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06.

April 2006 Security Level:

LiteFME Solution

Convergent Future for Integrated Operators


(Fixed & Mobile & Data)
www.huawei.com
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
Page 1
Co., CO.,
Ltd. LTD. HUAWEI
HUAWEI Confidential
Confidential
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
Contents

Overview

Service Solution

SMS Solution

Highlight Service

Configuration Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 2


What is LiteFME?

Lite (Light, means low cost) Fixed Mobile Experience

LiteFME is a light and agile solution for providing convergent


access (fixed and mobile,TDM and IP) and convergent services
with the unified core network and service platform.

LiteFME is evolved from the traditional NGN+ CDMA WLL network


solution. In LiteFME, SoftX3000 is utilized as the unified core
node. It manages the CDMA wireless users who access through
CDMA RAC and other fixed user. For SoftX3000,the wireless user is
also common user like fixed user part. So the wireless users can
obtain not only mobile services but also convergent services
experiences.,

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 3


LiteFME Solution
UC Server SCP SMSC
Unified Bss and
Oss System Convergent Service Platform

Billing SMPP
System IP SMS
SIP GW
One Network SIP
Management IP DCN SIP

N2000 NMS ALL IP Bearer and consolidated


Control
MRS MediaX Call Server
AAA
PSTN No.7
IP backbone
SG
HA
No.7 UMG PDSN
PLMN SIP
UMG
A10/
V5 A+
A11

Fixed RAC
Access
BRAS Network CDMA 1x/EV DO
internet

UA5000
Versatile Access IAD
MA5600T
BTS
BTS

Video Phone SIP Phone Telephone UC Terminal PC IP Super MS


Market

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 4


Overview

Cost saving
Mobile Network

HLR
BOSS
BSS OSS
Fixed Network
Converged Network

SHLR
CRM …
SMSC W-NMS NMS SIP-AS
VMS
=
WIN AAA

LiteFME
AAA FIN MMS

Money making
MSCe
Call Server

MGW MGW UMG UMG


IP Core

PSTN
PLMN

BTS BSC RACe MSAN

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 5


LiteFME Network
 The whole network is divided into four sections:
 1、NGN core network, centered by SoftX3000
 The major network elements include SoftX3000, media gateways UMG8900, SG, MRS, and
so on. SoftX3000 is responsible for the call control and management functions on packet-based
network of voice, multimedia services. In LiteFME solution, SoftX3000 is also responsible for the
unified management of the fixed and mobile users, and the user's correlative roaming, text
messaging and other mobile services. SoftX3000 is the core of whole solution.
 2、 CDMA WLL and fixed access network
In LiteFME, the CDMA wireless device can comes from traditional CDMA WLL (only Huawei) by
upgrade and reconstruction and adapt 450 Mhz/800Mhz radio frequency. CDMA network
elements include RAC (Radio access controller), base station BTS, and CDMA terminals.
 3、 Short messaging platform and service platform
SMS Gateway (SMS GW) and Short Message Service Center (SMSC) provide LiteFME short
message service. Service platform (AS, SCP) provide a rich integration of value-added services.
 4、N2000 network management, operational support and billing system
Provided a fixed and mobile convergent OSS system.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 6


LiteFME Feature
• Compared to the traditional NGN + CDMA WLL network, there are the LiteFME
specific technical characteristics as follows:

• CDMA base side system access SoftX3000 network side by A+ interface. And SoftX3000
can manage both fixed and mobile users. Only one set of core network system can
provide both fixed and mobile services capabilities at same time with cost saving.
• Just need one set of core network and business platform, mobile users and fixed users
can share the convergent services such as Centrex, Upath, IN services, etc. The mobile
users also can use the supplementary and additional services.

• Roaming capabilities of CDMA mobile users in different RAC and different SoftX3000.
• A unified short message center is for the entire network.

• N2000 manages fixed and wireless devices.

