0 views

Uploaded by kaye

- Chapter5 Diffusion Handouts
- TAURA CHE 405
- Ch-6 Compatibility Mode
- Diffusion of Dopant Impurities
- EMlect8
- GMS.pdf
- Ch 1 Diffusion
- Lecture_8 Steady State Diffusion Equation.ppt
- Nuclear Chemistry Notes
- Feasibility Study - Pressurized Oxy-fuel Approach to Carbon Capture
- Mid_Exam_2007.pdf
- 18Bishop EC (1)
- Lecture_3 Nuclear Fission
- Lecture_7 Fick’s Law.ppt
- Lecture_4 Controlled Fission
- Feasibility Study - Design of an Industrial Park with Low Energy Concumption.pdf
- Lecture_5 Neutron Life Cycle
- Lecture_13 Fuel Depletion.ppt
- Ch 20 Nuclear Math (p14)
- Biodiesel Feasibility

You are on page 1of 16

HW 14

D2O as well as for D2O contaminated with a) 0.25%

and b) 1% H2O.

Comment on the results.

In CANDU systems there is a need for heavy water

upgradors.

Dababneh).

More on Moderators

u slowing down in large mass slowing down in hydrogeneous

number material

u

material

continuous slowing-down model

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 n 0 1 2 3 n

Dababneh).

More on Moderators

E ( A 1) 2 A 1

u ln \ 1 ln

E av 2 A A 1

• The scattering of neutrons is isotropic in the CM

system, thus is independent on neutron energy.

also represents the average increase in lethargy per

collision, i.e. after n collisions the neutron lethargy

will be increased by n units.

• Materials of low mass number is large Fermi

model is inapplicable.

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 (Saed 3

Dababneh).

More on Moderators

Moderator-to-fuel ratio Nm/Nu.

• Ratio leakage a of the moderator f .

• Ratio slowing down time p leakage .

• Water

moderated

reactors, for

example, should

be under

moderated.

• T ratio (why).

Dababneh).

One-Speed Interactions

• Particular general.

Recall:

• Neutrons don’t have a chance to interact with each

other (review test!) Simultaneous beams, different

intensities, same energy:

Ft = t (IA + IB + IC + …) = t (nA + nB + nC + …)v

• In a reactor, if neutrons are moving in all directions

n = nA + nB + nC + …

Rt = t nv = t

Dababneh).

One-Speed Interactions

n( r , )d Neutrons per cm3 at r

whose velocity vector

lies within d about .

n(r ) n(r , )d d

4

• Same argument as before r

dI (r , ) n(r , )vd

dF (r , ) t dI (r , )

R(r ) F (r ) dF (r , ) t vn(r , )d v t n(r ) t (r )

4

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 where (r ) vn(r , )d 6

(Saed Dababneh). 4

Multiple Energy Interactions

• Generalize to include energy

n(r , E , )dEd Neutrons per cm3 at r with energy

interval (E, E+dE) whose velocity

vector lies within d about .

n(r , E )dE n(r , E, )ddE n(r )

4

n(r , E, )ddE

04

R(r , E )dE t ( E )n(r , E )v( E )dE t ( E ) (r , E )dE

R(r ) t ( E ) (r , E )dE

0

Scalar

Thus knowing the material properties t and the neutron flux as a

function of space and energy, we can calculate the interaction rate

throughout the reactor.

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 7

(Saed Dababneh).

Neutron Current

• Similarly RS (r ) S ( E ) (r , E )dE and so on …

0

Scalar

• Redefine dI (r , ) n(r , )vd as dI (r , ) n(r , )v d

(r ) vn(r , )d J vn(r , )d

4 4

Neutron current density

• From larger flux to smaller flux!

• Neutrons are not pushed! J

• More scattering in one direction

than in the other.

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008

J xˆ J x 8

(Saed Dababneh).

Equation of Continuity

Net flow of neutrons per second per unit area normal

to the x direction:

J xˆ J x n(r , )v cos x d

4

In general: J nˆ J n

Equation of Continuity

t

n(r , t )d S (r , t )d a (r ) (r , t )d J (r , t ) nˆdA

A

neutron density rate rate in/out” rate

Source Surface Normal

Volume to A

distribution area

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008

(Saed Dababneh). function bounding 9

Equation of Continuity

3

Using Gauss’ Divergence Theorem B dA Bd r

S V

J (r , t ) nˆdA J (r , t )d

A

t

n(r , t )d S (r , t )d a (r ) (r , t )d J (r , t ) nˆdA

A

1

(r , t ) S (r , t ) a (r ) (r , t ) J (r , t )

v t

Equation of Continuity

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 10

(Saed Dababneh).

Equation of Continuity

For steady state operation

J (r ) a (r ) (r ) S (r ) 0

n(t ) S (t ) a (t )

t

Delayed sources?

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 11

(Saed Dababneh).

Fick’s Law

Assumptions:

1. The medium is infinite.

2. The medium is uniform not (r )

3. There are no neutron sources in the medium.

4. Scattering is isotropic in the lab. coordinate system.

5. The neutron flux is a slowly varying function of

position.

