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EPOCH 600

Training Presentation
EPOCH 600 Introduction
Olympus NDT is proud to introduce the latest innovation in the portable flaw
detector line:
EPOCH 600
EPOCH 600 Introduction- Overview
The EPOCH 600 provides a powerful combination of performance and
economy as a class-leading mid range flaw detector:

 Proven EPOCH 100% digital technology

 Vivid, transflective VGA display

 IP66 or IP67 rating

 EN12668-1 compliant

 Horizontal layout with intuitive EPOCH


user interface
EPOCH 600 Introduction- Configurations
The EPOCH 600 allows multiple configurations for all user preferences:

 BNC or LEMO® 1 transducer connectors


 Optional Analog Output
 English, Japanese, Chinese or Symbolic keypad overlays
Pulser/Receiver Functions
Pulser Performance
EPOCH 600 Pulser Features:

 PerfectSquare™ Tunable Square Wave Pulser Technology: standard

 Pulser energy selection of 100V, 200V, 300V or 400V

 Auto or Manual PRF adjustment from 10Hz to 2000Hz: standard

 Single-Shot Measurement Architecture: The EPOCH 600 Series maintains


the high standard set by the EPOCH XT, providing measurement rate
equivalent to PRF rate at all PRF settings

 Pulser Design designed for compliance to EN12668-1


Receiver Performance
EPOCH 600 Receiver Features:
 Digital high dynamic range receiver
– Gain adjustment over full 110dB range while frozen
– Gate adjustment with digital measurements while frozen
– High dynamic range for DAC/TVG and DGS/AVG

 Eight digital receiver filter settings, EN12668-1 compliant


– 0.2 – 10 MHz – 0.2 – 1.2 MHz
– 2.0 – 21.5 MHz – 1.5 – 8.5 MHz
– 8.0 – 26.5 MHz – 5 – 15 MHz
– 0.5 – 4.0 MHz – DC – 10 MHz

 Analog Output: optional


– Programmable 1V or 10V scaled output for amplitude or thickness
measurements
Gate Settings
 Gate 1 and Gate 2 Independent
Measurements Gates: standard

 Echo-to-Echo Measurement
with Gate 2 Tracking: standard

 Interface Gate: optional

 Independent Gate Alarms


– Positive, Negative, MinDepth
– Audible and Visual Alarm on LEDs
1&2
– Alarm output from 9-pin D-sub
connector on back of unit
» Gate 1 = Pin 8, Gate 2 = Pin 9
Special Waveform Modes
The EPOCH 600 provides multiple methods of displaying acquired A-
scans to ensure the information displayed always represents the most
important and relevant data for the inspection.

The methods included are:


– Composite A-scan
– Max Amplitude
– Min Thickness
– Averaged A-scan
Special Waveform Modes
 To Access the Special Waveform Modes:
1. In the Display Setup menu, press
[F2] Meas Setup
2. Press [P6] to enter the Special
menu
3. Use the knob, arrows, or the P-
keys to change the A-Scan Mode
4. Press the [NEXT GROUP] key
5. Use the knob, arrows, or the P-
keys to change Averaging
6. Press the [ESC] key to return to
the main screen
Composite A-Scan Mode
 Composite A-scan – Standard display mode from the EPOCH XT,
this feature displays all A-scans acquired in between screen update
rates (multiple A-scans when PRF > 60Hz) and overlays them together
on the screen.
– Even at high PRF, the operator will not miss a single indication!
– Can create enveloping effect with fast scanning

Screen Updates

Individual A-scans
acquired at PRF

Information Displayed
Composite A-scan Mode
Maximum Amplitude A-Scan Mode
 Max Amplitude – Analyzes acquired A-scans between display
updates and displays only the A-scan with the highest gated amplitude
reading.
– Cleans up signal noise in applications where highest amplitude readings
are the key factor for inspection.
– Does not display all acquired A-scans

Screen Updates

Individual A-scans Maximum Maximum


acquired at PRF Amplitude Amplitude
A-scan A-scan

Information Displayed
Max Amplitude Mode
Minimum Thickness A-Scan Mode
 Min Thickness – Analyzes acquired A-scans between display updates
and displays only the A-scan with the minimum thickness reading.
– Cleans up signal noise ratio for more precise thickness measurements
when minimum thickness is the key factor for inspection.
– Does not display all acquired A-scans

Screen Updates

Individual A-scans Minimum Minimum


acquired at PRF Thickness Thickness
A-scan A-scan

Information Displayed
Min Thickness Mode
A-Scan Averaging
 Averaged A-scan – New functionality allows the operator to view an
average of acquired A-scans.
– The user can select the precision of the averaging, choosing between 2X,
4X, 8X, 16X, or 32X averaging to remove spurious noise signals from the
A-Scan while maintaining relevant signals.
– Note: At higher
averaging rates,
the screen update
rate may be less
than 60Hz
(depending on the
16X Averaging PRF value).

Averaging Off
EPOCH 600 Performance Features: Summary
The EPOCH 600 maintains the performance of current generation
EPOCH flaw detectors in a highly portable package:
 Standard square wave pulser with PerfectSquare™ technology
 Digital receiver filters for excellent signal to noise ratio
 Digital high dynamic range receiver for unmatched signal stability
 EN12668-1 compliance
 Single shot waveform acquisitions up to 2000 Hz PRF
 Composite, Max Amplitude and Min Thickness A-Scan Display Modes
 Waveform Averaging
 Optional software features including:
 Standard software features including: – AWS D1.1/D1.5 Rating
– Dynamic DAC/TVG – Template Storage
– Onboard DGS/AVG – API 5UE
– Curved Surface Correction
– Waveform Averaging
– Auto or Manual PRF Adjustment
– Gate 2 Tracking and Echo to Echo – Expanded Data Logger
Measurements – Interface Gate
– Corrosion Module
– Backwall Echo Attenuator (BEA)
PHYSICAL FEATURES
Improved Display Quality
The EPOCH 600 features a new, high quality display

 Full VGA resolution


(640 x 480 pixels)

 Vibrant, bright colors

 Transflective for excellent


outdoor visibility

 Low power consumption to improve


overall battery life
New Enclosure Design
The EPOCH 600 features a brand new design on a traditional concept

New, Sleek Design


 New color scheme
 Keypad updated with contemporary
style and feel

Horizontal Layout
 Optimizes A-scan viewing area
 Intuitive push-button navigation
 Broad market appeal

Size and Weight


 1.68 kg (3.72 lbs)
 236 mm x 167 mm x 70 mm
(9.3 in x 6.57 in x 2.76 in)

Over 50% lighter and 40% smaller by volume than the EPOCH 1000!
Knob or Navigation Pad
The EPOCH 600 is available with either an adjustment knob or navigation
pad to meet the preference of any user!
Continuous-Position Stand
The pipe stand for the EPOCH 600 utilizes a brand new design:

 Friction hinges for continuous positioning from 0° to 180°


 Recessed instrument housing to hide closed stand
 90° bend for improved stability with minimized opened dimension
Environmental Standards

Environmental Standards
 IP Rated:
– IP66 (knob configuration)
– IP67 (navigation pad
configuration)

 MIL-STD-810F
– Explosive Atmosphere
– Drop Test
– Storage and Operating
Temperatures

 Shock and Vibration tested


to IEC 60068
Inputs and Outputs: Office Door
The EPOCH 600 has several data input and output capabilities.

