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Review on compound sentences

What type of sentences are joined to form


compound sentences?
What type of conjunctions are used in making
compound sentences?
USING VARIOUS TYPES AND KINDS
OF SENTENCES FOR EFFECTIVE
COMMUNICATION OF
INFORMATION/IDEAS
(FORMING COMPLEX SENTENCES)

EN6SS-IVa-1.8
Watch me!
What is a complex sentence?
A complex sentence is made
up of an independent clause and
one or more dependent clauses
connected to it.
A dependent clause is similar to
an independent clause, or complete
sentence, but it lacks one of the
elements that would make it a
complete sentence.
Examples of dependent clauses
• because Mary and Samantha
arrived at the bus station before
noon
• while he waited at the train station
• after they left the bus
Note this…
Dependent clauses such as those
above cannot stand alone as a
sentence, but they can be added to
an independent clause to form a
complex sentence.
Most common subordinating conjunctions
used in complex sentences
 after  though
 although  unless
 as  until
 because  when
 before  whenever
 even though  whereas
 if  wherever
 since  while
Let us study the following:
1. Because Mary and Samantha
arrived at the bus station before noon,
I did not see them at the station.
2. Mary and Samantha realized that
Joe was waiting at the train station
after they left on the bus.
3. While he waited at the train
station, Joe realized that the train was
late.
4. Mary and Samantha realized that
Joe was waiting at the train station
after they left on the bus.
5. After they left on the bus, Mary
and Samantha realized that Joe was
waiting at the train station.
Find the clause in the following
sentences:
1. Several small kids wanted to try
the roller coaster though were
reluctant.
2. Cries and shouts of glee were
heard from the riders as they raced up,
slid down, and went upside down.
3. The mothers watched the children
from down below while some of them
took pictures.
4. The children quickly freed
themselves from the straps all over
them when the roller coaster finally
stopped.
Exercise

Change the following pairs of


sentences into complex sentences.
Use the appropriate subordinating
conjunction.
1. My younger brother asked me to
help him to review for his long tests. I
was busy with my own test
preparation.
2. We all gather together to keep
family ties. Our parents always look
forward to it.
3. Our eldest brother lives in another
town. Another sister lives next door.