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CHAPTER 3

THESIS WRITING
Chapter III
Research Methodology

This chapter deals with the procedures


that were employed in conducting the study. It
includes the research design, elements of the
respondents, sampling technique,
instrumentation, Research locale and
statistical treatment of data.
RESEARCH DESIGN
The _________ was used in this study,
because in this method, it is easy to identify
the variables; likewise it is easy to generate
data. This study tried to define
________________.
The study focused at the present
condition. The purpose was to
________________________.
RESEARCH DESIGN
The correlational method was used in
this study, because in this method, it is easy to
identify the variables; likewise it is easy to
generate data. This study tried to define the
association between Classroom Learning
Environment and Students’ Achievement.
The study focused at the present
condition. The purpose was to show how the
classroom learning environment affects the
students’ achievement in their English subject.
Description of the
Respondent
The respondents of the study were the
selected Grade 10 students of Sampaguita
Village National High School.
Population

The subjects of this study were the 180


of Grade 10 students, specifically under the
sections of Banaba, Lauan, and Yakal of
Sampaguita Village National High School
enrolled during the academic year 2015-2016.
Sample and Sampling
Technique
The researchers used the Slovin
Formula to determine the number of the
respondents. Stratified random sampling was
used in this study. This method was done by
first assigning numbers to the participants of
the population assembling them in a sample
frame. The formula for the Slovin is n = N / (1
+ Ne2).
Sample and Sampling
Technique
The computation for finding the sample is as follows:
Where,
N = 180(Total population of Grade 10 students in the sections:
Banaba, Lauan, and Yakal of Sampaguita Village National High
School)
e = 5% (Margin of Error)
n = N / (1 + Ne2)
n = 180 / (1 + 180(0.05)2)
n = 180 / (1 + 180 (0.0025))
n = 180 / (1+ 0.45)
n = 180 / 1.45
n = 124.14
n = 124
Instrumentation

The classroom learning environment


questionnaire was used as the main
instrument of the study. The classroom
learning environment questionnaire is
consisted of 24 items, divided into 8 parts
which are: students’ cohesiveness,
teacher/support, involvement/negotiation,
investigation, task orientation, cooperation,
equity, and emphasis on understanding.
Data Gathering Procedures

In order to conduct the study, the researchers used the following


procedures:
The researchers asked permission from the Principal of
Sampaguita National High School before the administration of the
questionnaires to the target population of the respondents.
The questionnaires were administered to the selected
Grade 10 respondents through the assistance of their specific
English teacher.
After the respondents had answered the
questionnaires, the researchers collected it.
The researchers then get the grades needed to
correlate it to the respondents’ answers on the questionnaire.
Then, the data collected were tallied, analyzed and
validated with the help of a statistician.
Research Locale
The study was conducted in Sampaguita Village National
Highschool. This school was once known as Sampaguita Village Barangay High
School, founded in 1977 through the Barrio High School Charter. It was created
through the efforts of the officers of the homeowners association of Sampaguita
Village through its president Mr. Feliciano Leyson. In 1979, a portion of the open
space in Calendola Village was resolved for the perpetual use of the Sampaguita
Village Barangay High School through a Municipal Resolution.
In 1987, all barangay high schools were nationalized and with it the
school’s supervision was turned-over from the elementary principal to the newly
designated Teacher-in-Charge. Mrs. Consuelo L. Escudero, a math teacher, was
designated Teacher-in-Charge in 1988 and became the first principal in 1995 to
date.
In 2005 an extension of Sampaguita National High School was created
in Adelina I Complex Subdivision in Barangay San Antonio to accommodate
students from far flung areas of San Pedro. The creation of the school’s extension
was made possible through the initiative of Hon. Arturo L. Hatulan, the barangay
captain of Barangay San Antonio with the support of the then municipal mayor
Hon. Felicisimo A. Vierneza and Mrs. Petronila S. Ilustrisimo, the District
Supervisor.
Statistical Treatment of
Data
This study employed statistical tools such as Frequency and
Percentage distribution, Weighted Mean, and Pearson-r to interpret
and analyze the data.
The researchers used the frequency and percentage
distribution to describe the respondents in terms of the age, gender,
section, and their Periodical Grades (1st and 2nd) in their English class.

Formula:
𝑓
𝑷= 100%
𝑁
Where:
P = percentage
f = frequency
N = no. of respondents
Statistical Treatment of
Data
For the statement number 2 and 3, the Mean was also used
to determine the students’ perception on classroom learning
environment.
Formula:
∑𝐗
𝑥ҧ =
𝑁
Where:
ഥ (Sometimes call the X-bar) is the symbol for the
𝒙
mean.
∑(TheGreek letter sigma) is the symbol for
summation.
X is the symbol for the scores.
N is the symbol for the number of scores.
Statistical Treatment of
Data
O The statement number 4 was based on the Grading Scale
(Student Evaluation) of the selected Grade 10 respondents
on their 1st and 2nd grading period A.Y. 2015-2016.
O For the statement number 5, the Pearson r was
employed to determine whether there is an association
between the respondents’ classroom learning environment
and students’ achievement. The formula is:

Formulas:

Pearson r
r =
n(∑xy) - (∑x)(∑y)

√‾[n∑x² -(∑x)²][n∑y² - (∑y)²]