 USB On-the-GO (OTG)


– PC communication
– Direct printing to PCL 5 USB printers

 Micro SD card
– 2GB external (removable)
– 2GB internal (data retrieval
even if instrument is damaged)
Inputs and Outputs: Back of Instrument
The EPOCH 600 has several data input and output capabilities.
Analog Out
 VGA Output
– 15-pin connector

 Combination RS232 and


Alarm Output
– 9-pin connector

 Analog Output (Optional)


– Single 0-1V or 0-10V Analog
Output signal
INSTRUMENT ACCESSORIES
Included Documentation
The EPOCH 600 offers three forms of standard reference documentation:

 Quick Start Guide


– New document offered for EPOCH flaw detector line
– Provides essential overview topics such as:
» What’s in the box?
» Power and charging options
» User interface overview
» Reference guide to flags
and symbols
– Intended to provide enough
information for a seasoned
flaw detector user to begin
daily functions
Included Documentation
The EPOCH 600 offers three forms of standard reference documentation:

 Basic Operation Manual


– Concise operator’s guide for all major functions
(60-70 pages)
– Printed version included with every instrument
– Translations available in:
» English, Spanish, French, German, Italian,
Japanese, Chinese

 Full Operation Manual


– Detailed and comprehensive operation manual
– Includes Basic Operation Manual as first section
– Included with every instrument as PDF file
on a CD
– All available translations are included with every instrument
Transport Case and Input and Output Cables
 USB OTG Cables
– Cable for PC Communication (Type: Mini AB to A)
» EPLTC-C-USB-A-6 (U8840031)
– Cable for Printing (Type: Mini AB to B)
» EPLTC-C-USB-B-6 (U8840033)

 VGA Output Cable


– 600-C-VGA-5 (U8780298)
Transport Case
 Alarm Output Cable  Blow Molded to Accommodate
– EP1000-C-9OUT-6 (U8779017)
– Instrument
 RS232 Cable – Transducers
– 600-C-RS232-5 (U8780299) – Small cables and accessories
– Operator’s Manual
– Instrument Charger
 Included in Instrument Price
 Part Number: 600-TC-S (U8780294)
Batteries and Battery Chargers
 Standard Lithium Ion “smart” battery
– Part Number: 600-BAT-L (U8760056)
– One (1) included with each instrument
– Estimated Battery life (Standard Settings): 12-13 hours
– May be charged inside instrument. Recharge time estimated 2-3 hours

 Standard AC-DC charger adapter


– Part Number: EP-MCA (U8 varies based on power cord selected)
– Same as charger/adapter used for all current EPOCH models and new
38DLPLUS corrosion gage

 AA Alkaline Battery Tray


– Accommodates 8 ‘AA’ size alkaline batteries for back-up remote power
– Up to 3 hours of battery life
– Part Number: 600-BAT-AA (U8780295)
Battery Installation
External Battery Charger

 Optional external battery charger


 Part Number: EPXT-EC (U8 varies
based on power cord selected)
 Same as external charger used for
EPOCH 1000 Series, EPOCH XT,
EPOCH LTC
 Recharge time 2-3 hours
 Includes battery calibration feature to
restore batteries to near-original
capacity
Compatible Accessories
Other compatible accessories include:

 Micro SD Memory Card (Replacement)


– Part Number: MICROSD-ADP-2GB (U8779307)
– Includes Micro to standard SD adapter

 Chest Harness
– Part Number: EP4/CH (U8140055)

 Display Protectors
– Part Number: 600-DP (U8780297)

 Replacement Pipe Stand Kit


– Part Number: 600-STAND (U8780296)
– Include pipe stand, hinges, mounting brackets and screws
OPERATION AND USER INTERFACE
Instrument Layout
 The overall layout of the EPOCH 600 is similar to that of the EPOCH
1000 Series.
– Horizontal (landscape) design is a more basic version of EP1000 user
interface
– Keypad has fewer direct access keys than the EPOCH 1000 and therefore
has a more menu-driven approach (similar to the EPOCH LTC)
Instrument Layout
 The EPOCH 600 employs a unique combination of controls and
navigation features to produce an intuitive and simple user interface.

– Simple menu system with minimal sub-menus


– Basic navigation using the keypad
– Direct access keys for frequently used functions
– Parameter adjustment using the knob (or arrow keys)
Instrument Layout
 The display is laid out to optimize A-scan presentation while providing
clearly visible measurements, menus, and parameter labels

 Calibration/Setup parameters are accessed through the different


menus on the unit

 When inspecting, the most frequently used keys/functions are directly


accessible from keypad (Gates, Range, Auto-XX etc)
Instrument Layout
 In order to accommodate different user needs and preferences, the EPOCH
600 is available in two hardware configurations:
– Adjustment knob
(similar to EP1000 Series)
– Navigation pad with arrows
(similar to EPXT and EPLTC units)

 Both unit configurations have the same software user interface but use
different methods of parameter adjustment (knob and arrows)
General Overview Knob Lock Power Status LED
Alarm LEDs

Adjustment Knob

Function Keys

Direct Access Keys

Parameter Keys
A-Scan Waveform
User Interface

Menu Groups

Micro SD Card
Indicator

Battery Indicator

Group Menu
Number

Menu Parameters (Adjustable)


User Interface
Gain Indicator
Up to Five Measurement Boxes

Range and
Direct Access
Parameter Box

A-scan Measurement
Gate 1

A-scan Measurement
Gate 2
Instrument Navigation
 F Group Keys
– Vertical F keys activate the
corresponding Group menu

 P Parameter Keys
– Horizontal P keys highlight the
parameter above for adjustment
– Horizontal P keys activate/open
the parameter function/menu
above
User Interface
 Standard Group Menus
Instrument Navigation
 Next Group Key
– Used to scroll through group
menus
» Allows for quick and easy
access to all the different
menu group functions
– Used to navigate through
parameters in a menu
Instrument Navigation
 Direct Access Keys
– Direct access keys are located
on the left side of the keypad
– Allow direct control over
commonly adjusted parameters,
including
» Gate Position
» Screen Range
» Gain Level
» Peak Memory
» Auto-XX%
» Save

– The Navigation pad is similar to


previous EPOCH units (1000
Series, XT, LTC) to provide easy
transitions within the EPOCH
product line
EPOCH 600 Knob EPOCH 600 Navigation Pad
Instrument Navigation
 Auto-XX% Key
– Automatically adjusts gated signal amplitude to XX% of Full Screen Height
for maximum flaw inspection efficiency
– Allows direct access to automatic gain adjustment of gated signal, even when
Gate parameter adjustment is not active
» User no longer has to use Gate menu to access Auto-XX%
– Applies to active Gate or last active Gate
Instrument Navigation
 Check and Escape Keys
– The EPOCH 600 features Check and Escape keys (as on the EPOCH
1000 Series)

– The CHECK key performs the following functions:


» Toggle between coarse and fine parameter adjustment (Knob version only)
» Confirms actions in the data logger
Instrument Navigation
 Check and Escape Keys (cont.)
– The ESCAPE key performs the following functions:
» Exits menus
» Returns to the “Home” position from any menu (top of Basic menu)
Instrument Navigation
 Direct Parameter Escape
» Returns to previous menu from any direct access parameter
» Both the NEXT GROUP and ESCAPE keys perform this function

DAC/TVG Menu

GATES key pressed

ESC or NEXT GROUP returns to


DAC/TVG Menu
Instrument Navigation
 LED Indicator Lights
– The EPOCH 600 provides one power and three alarm indicator lights located
on the front panel above the display window
» The alarm indicators illuminate in red when the corresponding date alarm is triggered
» The power indicator illuminates in red when the internal battery is charging, and in
green when the battery is fully charged

Gate 1 Alarm Indicator

Power Indicator
Gate 2 Alarm Indicator
Instrument Navigation
 Adjustment Knob
– The adjustment knob on the EPOCH
600, is responsible for parameter
adjustment and value slewing.
– Allows the user to adjust values such
as angle, range, gain, velocity, etc,
up and down in either coarse or fine
increments.
Instrument Navigation
 Knob Lock
– The user has the ability to lock the knob to prevent accidental parameter
value changes during an inspection.
» When the LOCK key is pressed, an indicator will show on the top of the screen
» All parameters will be locked for adjustment, indicated by a strikeout line
through the parameter text
LOCK Indicator Locked Parameter

LOCK Key
Instrument Navigation
 Arrow Keys
– The arrow keys on the
navigation pad perform the
same functions as the knob and
are used for parameter
adjustment
– Adjust the value of a selected
parameter
» UP/DOWN arrows provide
coarse adjustment while the
LEFT/RIGHT arrows provide
fine adjustment
– Enter alphanumeric characters
for datalogging
Instrument Navigation
 Parameter Menu Navigation
– Next Group key allows
navigation through entire menu
– In some menus, knob or
left/right arrows adjusts item
between preset values, such as
grid display modes
– In other menus, knob or
left/right arrows adjusts numeric
value of highlighted item

– Preset values for a given


parameter are available for
direct access over P parameter
keys at bottom of screen
Instrument Navigation
 Coarse and Fine Adjustment
– Coarse and Fine adjustment are available for most adjustable parameters
on the EPOCH 600.

