a telephone
wire
4.placing a videotape recorder

209
101
Wiretapping operation is the process
of...
1.placing a hidden camera
2.placing a concealed microphone
3.placing a monitor system to a telephone
wire
4.placing a videotape recorder

210
Difference between wiretapping and bugging
(and eavesdropping)
WIRETAPPING is an act or instance of tapping telephone or
telegraph wires for evidence or to obtain information. A form of
electronic eavesdropping accomplished by seizing or
overhearing communications by means of a concealed recording
or listening device connected to the transmission line. (American
Law Encyclopaedia)
BUGGING is s covert listening device, more commonly known
as a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature radio
transmitter with a microphone. The use of bugs, called bugging,
is a common technique in surveillance, espionage and in police
investigations. (Wikipedia) No hi-tech equipment is needed here,
even cellular phone can be used for this purpose.
EAVESDROPPING on the other hand is the act of secretly
listening to the private conversation of others without their
consent. (Black's Law Dictionary) Literally means dropping of an
EAR, this is commonly done on walls, door, windows or even
placing a secret microphone to the subject. Wiretapping is a kind
of eavesdropping. 211
102
In the selection and recruitment of
informers, the best factors to be
considered is...
1.educational attainment
2.charm and sex
3.access
4.help and aids

212
103
Suppose your police station will be
overrun by the enemy, what among
the item below will you destroy first as
it will be of value for the enemies
intelligence.
1.cache of bullets
2.grenades
3.radio
4.troops of deployment report

213
103
Suppose your police station will be
overrun by the enemy, what among
the item below will you destroy first as
it will be of value for the enemies
intelligence.
1.cache of bullets
2.grenades
3.radio
4.troops of deployment report

214
104
Any knowledge, data, news, opinion and
the like transmitted from one person to
another is...
1.communication
2.line intelligence
3.information
4.report

215
104
Any knowledge, data, news, opinion and
the like transmitted from one person to
another is...
1.communication
2.line intelligence
3.information
4.report

216
105
The placement of hidden
microphone in a particular room to
obtain information is...
1.bugging
2.tapping
3.eaves dropping
4.sanitizing

217
105
The placement of hidden
microphone in a particular room to
obtain information is...
1.bugging
2.tapping
3.eaves dropping
4.sanitizing

218
TAKE NOTE:
•A covert listening device, more commonly known as
a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature
radio transmitter with a microphone. The use of bugs,
called BUGGING, is a common technique in
surveillance, espionage and in police investigations.
•A bug does not have to be a device specifically
designed for the purpose of eavesdropping. For
instance, with the right equipment, it is possible to
remotely activate the microphone of cellular phones,
even when a call is not being made, to listen to
conversations in the vicinity of the phone.
EAVESDROPPING in other word can be natural or
highly technical. Natural if you bore a hole in the wall to
listen, highly technical if the method is wiretapping were
knowledge in electronic is needed. When recorded this
is already WIRETAPPING and is sanctioned by the law.
Lawful wiretapping is called LAWFUL
INTECRCEPTION. 219
106
There are four parts of police
intelligence cycle, they are: 1)
Command Mission/Objective; 2)
Collection of information; 3)
Processing of Information; and...
1.Counter Intelligence
2.Dissemination
3.Communication
4.Operations

220
INTEL CYCLE

FOUR PHASES
Planning and directing
Collection of information
MISSION
Processing
Dissemination and use

221
106
There are four parts of police
intelligence cycle, they are: 1)
Command Mission/Objective; 2)
Collection of information; 3)
Processing of Information; and...
1.Counter Intelligence
2.Dissemination
3.Communication
4.Operations

222
107
Which of the four below is common in
treating best, a suspected captured
terrorist under tactical interrogation.
1.use of sex and charm
2.tact & diplomacy
3.giving favors
4.giving monetary considerations

223
107
Which of the four below is common in
treating best, a suspected captured
terrorist under tactical interrogation.
1.use of sex and charm
2.tact & diplomacy
3.giving favors
4.giving monetary considerations

224
108
The police intelligence function when
properly performed is strictly...
1.crime prevention service
2.security service
3.information service
4.collection service

225
REMEMBER THIS!
Intelligence (FUNCTION) is purely INFORMATION
SERVICE
While Patrol is the ultimate CRIME PREVENTION
SERVICE
Intelligence (Purpose) is purely SECURITY SERVICE
Intelligence is a special type of information with
additional value that can be recognised or assigned to
police personnel to provide impact on the prevention,
reduction and investigation of serious and social
problem. Criminal intelligence can play a significant role
in helping the decision maker to decide and design a
plan that will help provide an overview of public safety
and police services delivery. In the end, its contribution
is aimed helping stabilize the NATIONAL SECURITY
226
www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prison-reform/cjat_...
108
The police intelligence function when
properly performed is strictly...
1.crime prevention service
2.security service
3.information service
4.collection service

227
109
“If you know the enemy and you know
yourself, you need not fear the result of a
hundred battle. If you know yourself and
not the enemy, for every victory, you are
a fool who will meet defeat in every
battle”: This was stated by...
1.Sun Yat Sen
2.Buddha
3.Sun Tzu
4.Mao Tze Tung

228
Sun Tzu

The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise


attributed to Sun Tzu, a high-ranking military general,
strategist and tactician. The text is composed of 13
chapters, each of which is devoted to one aspect of
warfare. It is commonly known to be the definitive work
on military strategy and tactics of its time.
It has been the most famous and influential of China's
Seven Military Classics, and "for the last two thousand
years it remained the most important military treatise in
Asia, where even the common people knew it by name.
229
110
There are several reason why informer is
giving information to the police, select
the most common.
1.civic-mindedness
2.revenge
3.status symbol
4.financial gain

230
110
There are several reason why informer is
giving information to the police, select
the most common.
1.civic-mindedness
2.revenge
3.status symbol
4.financial gain

231
111
The primary purpose of counter-
intelligence is...
1.detection of criminal
2.security
3.protection of life and property
4.background investigation

232
111
The primary purpose of counter-
intelligence is...
1.detection of criminal
2.security
3.protection of life and property
4.background investigation

233
AIM OF COUNTER-
INTELLIGENCE
1.charged with keeping sensitive information from
an enemy, deceiving that enemy, preventing
subversion and sabotage, and collecting political
and military information.
2.The counterintelligence function involves
protecting the country, as well as intelligence
agencies, from the activities of foreign intelligence
services.

