Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 52

WHAT IS

RELIGION?
RELIGION IS…
Is defined as “people’s beliefs and opinions
concerning the existence, nature and
worship of a god or holy beings and divine
involvement in the universe and human life”
It denotes the belief in, or worship of, a god,
gods or the supernatural .
Is a set of beliefs and practices that is often
focused on one or more deities, or gods.
RELIGION…
Religion may be defined as a
cultural system of designated
behaviors and practices,
worldviews, texts, sanctified places,
prophecies, ethics, or organizations
that relates humanity to
supernatural.
FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION…
1. Religions helps man to bear sufferings.
2. It teaches that eveything happens according to the
will of god.
3. It boosts self-worthy and dignity—explains that a
person, regardless of his social and economical status,
is important in the eyes of god.
4. It helps create disciplined and beneficial citizen—
because it encourages its members to live in line of
teachings of religious traditions.
5. It promotes social welfare and development.
WHAT IS BELIEF SYSTEM?
Belief system is…
It makes people feel they are a
part of something and can be a
great tool for many in life.
Beliefs have no limits.
They can be individual beliefs
or be a common beliefs.
BELIEF SYSTEM
A belief system is a set of mutually
supportive beliefs. The beliefs of
any such system can be classified as
religious, philosophical, political,
ideological, or a combination of
these.
BELIEF SYSTEM
It is the power of belief that causes
things to happen in our lives. Most
people define beliefs as inward
convictions, a feeling of certainty about
what something means. They are what
you hold dear and are rooted deeply
within. A belief is both mental and
emotional.
Religion and belief systems…
Religion and belief systems are
important parts of cultures
around the world.
A religion is a set of beliefs and
practices that is often focused
on one or more deities or gods.
We have 6 major religions.
6 MAJOR RELIGIONS AROUND THE WORLD
SIKHISM JUDAISM
OTHER MAJOR RELIGIONS…
ISLAM CHRISTIANITY
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM TEN COMMANDMENTS
1.SHAHADA=Faith 1.I am the lord you god,you shall not have
strange gods before me.
2.SALAH=Prayer  2.You shall not take the name of the lord
your god in vain.
3.ZAKAT=Charity  3.Remember to keep holy lord’s day.
 4.Honor your father and mother.
4.SAWM=Fasting  5.You shall not kill.

5.HAJJ:Pilgrimage to  6.You shall not commit adultery.