– Knob Version
» Once a parameter is highlighted for adjustment, the user can toggle between
Coarse and Fine adjustment of the parameter using the key.
 If the parameter title is [bracketed] it is being adjusted in coarse steps.
 If the parameter title is not bracketed, it is being adjusted in fine steps

Coarse Adjustment
– Navigation Pad Version
» Once a parameter is highlighted for adjustment
 Double UP and DOWN arrows provide coarse adjustment
 Single LEFT and RIGHT arrows provide fine adjustment
Fine Adjustment
Editable Parameters

 This feature allows the user to customize the preset values that are displayed
during coarse adjustment for these specific parameters.

 To access the Editable


Parameters menu, select
Inst Setup > Edit Parameters.
Editable Parameters
 The instrument comes with certain preset values for each of the parameters,
but the user can change any of these values as necessary to meet their
needs.
 Users can add up to 7 preset values for each parameter
– Except for Gain Step, which only allows 2 preset values

 Editable Parameters:
– Gain Step
– Gain
– Range
– Delay
– Freq
– Angle
– Thick
– X Value
Editable Parameters- Changing Values
 To change a preset value:
1. Using the NEXT GROUP key,
select the value you want to
edit and use the adjustment
knob or arrow keys to adjust
the value.
2. The values can be adjusted in
coarse or fine increments by
pressing the CHECK key or
using the corresponding arrow
keys.
3. Press [P1] to Clear the
currently selected value.

NOTE: For parameters that have different values in


Metric and English units (e.g. Velocity), the user can
store different values in each measurement system.
Only the values for the current units setting will be
displayed in the Editable Parameters menu.
Editable Parameters- Coarse Adjustment
 Adjusting the parameters below using Coarse adjustment will toggle through the preset
values from the Editable Parameters screen:
– Velocity
– Frequency
– Angle
– Thick
– X-Value
 Fine adjustment will scroll through all non-preset values.

Coarse
Adjustment

Fine
Adjustment
Coarse Adjustment “Rounding”
 When changing parameter values using Coarse adjustment, all digits after the
digit being adjusted are set to zero for the following parameters:
– Range
– Delay
– Zero
 Fine adjustment will allow the user to modify the remaining digits.

Fine Adjustment Coarse Adjustment


Software Option Activation
 The EPOCH 600 has a set of software options that can be purchased to
enhance or add features to the instrument. These include:
– AWS D1.1/D1.5 – Expanded Datalogger – Corrosion Module
– Template Storage – Waveform Averaging – Backwall Echo Attenuator
– API 5UE – IF Gate
 These software options can be
purchased along with the
instrument or can be activated
remotely in the field if purchased
at a later date.

 Once a software option has been


purchased, it will show as
Licensed in the Inst Setup >
Software Options menu.
– This menu is also used to enter
activation codes when options
are purchased.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting Techniques
 Instrument Resets
– The EPOCH 600 Series has several instrument resets built into the
software
» Location: In the Files menu, press [F2]
for Manage, then select [P1] for Reset
» Corrects symptoms:
 Parameter cannot be adjusted
 Function/parameter seems to be
missing
 Instrument is operational but “acting
funny”

» Resets include:
 Measurement Reset – maintains data
logger, restores default parameters
 Storage – clears data logger, maintains
live parameters
 Master– clears data logger,
restores default parameters
(combination of Measurement and
Storage)
STRAIGHT BEAM CALIBRATION
Required Items

 Transducer  Cable
– A109S-RM – BCM-74-6

 Test Block
 Couplant
– 2214E (5-step 0.1-0.5in) – B-2
Initial Settings
 First the user must set the parameters on the unit so that the correct
waveforms will show on screen.
– Basic Menu
» [P1] Velocity- 0.2320 in/µs (long. wave in steel)
» [P2] Zero- 0.000µs
» [P3] Range – 1.000 in

– Pulser Menu
» [P1] PRF Mode- Auto
» [P3] Energy- 100V
» [P4] Damping- 50 Ω
» [P5] Mode- P/E (pulse-echo)
» [P6] Pulser- Square
» [P7] Frequency- 5MHz

– Receiver Menu
» [P1] Filter- 1.5 – 8.5 MHz
» [P2] Rectification- Full
Zero Calibration
1. Set the Gain to 12.0dB

2. Couple the transducer to the


0.200 in step

3. Set Gate 1 so that it surrounds


the first backwall echo from the
0.200 in step

4. Use Auto-XX to adjust the gain


so that the signal is at 80% FSH
Zero Calibration
5. In the Basic menu, press [F5] Auto
Cal to bring up the Calibration
parameters

6. Press [P1] and set the Type to


Thickness
(If more than just Gate 1 is active you will have
other options for Type)

7. Press [P3] for CAL Zero

8. Use the adjustment knob (or arrow


keys) to set the Cal Zero parameter
to 0.200

9. Press [P3] to Continue on to the


velocity calibration
Velocity Calibration

1. Couple the transducer to the


0.500 in step

2. Set Gate 1 so that it surrounds


the first backwall echo from the
0.500 in step

3. Use Auto-XX to adjust the gain so


that the signal is at 80% FSH

Note that the previously entered value is


displayed for reference during part 2 of
calibration.
Velocity Calibration

4. Press [P2] for CAL Velocity

5. Use the adjustment knob (or


arrow keys) to set the Cal
Velocity parameter to 0.500

6. Press [P2] to select Done and


complete the calibration

7. Adjust the Range back to the


starting value of 1.000 in
Calibration Complete!
 Verify that your unit is properly calibrated by checking the thickness
measurement at each step on the block.
– NOTE: Make sure to move the gate so it surrounds the first backwall echo for each
step you are on.
ANGLE BEAM CALIBRATION
Required Items
 Materials:

 TRANSDUCER + WEDGE  CABLE


– A431S-SM – LCB-74-6
– ABWS-6-45
 COUPLANT
– B-2
 TEST BLOCK
– TB7541-1
Calibration Steps
 4 Steps for an Angle Beam Calibration

1. Locate the Beam Index Point (BIP) of the Probe.

2. Verify the Refracted Angle

3. Calibrate for Distance (Using the Auto-Cal Feature)

4. Calibrate for Sensitivity


Initial Settings
 First the user must set the parameters on the unit so that the correct
waveforms will show on screen.
– Basic Menu
» [P1] Velocity- 0.1280 in/µs (shear wave in steel)
» [P2] Zero- 0.000µs
» [P3] Range – 10.000 in

– Pulser Menu – Receiver Menu


» [P1] PRF Mode- Auto »[P1] Filter- Standard
»[P2] Rectification-Full
» [P3] Energy- 200V
» [P4] Damping- 50 Ω
– Trig Menu
» [P5] Mode- P/E (pulse-echo) »[P1] Angle- 45.0
» [P6] Pulser- Square
» [P7] Frequency- 5MHz
Step 1/4
Locating the Beam Index Point
1. Align the wedge with the zero mark on the “IIW Type I Block”

2. Move the transducer forward and backward until the echo amplitude from the 4” arc is
peaked (The Peak Memory function can be used for this by pressing [PEAK MEM])

3. After the signal has been peaked,


mark on the wedge directly over the
zero mark on the IIW. This is the
Beam Index Point.
Step 2/4
Verifying the Refracted Angle
1. Position the transducer over the
appropriate angle mark on the IIW
Block (In this case it is the 45 deg
located on the bottom side of the
block).

