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D.

C STARTER
SUBMITTED BY
Rasananda Behera
Regd No: F16015002042
Electrical Engineering
6TH Semester

GUIDED BY
Mr. Bibhuprasad Swain
DC STARTER

DC STARTER

3-POINT ST 4-POINT ST
ARTER ARTER
3-POINT STARTER
Diagram
• It has three terminals L, F and A
• The starter consists of starting resistance divided i
nto several sections and connected in series with
the armature.
• The three terminals L, F and A of the starter are c
onnected respectively to the positive line termina
l, shunt field terminal and armature terminal.
• The other terminals of the armature and shunt fie
ld windings are connected to the negative termin
al of the supply.
Operation
• To start with, the d.c. supply is switched on with handle i
n the OFF position.
• The handle is now moved clockwise to the first stud. As s
oon as it comes in contact with the first stud, the shunt fi
eld winding is directly connected across the supply, while
the whole starting resistance is inserted in series with the
armature circuit
• As the handle is gradually moved over to the final stud, t
he starting resistance is cut out of the armature circuit in
steps. The handle is now held magnetically by the no-volt
release coil(NVR) which is energized by shunt field
current.
• If the supply voltage is suddenly interrupted the no-volt
release coil(NVC) is demagnetized and the handle goes back to
the OFF position under the pull of the spring. If no-volt release
coil were not used, then in case of failure of supply, the handle
would remain on the final stud. If then supply is restored, the m
otor will be directly connected across the supply, resulting in an
excessive armature current.
• If the motor is over-loaded (or a fault occurs), it will dra
w excessive current from the supply. This current will increase t
he ampere-turns of the over-load release coil and pull the arma
ture C, thus short-circuiting the no-volt release coil. The no-vol
t coil is demagnetized and the handle is pulled to the OFF positi
on by the spring. Thus, the motor is automatically disconnecte
d from the supply.
Drawbacks of 3 point starter
• In a three-point starter, the no-volt release coil is
connected in series with the shunt field circuit so
that it carries the shunt field current. While exerci
sing speed control through field regulator, the fiel
d current may be weakened to such an extent tha
t the no-volt release coil may not be able to keep
the starter arm in the ON position.

• This drawback is overcome in the four point start


er.
4-POINT STARTER
• only difference between a three-point starter
and a four-point starter is the manner in whic
h no-volt release coil is connected.
• However, the working of the two starters is th
e same. It may be noted that the three-point
starter also provides protection against an ope
n-field circuit. This protection is not provided
by the four-point starter.