 7.You shall not steal.
mecca.  8.You shall not bear false witness against
your neighbor.
 9.You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
 10.You shall not covet your neighbor’s goods.
OTHER MAJOR RELIGIONS…
HINDUISM BUDDHISM
EVOLUTION OF RELIGION…
Some sociologists and anthropologists
proposed various theories on how
religion began.
One theory is that religion started with
the belief in spirit (animism), then
progressed into the notion that there
were numerous gods (polytheism), and
ultimately developed as the idea of a
single god (monotheism).
Can someone tell what symbol is this?
ANIMISM
The attribution of a soul to
plants, inanimate objects and
natural phenomena.
The belief in a supernatural
power that organizes and
animates the material universe.
ANIMISM
Animism is the religious belief
that objects,places and creatures all
possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Potentially, animism perceives all
things---animals, plants, rocks,
rivers, weather systems, human
handiwork and perhaps even
words--- as animated and alive.
Can anyone tell what is this?
POLYTHEISM
Polytheism, the belief in many
gods. Polytheism characterizes
virtually all religions other than
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,
which share a common tradition of
monotheism, the belief in one god.
POLYTHEISM
Polytheism is the worship of or
belief in multiple deities, which are
usually assembled into a pantheon
of gods and goddesses,, along with
their own religions and rituals…
within theism, it contrasts with
monotheism, the belief in a
singular god.
Can anyone tell what's in the picture?
MONOTHEISM
Monotheism has been defined as
the belief in the existence of only
one god that created the world, is
all-powerful and intervenes in the
world. A broader definition of
monotheism is the belief in one
god.
RELIGION BELIEF SYSTEM
Hinduism. Polytheistic or
Polytheism.
Christianit Monotheistic
y,Islam, and or Monotheism.
Judaism.
WHAT IS
INSTITUTIONALIZED
SEPARATION BY
CHURCH AND STATE?
Why do we have "separation of church
and state?"
A wall of separation between church and
state. This is a very strong statement, very
clear in meaning. First of all, it means that
the government cannot make laws that favor
one religion to any other, because it cannot
make laws related to the establishment of a
religion or the free expression of religious
beliefs.
SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE
Is the distance in relationship between any
religion and the nation state.
Historically, in the Philippines, there was a
very close ties between the Spanish
government and the catholic church during
the colonial period.
The principle of separation of church and
state were introduced during the american
occupation and it has been preserved until
today.
SEPARATION OF CHURCH & STATE
The Philippine Constitution declares, in article II
section 6: “the separation of church and state shall
be inviolable”. (unbreakable)
Article III section 5 : “no law shall be made
respecting (in regards) an establishment of
religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
The free exercise and enjoyment of religious
profession and worship, without discrimination or
preference shall forever be allowed. No religious
test shall be required for the exercise of civil or
political rights.”
What does the principle of separation of
church and state mean?
The principle that government must
maintain an attitude of neutrality
toward religion… The first amendment
not only allows citizens the freedom to
practice any religion of their choice, but
also prevents the government from
officially recognizing or favoring any
religion.
INSTITUTIONALIZED RELIGION
Refer to organized system of beliefs
and practices relating to the divine.
This term is used as opposed to
tribal,primitive, and indigeneous
religions.
In modern societies, an
institutionalized religion, though
broadly influential, is treated as a
separate institution.
THANKYOU FOR
LISTENING!
ALWAYS REMEMBER SUN
IS ALONE TOO,BUT STILL
SHINES. MABUHAY!
-Ocampo,HUMSS3
QUIZ (1-15) ½ PAPER
1.What is religion?
2.What is belief system?
3-8.What are the 6 major religions?
9.What is polytheism?
10.What is animism?
11. the separation of church and state shall be____________
 12.Give atleast 4 pillars of islam.
 13.Who is the founder of buddhism?
 14.Who is the founder of sikhism?
 15.REPORTER’S COMPLETE NAME (Last name,First
name,Middle name)
JESUS HATES
THE SIN, BUT
LOVES THE
SINNER.
QUIZ (1-15) Choose the LETTER.
1. Is a set of practices and beliefs that is often focused on
one or more gods.
 A. Love B. Faith C. Religion
2. It makes people feel they are a part of something
and can be a great tool for many in life.
 A. Relationship B. Belief system C. Health
3. It is a set of mutually supportive beliefs.
 A. Intelligence B. Religion C. Belief System
4. He is the founder of sikhism.
 A. Paquit B. Abraham C. Guru Nanak
CHOOSE THE LETTER
5. He is the founder of Judaism.
 A. Ymata B. Guru Nanak C. Abraham
6. The followers of Islam.
 A. 1.7 Billion B. 4.8 Billion C. 1.6 Billion
7. Which is not belong?
 A. Sikhism B. Asisim C. Judaism
8.It means that the government cannot make laws
that favor one religion to any other.
A. Favoritism B. Separation of church & state
C. Control
CHOOSE THE LETTER
9. Inviolable means ____
A. Gorgeous B. Weather C. Unbreakable
10. Belief in many gods.
A. Monotheism B. Polytheism C. Animism
11. Belief in only one god.
A. Animism B. Monotheism C. Polytheism
12. He is the founder of Buddhism.
A. Siddharta Gautame Buddha B. Siddhartu
Gautama Buddha C. Siddharta Gautama Buddha
CHOOSE THE LETTER
13. The Philippine Constitution declares, in article II section 6:
 A. We must kill B. Have fun C. the separation of church and
state shall be inviolable
14.This term is used as opposed to tribal,primitive,
and indigeneous religions.
 A. Religion B. Belief System C. Institutionalized Religion
15.Is the distance in relationship between any religion
and the nation state.
A. Loyalty B. Separation of church & you C. Separation
of church & state
IDENTIFICATION

16-20 (Give the five


pillars of Islam)