2. Move the transducer forward and


backward to “peak up” echo from the
large circular hole in the block. Peak
Memory aids in this process by
pressing [PEAK MEM].
Step 2/4
Verifying the Refracted Angle
3. After the signal is peaked, hold the transducer stationary. The Beam Index Point on
the wedge will be located above an angle marker on the IIW block.
– This is the REFRACTED ANGLE (Beta) for the transducer and wedge.
4. If the Beta Value differs from the one initially entered, enter the proper angle under
the Trig menu by pressing [P1] Angle
Step 3/4
Calibrating for Distance
1. Couple the transducer to the IIW Block so that the Beam Index Point is directly over
the 0 degree mark.

4” 1”
Step 3/4
Calibrating for Distance
3. Position Gate 1 over the 4 in. reference
echo and use Auto-XX to adjust to 80%
screen height.

4. In the Basic menu, press [F5] Auto Cal


to bring up the Calibration parameters

5. Press [P1] and set the CAL Mode to


Soundpath
- (If more than just Gate 1 is active you will have
other options for CAL Mode)

6. Press [P3] for CAL Zero

7. Use the adjustment knob (or arrow keys)


to set the Cal Zero parameter to 4.000in

8. Press [P3] to Continue on to the


velocity calibration
Step 3/4
Calibrating for Distance
9. Without moving the probe, position gate
over the 9” reflection echo.
– You may have to increase the 4” 1”
Gain first in order to see the 9 in.
echo
10. Use the Auto XX% feature to bring the
9” reflection to the desired screen
height
Step 3/4
Calibrating for Distance
11. Press [P2] for CAL Velocity

12. Use the adjustment knob (or arrow keys)


to set the Cal Velocity parameter to
9.000

13. Press [P2] to select Done and


complete the calibration

14. Adjust the Range back to the starting


value of 10.000 in
Step 4/4
Calibrating for Sensitivity
1. Flip the IIW block over and face the
transducer toward the 0.060 in. side
0.060” side
drilled hole.
drilled hole

2. Set the Range to 2.000in

3. Peak up the echo from the side drilled


hole to 80% screen height.
– The Peak Memory function can be used
for this by pressing [PEAK MEM]

4. Press [2nd F], [dB] (REF dB) to lock in


the instrument’s Reference Gain and
enable the Scanning Gain function.

5. The Shear Wave Calibration is now


complete.
DATA LOGGER
Data Logger
The EPOCH 600 Data Logger is managed in a separate file menu similar
to the EPOCH 1000 Series. This menu is accessed by scrolling to menu 5
and selecting [F1] for File
Data Logger File Types
 The standard Data Logger has two file types:
– Incremental Files (INC): Name the file and give the instrument a starting
ID. As the operator saves the ID will increment automatically.
– Calibration Files (CAL): These files store only one ID.

 There is an Expanded Data Logger option available that provides


corrosion style data logger file types
– These file types include: Sequential, 2D-Grid, Boiler, etc
– The part number for this option is EP600-XDATA (U8140150)
Data Logger Storage
 Data Logger Storage
– 2 GB of onboard memory (practically unlimited)
– Onboard memory captured on Micro SD card mounted to PCB. In the event
of damage to the instrument, data logger contents can be rescued by
removing card from PCB at an authorized service location.

 Default Incremental File – NONAME00


– The EPOCH 600 has a default incremental file called NONAME00. This
allows the operator to begin storing data immediately on power-up. The
filename can be changed later for reporting purposes.
File Operations- Creating a File
The operator uses the Create menu to setup and create new files. The
[NEXT GROUP] key is used to move between fields.

To create a file:
1. Select the file type (INC or CAL)
2. Enter the file name
3. Enter a Description, Inspector ID,
and Location note if desired
4. Enter an ID prefix if desired
(INC files only)
5. Enter the Start ID (INC files only)
6. In the Create field, choose one of
the create options shown above
the P-keys

NOTE: Fields that are required for file creation are marked with an *.
File Operations- Virtual Keypad
To enter alphanumeric characters on the EPOCH 600, the [P1] Edit
key is pressed to bring up the virtual keypad.

 Using the knob or arrow keys, the


user selects the character they
want to type.
 Press [F5] INS to Insert the
selected character into the
highlighted field
 Use [F1] << and [F2] >> to scroll
through the typed characters in
the selected field
 Press [F4] DEL to Delete the
selected character
 Press [F1] Edit again to turn off
the virtual keypad, or press [NEXT
GROUP] to move to the next field
File Operations- Create Menu
 When creating a file, the user must select one of three options listed above
the P-keys:
– [P1] = Create
– [P2] = Create & Open
– [P3] = Create & Save
 Create:
– This will simply create the file and
return the user to the main screen.
– The user must then open the file
prior to saving data.
 Create & Open:
– This will create the file, open it, and
return the user to the live screen to
begin saving data.
– Typically used for data files.
 Create & Save:
– This will create the file and save the
current instrument setup.
– Typically used for CAL files.
File Operations- Open Menu
The operator uses the Open menu for multiple functions including opening and
recalling previously created files. The following slides describe the menu
functions.
File Operations- Open Menu
[P1] Details
– Allows the operator to view
information about the file including
Description, Inspector ID, Location
Note, Creation Date, and Total ID
Count.

[P2] Open
– Opens the selected file and returns
the operator to the live screen.
Optionally, File Open & Recall can be
activated, which also sets the active
parameters of the saved ID. This is
accessed through Inst Setup >
General.
File Operations- Open Menu
 [P3] Contents
– Displays the waveform,
measurements, and setup
parameters for the selected file. For
INC files, the user can select which
specific ID they want to view. Setup
data can also be viewed and recalled
from this screen.
– Pressing [P1] will toggle between the
stored waveform and setup
parameters.
File Operations- Open Menu
 [P4] Summary
– Displays a list of all the saved
measurements for all the IDs in the
file. The user can also view a
statistical report of the
measurements in the file.
File Operations- Saving Data
 The operator can save data whenever there is an active file and an ID
has been entered.
– The NONAME00 file is automatically created on every EP600 unit to
ensure that there is always an active “save to” location open.)

 To save data into a file, press [2nd F] [FREEZE] (SAVE).


– If you are saving data to an incremental file, the ID will automatically
increment to the next ID after saving.

 When you save, the EP600 saves the following information:


– File Name – Any display flags
– ID – Gate positions
– Measurements (up to 5) – Gate measurement mode icons
– A-Scan waveform – Leg indicators for both gates
– All instrument setup parameters – Peak memory or peak hold A-Scans
– Alarm information – Software features/option setups
File Operations- Parameters Recall
 As an alternative to simultaneously opening and recalling a file, the
user can recall a stored setup from the Contents screen (INC and CAL
files) or using the Quick Recall feature (CAL files only).
– In the Contents screen,
select the ID with the
setup to be recalled, and
press [P2] Recall.

– For Calibration files,


simply press [P4] Quick
Recall from the
datalogger menu. A list
of CAL files in the
instrument will be
displayed. Then press
[P1] to Recall the
selected CAL file and
return to the live screen.
File Operations- Manage Menu

– Reset – Instrument resets


(Parameters, Master, etc)
– Export – New feature allowing
individual file export to Micro SD
card
– Import – New feature allowing
individual file import from Micro
SD card
– Edit – Allows for editing of file
name and optional description
parameters
– Copy – Creates a duplicate of a
selected file
– Delete – Deletes a selected file
File Operations- Export
 When exporting a file, the user must select one of three file types:
1. Binary files include all saved parameter and waveform information and can
be shared between EPOCH 600 units
2. CSV files include parameter data only for viewing in Microsoft Excel
3. XML files contains parameter and waveform data for viewing in external
software programs

 To Export a file:
1. Select Manage > Export
2. Choose the desired file and
press [NEXT GROUP]
3. Select the File Type
4. Press [NEXT GROUP],
then [P1]
File Operations- Import
 The Import menu will display a list of all binary file types stored on the Micro
SD card.
– Only binary files can be imported to the EPOCH 600
 To Import a file:
1. Select Manage > Import
2. Choose the desired file and
press [NEXT GROUP]
3. Press [P1] to create a name
for the imported file
– NOTE: The imported file
cannot have the same
name as a file already
stored on the instrument
4. Press [NEXT GROUP],
then [P1]
File Operations- Import/Export Summary
 The chart below summarizes the different files types for Export/Import
on the EPOCH 600:

Export Includes Includes Importable to


File Parameter Waveform other EPOCH
Type Data? Data? 600 units?