Therefor, SECURITY IS THE ULTIMATE AIM OF


THIS KIND OF INTELLIGENCE
1. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/counterintelligence
2. http://www.aim.org/guest-column/counterintelligence-in-a-
dangerous-world/
234
112
Through the years, intelligence has
earned and has been identified to have
many varied meanings, whatever it is, in
TOTAL it is...
1.network
2.tradecraft
3.profession
4.activity

235
112
Through the years, intelligence has
earned and has been identified to have
many varied meanings, whatever it is, in
TOTAL it is...
1.network
2.tradecraft
3.profession
4.activity

236
INTELLIGENCE refers to an end
product (knowledge) resulting from the
recording evaluation, and analysis,
integration, and, interpretation of the
information. It is also an ACTIVITY
involve in the production of that end
product which includes collection,
processing. dissemination and use of
the knowledge..
237
113
Only officers equipped with ___________
must enter in the bank until it is
determined that there are no bandits
inside..
1.Heavy firearms
2.Tear gas and mask
3.Automatic firearms
4.Bullet proof shields

238
113
Only officers equipped with ___________
must enter in the bank until it is
determined that there are no bandits
inside..
1.Heavy firearms
2.Tear gas and mask
3.Automatic firearms
4.Bullet proof shields

239
114
Policies and guidelines on public safety
during local celebrations must be
implemented under the supervision of the
local government officials with a great
participation of the local police. Celebrations
covered are as follows, EXCEPT one.
1.fiestas
2.carnivals
3.processions
4.rally & demos

240
114
Policies and guidelines on public safety
during local celebrations must be
implemented under the supervision of the
local government officials with a great
participation of the local police. Celebrations
covered are as follows, EXCEPT one.
1.fiestas
2.carnivals
3.processions
4.rally & demos

241
Rally and demonstrations
is not a local celebrations
but rather it is a mass
social action initiated
against a particular
entities such as
employer, school
administration and
government.

242
115
Provide protection and ensure safety of
all persons from criminal elements is a
role and responsibility of this official
during festivities and the like.
1.chief of police
2.mayor
3.chair of festival organizers
4.none of them

243
115
Provide protection and ensure safety of
all persons from criminal elements is a
role and responsibility of this official
during festivities and the like.
1.chief of police
2.mayor
3.chair of festival organizers
4.none of them

244
116
This gun is the most effective weapon
for short range war, like riot.
1.rifle
2.shotgun
3.arnis and baton
4.all of them

245
116
This gun is the most effective weapon
for short range war, like riot.
1.rifle
2.shotgun
3.arnis and baton
4.all of them

246
RIOT GUN
A RIOT SHOTGUN is a
shotgun designed or
modified for use as a
primarily defensive weapon,
by the use of a short barrel
and a larger magazine
capacity than shotguns
marketed for hunting. The
riot shotgun is used by
military personnel for guard
duty and was at one time
used for riot control, and is
commonly used as a door
breaching and patrol
weapon by law enforcement
personnel, as well as a
home defense weapon by 247
117
The two cardinal principle of crowd
control consists of getting first at the
scene of the disorder and...
1.arrests all the leaders of the rioters or
demonstrators
2.to have undercover agent from among
the rioters and demonstrators
3.to have sufficient force
4.all of the above

248
117
The two cardinal principle of crowd
control consists of getting first at the
scene of the disorder and...
1.arrests all the leaders of the rioters or
demonstrators
2.to have undercover agent from among
the rioters and demonstrators
3.to have sufficient force
4.all of the above

249
Sufficient force is necessary.
This is not only in the case of
demonstration, rally and riot control
but as well as in any police or
military engagement.
•The principle underlying behind this is that the
government must show that he is powerful but
not oppressive. A show of force may even
suppress and intimidate or even neutralize an
unruly group. As legitimate arms of the
government it has to SHOW ITS POWER in
maintaining law and order

250
CDM Operational Approaches
•personnel be viewed as last resort;
•role should not be greater than is necessary under the
circumstances which prevail
•large reserve troops should be maintained
•must adhere to the “maximum necessary force”
•riot formation should not be used in saturation area
•avoid appearing as an alien, present the image of
restraint and well-disciplined force
•tactics to calm not to excite the situation
» use only the minimum force necessary to accomplish the
mission
» arm the troops with rattan, stick and handcuff

251
POLICE RESPONSE IN CROWD CONTROL
•During planning and formative stage
 negotiate with demonstrators
 send intermediaries
 send intelligence agents
•During initial and peaceful stage
 allow demonstrators to supervise themselves
 allow private volunteers to supervise demonstrators
 show of force
•During riotous stage
• use respected civic leaders to appeal to rioters to disperse
• use police formations and arrests
• use military force – only as reserve
• use of additional forces-Security team/SWAT
• use of special types of less lethal weapons
•During violent stage
 police should stand their ground
 use respected community leaders to persuade the demonstrators and
surrender
 use of necessary force as last resort
•Post demonstration stage
a. police withdraws from the area
b. police maintain show of force in the area 252
118
Principles referred to when only one
officer must be in complete command.
1.scalar principle
2.span of control
3.line authority
4.unity of command

253
118
Principles referred to when only one
officer must be in complete command.
1.scalar principle
2.span of control
3.line authority
4.unity of command

254
This is now condition under
scalar principle asking for a
definite or specific answer:

•The specific answer here is UNITY OF


COMMAND, “subordinate is accountable
to one and only one immediate superior”.

(see Reviewer Vol. 1, page 203, item 3.1, Unity of


Command)

255
119
What kind of plan should be carried
out during athletic events, rallies
and/or demonstration.
1.strategic
2.operational
3.tactical
4.extra-departmental

256
119
What kind of plan should be carried
out during athletic events, rallies
and/or demonstration.
1.strategic
2.operational
3.tactical
4.extra-departmental

257
TYPES OF PLAN: Your clue see
highlighted sentence
•TACTICAL PLANS. These ARE the procedures for
coping with specific situations at known locations.
Included in this category are plans for dealing with an
attack against the buildings with alarm systems and an
attack against police headquarters by law less elements.
•OPERATIONAL PLANS. These are plans for operations
of special divisions like the patrol, detectives, traffic, fire
and juvenile control divisions. Operational plans shall be
prepared to accomplish each of the primary police
tasks.
•POLICY OR PROCEDURAL PLAN. Standard operating
procedure shall be planned to guide members in
routine field operations.
NOTE: You will not be confused with Management Plan
& Extra Office Plan since these two do not relate with
police activity.
258
120
This is strictly a defensive formation and
will be used in cases the police have
drawn fire or have gained the objective
and wish to hold it.
1.squad diagonal
2.wedge formation
3.deployed line
4.cut and thrust

259
120
This is strictly a defensive formation and
will be used in cases the police have
drawn fire or have gained the objective
and wish to hold it.
1.squad diagonal
2.wedge formation
3.deployed line
4.cut and thrust

260
COMMON FORMATION IN CDM
•WEDGE FORMATION – it is a formation composed
of a squad or platoon. It is the normal offensive
formation with diagonal primarily adjunct thereto.
This is use when the crowd is small enough which do
not require more than a squad. This formation is
effective in splitting crowd
•SQUAD DIAGONAL – is used in dealing with small
groups. The purpose of this movement is to move
away the crowd from a wall or a building, or to sweep
the street with crowd. In the event the crowd is large,
wedge diagonal is more appropriate. Squad diagonal
may be formed by a platoon or by a unit of any size.
•DEPLOYED LINE – is strictly a defensive formation
and will be used in cases the police have drawn fire
or gained the objective and wish to hold it.
261
121
Team policing was developed in Scotland
yard (or Metropolitan Police of UK)
because police officer wants to escape
from…
1.stress
2.boredom
3.problems
4.responsibility

262
121
Team policing was developed in Scotland
yard (or Metropolitan Police of UK)
because police officer wants to escape
from…
1.stress
2.boredom
3.problems
4.responsibility

263
122
In any prison disturbance, this official
shall take immediate personal control
and implement standing contingency
plans to repel the aggression and
stabilize the situation.
1.Prison warden
2.Prison superintendent
3.Prison director
4.DOJ Sec.

