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DEFINITION OF DIABTES

MELLITUS
BY: JEFFERSON
8D
https://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs138/en/

DEEFINITION 1

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease caused by inherited and/or acquired defiency in


Production of insulin by the pancreas or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced

There are two principle forms of diabetes:


 Type 1: Diabetes (formerly known as insulin-dependent) in which the pancreas fails
to produce the insulin which is essential for survival.
 Type 2: diabetes (formerly named non-insulin-dependent) which results from the
body's inability to respond properly to the action of insulin produced by the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common and accounts for around 90% of all diabetes
cases worldwide.
CONTINUE DEFINITION 1
Genetics marker are proven increasing the risk of diabetes type 1. Type 2 diabetes is
strongly familial, but it is only recently that some genes have been consistently associated
with increased risk for Type 2 diabetes in certain populations. Both types of diabetes are
complex diseases caused by mutations in more than one gene, as well as by environmental
factors.
https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/diabetes-mellitus.html

DEFINITION 2
Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a condition that occurs
when the body can't use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main
source of energy for the body's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are
controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin
helps glucose enter the cells.

In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the
body can't respond normally to the insulin that is made (type 2 diabetes). This
causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased
urination, extreme thirst, and unexplained weight loss.
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/27/suppl_1/s5

DEFINITION 3
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia
resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic
hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction,
and failure of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels.
PICT. OF DEFINITION
https://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/diabetes_mellitus/treatment.html

TREATMENTS 1: DIETARY MANAGEMENT AND


PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, INSULIN THERAPY
Modifying eating habits and increasing physical activity are typically the first steps toward
reducing blood sugar levels. Patients on hospitals should be given an information about
Foods and how to diet the correct one.

People with type 1 diabetes require multiple insulin injections each day to maintain
safe insulin levels. Insulin is often required to treat type 2 diabetes too. Using an insulin
pump is an alternative to injections. The pump is about the size of a pager and is usually
worn on your belt.
https://www.diabetes.org.uk/diabetes-the-basics/diabetes-treatments

TREATMENTS 2: INSULIN PUMPS, TABLETS AND


MEDICATION
Using an insulin pump can be a good alternative to injecting with an insulin pen.
It can give you more flexibility when managing your diabetes.

If you have Type 2 diabetes you may need medication to help manage your blood
sugar levels. The most common tablet is metformin, but there are lots of different types.
TREATMENT 3: SELF MONITORING OF BLOOD
GLUCOSE
For patients with type 1 and patients with insulin dependent type 2, self monitoring
Of blood glucose allows patients to prevent hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. The
Website recommend that patients with type 1 self monitor their glucose:
 Before eating
 At bedtime
 Before exercise
 If hypoglycemia is suspected
 Until hypoglycemia corrected
 And before daily activities [Ex. Driving]
PICTURE OF THE TREATMENTS