Binary Yes Yes Yes

CSV No No

Yes Screen shots


Viewable in Excel
captured using
only
[2nd F], [F1]

XML No
Yes Yes Viewable in External
Software
File Operations- XML File Export Setup
 To utilize the XML file export function, the user MUST perform a one-time
setup step to import a XML Schema file from the microSD card to the
instrument
– This file allows the instrument to properly format the
XML output
 To import this XML Schema file:
– Save the file E600Schema_101.xml to the microSD
card
– Install the card and turn the instrument ON
– Navigate to the Instr Setup menu and select P5 (Misc)
– Highlight “Copy XML Schema File from External SD
Card”
– Press P1 (Start) to load the file

For more information XML file formatting, contact the flaw detector group
Expanded Datalogger Option
 The onboard datalogger can be enhanced to feature full corrosion style file
types through the Expanded Datalogger Option.
– P/N: EP600-XDATA (U8140150)

 This option includes the following data file types:


– Sequential – 2D EPRI
– Sequential + custom point – 3D Grid
– 2D Grid – Boiler
– 2D Grid + custom point
» For more detailed information on the above file types, refer to the EPOCH 600
user manual.
Expanded Datalogger Option – File Creation
 Once activated, the Expanded Datalogger option allows the user to
create additional file types other than the standard CAL and INC files.
 To create an advanced file:
1. In the File > Create
menu, select Advanced
for the file type
2. Enter the File Name
3. Enter a Description,
Inspector ID, and
Location Note if desired
4. Select Setup and press
[P1] Ok to enter the setup
menu
Expanded Datalogger Option – File Setup
5. In the Create menu, select the desired advanced File Type. Available file
types are listed above the P-keys.
– The example below shows a 2D file setup.

6. Using the Next Group key,


fill in the parameters
displayed with the selected
file type.
7. When finished, select one
of the Create options listed
above the P-keys.
SOFTWARE OPTIONS AND FEATURES
Software Feature
Dynamic DAC/TVG
Dynamic DAC/TVG
The EPOCH 600 includes DAC and TVG capabilities as a
standard feature. The EPOCH 600 includes the following
standard DAC/TVG modes:

 ASME
 ASME-3
 JIS
 Custom
 20-80
Dynamic DAC/TVG Setup
The first step in setting up DAC/TVG is to calibrate the instrument for the
intended material, inspection range and general sensitivity. This
includes:

 Appropriate Pulser and Receiver adjustments (filters, energy, square wave


pulser, etc)

 Calibration for probe delay (zero offset) and material velocity

 Appropriate screen range selection

 Gain adjustment to bring first reference echo to 80% full screen height
Dynamic DAC/TVG Setup

Properly Calibrated EPOCH 600


DAC/TVG Option Activation
To Activate the DAC/TVG Option:
1. In the DAC/TVG menu press [F1]
DAC/TVG

2. Press [P7] to enter the Setup


screen

3. Use the adjustment knob, arrow


keys, or P-keys to select the desired
DAC/TVG mode

4. Press the [ESC] key to return to the


main screen
DAC/TVG Reference Correct
Reference Correction: While inspecting using DAC/TVG, it is common to digitally
compare the height of a reflector to the height of the curve. It is also common to use
scanning gain while inspecting for defects. Scanning gain increases the height of the
echo without changing the level of the curve.

An echo compared to a curve (in % or dB) while using scanning gain will not yield a true
digital comparison. Reference Correction automatically removes scanning gain from the
digital comparison only to allow the inspector to scan with scanning gain while still
making a correct digital comparison between the echo and the curve.

 Use the REF CORRECT control box to turn Reference Correction ON


or OFF
DAC/TVG Curve Type
ASME, ASME-3 and CUSTOM DAC/TVG Modes allow the operator to define the Curve
Type for the DAC curve and Warning Level curves:

 CURVE – Connects the acquired reference points with a curved line which interpolates
the attenuation of sound between each reference reflector.

 STRAIGHT – Connects the acquired reference points with straight line segments.
Acquiring DAC Points
Building a DAC curve on the EPOCH 600 is fast and accurate!

 Capture the reference reflector

 Press [P1] to Add this reflector as


a DAC point

 Move GATE1 to capture the next


reference reflector

 Repeat until curve is built

 Press [P3] Done to finish

NOTE: This DAC point collection is used for all DAC types
DAC/TVG Adjustments
 While building a DAC curve, the EPOCH 600 allows the operator to adjust signal height of
each reference reflector using the AUTO-XX% feature.

 Using AUTO-XX% to acquire each point increases the accuracy of the curve, especially in
longer sound paths or attenuating materials.
– The operator can access AUTO-XX% by pressing [2nd F] [GATES]
DAC/TVG Adjustments
 While building a DAC curve, the operator can make adjustments to the following
gage parameters:
– RANGE
– SCREEN DELAY
– GAIN
– ANGLE
– PART THICKNESS
– OUTER DIAMETER (CSC)

Live Range Adjustment


DAC/TVG Adjustments
 While building a DAC curve, the operator can delete a point that is acquired
incorrectly by pressing [P2] Delete.

Wrong Point Acquired DELETE to Remove


DAC/TVG Inspection
After building or recalling a DAC/TVG curve, inspection adjustments can be made using the
different parameters in DAC/TVG menu on the EPOCH 600.

 These adjustments include:


– DAC GAIN
– GAIN STEP
– CURVE NO
– VIEW
DAC/TVG Inspection
DAC Gain adjustment either raises or lowers the gain of both the echo and the
curve.
 Since DAC codes require that any indication be sized above 20% full
screen height, the usable range of a basic DAC curve is often limited.

 DAC Gain allows an operator to inspect indications that occur at


longer sound paths in a material by simply adjusting the overall gain
to bring the curve and indication higher than 20% FSH.

 Previously, multiple DAC setups would have to be built and stored to


inspect the full range of a test piece.

 GAIN STEP defines the magnitude of the DAC GAIN adjustment


DAC/TVG Inspection
Inspection with DAC at multiple depths/sound path distances:
DAC GAIN = 0.0 dB DAC GAIN = +12.0 dB

Valid Inspection Invalid Inspection Area Valid Inspection


(Over 20% FSH) (Curve Under 20% FSH) (Over 20% FSH)
DAC/TVG Inspection
20-80 DAC mode also allows easy inspection with DAC at multiple
depths/sound path distances:

ASME DAC View 20-80 DAC View


Invalid Inspection Area Valid Inspection
(Curve Under 20% FSH) (Over 20% FSH)
DAC/TVG Inspection
CURVE NO adjustment changes the warning curve which defines the digital comparison
being made between an indication and the DAC/TVG setup.

 Warning Curves allow inspectors to


more accurately size indications
that are relatively larger or smaller
than the main DAC curve.

 Typical warning curves are set at


+/- 6.0dB from the main curve, as
well as -14.0 dB (ASME-3).

 An echo below the main curve that


exactly matches the height of a
-6.0dB warning curve indicates a
flaw ½ the size of the reference
reflector.
DAC/TVG Inspection
VIEW adjustment toggles between the DAC curve view and TVG view.

 TVG (Time Varied Gain) represents


indications from the same sized reflector
at varying depths within a material as a
80% FSH echoes by varying GAIN across
the EPOCH 600’s screen range.

 TVG allows faster flaw scanning by


bringing potential defects to code-
compliant sizing heights without
constant adjustment of DAC GAIN.

 VIEW adjustment allows dynamic


switching from DAC to TVG based on a
single DAC setup, providing the power of
both methods to an operator without
extensive setup time.
DAC/TVG Custom
 Various inspection codes exist in different markets that prescribe the use of DAC and/or TVG for flaw
sizing.