6. The neutron flux is not a function of time.

(Saed Dababneh).

Fick’s Law

Current J x (x) Negative Flux Gradient

Current Jx

• Diffusion: random walk of

an ensemble of particles High flux

from region dC/dx

of high

“concentration” to region of More collisions

small “concentration”.

Low flux

• Flow is proportional to the

negative gradient of the Less collisions

“concentration”.

x x

(Saed Dababneh).

Fick’s Law

z Number of neutrons scattered per

second from d at r and going

through dAz

cos dAz t r

dAz s (r ) e d

r 4r 2

y Removed

(assuming no

s not s (r ) buildup)

x Slowly varying

Isotropic

(Saed Dababneh).

Fick’s Law

(Saed Dababneh).

Fick’s Law

HW 15

2 / 2

s dAz t r

(r )e cos sin drdd

J dAz

4

z

0 0 r 0

J z dAz ?

s

and show that J z J J 2

3t z 0

z z

1

D

3 s

s

and generalize J D D 2 Diffusion

3 t coefficient

of the neutron flux.

Nuclear Reactors, BAU, 1st Semester, 2007-2008 (Saed 16

Dababneh).

- Lecture_8 Steady State Diffusion Equation.pptUploaded bykaye
- Nuclear Chemistry NotesUploaded byJeevani Battula
- Feasibility Study - Pressurized Oxy-fuel Approach to Carbon CaptureUploaded bykaye
- Mid_Exam_2007.pdfUploaded bykaye
- 18Bishop EC (1)Uploaded byAnand Muruganantham
- Lecture_3 Nuclear FissionUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_7 Fick’s Law.pptUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_4 Controlled FissionUploaded bykaye
- Feasibility Study - Design of an Industrial Park with Low Energy Concumption.pdfUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_5 Neutron Life CycleUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_13 Fuel Depletion.pptUploaded bykaye
- Ch 20 Nuclear Math (p14)Uploaded bykaye
- Biodiesel FeasibilityUploaded byAsadullah Baloch
- Lecture_12 Poisoning.pptUploaded bykaye
- Balancing Nuclear ReactionsUploaded bykaye
- Nuclear Power – Need and Future.pptUploaded bykaye
- lec6Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- The Economics of Nuclear PowerUploaded bykaye
- Overview of Neutron Total Cross Sections.pdfUploaded bykaye
- Nuclear Power ReactorsUploaded bykaye
- lec3Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- Boiling Water ReactorUploaded bykaye
- lec8Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- lec1Uploaded bykaye
- AsiaUploaded bykaye
- Energy Balances and CO2 ImplicationsUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_9 Two-Group Neutron Diffusion.pptUploaded bykaye
- Euratom Fp7 Fission Leaflet EnUploaded byAdel Suker
- The Nuclear Fuel CycleUploaded bykaye

- Sony Str Dn1020Uploaded byliviugiurgi
- USB System ArchitectureUploaded byrejila
- Peterson Site Inspection Summary July 20 2017Uploaded byCPR Digital
- Seamless PagingUploaded byshawky_menisy
- women-fm-how-to-become-a-cfm.pddddfUploaded byjopaypagas
- 2018 UPCEA Annual Conference Onsite ProgramUploaded byUPCEA-EDU
- IR Diaphram Wall.xlsUploaded byalfredo
- 34-ST-03-70Uploaded byManoj Kage
- Hr Chennai Sample Count4103Uploaded bykrono123
- NCP1117ST33T3G.pdfUploaded byMarcos
- Analysis of Iris Recognition Based On FAR and FRR Using Hough TransformUploaded byIOSRjournal
- Business Case and Summary 201931 (1)Uploaded by0808276k
- Distributed Software Requirement Specification- An OverviewUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- 2007_Catalog Thermal PadsUploaded bymikelokat
- Agile Metrics: Progress Monitoring of Agile ContractorsUploaded bySoftware Engineering Institute Publications
- Gas-Well-Deliverability-Fetkovich.pdfUploaded byBarbara_LFC
- SERIE TG GERAL ANTERIOR.pdfUploaded byJuarezGeronimo
- 0-30 VDC Stabilized Power Supply With Current Control 0Uploaded byMarioKundit
- Idea.group.publishing.electronic.commerce.in.Small.to.Medium.sized.enterprises.frameworks.issues.and.ImplicationsUploaded bytsakonasfotios
- Princeton Bio Refinery Project Final Report: VolUploaded byapi-3799861
- Popular Mechanics - October 2017Uploaded byEzel Gone
- Zakk Wylde - Farewell BalladUploaded by小戒
- schwalbe_katalog_2017.pdfUploaded byStevo
- Iec61850 Browsable Small Subset of Models 2004-05-02Uploaded bySatay Chilly
- 1040304568-July_CBUploaded byNEMI CHAND SOOD
- Thermal Analysis of a Steady State Heat Exchanger.pdfUploaded bytheo
- Package SurveyUploaded byoctavioascheri
- Flare Pilot System Safety-TechnicalUploaded byParanthaman Viki
- Business Intelligence Analyst G9Uploaded by12313aoy
- Witrack2 PaperUploaded byAmit Dost