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SYSTEM MAINTENANCE

Regular testing and inspection of the fire alarm system is essential to


ensure that it is operating correctly. The system with its microprocessor
can stored up to 1000 event memory log of occurrence and action on
the system. This feature helps the key personnel to inspect the
panels and implement an action plan to investigate the reason for the
fault and a repair/correction program.

Cooper Fire Systems recommends the following minimum regular tests


and inspections:

DAILY
 Check that the panel indicates normal operation. If not, record any fault
indicated in the event log and report the fault to a responsible person.
 Check that the fault recorded for the previous day has received attention.
WEEKLY
 Operate a manual callpoint or smoke detector to ensure the system
operates properly. Each week a different detector should be checked.
 Check that the sounders have operated and then rest the system.
 Check the battery connections.
 Complete the event log, with details of date, time, trigger device tested
and enter “Routine Weekly Test” the “Action Required” and reported to a
responsible person.
QUARTERLY
 Check entries in the log book and take any necessary action.
 Examine the batteries and their connections.
 Operate a manual callpoint or smoke detector to ensure the system
operates properly, checking that all sounders are operating.
 Check that all functions of the alarm control panel operate by simulating
fault conditions.
 Visually check that structural alterations have not been made that could
have an effect on the sitting of detectors and other trigger devices.
 Complete the event log with details of date, time, trigger device tested
and “Quarterly Test” in the event section. Any defects or alterations to
equipment should also be entered.
ANNUALLY
 Carry out an inspection as detailed for the quarterly inspection.
 Every detector should be tested.
 All cable fittings and equipment should be checked to ensure that
they are secure and undamaged.

ROUTINE DETECTOR TESTING

All detectors must be tested following installation or routine service


and maintenance. It is recommended that these tests are carried out
by a competent person. Authorized personnel must be informed that the
fire system will be temporarily out of service before commencing testing.
To prevent unwanted alarms, ensure that the panel is in test mode
and it may be appropriate to disable some or all of the sounder circuits.
When all tests are complete, restore panel to normal operation and
notify authorized personnel that the system is operational.
Smoke Detectors
 Subject the detector to be tested to a controlled amount of an
approved synthetic smoke aerosol.
 Check that the red LED on the detector latches into alarm within 30 sec.
 Ensure that the panel activates into alarm.
 Reset the detector from the control panel unless automatically reset
by the panel in test mode.
Heat Detectors
 Using a heat gun or hair dryer capable of generating temperatures of
up to 950 C, direct the heat source towards the heat sensing elements,
visible through the side of the outer cover, from a distance of 15 to 30 cm.
care should be taken not to allow the plastic surface temperature to
exceed 1100C otherwise damage may occur.

 When the temperature reaches the “Alarm Temperature”, check that


the red LED on the detector latches into alarm.
 Ensure that the control panel activates into alarm.
 Reset the detector from the control panel unless automatically reset
by the panel in test mode.
ROUTINE DETECTOR MAINTENCE

Only minimal maintenance can be performed on this range of detectors


as they do not contain any site serviceable parts. The frequency of
maintenance and will depend on the environment to which the detector is
exposed but should be at least annually. Dusty or damp environments will
demand more frequent maintenance.

DETECTOR MANUAL CLEANING PROCEDURE:


 Remove the detector from its mounting base.
 Use a vacuum cleaner to remove dust build up from around the smoke
entry apertures of a smoke detector, or from around the heat sensing element
of a heat detector.
 For smoke detectors, visually inspect the insect mesh for blockages.
If these can not be cleared by vacuuming, the detector must be replaced.
 Re-fit detector to its mounting base and test as described above.
 Detectors that fail the testing procedure must be replaced.
TOOLS NEEDED:
 Small flat blade screwdriver
 Small soft-bristled artist’s paint brush
 Denatured alcohol
 Clean dry compressed air

NOTE : Use only lint-free materials when cleaning the chamber of the
photoelectric smoke detector. Use of fibrous material may result in
false alarm.
MINOR TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS / CONTROL PANEL INDICATOR

LED Name Function Action

1 Power On Shows Panel is On Check Indicator is


Illuminated
2 Fire Indicators Panel has Detected a Fire Implement Fire Action
Procedure
3 General Fault Monitors Devices for Faults e.g. Report to System
Smoke Detectors/ Sounders Supervisor
4 Charge Fault Monitors Internal Battery Charger Report Fault to Service
Department
5 Sys tem Fault Monitor Fire Panel for Faults Report Fault to Service
Department
6 Sounder Fault Monitors Sounder Circuits Report Fault to Service
Department
7 System Disable Part of the System has been Disabled Report to System
Supervisor
8 System Test Supervisor/Engineer is Testing the Check with System
System Supervisor
9 Delayed Output Indicates delay has been programmed System Supervisor
on System Device
Problem Possible Cause/Solution

Ground fault A wire on one of the initiating or indicating circuits or loop is touching ground.
Disconnect the wires or each loop at a time until the ground fault goes away.
The problem will be on that wire
Fault at Address Detector low analogue value fault. If the detector shows analogue value of 1
the detector may need replacing or cleaning. Device is missing.

Open Circuit If the fault is short circuit middle or an open circuit on the loop the check auto-
config function is used. This is in the supervisor level on the others section of
the display. When this function is used the panel will go round the loop from
the start until it cannot communicate with a device it will then show an open
circuit at an address, this will help locate a short/open circuit in the middle of a
loop.
Charger Fault This will show if the charge current is too low. Possible causes for this are: -
The charger fuse has blow.
The batteries are disconnected.
The batteries are damaged.
Battery Fault This will show if the charge voltage is too low. Measure the float voltage at the
battery terminals, it should be around 26V depending on how charged the
batteries are. This could be low if the batteries are damaged, replacing the
batteries should clear the fault.

Mains Fault If this is the only fault on the panel the LCD back light will be off.
Touch the top left of the screen to light the screen. The panel will only run on
batteries for one day. When the mains returns the panel will need resetting to
clear this fault. If the fault returns after a reset check the mains input.