 Within these codes, Warning Curve levels are often defined to meet the code’s sizing requirements.
Examples are:
– ASME – One DAC curve representing the reference reflector height
– ASME-3 – Three DAC curves at Reference, -6.0dB and -14.0dB
– JIS – Positive and Negative curves at every +/-3.0dB
– 20-80 – One DAC curve representing the reference reflector height

 The EPOCH 600 features CUSTOM DAC/TVG Mode, which allows the operator to define up to 3
Warning Curves (in addition to the main Reference curve) from
-24.0dB to +24.0dB from Reference.
Software Option
AWS D1.1/D1.5
AWS D1.1/D1.5
The EPOCH 600 includes AWS weld rating software as an optional
feature. The EPOCH 600 AWS software is intended to assist weld
inspectors performing AWS-compliant inspections.
AWS D1.1/D1.5
The AWS code provides inspectors with a method to classify discontinuities found in welds
using ultrasonic inspection. This code uses the following formula to develop an indication
rating for a reflector found during an inspection:

A–B–C=D

A = Discontinuity Indication Level (dB)


B = Reference Indication Level (dB)
C = Attenuation Factor: 2 x (soundpath in inches – 1 inch) (dB)
D = Indication Rating (dB)

An AWS D1.1 inspector must take the Indication Rating (D) that is calculated based on A, B,
and C to an Ultrasonic Acceptance – Rejection Criteria table produced by the AWS in order
to classify the severity of the discontinuity that has been located.
AWS Setup
The first step in using the AWS weld rating software is to calibrate the instrument
for the intended material, inspection range and general sensitivity. This
includes:

 Appropriate Pulser and Receiver adjustments (filters, energy, square wave pulser, etc)

 Verification of wedge characteristics, such as Beam Index Point and Refracted Angle

 Calibration for probe delay (zero offset) and material velocity

 Appropriate screen range selection

 Sensitivity adjustment from reference


AWS Setup

Properly Calibrated EPOCH 600


AWS Option Activation
To Activate the AWS
D1.1/D1.5 Option:
1. In the DAC/TVG menu press
[F3] AWS

2. Press [P7] to enter the Setup


screen

3. Use the adjustment knob, arrow


keys, or P-keys to turn the option
On or Off
4. Press the [ESC] key to return to
the main screen
5. Press [P3] and enter the value to
be used
for the Ref Level (50% FSH or
higher)
AWS Setup
Once AWS is activated, the user must record
the Reference Gain value.

 Bring the sensitivity reflector from the


calibration block to reference height
– Note: This reference height is the value
entered during setup and will appear
as the AUTO-XX% value above [P6]

 Use the [P1] key to record this gain value as Ref B


(Reference Gain Indication Level)

 Press [P1] to accept this gain value as Ref B

The EPOCH 600 will now automatically rate


all gated echoes with a D value
Software Feature
DGS/AVG
DGS/AVG
The EPOCH 600 now offers on-board DGS/AVG capabilities as a
standard feature. The DGS/AVG software features a comprehensive
library of transducers from both Olympus NDT and competitors.
DGS/AVG Overview
DGS/AVG is a flaw sizing method that compares the height of a reflector to a curve which
represents the expected height of a known defect size at various sound path lengths
within a part. DGS/AVG is similar to the DAC flaw sizing method, but with notable
differences:
 Reference Curve(s) not built point by point using reference reflectors – instead, curve(s)
based on DGS Diagrams which predict the echo response (and attenuation) of multiple
reflector sizes over a particular sound path range in carbon steel.

DGS Diagram
DGS/AVG Overview
 DGS Diagrams are specific to the transducer being used for inspection.

 DGS Diagrams/Curves are based on attenuation in an “ideal” carbon steel.


The operator must make attenuation adjustments based on the inspection
material to accurately predict the true attenuation, especially in the “far
field”

 DGS/AVG Setup only requires ONE reference point to create the required
sizing curve
DGS/AVG Setup
The first step in setting up DGS/AVG is to calibrate the instrument for the
intended material, inspection range and general sensitivity. This
includes:

 Appropriate Pulser and Receiver adjustments (filters, energy, square wave


pulser, etc)

 Calibration for probe delay (zero offset) and material velocity

 Appropriate screen range selection

 Gain adjustment to bring reference echo to 80% full screen height


DGS/AVG Setup

Properly Calibrated EPOCH 600


DGS/AVG Option Activation
To Activate the DGS/AVG
Option:
1. In the DAC/TVG menu press
[F2] DGS/AVG

2. Press [P7] to enter the Setup


screen

3. Use the [NEXT GROUP] key


along with the adjustment knob,
arrow keys, or P-keys to make
adjustments in the DGS/AVG
menu

4. Press the [ESC] key to return to


the main screen
DGS/AVG Parameters
DGS/AVG setup includes up to 10 parameter selections/adjustments before
the operator can begin inspections:

 Probe Type – The operator must select the type of probe used in the inspection (either
Straight Beam, Angle Beam, Dual Probe, or Custom)

 Probe Name – The operator must indicate exactly which probe is to be used in the
inspection (DGS curves are based partially on the response of a specific probe in steel)

 Reflector Type – A single reference reflection is required to build the DGS curve(s) on
the EPOCH 600 – this can be from a Backwall, Flat-Bottom Hole (FBH), Side-Drilled
Hole (SDH), K1/IIW Block Radius*, or K2/DSC Block Radius*

*used only with Angle Beam probe


DGS/AVG Parameters
 Reflector Diameter – When a Reflector Type of SDH or FBH is selected, the operator
must indicate the size of the reference hole.

 Delta VT – Also known as Transfer Correction, Delta VT is a calculated value the


accounts for an overall attenuation difference between a reference/calibration block and
the actual inspection piece (typically caused by surface conditions or subtle material
variation)

 Registration Level – The value of the “critical” reference reflector for the inspection.
This defines the relative height of the DGS curve and the comparison to unknown flaw
reflections for rejection/acceptance criteria.

 Warning Levels – DGS/AVG allows for three Warning Curves in addition to the main
DGS curve. These can be set from +6.0dB to -14.0dB below the main curve, or to 0.0dB
to turn these curves off.
DGS/AVG Parameters
 ACV Specimen – An attenuation compensation value for the inspection piece. This
value is used to adjust the DGS curve, which is based on attenuation in an “ideal” or
“perfect” carbon steel, to reflect accurate attenuation response in a “real-world” test
piece. This is especially important for longer sound paths. The calculation for this
attenuation adjustment is defined in the code EN 583 and other documents.

 ACV Calibration Block – An attenuation compensation value for the calibration block.
This value serves the same purpose as ACV Specimen, but is used when capturing a
reference reflector from the calibration block.

 X-Value – This parameter is only used with Angle Beam probes. This value is the
distance from the Beam Index Point to the front of the angle beam probe/wedge. It is
used to remove this wedge distance from the Surface Distance measurement and allows
operators to locate a flaw on a test piece by measuring from the front of the transducer,
instead of from the Beam Index Point, which can be less accurate or difficult during
inspection.
DGS/AVG Setup

Properly Adjusted DGS/AVG Parameters


*ACV Specimen/Cal Block have not been calculated
DGS/AVG Reference
Once the DGS/AVG parameters have been appropriately adjusted, the
operator must capture the Reference Reflector to complete the DGS/AVG
setup.

 Capture the Reference Reflector


with Gate1

 Use AUTO-80% to bring the


reflector to 80% FSH

 Press [P1] Ref to capture


the Reference Reflector and
build the DGS/AVG curve

 Press [P1] YES to save the


reference value
DGS/AVG Reference
 While acquiring the Reference Reflector, the operator can make adjustments to
the following gage parameters:
– RANGE
– SCREEN DELAY
– GAIN
– ZERO OFFSET
– ANGLE
– PART THICKNESS
– OUTER DIAMETER (CSC)

Live Range Adjustment


DGS/AVG

Completed EPOCH 600 DGS/AVG Curve


DGS/AVG Inspection
After building or recalling a DGS/AVG curve, inspection adjustments can be made
using the different parameters in DGS/AVG menu on the EPOCH 600.