264
122
In any prison disturbance, this official
shall take immediate personal control
and implement standing contingency
plans to repel the aggression and
stabilize the situation.
1.Prison warden
2.Prison superintendent
3.Prison director
4.DOJ Sec.

265
123
If you are the head of the patrol
divisions, what type of patrol will you
recommend to penetrate small
alleys?
1.bike
2.canine
3.mobile
4.foot

266
123
If you are the head of the patrol
divisions, what type of patrol will you
recommend to penetrate small
alleys?
1.bike
2.canine
3.mobile
4.foot

267
124
Type of fixed luminary wherein the
intensity is focused on the pile of
items rather than the background.
1.glare-projection
2.incandescent light
3.emergency light
4.controlled lighting

268
124
Type of fixed luminary wherein the
intensity is focused on the pile of
items rather than the background.
1.glare-projection
2.incandescent light
3.emergency light
4.controlled lighting

269
TYPES OF SECURITY LIGHTING
1.STATIONARY LUMINARY – a
continuous lighting either:
a. glare projection (excessive light)
b. controlled lighting (Stationary means
Fixed)
Controlled lighting can be focused to
area of interest.
2.STANDBY LIGHTING – similar to lighting
but is turned on manually or automatically
when there is suspicion of entry.
3.MOVABLE LIGHTING – consist or
manually operated movable search light
which may be either lighted during darkness
or only as needed.
4.EMERGENCY LIGHTING – may
duplicate the 3 systems in whole or in part,
and is used during power failure or
emergencies.

270
125
This may be proclaimed by the President
of the Republic with the concurrence of
the majority members of the Congress in
accordance with Article III, Section 18 of
the New Constitution for a certain period
of time.
1.curfew
2.state of emergency
3.secret marshals
4.state of calamity

271
126
This standard formation in crowd
control is used in dealing with small
groups. The purpose of this
movement is to move away from wall
or building , or to clean the street
with a demonstrators or rallyist.
1.deployed line
2.squad diagonal
3.wedge formation
4.all of them
272
126
This standard formation in crowd
control is used in dealing with small
groups. The purpose of this
movement is to move away from wall
or building , or to clean the street
with a demonstrators or rallyist.
1.deployed line
2.squad diagonal
3.wedge formation
4.all of them
273
COMMON FORMATION IN CDM
•WEDGE FORMATION – it is a formation composed
of a squad or platoon. It is the normal offensive
formation with diagonal primarily adjunct thereto.
This is use when the crowd is small enough which do
not require more than a squad. This formation is
effective in splitting crowd
•SQUAD DIAGONAL – is used in dealing with small
groups. The purpose of this movement is to move
away the crowd from a wall or a building, or to sweep
the street with crowd. In the event the crowd is large,
wedge diagonal is more appropriate. Squad diagonal
may be formed by a platoon or by a unit of any size.
•DEPLOYED LINE – is strictly a defensive formation
and will be used in cases the police have drawn fire
or gained the objective and wish to hold it.
274
127
What breed of dog is usually utilize in
police patrol work?
1.Pit bull
2.Labrador
3.Chihuahua
4.German Shepherd

275
The most popular breed of police dog is the well known
German Shepherd, a 200 year old breed in the herding class of
working dogs. These dogs have long been used by militaries all over the
world as sentries and were used by the United States and Germany in
World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
In the 1950s, law enforcement began using German
Shepherds for crowd control. As time progressed, the negative
portrayal broadcast during this era led to new standards and levels of
training for the canine and the handler. Today, German Shepherds
remain the most popular breed of police canines in service around the
world as they are most well known for their size, keen intelligence and
work ethic.
http://www.summervillepolice.com/k9breeds.html

276
128
Who among the following were given the
option to join the PNP as provided under
Republic Act 6975?
1.NAPOLCOM
2.NBI Agents
3.Central Bank Guards
4.Jailguards & Personnel

277
129
The problem solving process called
S.A.R.A. consists of four stages. What
stage is identification of the existence of
the problem?
1.Analysis
2.Assessment
3.Response
4.Scanning

278
129
The problem solving process called
S.A.R.A. consists of four stages. What
stage is identification of the existence of
the problem?
1.Analysis
2.Assessment
3.Response
4.Scanning

279
The SARA Model: A commonly used problem-solving method is the SARA model (Scanning, Analysis, Response
and Assessment). The SARA model contains the following elements:

Scanning:
Identifying recurring problems of concern to the public and the police; Identifying the consequences of the problem
for the community and the police; Prioritizing those problems; Developing broad goals; Confirming that the problems
exist; Determining how frequently the problem occurs and how long it has been taking place; Selecting problems for
closer examination.

Analysis:
Identifying and understanding the events and conditions that precede and accompany the problem; Identifying
relevant data to be collected; Researching what is known about the problem type; Taking inventory of how the
problem is currently addressed and the strengths and limitations of the current response; Narrowing the scope of
the problem as specifically as possible; Identifying a variety of resources that may be of assistance in developing a
deeper understanding of the problem; Developing a working hypothesis about why the problem is occurring.

Response:
Brainstorming for new interventions; Searching for what other communities with similar problems have done;
Choosing among the alternative interventions; Outlining a response plan and identifying responsible parties; Stating
the specific objectives for the response plan; Carrying out the planned activities.

Assessment:
Determining whether the plan was implemented (a process evaluation); Collecting pre– and post–response
qualitative and quantitative data; Determining whether broad goals and specific objectives were attained; Identifying
any new strategies needed to augment the original plan; Conducting ongoing assessment to ensure continued 280
effectiveness.
130
On the average nationwide, the manning
levels of the PNP shall be approximately in
accordance with a police-to-population ratio
of one (1) policeman for every _________,
as allowed by Sec. 27, RA 6975.
1.250 persons
2.500 persons
3.750 persons
4.1000 persons

281
RA 6975 Sec. 27. Manning
Levels.
On the average nationwide, the manning
levels of the PNP shall be approximately in
accordance with a police-to-population ratio of
one (1) policeman for every five hundred (500)
persons. The actual strength by cities and
municipalities shall depend on the state of peace
and order, population density and actual
demands of the service in the particular area:
Provided, That the minimum police-to-population
ratio shall not be less than one (1) policeman for
every one thousand (1,000) persons:

282
131
The following EXCEPT one must be properly
observed by any police officer assigned in plain
clothes detail.
1.they should risk to face the occasion so that
they can mingle with the crowd without attracting
undue attention.
2.2 men in civilian clothes will always be
assigned to work together to be more effective
3.no part of the police uniform will be worn while
performing this task
4.these men must bear the looks of a law
enforcer so that they will be respected

283
131
The following EXCEPT one must be properly
observed by any police officer assigned in plain
clothes detail.
1.they should risk to face the occasion so that
they can mingle with the crowd without attracting
undue attention.
2.2 men in civilian clothes will always be
assigned to work together to be more effective
3.no part of the police uniform will be worn while
performing this task
4.these men must bear the looks of a law
enforcer so that they will be respected

284
132
What is the multiple filing of complaints
having the same nature against an erring
police member referred to?
1.shoplifting
2.forum shopping
3.plea bargaining
4.adjudication

285
132
What is the multiple filing of complaints
having the same nature against an erring
police member referred to?
1.shoplifting
2.forum shopping
3.plea bargaining
4.adjudication

286
133
All members of the Philippine National
Police belong to which of these services.

