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Traffic Engineering

PREPARED BY: ELIZA J. ORPILLA, JAREN GACULA AND RENALYN MORE


Introduction to
traffic engineering
-What is traffic engineering?
-Why is traffic engineering
-How does the essential?
traffic engineer
solve traffic -Why not search for a
problems? solution by trial and error?
What is traffic
engineering?
Traffic Engineering
-It deals with planning, geometric
design and traffic operations of
roads, streets and highways, their
networks, terminals, abutting land
and their relationship with other
modes of transportation for the
achievement of safe, efficient and
convenient movement of persons
and goods.
Why is traffic
engineering
essential?
How does the
traffic engineer
solve traffic
problems?
Why not search
for a solution by
trial and error?
September 3, 1967~Sweden had changed from left-side traffic to right-side traffic.
General Principles of Traffic
management
Introduction
• Delays increasing as a resultof roads reaching
capacity
• Increasing population
• Per capita ownership of vehicles
• Leisure use
• Side friction increasing due to vehicle gaining
access
• Vehicle slowing down
• Stopping
• Parking/unparked
• Pederstrian activity (warranting pedestrian
crossing facilities)
• Long term impact
-increased fuel consumption
-higher transport cost
-divert traffic(arterial to local
roads)
Objectives and scope
• Provision of even distribution or motor traffic activity through
streets which can fall into a similar functional category
• Elimination of potentially hazardous locations
• Improvement of traffic movement on the arterial roads
• Improvement of drivers behavior
• Minimization of adverse effects to the operation of the
arterial road system
• Provision of adequate access to abutting properties on
local streets
• Enhance local environment
• Reduction of through traffic in residential street
Road Classification System

• Expressways/freeways
• National Roads(primary, secondary, tertiary)
• Provincial Roads
• Municipal/City Roads
• Barangay Roads
Land Use Transport Systems
Possible Interventions
• Arterial improvement
• Road widening
• Pavement improvement
• Construction of new roads/bridges
• Other facilities
• Land use change
• Control of type
• Control of intensity
Goals of Traffic Management
Schemes
Traffic Management Schemes may be implemented
1. To improve road safety
2. To improve local amenity
3. Ro improve local access and circulation
4. To improve the utility of arterial roads
Techniques
• Vehicle route techniques
• Driver behavior techniques
• Risk reduction techniques
• Non-traffic techniques
Improvement & Management of
Arterial Roads
1. Construction of new arterial roads
2. Widening
3. Flaring of intersections on existing arterial roads
4. Application of traffic management techniques
such as :
• Additional lanes at intersections
• Prohibition of turns at congested intersection
• Parking bans
• Traffic signal coordination and area traffic
control
Traffic Management Techniques for
Local Roads
• Reduce Local Street Connectivity
• Street closure at intersection
• Mid-block street closure
• Diagonal closure of intersection
• Turn restriction by channelization or
medians
• One-way streets
Identifying and defining the
traffic problem
Defining the traffic problem

 Chokepoint
-it can be an intersection or a section of a
busy road or a block bounded by several roads
 Traffic bottleneck
-a point in the traffic where number of vehicles
entering an upstream flow greater than the number of
vehicles that can get out at the downstream end
Indicators of traffic bottlenecks
 Measurable indicators  Describable indicators
-Queue length -Presence of vehicle queue
-Intersection throughput -Blocked or Grid-locked intersections
-Travel speed -Low intersection throughputs
-Travel time -Presence of risky or dangerous maneuvers
-Delay time -Chaotic pedestrian flow
-volume capacity ratio(VCR) -unsafe pedestrian crossings
-Signal Cycle Time -Commuters spilling over on road pavement
-Number of Traffic Accidents -Uncontrolled roadside parking
-frequent blowing of horns
-presence of makeshift traffic control devices
such as signs, humps, barriers
Documenting
the traffic
problem
Documenting the problem
 Name and width of the road
 Pavement type and condition
 Geometric elements
 Location and dimensions of median, island or separator if any
 Sidewalk conditions and presence of road-side friction like street vendors
 Presence of hump, potholes, obstacles
 Presence(or absence) of traffic control devices
 Presence of bus/jeepney/tricycle/pedicab terminals or loading/unloading
areas
 Estimated volume of vehicles and pedestrian
 Traffic regulations

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