 These adjustments
include:
– Scanning Gain
– DELTA VT
– REG LEVEL
– ACVSPEC

These adjustments (except scanning gain) are the same Transfer Correction,
Registration Level and Attenuation Correction Value (Specimen) values initially set
up in the DGS/AVG menu. All values can be changed during live inspection as
needed.
DGS/AVG Inspection
After building or recalling a DGS/AVG curve, Warning Curve level adjustments can
be made by entering the DGS/AVG Setup menu on the EPOCH 600.
DGS/AVG Inspection
During inspections, the operator can choose to view a variety of digital measurements based on
the gated indication. Specific measurements for DGS/AVG are:

 ERS – Displays the Equivalent


Reflector Size (ERS) of the
gated indication

 % to Curve – Compares the


height of the gated indication
to the DGS/AVG curve in
amplitude %

 Overshoot – Compares the


height of the gated indication
to the DGS/AVG curve in
gain (dB)
Custom DGS/AVG Probes
DGS/AVG allows the operator to import Custom DGS probes. The
GageView Pro PC interface program must be used to create any Custom
DGS Probe. Once created, the user can import this Custom Probe library
via two methods:

 Direct Import – Using GageView Pro, directly connect the EPOCH 600 to the PC and
manage custom probes. See the GageView Pro 5.3.5 (or higher) instructional
PowerPoint for further information
 File Import – Using GageView Pro, create a
Custom DGS Probe library and save to a
CustomProbe.BIN file. Then Import to the
EPOCH 600 using the following steps:
– Save the CustomProbe.BIN file to the
microSD card
– Insert into the EPOCH 600 and turn the
unit ON
– Navigate to the INST SETUP > Misc
menu
– Highlight the import function shown and
press [P1] to Start the import
Software Feature
Template Storage
formerly Spotweld Overlay
Template Storage
Template Storage, previously known as Spotweld Overlay, is an
optional feature on the EPOCH 600. Since the option is functional
for applications other than spotweld inspection it has been given a
more general name.
Template Storage- Overview
 The Template Storage option allows the operator to store reference
templates, or reference echoes similar to Peak Hold, in memory for
comparison to the live A-Scan.
 The operator can call up a reference template on the live screen at
any time by pressing the corresponding P key.
 This allows simple comparisons of known conditions to the live A-
Scan to assist the operator.
 Ordering Information: EP600-TEMPLATE (U8140148)
Template Storage- Option Activation
 To activate the Template Storage option:
1. In the DAC/TVG menu press [F5] Template
2. Press [P7] to enter the Setup screen

The option is turned ON and


OFF using the control here.

The operator can specify if


Gain adjustment should be
active or not – in many
spotweld applications this is
restricted.

The list of template names is


shown here.
Template Storage- Adding Templates
 To add a template:
1. In the Template Name Edit field, press
[P1] Edit to bring up the virtual keyboard
2. Enter the name of the desired template
and press [P2] Add
Template Storage- Adding Templates
 The list of templates is highly flexible, the user can create as many as
required for the application.
– The EPOCH 600 can store up to a maximum of 20 templates
 The first five added templates are the primary templates that will appear
above the P-Keys on the live screen.
– Additional templates are accessible through a menu.

Move Up / Down: Moves the


highlighted template Up /
Down within the list.
Delete: Deletes the
highlighted template.
Del All: Deletes all templates.
Template Storage- Editing Templates
 To edit a template:
1. Select the desired template from the Template
Names box
2. In the Template Name Edit field, press [P1] Edit
to bring up the virtual keyboard
3. Edit the template name and press [P3] Replace
Template Storage Operation- Gain Adjustment
 Gain adjustment is a NEW feature in Template Storage which allows for more
flexibility outside of spotweld inspections
 The GAIN On/Off function allows the user to choose whether live gain
adjustment is possible while the Template Storage option is active.
 Turning Gain Off disables base
and scanning gain access
during inspection, and ensure
that every template in the
current setup can be compared
directly to the live A-scan at a
common reference level.
Template Storage Operation- Gain Adjustment
 Turning Gain On enables SCANNING gain access during inspection. When a
template is saved, the BASE gain is also stored. If the operator recalls a
template for comparison, the live A-scan is AUTOMATICALLY scaled to match
the stored base gain. This forces a valid reference comparison.
 Each template can have a different base gain.
Template Storage Option- Operation
 On the live screen you will see that the Template Storage controls automatically
appear above the P keys.
 Some other parameters are still active. If you make an adjustment then the
Template Storage controls will reappear after 5-10 seconds.
Template Storage Option- Operation
 The first five templates are accessible using the [P1]-[P5] keys.
 The others are accessible by pressing the [P6] key. See screenshots below:
Template Storage Option- Storing Templates
 To store a template there are two methods:
1. For the first (5) templates: Press [2nd F] and the corresponding P-key
2. For all templates: Press [P6], highlight the template, press [P1] Store

 Once a template has been stored, an “*” symbol will appear below the template
name. In the Templates menu, the “*” will display to the right of the template

Saved Templates
Template Storage Option- Activating a Template
 To activate/load a template:
1. For the first (5) templates: Press the corresponding P-key
2. For all templates: Press [P6], highlight the template, press [P2] Load

 For the first (5) templates, once a template has been activated, an “-A-”
symbol will appear below the template name
 For the remaining templates, the currently active template will appear above
[P6] in place of the Templates Menu.
Template Storage Option- Example
 The following slides show an sample set of stored templates for a
spotweld inspection:
– Lower Left: GOOD template stored by pressing [2nd F], [P1].
– Lower Right: WELD2 template stored by entering Template Storage
menu, highlighting WELD2, and pressing [P1].
Template Storage Option- Example
– To display a template you just press the corresponding P-Key or go
to the Template Storage menu, highlight the desired template, and
press [P2] to Load it to the live screen.
– The live A-Scan can be displayed with the template for comparison
as in the screenshot on the lower right.
Template Storage Option
 Additional Information:
– This option can be very useful for spotweld inspection and also for
condition monitoring over time.
– As all of UT testing is in some way a comparative test, Template
Storage can be used in many different applications to compare
known conditions to unknown samples.
– Many users prefer to display the live A-Scan as filled in and the
Template (or envelope) as hollow. This can be done in the Display
Setup > Display Setup menu.
– When you save an ID with Template Storage active the instrument
will save all stored templates with each ID for review.
Software Option
API 5UE
API 5UE
The EPOCH 600 includes API 5UE crack sizing software as an
optional feature. The EPOCH 600 API 5UE software is intended to
aid operators using API Recommended Practice 5UE in the
evaluation of crack height sizing during the pipe fabrication
process.
API 5UE Overview
The API Recommended Practice 5UE was developed specifically for OCTG manufacturers
to inspect and characterize inner-diameter (ID) cracking in newly fabricated pipe. The API
5UE code uses two crack sizing methods to characterize ID cracking: the Amplitude
Comparison Technique (ACT) and the Amplitude-Distance Differential Technique (ADDT).
The software developed for the EPOCH series aids in performing the ADDT method, which
uses the following formula to determine ID crack size:

di = Amax*(T2-T1)*k

di = imperfection size
Amax = Maximum amplitude returned from defect area (usually 80%)
T1 = 6dB drop point from leading peak of Amax (distance or time)
T2 = 6dB drop point from trailing peak of Amax (distance or time)
k = a constant calculated from calibration to a reference notch

An inspector utilizing API 5UE must use the formula above to establish a crack height and
refer to the API code for rejection or acceptance criteria.
API 5UE Setup
The first step in using the API 5UE crack sizing software is to calibrate the
instrument for the intended material, inspection range and general sensitivity.
This includes:

 Appropriate Pulser and Receiver adjustments (filters, energy, square wave pulser, etc)

 Verification of wedge characteristics, such as Beam Index Point and Refracted Angle

 Calibration for probe delay (zero offset) and material velocity

 Appropriate screen range selection

 Sensitivity adjustment from reference


API 5UE Setup

Properly Calibrated EPOCH 600


API 5UE Option Activation
To Activate the API 5UE Option:
1. In the DAC/TVG menu press [F4]
API5UE

2. Press [P7] to enter the Setup


screen

3. Use the adjustment knob, arrow


keys, or P-keys to turn the option
ON

4. Press [NEXT GROUP] and use the


knob or arrows to enter the known
height of the calibration reference
notch in the Ref. Depth box.