1.Career Service
2.Exempt Service
3.Military Service
4.Non-Career Service

287
133
All members of the Philippine National
Police belong to which of these services.

1.Career Service
2.Exempt Service
3.Military Service
4.Non-Career Service

288
RA 6975, Declaration of Policy
Section 2, Par. 2,
The police force shall be organized, trained
and equipped primarily for the performance of
police functions. Its national scope and civilian
character shall be paramount. No element of
the police force shall be military nor shall any
position thereof be occupied by active members
of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
When the police was constituted as
CIVILIAN CHARACTER automatically the police
belongs to the Civil Servant of the government;
all civil servant are regarded as career service
profession

289
134
The basic mission of law enforcement is
to...
1.observe the rule of law in the control of
crime
2.uphold the individual liberty, freedom
and human dignity
3.investigate violations of law and
apprehend those responsible
4.ensure punishment of law breakers and
protection of law abiding citizens
290
134
The basic mission of law enforcement is
to...
1.observe the rule of law in the control of
crime
2.uphold the individual liberty, freedom
and human dignity
3.investigate violations of law and
apprehend those responsible
4.ensure punishment of law breakers and
protection of law abiding citizens
291
BASIC POLICE MISSION
The policemen, in the performance of his
multifarious task is responsible for bringing all
law violators in court, but while doing so, he
is compelled to observe their constitutional
rights. Thus, it can be observed that the police
INITIATE the criminal justice process by the
arrest of the law violator; the police are the
PRIME MOVER of the criminal justice system,
and without the police the system is at
STANDSTILL.
Alma Jose, Isaias, Notes on Criminal Justice System: A
Study in the Philippines Setting, Rev. Ed. 1992-93 p. 12.
292
135
Which of the following defines crimes
and provide for their punishment.
1.civil code
2.rules of court
3.revised penal code
4.Local Government code

293
136
Pablo Garantisado, a mining engineer was
informed by the local police station
commander that a provision of RA 6975
authorizing the PNP to employ persons
whose qualifications are not directly
related to police work provided equipped
with technical qualifications would be...
1.annual quota
2.lateral entry
3.personnel recruitment
4.chief prerogatives

294
136
Pablo Garantisado, a mining engineer was
informed by the local police station
commander that a provision of RA 6975
authorizing the PNP to employ persons
whose qualifications are not directly
related to police work provided equipped
with technical qualifications would be...
1.annual quota
2.lateral entry
3.personnel recruitment
4.chief prerogatives

295
137
When the mayors fails to select the chief of
police from a submitted list within the
prescribed period of 10 days could be
interpreted as...
1.the PNP can designate another officer who is
not in the list
2.a refusal by the mayor to comply with the
prescription of the law
3.the Mayor may be by-passed the choice of
the Chief of Police
4.an OIC may be designated until such time
that the mayor makes-up his mind

296
137
When the mayors fails to select the chief of
police from a submitted list within the
prescribed period of 10 days could be
interpreted as...
1.the PNP can designate another officer who is
not in the list
2.a refusal by the mayor to comply with the
prescription of the law
3.the Mayor may be by-passed the choice of
the Chief of Police
4.an OIC may be designated until such time
that the mayor makes-up his mind

297
138
The relations between the patrol shifts
is desirable in patrol.
1.True
2.False
3.neither

298
138
The relations between the patrol shifts
is desirable in patrol.
1.True
2.False
3.neither

299
139
When a commander or his deputies are
not present or available, who could
directs and supervise.
1.Chief Directorial Staff
2.Chief, Inspectorate Division

3.The highest in rank available


4.Chief, Operations and Plans Division

300
139
When a commander or his deputies are
not present or available, who could
directs and supervise.
1.Chief Directorial Staff
2.Chief, Inspectorate Division

3.The highest in rank available


4.Chief, Operations and Plans Division

301
140
All PNP personnel are required to
undergo annual physical and medical
examinations to determine their
1.emotional and psychological stability
2.physical and mental fitness for the job
3.capacity to deal with stresses in their
works
4.attitudes toward the implementation of
management policies

302
140
All PNP personnel are required to
undergo annual physical and medical
examinations to determine their
1.emotional and psychological stability
2.physical and mental fitness for the job
3.capacity to deal with stresses in their
works
4.attitudes toward the implementation of
management policies

303
141
Standards regarding staffing for a patrol
force would need which of the following?
1.when and where crime occurs
2.what the patrol force can do
3.Desirable levels of performance
4.the services expected by the
community

304
Rationalization

Even with the best crime analyst, if the


station has no desirable personnel to do
the job that can effectively delivered a
high degree of level of performance, still
the station will fail in its purpose.

305
142
To encourage subordinates to use their
initiative and assume full responsibility in
their beat, it would be BEST to...
1.ask for volunteers to perform necessary
duties
2.encourage them to attend training
courses on leadership
3.use suggestions or implied command
rather than direct commands
4.rotate routine assignments equally
among all members of the force

306
143
Which of the following performance
indicators for non-supervisory level
refers to the ability to decide and
develop solutions to problems which
may crop up in the job.
1.work judgment
2.quality of work
3.knowledge of work
4.meeting deadlines

307
143
Which of the following performance
indicators for non-supervisory level
refers to the ability to decide and
develop solutions to problems which
may crop up in the job.
1.work judgment
2.quality of work
3.knowledge of work
4.meeting deadlines

308
144
To determine whether a police
officer pays attention to his post, it
is BEST for the police supervisor
to...
1.consult the logbook
2.inspect the arrest record book
3.question the said officer when he
visits his post
4.contact other police officers
assigned in the same post
309
144
To determine whether a police
officer pays attention to his post, it
is BEST for the police supervisor
to...
1.consult the logbook
2.inspect the arrest record book
3.question the said officer when he
visits his post
4.contact other police officers
assigned in the same post
310
CONSULT THE LOG BOOKS (Not
the answer)
•WHY?

•All other choices may be a matter of


SELF-SERVING for them except “C”

311
145
In patrolling the urban areas, the
mobile patrol under ordinary
conditions has the MOST...
1.advantage
2.disadvantages
3.unwanted
4.dangers

312
145
In patrolling the urban areas, the
mobile patrol under ordinary
conditions has the MOST...
1.advantage
2.disadvantages
3.unwanted
4.dangers

313
146
Police visibility in crime prone areas
is most welcome as a __________
factor.
1.no-nonsense
2.relatively new
3.plus
4.deterrent

314
146
Police visibility in crime prone areas
is most welcome as a __________
factor.
1.no-nonsense
2.relatively new
3.plus
4.deterrent

315
147
One method of checking foot patrol
in a beat is through __________ of
the records of the said police
officers.
1.timeliness
2.brevity
3.analysis
4.coherence

316
147
One method of checking foot patrol
in a beat is through __________ of
the records of the said police
officers.
1.timeliness
2.brevity
3.analysis
4.coherence

317
BEST AND NEAREST?
HOW.. Observe well the
question… Question 1:
How can foot patrol be better checked when
on duty in their respective beats?
1.Inspection on the beat by the leader
2.Check on the neighborhood residents
3.Analysis of the report of the patrol
officer
4.All of the above
Question 2:
How can foot patrol be best checked when
on duty in their respective beats?
1.Inspection on the beat by the leader
2.Check on the neighborhood residents
3.Analysis of the report of the patrol
officer
4.All of the above
148
In which of the following places
modern policing started?
1.U.S.A.
2.London
3.Scotland
4.France

