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TP ALI

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Transport Processes

Presentation Topic

Problem 2.B-4
Dr. Hassan Javed Naqvi
&
M.Sc Class (Session 2012)
Presented To:
Dr. Hassan Javed Naqvi
Nawazish Ali (2012-MS-CH-52)
& Nawaz (2012-MS-CH-36)
Mudassir

M.Sc Class( Session 2012)


Presented By:
Presented To:
University OF Engineering & Technology
 Nawazish Ali
(2012-MS-CH-52)

 Mudassir Nawaz
(2012-MS-CH-36)

 Faisal Rasheed
(2012-MS-CH-39)
Problem Statement

Laminar slit flow with a moving wall


“Plane Couette Flow”). Extend Problem
B3 by allowing the wall at x=B , to move in
the positive z direction at steady speed V0.
Obtain:
(a) the shear-stress distribution and
(b) the velocity distribution.
• Draw carefully labelled sketches of these
functions.
Couette flow refers to the laminar
flow ofPlane Coutte
viscous fluid inFlow
the space between
two parallel plates,one of which is
moving relative to the other. The flow is
driven by virtue of viscous drag force
acting on the fluid and the applied
pressure gradient parallel to the plates.
This type of flow is named in honor of
Maurice Marie Alfred Couette.
Diagram (3D View)
Fluid IN

y Length of shell
x

z
L

2B

Width of shell
Thickness
of Shell Fluid OUT
Differential Element

x Z=0

Δx

Z=L

2B
Profiles Δx
x

Velocity Profile

2B
APPLICATIONS
• flows in bearings
• flows in particle separators
• flows in rotational viscosity meters
• flow of foodstaff in rotating heat
exchangers used in food industry
ASSUMPTIONS
• Since B<<W. So, Side effects are
unimportant
• ℓ&μ are constants
• Newtonian fluid
• Laminar flow
• Incompressible fluid
• Steady State Flow
Rate of z-momentum IN
across surface at x:
( LW )(xz ) | x (i)

Area of Slit Shear Stress

Rate of z-momentum OUT


across surface at x+Δx:
( LW )(xz ) | x  x (ii)
Rate of z-momentum IN
across surface at z=0 : (WxVz )( Vz ) | z  0 (iii)

Rate of z-momentum OUT (WxVz )( Vz ) | z  L (iv)


across surface at z=L :

Pressure Forces at z=0 : po (Wx) (v)

Pressure Forces at z=L :  pL (Wx) (vi)

Gravity force acting in LWxg (vii)


z-direction on slit shell:
Rate of Rate of Sum of All forces
Momentum IN Momentum OUT

=0

Accumulation 1
Putting values of i,ii,iii…vii in Equation 1, we get:
[(LW )(xz ) | x  (WxVz )(Vz ) | z  0]  [(LW )(xz ) | x  x
 (WxVz )(Vz ) | z  L]  ( LWxg )  [ po(Wx)  pL(Wx)]

[(LW )(xz ) | x  (WxVz )(Vz ) | z  0]  [(LW )(xz ) | x  x


 (WxVz )(Vz ) | z  L]  ( LWxg )  [( po  pL)(Wx)]

Vz | z  0
 And Flow area is constt.
Vz | z  L
Rearranging, we get:

[[(LW )(xz ) | x  x  ( LW )(xz ) | x  ( LWxg )  [( po  pL )(Wx)]

 xz | x  x  (xz ) | x   ( po  pL) 


Lim   g   
x  0
 x   L 

d  po  ( pL  gL) 
(xz )   
dx  L

d 0 L 
(xz )   
dx  L 
0 L 
d (xz )   dx
 L 

Integrating b/sides
0 L 
 d (xz ) 
 
 L 
dx

0 L 
xz    x  C1
 L 

 dVz 
Substituting Newton’s Law in Eq. xz    
 dx 
 dVz  0 L 
    x  C1
 dx   L 

 dVz  0 L  C1


  x 
 dx    L  

Integrating Both Sides

0 L 
 
C1
dVz    x.dx  dx
  L  

   x 2
C1
Vz     x  C2
0 L

 L  2  
Using
Boundary Conditions
B.C#1:
At x = -B
Vz = 0
0 L  C1
0   ( B) 
2
( B)  C 2
 2L  

0 L  2 C1 B
0   ( B )   C2
 2L  
Using
Boundary Conditions
B.C#2:
At x=B
Vz = V0
0 L  2 C1B
V 0   ( B )   C2
 2L  

0 L  2 C1 B
V 0   ( B )   C2
 2L  
Adding Equation 4 & 5

0 L  2 C1 B
0   ( B )   C2
 2L  
0 L  2 C1 B
V 0   ( B )   C2
 2L  

0 L  2
V0   2  B  2C 2
 2L 
Finding C2 , from Equation 3
0 L  2
V0   2  B  2C 2
 2L 
Re-arranging to find C2, we get
V 0 0 L  B
2

C2    
2  L  2

Putting value of C2 in Eq A

0 L  2 C1B V 0 0 L  B


2

0   ( B )    
 2L   2  L  2
C1B
V0
0 
 2
V 0
Re-arranging , we get: C1  
2B
V 0
C1  
2B
V 0 0 L  B
2

C2    
2  L  2

Putting value of C1 & C2 in Equation A

0 L  x 2 C1
Vz     x  C2
 L  2  
0 L  x V 0 x V 0 0 L  B
2 2

Vz       
 L  2 2 B 2  L  2

0 L  x 2 0 L  B V 0 V 0 x


2

Vz       
 L  2  L  2 2 2 B

0 L  2 0 L  2 V 0 V 0 x


Vz    B  x  
 2L   2L  2 2B

Taking Common, we get:

0 L  2  x 2  V 0  x
Vz    B 1  2   1  B 
 2L   B  2
0 L  2  x  V 0 2
 x
Vz    B 1  2   1 
 B 
 2L   B  2
Putting Value of C1 in Equation 2

   V 
  x 
0 L 0
xz

 L  2B