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RIZAL’S SECOND HOMECOMING

(DAPITAN TO BAGUMBAYAN)
ON MAY 1892, RIZAL MADE UP HIS MIND TO RETURN TO
MANILA.
REASONS FOR GOING BACK:
•TO CONFER WITH GOVERNOR DESPUJOL REGARDING HIS
BORNEO COLONIZATION.
•TO ESTABLISH LA LIGA FILIPINA IN MANILA
RIZAL KNEW THAT HIS HOMECOMING IN THE PHILIPPINES
WOULD MEAN DANGER TO HIS LIFE.

BECAUSE HE WAS FORCED TO INDICT TWO LETTERS.


ENTRUSTED TO DR. LORENZO CRUZ, THE LETTERS WILL BE
GIVEN TO HIS PARENTS, BROTHERS, SISTERS, FRIENDS,
AND MOST OF ALL TO HIS BELOVED NATIVE
LAND IF HE WERE ALREADY DEAD.
IN HIS LETTER TO HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS, HE DEVULGED HIS
BELIEF TO DIE FOR A NOBLE DEED.
•On June 26, 1892, Rizal arrived in manila with his sister Lucia.
•In the pier, Spanish soldiers with some of the officers of the civil guards
came to inspect them.
•After the customs inspection, Rizal and his sister were allowed to go.
•He met the governor in the malacañang palace to request for the
postponement of the exile of his father, sisters and his brother in-law.
He was able to convince the governor.
ON JULY 3 1892, HE ORGANIZED THE LA LIGA FILIPINA IN TONDO.
On july 7, Despujol ordered the arrest of rizal and on July 15, he was
deported to dapitan in Mindanao.

Rizal was arrested on several grounds, including founding a society,


publishing books and newspapers that spread rebellious and seditious
ideas to the public. The Spaniards feared that his growing popularity
among the Filipino people would incite a revolution against Spain.
RIZAL’S LIFE IN DAPITAN ( 1892-1896 )
• He established his own house, surrounded with plants, and fruit
bearing trees at the nearby shore.
• He also made a house for his young student boys.
• Devoted all his precious time in treating his patients, Research
study, and in the development of his knowledge in art, literature,
Education, language, and science.
• He also dedicated his time to farming, business activities, civic
projects, as well as exchanging letters with Blumentrit, Joest, Rost,
Meyer, Kheil and with other scientist in Europe.
RIZAL AS A DOCTOR IN DAPITAN:
• Rizal treated his patients no matter how poor he was. He did not ask
payment from poor patients, and instead he had given them free
medicine.
• His mother Dona Teodora and his sister Maria arrived in Dapitan in
August 1893. He treated his mother for the third time.
• Dona Teodora and Maria reside with Rizal in Dapitan for one and a
half year.
RIZAL AS AN ENGINEER IN DAPITAN:
• He was able to establish waterworks system in Dapitan, so that its
Residence could have clean water to drink.
• Mr H.F. Cameron, an American Engineer, praised Rizal for the
wonderful invention.
RIZAL AS A TEACHER IN DAPITAN:
•He established his own school he only accepted boy students
being chosen from well-known families.
•He didn’t ask for payment but instead ask his students to
help them in his projects, farm and garden.
• He taught them reading, writing and languages.
JOSEPHINE BRACKEN’S ROLE IN JOSE RIZAL’S LIFE:
• On february 1895, Josephine bracken came to dapitan to
obtain surgical services for her blind father.
• Rizal and Josephine were lovestruck at first glance.
• Consequently they lived together as husband and wife.
However, the couple did not receive the sacrament of
marriage because Rizal did not renounce his writings and
remarks which he made against the church.
On June 21 1896, while Rizal was still in exile, the Katipunan,
an organization founded by Andres Bonifacio, planned a bloody
revolution against the Spaniards. In order to inform Rizal,
Bonifacio sent an emissary to Dapitan.
He sent Dr. Pio Valenzuela to avoid suspicion by Spanish
authorities, he brought with him a blind man whom he
presented for treatment and he seek for his opinion about the
plan of Katipunan and his escape.
However, both proposals did not merit Rizal’s favor. Rizal
objected to Bonifacio’s bold project stating that such would
be a veritable suicide. Rizal stressed that the Katipunan
leaders should do everything possible to prevent premature
flow of native blood.
On September 3 1896, Rizal boarded the steamer “Isla de
Panay” for Cuba to serve as volunteer physician. By the time
he left the Philippines, Katipunan was already discovered and
the Philippine revolution was already in full swing.
I On September 30 1896, Rizal was arrested and held as
prisoner by the captain of the ship by the order of Spanish
government.
Rizal was suspected to have masterminded the rebellion.
When the ship carrying Rizal docked in Singapore, his friends, Dr.
Antonio Ma. Regidor and Sixto Lopez attempted to rescue him but
failed.
-Mr. Fort, an English lawyer in Singapore.
The dispatched frantic telegrams contains that Mr. Fort should
rescue Rizal from the Spanish steamer when it reached Singapore by a
writ of Habeas Corpus.
• Habeas Corpus- is a writ, or legal action through which a prisoner can be
released from unlawful detention, that is lacking sufficient cause or evidence.
However, Chief Justice Lionel Cox rejected the application because the supreme court
of Singapore recognized non-jurisdiction on the Colon, the Spanish warship carrying
Rizal.
Rizal was then brought back to the Philippines to face
charges of rebellion due to his reported association with the
revolutionary movement.
On December 26, a trial was conducted by the military
court which declared Rizal guilty of forming secret
associations and starting the revolution. The governor-
General sentenced him to death.
On the daybefore his execution, Rizal penned his last thoughts in a
poem “ Last Farewell”.
Jose Rizal was executed by a firing squad on December
30 1896, at 7:00am, in Bagumbayan (now called Rizal Park)
and his remains were buried in an unmarked grave in the
nearby Paco Cemetery.
-END-
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