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# Prepared by

J. John Shiny
Assistant Professor,
Information Technology,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering
 Once engineers complete their initial design,
they begin to create solutions via
 Analyze Designs
 Choose Solutions
 Communicating Solutions
 Usage of Engineering Drawings for further
design of their ideas
 Appropriate drawing ensure that designs
must be clear to managers, fellow team
members and customers
 Created to communicate their products that
will be manufactured
standards-ANSI

Classified into
1. Detailed drawings
2. Assembly Drawings
3. Schematic Drawings
1. Detailed Drawings
 Exact shape and size of an object with
dimensions
 Similar to architecture diagram of a project
2. Assembly Drawings
 How different parts fit together to create the entire
object
 Exploded view drawings
 Show the relationship between objects
 Ex: Guide to Assemble and dissemble the parts of a car
3. Schematic Drawings
 Entire system
 How different parts are connected together to form a system
 How parts of a system work together
 Standard symbols
 Helpful in diagnosing a system problems
 Ex: Flow of electricity between different parts of the circuit
1.Orthographic Drawings
 Multiple views to describe the shape and size of
an object
 Developed as a rough sketch used to show the overall
view of the object
 Created using orthographic projection
 Visualization –ability to mentally see a representation of a
product
 Classified into one view, two view and three view
1.1 One-view Drawings
 Flat pieces
 Top view
1.2 Two-view Drawings
 Cylindrical objects and objects with round shape
 Front and bottom or top view
1.3 Three-view Drawings
 Rectangular objects
 Front, top and side view
2.Pictorial Drawings
 Similar to a direct view of an object
 Used by people who do not understand
orthographic drawings
 Classified into Isometric, Oblique, Perspective
drawings
2.1 Isometric Drawings
 Drawn using standard angles
 Dimensions must be accurate

## 2.2 Oblique Drawings

 Highlight one side of the drawing
 Front view

## 2.3 Perspective Drawings

 Simulate what the eye sees if looking at the object
 Vanishing point- spot at which receding lines converge
1.Symbols
 Symbols are used to represent different entities
in drawing
 Properties of a specific object
 ANSI and ISO standards
2.Line types
 Highlight different parts of design
 Construction Line
 Layout the drawing
 Reference points- removed finally
 Object Line _______
 Outline and edges of the object
 Hidden Line ----------
 Show parts of the drawing that are hidden from sight
of view
 Center Line __ _ __ _
 Show the center point of an object
 Border Line ________
 Create a border around the edges of the paper
3.Scale
 Drawing may be drawn at full scale(1:1) i.e all lines
on the paper are identical to the size of actual
product
 Twice size of an actual object (2:1)
 One quarter size of an actual object(1:4)
 Depending on the size of the object and amount of
space on the paper
4.Dimensioning
 Describe the size of the object and the Location
of different features in the design
 Two different types of lines
 Extension lines
 Drawn every near edge of the object
 Dimension lines
 Drawn between extension lines and have arrows at
the end of each line
 Three types of dimensions
4.1 Size Dimensions
Describe the length, width and depth of
an object
4.2 Location Dimensions
 Show the distance between two different features
 Length from the edge of an object to the center of a feature
4.3 Shape Dimensions
of features
 Show angles between different
features of the object
 Dimensions should not be placed inside an
object
 It should be placed between views
 The location and size of all circles and arcs
must be shown
 Drawing Elements
 Nomenclature
 Drafting Practices
 Types of Drawing
 Drawing Revisions
 Design References, Standards, and
Specification
 The communication of solutions is important
to make clear design
 Working Drawings
 Drawing classification
 Standard symbols
 Line types
 Dimensioning
 Industry Guidelines