5. Press the [ESC] key to return to the


main screen
API 5UE Setup- Peak Envelope
Once API 5UE is activated, the user must collect data from a reference notch to
calibrate for inspections. This can be done using one of two methods:

Peak Envelope Method:


1. Press [PEAK MEM] activate Peak Memory
2. Find the reflection from the calibration notch
and use AUTO-80% to bring this indication
to 80% FSH
3. Adjust GATE1 so that it surrounds the
indication
4. Move the transducer forward and backward
over the notch to draw a peak envelope of
the echo dynamics of the notch
5. Press [P1] to Collect the Amax, T1 and T2
data from the envelope
6. Press [F5] to move from calibration mode to
Inspect mode
API 5UE Setup- Point by Point
Point by Point Method:
1. Find the reflection from the calibration
notch and use AUTO-80% to bring this
indication to 80% FSH
2. Adjust GATE1 so that it surrounds the
indication
3. Press [P1] RefAMax to store the AMax
point, and press [P1] to confirm
4. Move the transducer forward over the
notch until the peak drops to 40% FSH
5. Press [P2] RefT1 to capture the T1
point
API 5UE Setup- Point by Point
Point by Point Method (cont.):
6. Move the transducer backward
over the notch until the peak drops
rises to 80% and then falls back to
40% FSH
7. Press [P3] RefT2 to capture the T2
point
8. Press the [P5] key to complete the
calibration and move to Inspect
mode
9. The operator can always us the
[P6] key to Clear the current
calibration points and start again
API 5UE Inspection
Once API 5UE is calibrated, the user can evaluate a live indication:
 Find the reflection from an unknown crack
height
 Use either Peak Memory or the Point by
Point method to collect values for Amax, T1
and T2 from the unknown indication
 Note: The operator can size an unknown
crack from the same reference gain level
as used for calibration, OR by adjusting
the peak to 80% FSH before collecting
data points
 Once the Amax, T1 and T2 data points are
collected, the instrument shows the correct
di indication height reading as a digital
readout
 Press [P6] to Clear the current collect
points and continue inspecting
 Press [P5] Re-Cal at any point to return to
calibration mode
Software Option
Interface Gate
Interface Gate Applications
 The Interface Gate (IF Gate) software option allows the EPOCH 600 to track
the interface echo from a part that is being inspected using an immersion
technique or captive water column transducer.

 As a part with an irregular front surface moves past a transducer (or vice-
versa) in an immersion tank, the water path between the transducer and part
will vary.

 The IF Gate tracks the echo from the front surface of the part as it moves and
continuously positions it at the zero position on the display.

 This stabilizes the signal on-screen and allows the operator to see the area of
interest – the test piece – rather than the water path.

 Ordering Information: EP600-IG (U8140153)


IF Gate Application- Basic Example

 This highly simplified example shows a


part being inspected in an immersion tank.

 The transducer sends sound


through the water to the part
being tested, producing
an Interface Echo.

 We position the IF Gate over this echo.

 The sound travels through the part and


reflects back producing a backwall echo.
IF Gate Application- Basic Example
 Explanation:
– We are not interested in the water
path for flaw detection.
– Once the IF Gate has been
positioned over the Interface Echo,
select GateIFSetup > GIF Run and
turn ON
– This will lock the Interface Echo to
the zero position on the screen and
allow the range to be expanded.
IF Gate Application- Flaw Detection Example
 The EPOCH 600 is setup for flaw
detection in this example.
Flaw
– IF Gate tracks the front
IF Echo BW
surface Echo

– Gate 1 is the flaw gate


– Gate 2 is the backwall monitor

 The most important measurements


are 1-IF for flaw location and 1% for
flaw sizing.
 2-IF measures total part thickness
and 2% measures backwall echo
amplitude.
 The IF TH measurement measures
the water path.
Interface Gate Activation
 Once the IF Gate option has been licensed, it can be turned ON by
selecting GateIF > Status
Interface Gate Setup
 The IF Gate can be set up using the GateIF Setup menu
– You can enter a velocity for the IF Gate measurement using [P7]
» This is typically the velocity of water for water path measurements
– Once the IF Gate is turned on, Gate 1 will automatically be set up to track
the IF Gate
– Gate 2 tracking settings can be accessed in the Gate Setup, [F3] using the
[P7] key.
Interface Gate Operation
 Once the IF Gate has been turned on, it can be accessed from the live screen
by pressing the GATES key.
 Multiple presses of the GATES key will scroll through the Start, Width, and
Level of all active gates. These values can then be adjusted in coarse or fine
adjustment using the knob or the navigation pad.

G1Start G1Width G1Level G2Start G2Width G2Level GIFStart GIFWidth GIFLevel


.216 .741 17% .989 .568 21% .128 .247 30%
Interface Gate with TVG
 Interface Gate on the EPOCH 600 is fully compatible with TVG
– Common for true immersion inspection setups
– IF Gate must be activated PRIOR to setting TVG
– IF Gate can be in RUN or SETUP mode
– TVG gain curve will track to IF Gate
Interface Gate with TVG- Setup
 To activate TVG, IF Gate must already be turned on
– Select DAC/TVG > DAC/TVG
– Press [P7] Setup, and turn TVG Mode ON
Interface Gate with TVG- Operation
 Press the ESCAPE key to return to the live screen
 TVG Mode will automatically be in G1 Setup
 Select [P5] G1Start to move the gate around the first reference reflector and
adjust the gain to 80% FSH
 Press [P2] to Add this point
 Repeat for all reference reflectors to create a TVG Curve
Interface Gate with TVG- Operation
 Once the TVG Curve is complete, press [P1] and set the TVG Mode to
Inspection
Software Option
Backwall Echo Attenuator
(BEA)
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Overview
 The Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) option allows the operator to apply an
independent gain level to the A-Scan after the Gate 2 start position.

 BEA allows the operator to reduce the amplitude of the backwall echo when
high gain levels are being used to find small flaws.
– The high general gain setting makes internal reflectors easy to see and
the BEA gain setting allows the operator to observe the peak of the
backwall signal for variation.
– Backwall variation could be the result of flaws that scatter sound energy or
reflect sound energy away from the transducer.

 Suppressing the backwall signal can also enhance detection of defects close
to the backwall echo by allowing visibility of the defect and backwall peaks
even when the two signals overlap at the baseline.
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Operation
 The Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) option is activated using the Gate 2
status selection:
– Gate 2 Status selections: Off, On, BEA
– When BEA is selected, the BEA Gain control appears over [P6]
– BEA Gain defaults to be equivalent to the current Base Gain
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Operation
 When BEA is turned ON:
– The operator may adjust the BEA gain independently to suppress the
backwall echo.
– Gate 2 Auto XX% may also be used to position the backwall at a
reference level (i.e. 80%.)
– Measurements and alarm conditions under Gate 2 are based on the
attenuated echo.
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Example
A typical use of BEA is shown below:
1. Bring defect in Gate1 to 80%
– Note that backwall echo signal is saturated
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Example
A typical use of BEA is shown below:
2. Turn BEA to ON
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Example
A typical use of BEA is shown below:
3. Use Gate2 AUTOXX% to decrease gain in Gate2 region to decrease backwall
echo to 80%
Backwall Echo Attenuation (BEA) Notes
 Important information regarding BEA is below. Please note that these
comments may be different than the operation of other EPOCH instruments:

– When BEA is activated, the Gate 2 start position can be adjusted


anywhere on screen, even before Gate 1
– When BEA is activated, the BEA gain region starts at the Gate 2 start
position and ends at the Gate 2 end position
– BEA must be positioned manually by the operator in all modes
– BEA is not compatible with DAC, TVG or DGS
– BEA is not compatible with the Interface Gate option
Questions or Comments?