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Northvale Korting Fluid Jet

Theory and Applications of Eductors

Patrick Belcher
Eductor Basics.-1
 Pressurised liquid is fed, at normal pipeline
velocity, into the motive fluid connection. 1
Eductor Basics.-2
 The motive fluid enters the nozzle and is sent into the
suction chamber as a high velocity, low pressure jet.

 This generates a low pressure area in the chamber.

Eductor Basics.-3
 The low pressure area entrains or draws in the
suction fluid.
 Both streams are thoroughly mixed within the
turbulent area of the diffuser throat.
Eductor Basics.-4
 In the outlet cone of the diffuser, the velocity of the mixed
stream is converted back to pressure energy
 This enables the eductor to overcome a discharge head
which is higher than the suction head but lower than the
motive pressure.
 Maximum lift 8mwg
 Lift affected by
specific Gravity
 Performance is
dependent on motive
water pressure and
flow rate.
Vacuum Producing
 Liquid or gas
 Used for pump priming
 Vessel evacuation
 Fume Extraction
Aeration 1

 Adds compressed air to water

 Small bubbles promote solubility
 Mixing throat increases intimacy between air
& fluid
Aeration 2

 Uses atmospheric air.

 Mixes tank contents
 Aids flocculation
Mixing 1
 Standard mixing
 3:1 mixing
 No. of nozzles and
orientation depending
on tank shape.
Dilution 1
 Can dilute and lift at
the same time.
 Control dilution using
suction valve.
 Risk of backflow if
discharge pressure too
 PTFE lined option
Dilution 2

 Scheme for high dilution ratios.

 Around the pump loop. Uses the pressure differential
between inlet & outlet of pump.
 Does not create a permanent pressure loss in the pump
discharge line. Can be isolated when not required.
 Additional mixing created by pump action.
Hopper Eductor
 Used to
powders in
to liquid
 To make
Eductor Benefits
 No moving parts.  Available in virtually
– Minimal Maintenance all materials
– Use in restricted space – Carbon Steel
– Suitable for hazardous – Stainless
 Can run with no – PTFE lined pipe
suction flow, or with
– Poly Propylene
entrained solids.
 Self Priming
– Ideal for intermittent
use – Hastelloy
Design Considerations.
 High backpressure a problem => Backflow
to suction branch.
 Requires a high pressure drop - Typical
discharge pressure < 0.5 Motive pressure.
 Best designed for single motive operating
point. Adjust mixture by suction, not by
 Flow from bottom of tank could be of
Eductor Uses
 GAC/ Sand/Resin  Dissolved air flotation
removal.  Pumping
 Dilution – Emptying pits and bunds
– Suction of concentrates  Tank mixing
» Sulphuric Acid
» Caustic
 System priming
» Brine
» Citric Acid
» Orthophosphoric acid
» Anti foaming agent
» Hypochlorite solution