Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

SEMINAR PRESENTATION ON

ELETRICITY GENERATION USING


THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR - TEG

SUBMITTED TO :- SUBMITTED BY :-
Mr. Uttam Gupta Sahil Saini
Mr. Rajat Singh (15EE035)
(School of Electrical and Power Engg.)
CONTENTS
 Abstract
 Introduction
 Thermo Electric Generators
 TEGs Working
 Advantages & Disadvantages
 Applications
 Proposed Model
 Conclusion
ABSTRACT
Generating machines of electricity, using combustion
engines and generate a great amount of residual thermal
energy from the exhaust gases. This residual thermal
energy can be converted into usable electricity using
thermoelectric generator (TEG), which are manufactured
cells with semiconductor materials employing the
Seebeck effect.
INTRODUCTION
Thermal energy that comes from exhaust gases from
electrical generators can be used to generate
electrical energy through thermoelectric generators –
TEG, improving their efficiency.

 Need to use the wasted energy.


 Increased interest in renewable energy.
TEGS- THERMO ELECTRIC GENERATORS

 Solid state device.


 Devices that convert temperature differences into
electrical energy.
 Basic principle-

• SEEBECK EFFECT
SEEBECK EFFECT
 When the junctions of two different metals are
maintained at different temperature, the emf is produced
in the circuit. The Magnitude of voltage generated is
proportional to temperature difference.
CONSTRUCTION
 Thermoelectric materials
 Thermoelectric pairs
TEGS WORKING
 The simplest TEG consist of thermocouple of n
type and p type elements connected electrically in
series and thermally in parallel.
 Heat is input from one side and rejected from
other side.
 A voltage will be generated across
Thermocouple.
 The magnitude of the voltage is proportional to
the temperature gradient.
ADVANTAGES
 Waste Heat – Electricity.
 Available 24 hours a day.
 No noise and low maintenance.
 High Reliability.
 Stabilize temperature of devices.
 Increase operation life under all environments.
 Performance output highly scalable.
 Space requirement is only 1/20th of a solar cell.
 Maximum energy recovery.
DISADVANTAGES

 Low efficiency.
 High cost.

 High output resistance.

 The generation of energy only when a difference


of temperature is applied.
APPLICATIONS

Bike LED Lighting Thermoelectric stove

Phone
Industrial
Charger
Waste Heat
PROPOSED MODEL
 Heat from electric generator exhaust gases is
transmitted by conduction to the hot side of the
TEG
 Hexagon format stainless steel apparatus.

• Each side has 2 TEG.


• Total 12 TEGs.
 Cooling system to stabilize the temperature.
(A) TOP VIEW OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE APPARATUS TEG;
(B) SIDE VIEW OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE APPARATUS TEG
Cooling
system and
exhaust
gas
apparatus
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT IN THE
APPARATUS

 Three operating cases :


Case I: operating generator and unloaded with 20 minutes
of operation;
Case II: operating generator 2 minutes with 17 A load;
Case III: operating the generator 5 minutes with a load of
47 A.
FUTURE SCOPE

 Will play a key role in the smart cities of the


future.
 Work is being carried out on thermoelectric
energy generator that is affordable for common
man.
CONCLUSION
 TEG to supply low power electronics (milli
watts).
 Waste heat conversion to useful energy beneficial
to present energy crisis.
 Numerous advantages over disadvantages.

 Development in future will lead to interesting


applications.