320
148
In which of the following places
modern policing started?
1.U.S.A.
2.London
3.Scotland
4.France

321
•Bow Street Runners by Henry Fielding
– He was the Chief Magistrate
– Started with six (6) constables and with their
effectiveness, they were called the Thief Takers and
the Robin Redbreast.
•Metropolitan Police (Now Scotland yard
Police)
– This was formed by the mandate of the
Metropolitan Police Act passed in the Parliament of
England.
•Metropolitan Police was formed by Sir Robert
Peel who is regarded as the Father of Modern
Policing System. (1829)
– The force adopted the Draconian Code, a code
characterized by harshness exemplified by imposing
death penalty for a theft of bread;
– They were also called the New Police but the
community branded them as “Peel Bloody Gang, Blue
Devils & the Dirty Rapist”; 322
149

A desk officer receives a telephone call


from a person stating that he had just
received a telephone call from his
brother in another city, threatening to
commit suicide:
1.tell the caller to call directly to the police
department of that city
2.tell the caller to wait for an ambulance
3.tell the caller to call for a police
4.assume that the call is just a false 323
149

A desk officer receives a telephone call


from a person stating that he had just
received a telephone call from his
brother in another city, threatening to
commit suicide:
1.tell the caller to call directly to the police
department of that city
2.tell the caller to wait for an ambulance
3.tell the caller to call for a police
4.assume that the call is just a false 324
150

An officer is assigned to strike where


picketing is in progress.
1.Officer should not accept anything in
the labor or management
2.Officer should accept favors from the
strikers
3.Officer should accept favors from
laborers
4.Officers should accept favors from the
management
325
150

An officer is assigned to strike where


picketing is in progress.
1.Officer should not accept anything in
the labor or management
2.Officer should accept favors from the
strikers
3.Officer should accept favors from
laborers
4.Officers should accept favors from the
management
326
151
Who was regarded as the first private
eye?
a. Allan Pinkerton
b. Robert Peel
c. J Edgar Hoover
d. Orlando W. Wilson

327
Name to remember:
•Richard Sylvester – father of police
professionalism
•August Vollmer – patriarch of police system
of US
•Orlando W. Wilson – father of police
management
•J Edgar Hoover – the first director and
longest termer director of FBI.
•Allan Pinkerton – the first private eye.
•Elliot Ness – the first chief ATF&B
•William Parker – Producer of “the Dragnet”
328
152
What type of patrol utilizes random
motorized unmarked patrol cars or
relies upon led conventional means
of conveyance such as taxicabs,
public utility vehicles and
government vehicles?
1.team policing
2.oriented policing
3.low visibility patrol
4.high visibility patrol
329
The answer is LOW VISIBILITY PATROL
1.low visibility patrol refers to patrolling where the
police has the capability to respond immediately.
Deployment of personnel in the field is not necessary.
2.direct-deterrent patrol is based on the result of
crime analysis that identify areas needed to be
patrolled. Arrest and warning are some of the activity
of the police.
3.decoy patrol is also known as combat patrol where
the aims of the police is intensified operation against
both criminal elements and dissidents.
4.high visibility patrol is instilling the psychology of
omnipresence in the street making patrol as a routine
and regular activity of the force.

330
153

Gasoline and oil are spilled on the street.


1.the officer should call the fire department to
wash the gasoline and oil off the street
2.radio such information to the motorcycle
officer
3.deliberate spilling could call for police action
4.never mind the occurrence, anyway
somebody may report it to the fire department

331
153

Gasoline and oil are spilled on the street.


1.the officer should call the fire department to
wash the gasoline and oil off the street
2.radio such information to the motorcycle
officer
3.deliberate spilling could call for police action
4.never mind the occurrence, anyway
somebody may report it to the fire department

332
Remember…

•Police is involved mostly in non-


enforcement work. Order and
maintenance is the common term use
to describe this. This is part of their
MULTIFARIOUS TASK.

333
154
An officer received an “unknown trouble” call,
and upon arrival find the door open. There is
no sound nor activity.
1.discretion indicates that the officer should
proceed with caution being alert and ready for
any kind of emergency
2.a plan of approach should be decided upon
by the officer
3.there would be no danger of one officer
mistaking another for the suspect in the dark
4.do not proceed, you might be charged for
crimes against property and trespassing

334
154
An officer received an “unknown trouble” call,
and upon arrival find the door open. There is
no sound nor activity.
1.discretion indicates that the officer should
proceed with caution being alert and ready for
any kind of emergency
2.a plan of approach should be decided upon
by the officer
3.there would be no danger of one officer
mistaking another for the suspect in the dark
4.do not proceed, you might be charged for
crimes against property and trespassing

335
155

An officer stop a person for field interrogation, but the


subject runs. After catching him the suspect is unable
to speak English nor the local language.
1.men running from the officer will not justify shooting
by the officer
2.the officer should find an interpreter to question the
suspect
3.An arrest for violation of immigration law should not
be made upon this circumstances alone
4.All of the above

336
An officer observes a man at night
156 climbing through a bedroom
window into a darkened residence.
The man states that he forgot his
key, the house is locked, and
nobody is home. His BEST action
is...
1.contact neighbors for
identification
2.question him regarding the
exact address
3.asked the man to describe the
room
4.arrest him and detained 337
An officer observes a man at night
156 climbing through a bedroom
window into a darkened residence.
The man states that he forgot his
key, the house is locked, and
nobody is home. His BEST action
is...
1.contact neighbors for
identification
2.question him regarding the
exact address
3.asked the man to describe the
room
4.arrest him and detained 338
157
What is known as employment of
mechanical, electrical or electronic
power which imposes a deterrent to
entry by the potential intruder or to
provide warning to security personnel?
1.natural barrier
2.animal barrier
3.structural barrier
4.energy barrier
339
157
What is known as employment of
mechanical, electrical or electronic
power which imposes a deterrent to
entry by the potential intruder or to
provide warning to security personnel?
1.natural barrier
2.animal barrier
3.structural barrier
4.energy barrier
340
158
An officer, off-duty returning from home from
night watch, about 2:00 A.m. sees car parked
with two (2) men in it, and notice a flickering
light in the hardware/store just in front of
where the car is parked.
1.the officer should as quickly as possible call
for assistance
2.it would be unusual and not advisable for an
officer to attempt to handle the situation by
himself
3.all of the above
4.none of the above
341
158
An officer, off-duty returning from home from
night watch, about 2:00 A.m. sees car parked
with two (2) men in it, and notice a flickering
light in the hardware/store just in front of
where the car is parked.
1.the officer should as quickly as possible call
for assistance
2.it would be unusual and not advisable for an
officer to attempt to handle the situation by
himself
3.all of the above
4.none of the above
342
159
Arranging the personnel of a police unit
with a common purpose in a manner to
enable the performance by specified
purpose or related task grouped for the
purpose of assignment , and the
establishment of areas of responsibility
which clearly delineated channels of
communication and authority is...
1.planning
2.organizing
3.staffing
4.budgeting

