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Family Preparedness Tips – FOR ALL HAZARDS

What should families do to


prepare for any hazard?
Family Preparedness Tips – FOR ALL HAZARDS

 Securely anchor weak houses

 Store drinking water in containers

 Turn off main electricity switch and


gas valve, and lock house before
evacuating
(except for earthquake where there is often no
time to do such)

 Prepare and don’t forget to bring


”Go Bag”

 Ensure that all family members


know the meeting or pick up point
for them
Family Preparedness Tips – FOR ALL HAZARDS

 Know the hazard prone and risk areas in


your community, and be prepared to avoid
or adapt to hazardous situations

 Learn about early warnings in your


community, participate in emergency
drills, know the nearest evacuation
centers

 Comply with regulations and ordinances


such as land use and solid waste
management

 Ensure stability of appliances and


furnitures both inside and outside your
home.
Family Preparedness Tips – FOR ALL HAZARDS

 Follow hazard resistant construction


design and materials in building your house

 Participate in discussions about risk maps


with your local government and other
community members

 Be responsible for the safety of your


families by heeding warnings and
preparing your survival kits

 Get involved with the disaster risk


management programs of your Barangay
Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
Committee (BDRRMC)
Go Bag (Keep in Drinking Water
waterproof and  (At least to sustain the
portable container) family for 2 days)
Canned goods, can opener,
multi-purpose knife,
newspapers
Clothes for at least 2 days
sleeping mats, blanket,
mosquito nets
Battery-operated radio
Go Bag (Keep in Flashlight and extra
waterproof and batteries
portable container) Braided rope (at least 7
meters long)
Lighter and matches
Gloves, boots
Whistle
Trash bag
First aid kit
alcohol, antiseptics, bandages, Go Bag
absorbed cotton, gauze, masks, (Keep in
adhesive plasters, medicines for
waterproof and
common illnesses, tweezers
Toiletries
portable
sanitary napkins, adult diapers, container)
soap, tissue paper shampoo,
toothbrush, toothpaste
Maintenance medicines
heart and high blood pressure
medication; insulin; prescription
drugs; denture needs; contact
lens and supplies; extra eye
glasses
Important family
documents
Go Bag
birth certificate, marriage, (Keep in waterproof
death certificate, and portable
immunization records, social
security cards, health cards, container)
insurance policies
passports, will, contract
deeds, stocks and bonds,
bank account numbers,
credit card account
numbers and companies
Cash, Pen and Paper
Important telephone
numbers
Go Bag (Dedicated Needs)

 Books
 Diapers
 School Supplies
 Medicines
 Toys
 Milk bottles*

*Note: Breast feeding is best for babies and


highly encouraged in evacuation centers. It
is also safer and more economical. Ensuring
the availability of wet nurses is likewise
encouraged.
Go Bag (Dedicated Needs)

important medicines

assistive devices such


as wheelchairs,
hearing aids, crutches
etc.

Ask yourselves how


you can continue
meeting these after a
disaster
 Move household
belongings to
upper levels

 Get livestock to
higher ground
PREPARE YOUR HOME,
SCHOOL, AND WORK PLACE:
 Strap or bolt heavy furniture /
cabinets to the walls

 Check the stability of hanging


objects like ceiling fans and
chandeliers

 Breakable items, harmful


chemicals and flammable materials
should be stored properly in the
lowermost secured shelves

 Familiarize yourself
with the exit routes

 Know where fire


extinguishers, first
aid kits, alarms and
communication
facilities are
located. Learn how
to use them
beforehand
Prepare a “GO” bag

Conduct and participate


in regular drill
IF LIVING IN SLOPING OR
MOUNTAINOUS AREA:
 Check for history of landslide in the area

 Learn the signs of imminent landslide (


cracks in the soil and infrastructure,
inclined trees, water springs out of
previously dry areas, etc.)

 Consult MGB if area is safe from landslide

 Be vigilant when incessant rains and


earthquake occur
IF LIVING IN TSUNAMI-PRONE AREA:
 Conduct community-level awareness
about earthquakes and tsunamis
focused on natural signs of an
approaching tsunami, warning and
evacuation procedure

 Pre-determine high ground in your


area and identify routes to get there.
Put up signages.
INITIAL CHECKLIST FOR TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS (1)

 Do members of your community know the basic information


about earthquakes and tsunami?

Does your community have organized efforts based on:


 (a)Community needs?
 (b)Resources immediately available to help?

 Does your community have hazard maps to guide in your


preparedness efforts?

 Does your community have evacuation maps and plan to guide in


preparedness efforts?

Are members of the community involved in tsunami


preparedness…
 (a)To educate everyone about evacuation scheme?
 (b)To inform everyone with things they can do to increase
community safety

Source: Developing tsunami prepared community. DOST-PHIVOLCS


INITIAL CHECKLIST FOR TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS (2)
 Does your community conduct tsunami drills?
 Is there an established community-based tsunami warning
system?
 Is there a long-term development plan where tsunami risk
reduction measures are incorporated?
 Is there a plan on how to sustain the efforts in the long-
term?
Are members of the community involved in tsunami
preparedness…
 (a)To educate everyone about evacuation scheme?
 (b)To inform everyone with things they can do to
increase community safety

Source: Developing tsunami prepared community. DOST-PHIVOLCS