343
•PLANNING – the mental process of finding
adequate solutions to management problems and
the preparation of an outline of things to be done
and how they will be done to achieve results.
•ORGANIZING – the process of allocating
authority; responsibility and accountability to
people, as well as the establishment of channels of
inter-group communication in order to secure
coordination and efficiency.
•STAFFING – the task of providing competent men
to do the job and choosing the right men for the
right job. It involves good selection and processing
of reliable and well-trained personnel.
•BUDGETING – the forecasting in detail of the
results of an officially recognized program of
operations based on the highest reasonable
expectations of operating efficiency and is a tool
coordinating for operating financial factors.
344
160
The competence of policemen is
established by...
1.the adequacy and suitability of their
training
2.the absence of morale destroying
influences
3.the strictness of the disciplinary
process
4.the three choices in some way or
another establish the competency of the
policemen 345
160
The competence of policemen is
established by...
1.the adequacy and suitability of their
training
2.the absence of morale destroying
influences
3.the strictness of the disciplinary
process
4.the three choices in some way or
another establish the competency of the
policemen 346
161
The word police may be traced back from
roman word “politia” and was introduced
formally by this country as a term applied
to individuals whose work is LAW
ENFORCEMENT.
1.France
2.England
3.Roman
4.Greece

347
The Origin of the Word Police
Originated from the Greek word “POLITEIA”
meaning government of a city. It applied to civil
officers and not necessarily policemen. The Romans
used the same word slight conversion into Roman
intonation; “Politia”. Unfortunately, the French
change the word to “POLICE” and applied it to
individuals whose job was to enforce the law.
Thereafter, the English and the Americans
borrowed that French word used it as a terminology
for law enforcers. Thus, the word “Police” is
actually of France origin. Other terminologies
associated with law enforcement, as “Constable” and
“Patrol” is likewise French in origin. The word
“Patrol” originated from the French word “Patrouiller”
which means – to go through mud puddles by foot.
348
162
The practice of basing promotions
exclusively or largely on written test
of police knowledge.
1.is the foremost of all promotions
2.is not considered a wise procedure
3.is the only known manner to obtain
the best superior officer material
4.complete delegation and periodic
inspections
349
162
The practice of basing promotions
exclusively or largely on written test
of police knowledge.
1.is the foremost of all promotions
2.is not considered a wise procedure
3.is the only known manner to obtain
the best superior officer material
4.complete delegation and periodic
inspections
350
163
From the viewpoint of procedure, the
simplest of all administration control
devices is...
1.coordination
2.the delegation and review by report
3.freedom from fatigue and hazards
4.complete delegation and periodic
inspections

351
164
It is the reduction or elimination of the
desire and opportunity to commit a
crime.
1.crime prevention
2.police patrol
3.crime control
4.police intelligence

352
165
Is a person, thing situation or condition
possessing a high potential for criminal
attack or for operation of any other types of
problem creating a demand for police service.
1.accident
2.police hazards
3.police brutality
4.police action

353
166
The objective of police patrol is...
1.crime suppression
2.criminal apprehension
3.crime prevention
4.criminal elements

354
167
This is the largest element in the police
organization, whereby the action taken
by its members have a direct impact on
citizen’s satisfaction and well-being and
accomplishment of police goals and
objectives.
1.police patrol force
2.police investigation unit
3.traffic division
4.investigation

355
168
The only form of police service that
directly attempt to eliminate the desire
and or opportunity to commit a crime.
1.patrol division
2.investigation division
3.traffic division
4.intelligence unit

356
169
What commission is created under RA
6975, pursuant to Section 6, Article XVI
of the 1987 Constitution?
1.COMELEC
2.DILG
3.NAPOLCOM
4.Civil Service

357
170
Can an individual with a pending
administrative or criminal case and
has been adjudged liable or convicted
of any crime pending appeal be
allowed to join the PNP provisionally?
1.Yes
2.No
3.Neither

358
171

Who shall appoint the PNP Chief and his


two deputies?
1.Commission on Appointment
2.The President
3.The Congress
4.The Senate

359
RA 6975 Sec. 25. Organization.

The PNP shall be headed by a Chief who shall


be assisted by two (2) deputy chief, one (1) for
operations and one (1) for administration, both
of whom shall be appointed by the President
upon recommendation of the Commission
from among the most senior and qualified
officers in the service: Provided, however,
That in no case shall any officer who has
retired or is retirable within six (6) months from
his compulsory retirement age be appointed as
Chief of the PNP.
360
172
This involves the security of plants
and business enterprises which
includes the safeguarding or
personnel processes, properties and
operations.
1.personnel security
2.document security
3.communication security
4.industrial security
361
173
Who has summary dismissal powers
over the PNP members?
1.The Chief PNP
2.PNP Regional Directors
3.The PLEB’s
4.The President

362
RA 6975 as amended SEC. 42. Summary
Dismissal Powers of the PNP Chief and
Regional Directors.
The Chief of the PNP and regional directors,
after due notice and summary hearings, may
immediately remove or dismiss any respondent
PNP members in any of the following cases:
– When the charge is serious and the evidence
of guilt is strong;
– When the respondent is a recidivist or has
been repeatedly charged and there are
reasonable grounds to believe that he is guilty of
the charges; and
– When the respondent is guilty of conduct
unbecoming of a police officer.

363
SEC. 53. Section 42 of RA 6975 is hereby amended to read
as follows: “SEC. 42. Summary Dismissal Powers of the
national Police Commission, PNP Chief, and the PNP
Regional Directors.
The National Police Commission, the Chief of the PNP and the
PNP Regional Directors, after due notice and summary healing;
may immediately remove or dismiss any respondent PNP member
in any of the following case:
•“(a) when the charge is serious and the evidence of guilt is
strong:
•(b) when the respondent is a recidivist or has been repeatedly
charged and there are reasonable grounds to believe that he is
guilty of the charges; and
•“(c) When the respondent is guilty of a serious offense involving
conduct unbecoming of a police officer.
Any member or officers of the PNP who shall go on absence
without official leave (AWOL) for a continuous period of thirty (30)
days or more shall be dismissed immediately from the service. His
activities and whereabouts during the period shall be investigated
and if found to have committed a crime he shall be prosecuted
accordingly.”
364
174
They are responsible for the
enforcement and investigation of all
causes of fires.
1.The PNP
2.The BJMP
3.The BFP
4.The PPSC

365
RA 6975 SEC. 54. Powers and
Functions.
The Fire Bureau shall be responsible for the
prevention and suppression of all destructive fires
on buildings, houses and other structures, forests,
land transportation vehicles and equipment, ships
or vessels docked at piers or wharves or anchored
in major seaports, petroleum industry installations,
plane crashes and other similar incidents, as well
as the enforcement of the Fire Code and other
related laws.
The Fire Bureau shall have the power to
investigate all causes of fires and, if necessary,
file the proper complaints with the city or
provincial prosecutor who has jurisdiction over
the case.
366
175
What law shall govern the personnel
of the Department created under RA
6975.
1.The PNP Law
2.The Civil Service Law
3.The DILG Law
4.The PRC Law

367
176
It is a surprise invasion of a building or
areas, so as to effect an apprehension
and obtain evidence of illegal activities
by surprising “en flagrante delicto”.
1.seizures
2.raids
3.arrest & seizures
4.arrest

368
177
The power on operational and
administrative control over the PNP at
the local level was vested to…
1.The Chief PNP
2.Deputized Local Executives
3.NAPOLCOM
4.DILG

369
RA 6975
PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL EXECUTIVES
IN THE
ADMINISTRATION OF THE PNP

•SEC. 51. Powers of Local Government


Officials Over the PNP Unit or Forces. —
Governors and mayors shall be deputized
as representatives of the Commission in
their respective territorial jurisdictions.
370
The term "operational supervision and control" shall
mean the power to direct, superintend, oversee and
inspect the police units or forces. It shall include the
power to employ and deploy units or elements of the PNP,
through the station commander, to ensure public safety
and effective maintenance of peace and order within the
locality. For this purpose, the term "employ" and "deploy"
shall mean as follows:
•"Employ" refers to the utilization of units or elements
of the PNP for purposes of protection of lives and
properties, enforcement of laws, maintenance of peace
and order, prevention of crimes, arrest of criminal
offenders and bringing the offenders to justice, and
ensuring public safety, particularly in the suppression of
disorders, riots, lawless violence, rebellious or seditious
conspiracy, insurgency, subversion or other related
activities.
•"Deploy" shall mean the orderly and organized
physical movement of elements or units of the PNP
within the province, city or municipality for purposes of 371
employment as herein defined.
TITLE VIII PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL
GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVES IN THE
ADMINISTRATION OF THE PNP
SEC. 62. The provisions of the second, third, fourth
and fifth paragraphs of subparagraphs (b) (1),
Section 51. Chapter III-D of RA 6975 are hereby
amended to read as follows:
The term operational supervision and control
shall mean the power to direct, superintend, and oversee
the day to day functions of police investigation of crime,
crime prevention activities, and traffic control in
accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated
by the Commission.
It shall also include the power to direct the
employment and deployment of units or elements of the
PNP, through the station commander, to ensure public
safety and effective maintenance of peace and order
within locality For this purpose, the terms “employment”
and “deployment” shall means as follows:
372
•“EMPLOYMENT refers to utilization of units or
elements of the PNP for the purpose of protection
of lives and properties, enforcing of laws,
maintenance of peace and order, prevention of
crimes, arrest of criminal offenders and bringing
the offenders to justice and ensuring public safety,
particularly in the suppression of disorders, riots,
lawlessness, violence, rebellious and seditious
conspiracy, insurgency, subversion or other
related activities.
•“DEPLOYMENT shall, mean the orderly and
organized physical movement of elements or units
of the PNP within the province, city or municipality
for purposes of employment as herein defined”.
373
RA 8551
SEC. 64. Automatic Deputation of Local Government Executives
as Commission Representatives. – Governors, and mayors, upon
having been elected and having qualified as such, are
automatically deputized as representatives of the NAPOLC'OM in
their respective jurisdiction. As deputized agents of the commission,
local government executives can inspect police forces and units,
conduct audit and exercise other functions as may be duly authorized
by the Commission.
SEC. 65. Section 52 of RA 6975 is hereby amended to read as
follows:
“Sec, 52. Suspension or Withdrawal of Deputization. — Unless
reversed by the President, the Commission may, after consultation with
the provincial governor and congressman concerned, suspend or
withdraw the deputation of any local executive for any of the following
grounds:
– Frequent unauthorized absences
– Abuse of authority
– Providing materials support to criminal elements; or
– Engaging in acts inimical to national security in which negate the
effectiveness of the peace and order campaign
Upon good cause shown, the President may, directly or through the
Commission, muto propio restore such deputation withdrawn from any
local executives.
374
178
In patrol…
1.rotation of shifts is encouraged
2.rotation of shifts is undesirable
3.rotation of shifts must be often
4.rotation of shifts is never done

375
179
Which of the following is not an
official language of the INTERPOL?
1.French
2.Spanish
3.Chinese
4.English

376
Remember the acronym:

•S- Spanish
•A - Arabic
•F- French
•E- English

377
180
Formulated jointly by two or more
bureaus in order to effect certain
operation with regard to public safety is
known as _________ doctrine.
1.functional
2.ethical
3.complimentary
4.none of these

378
181

The crime index total is derived from…


1.weighing the seriousness of the crime
in terms of physical harm to the victims;
2.calculating the overall damage to
society on the basis of the number of
victims involved
3.adding the number of all known index
crime and offenses;
4.a and b of the above choice;
379
182
In order to obtain a large sample of
respondent, the best approach is…
1.survey research
2.participant observation surveys

3.non participant observation field


research
4.none of them

380
183
One technique for checking the
accuracy of official crime data is…
1.field observer as a non participant
observer
2.field research as a participant
observer
3.survey research using mailed
questionnaire
4.research based on field reports
381
184
The importance of this is simply means
that management is held accountable
for the result arising from its exercise of
authority.
1.responsibility
2.management
3.authority
4.coordination

382
The basic elements of management
are:
AUTHORITY – administrative authority is derived
from the exercise of political power and its basic
purpose is the accomplishment of a particular
goal. The three (3) sources of management are:
a. Law b. tradition c. delegation
RESPONSIBILITY – the essence of
responsibility simply means that management
is held accountable for the results arising
from its exercise of authority. It is one of the
means of guarding against an abuse of
management authority. In other words,
responsibility limits the exercise of authority.

383
185
A One of Interpol's most important functions is
to help the police in member countries
communicate critical crime-related information
to one another using Interpol's system of
international notices. A notice whose intention
is to provide warnings and criminal intelligence
about persons who have committed criminal
offences, and are likely to repeat these crimes in
other countries may refer to what color?
1.Red
2.Blue
3.Green
4.Orange

384
INTERPOL NOTICES
Red Notice
Used to seek the arrest with a view to extradition of subjects wanted
and based upon an arrest warrant.
Green Notice
Used to provide warnings and criminal intelligence about persons
who have committed criminal offences, and are likely to repeat these
crimes in other countries.
Blue Notice
Used to collect additional information about a person's identity or
illegal activities in relation to a criminal matter
Yellow Notice
Used to help locate missing persons, especially minors, or to help
identify persons who are not able to identify themselves (e.g. those
suffering from amnesia)
Black Notice
Used to seek the true identity of unidentified bodies.
Orange Notice
Used to warn police, public bodies and other international
organizations of possible threats to them from hidden weapons, parcel
bombs and other dangerous items or material.

385
186
The three sources of management
authority are as follows, EXCEPT one..
1.tradition
2.law
3.custom
4.delegation

386
AUTHORITY – administrative authority is
derived from the exercise of political power
and its basic purpose is the accomplishment
of a particular goal. The 3 sources of
management are:
Remember the acronym LTD for.
a. Law
b. Tradition
c. Delegation

Not included is CUSTOM

387
187
It involves good selection and
processing of reliable and well-trained
personnel.
1.staffing
2.planning
3.organizing
4.coordinating

388
•PLANNING – the mental process of finding adequate
solutions to management problems and the preparation
of an outline of things to be done and how they will be
done to achieve results.
•ORGANIZING – the process of allocating authority;
responsibility and accountability to people, as well as
the establishment of channels of inter-group
communication in order to secure coordination and
efficiency.
•STAFFING – the task of providing competent men to do
the job and choosing the right men for the right job. It
involves good selection and processing of reliable and
well-trained personnel.
•BUDGETING – the forecasting in detail of the results of
an officially recognized program of operations based on
the highest reasonable expectations of operating
efficiency and is a tool coordinating for operating
financial factors.
389
188
This is the process of directing and
facilitating the work of people organized
in formal group to achieved a desired
goal.
1.authority
2.responsibility
3.management
4.police personnel management

390
Management against Authority
•MANAGEMENT is the process of directing and
facilitating the work of people organized in formal
groups in order to achieve a desired goal.
•POLICE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT is the art
of preparing, organizing and directing the efforts of
members of a police in order that they may
achieve accomplishment of police purpose.
•AUTHORITY – administrative authority is derived
from the exercise of political power and its basic
purpose is the accomplishment of a particular
goal. The three (3) sources of management are:
a. Law b. tradition c.
delegation
391
189

Unity of command simply means…


1.training and experience
2.clear cut line authority
3.uniformity in the performance of every
work
4.centralization of decision making

392
THE SCALAR PRINCIPLE. (Chain of
Command)
Prescribe the vertical hierarchy of
organizations. It has 2 conditions to achieve
effective coordination and control:
1.UNITY OF COMMAND
1. One source of authority
2. Centralization of Decision-making
2.SPAN OF CONTROL
1. Clear cut-line of authority
2. Individual personnel should report only
to one superior

393
190
The process of allocating authority,
responsibility and accountability to
people as well as the establishment
of channels of inter-group
communication in order to secure
coordination and efficiency.
1.planning
2.organizing
3.staffing
4.directing
394
•PLANNING – the mental process of finding
adequate solutions to management problems and
the preparation of an outline of things to be done
and how they will be done to achieve results.
•ORGANIZING – the process of allocating
authority; responsibility and accountability to
people, as well as the establishment of channels of
inter-group communication in order to secure
coordination and efficiency.
•STAFFING – the task of providing competent men
to do the job and choosing the right men for the
right job. It involves good selection and processing
of reliable and well-trained personnel.
•BUDGETING – the forecasting in detail of the
results of an officially recognized program of
operations based on the highest reasonable
expectations of operating efficiency and is a tool
coordinating for operating financial factors.
395
191
This is derived from the exercise of
political power and its basic purpose is
the accomplishment of a particular goals
or objective.
1.responsibility
2.management
3.planning
4.authority

396
Management against Authority
•MANAGEMENT is the process of directing and
facilitating the work of people organized in formal
groups in order to achieve a desired goal.
•POLICE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT is the art
of preparing, organizing and directing the efforts of
members of a police in order that they may
achieve accomplishment of police purpose.
•AUTHORITY – administrative authority is derived
from the exercise of political power and its basic
purpose is the accomplishment of a particular
goal. The three (3) sources of management are:
a. Law b. tradition c.
delegation
397
192
This leader makes all decisions without
consulting the subordinates and closely
controls work performance.
1.Authoritarian
2.Laissez-faire
3.Democratic
4.Sarcastic

398
STYLES OF LEADERSHIP
Generally, many books discussing leaders
and leadership identified the leadership styles
into three only. These are:
AUTHORITARIAN. Authoritarian leader makes
all decisions without consulting the subordinates
and closely controls work performance.
DEMOCRATIC. Democratic leader is group
oriented and promotes the active participation of
subordinates in planning and executing tasks.
LAISSEZ-FAIRE. Laissez-Faire leader takes a
“hands-off” passive approach in dealing with
subordinates.

399
193
Principles of organization where it
permits the exercise of control by the
commanders.
1.Standardization of Functions
2.Chain of Command
3.Specialization of Functions
4.Unity of Command

400
THE SCALAR PRINCIPLE. (Chain of
Command)
Prescribe the vertical hierarchy of
organizations. It has 2 conditions to achieve
effective coordination and control:
1.UNITY OF COMMAND
1. One source of authority
2. Centralization of Decision-making
2.SPAN OF CONTROL
1. Clear cut-line of authority
2. Individual personnel should report only
to one superior

401
194
Which of the following is not a source of
leadership?
1.Traditional
2.Optional
3.Charismatic
4.Legal-rational

402
195
This one of the means of guarding
against an abuse of management
authority.
1.responsibility
2.accountability
3.power
4.authority

403
196
This refers to the legitimate right to lead
and influence people.
1.Capability
2.Power
3.Authority
4.Legality

404
In organizational setting, persons can be formally
charged with leadership roles, or they can assume
these roles informally. When we think of leaders, we
typically think of individuals with formal titles such as
Chief of Police, which give these persons the formal
responsibility to lead.
In this sense, we say that leader has the
authority to lead; he or she has been granted this
authority and has the power to exercise this authority
in performing the duties of the chief of police. Here
“authority” refers to the legitimate right to lead and
influence people, while “power” refers to the capacity
or ability to lead.
The German Sociologist Max Weber (1947)
distinguished among three (3) forms of authority in
organization, they are:
1. Traditional 2. Charismatic 3. Legal-
405
197
In line of staff Function, this organization
has no permanent or fixed position to the
unit but can interact with other unit.
1.police organization
2.formal organization
3.government organization
4.informal organization

406
198
Is the process of conducting an
exhaustive physical examination and
thorough inspection of all operational
systems and procedures of facility.
1.Security Inspection
2.Security Survey
3.Security Planning
4.Feasibility Study

407
•SECURITY SURVEY is the process of
conducting an exhaustive physical
examination and thorough inspection of
all operational systems and procedures of
a facility.

•SECURITY INSPECTION is the process


of conducting physical examination to
determine compliance with established
security policies and procedures as a
result of security survey.
408
199
This is the state of being secured
freedom form fear or danger, including
defense against crime.
1.public safety
2.safety
3.security
4.guard

409
200
Presently, the country with the
distinction of being a crime free and
having least crime.
1.New Zealand
2.Hongkong
3.Switzerland
4.Canada

410
HERE ARE THE SAFEST PLACE
IN THE WORLD…
sWITZERLAND
It is renowned for tranquility
and respectability. As many
as three cities of the country
– Geneva, Bern and Zurich –
are among the ten most
secure in the world. By the
way, about half of the
country’s recorded crimes
are committed by foreigners.
Peace and security of the
citizens are ensured by
valiant policemen in the
1
number of 216 persons per
100,000 inhabitants.
411
2 SINGAPORE
It is the safest country in
Asia and 98% of the
residents of this state are
totally sure about it. The
number of murders per a
thousand people there is
0.3, while the number of
thefts and robberies is
virtually equal to zero. The
laws in Singapore are
severe, the death penalty
has not been abolished, and
many crimes are punishable
with caning.
412
3 BAHRAIN
It amazes with the
number of law enforcement
forces, there are 1978
policemen per 100,000
inhabitants. This is the
highest ratio indicator in the
world. It is obvious that with
such a ratio the crime rate is
pleasantly low in Bahrain.
Almost 20 policemen
per 1000.

413
4 Luxemburg
It is a tiny state with a
population of around
half a million people.
According to polls, the
people of this country
are the happiest nation
in the world, and the
crime rate there
gradually approaches
the zero mark.

414
5 Ireland
•It boasts with a very
low crime rate. In
the country occur
only 0.32 homicides
per 100,000 people.
Ireland also has 322
police officers per a
population of a
hundred thousand
persons.
415
SAFEST CITY IN THE WORLD
It demonstrates enviable HONGKONG
figures – 0.2 homicides per a
hundred thousand people,
with the almost complete
absence of thefts and
robberies. Pickpocketing
cases, however, do occur
sometimes at the airport and
areas with large
concentrations of people.
416