• The consolidated service provisioning processes for SoftX3000. Compared to the


traditional NGN+ CDMA WLL, LiteFME only need to open an account in SoftX3000, and
no longer need to open multiple accounts on both SoftX3000 and RAC.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 7


Contents
Overview

Service Solution

SMS Solution

Highlight Service

Configuration Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 8


Basic concept of LiteFME :1
 RAC: Radio Access Controller, A device is responsible for the control,
management of BTS (through Abis interface), establishment and removal of call
connections, power control. It provides A + interface to access SoftX3000 system.
 BTS: controlled by the RAC/BSC, is wireless transceiver equipment in a service
area. BTS interconnects the mobile station (MS) with air interface.
 VDB: to provide a simplified VLR (Visit user Location Register) equipment
features and serve the mobile users in the region of VDB controlled. It stores the
relevant information of the registered mobile users and establish call with
necessary conditions. In LiteFME, VDB function module is in RAC.
 HDB: provide a simplified HLR (Home user Location Register) equipment function,
all mobile users of important data are stored in the HLR including user
identification number, visit capability, the user types and supplementary services,
etc. HLR also store some home dynamic data of roaming mobile users. In
LiteFME, HDB function module is in SoftX3000.
 IMSI: The IMSI is stored in the SIM card of the MS and is the unique identifier of
a mobile terminal in the entire network. With this globally unique identifier, the
network can find the service data, including the corresponding Location Directory
Number (LDN), the services authority of the subscriber, and the account, of the
IMSI irrespective of to which area the mobile terminal roams.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 9


Basic concept of LiteFME :2
 Home Softswitch and Visited Softswitch: Though wireless subscribers can roam in areas covered
by different softswitches, a wireless subscriber is homed to one softswitch which stores all the
service information of the subscriber, such as the binding relationship between the LDN and the
IMSI, call authority, and new service authority. This softswitch is the home softswitch of the
subscriber. When a subscriber roams to the area covered by another softswitch rather than the
home softswitch, that softswitch is the current visited softswitch. The visited softswitch, according
to the IMSI, finds the home softswitch and obtains the service data of the subscriber.
 LDN and Roaming Number: The LDN is the service number allocated to the mobile terminal when
the subscriber opens an account. It forms one-to-one relation with the IMSI. The service number
is the number publicized, which is similar to the directory number (DN) in the legacy fixed
network. The roaming number is a new concept brought in to the fixed network in the LiteFME
solution. When a mobile terminal roams to an area covered by a RAC, the softswitch to which
the RAC is homed allocates a roaming number to the subscriber temporarily, so as to find the
geographic position of the called party in the network.
 A+ Signaling:The design of A+ signaling refers to the concept of A interface between MSC and
BSC in GSM mobile network. A+ signaling comes from the reconstruction to V5 signaling and
implements mobility management, the circuit assignment, SMS features.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 10
LiteFME Service Procedure-Registration

IMSI LDN Roaming status Roaming Number Device port

B C
A

SoftX3000
SoftX3000
SoftX3000
IP Core

UMG1 UMG3
UMG2

RAC1 RAC2 RAC4


RAC3

BTS 1 BTS2 BTS4


BTS3

User A
User A is homed to SX-A. When user A moves to other cell area, MS will send
location registration to network. SoftX300s interconnect each other with SIP TG.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 11


Registration
Registration: When a mobile terminal is powered on or roams to a new
service area, the mobile terminal automatically sends a registration message
to the network. The registration procedure is as follows: The network
authenticates the mobile terminal. If the authentication is successful, the
visited softswitch dynamically allocates a roaming number and a physical
port, adds a temporary record, and instructs the home softswitch to update
the subscriber status. Registration is the most fundamental and complicated
service of the LiteFME core network service solution. Other services,
especially roaming services, are based on registration.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 12


Home Location Registration
1. Assume subscriber A has never IMSI LDN Roaming flag Roaming Number Physical Port
roamed to another area. The MS of
…… …… …… …… ……
subscriber A is powered off. The
roaming user list of SX-A has a 4444000111 88880001 OFF NULL NULL
record as follows:
…… …… …… …… ……

Other softswitches do not have the information of subscriber A.


2. When subscriber A powers on the MS, the MS, through the base transceiver station (BTS) of the
current service area, sends a Registration Message, the most important part of which is the IMSI, to
RAC1. After receiving the registration message, RAC1 sends a REGNOT message containing the
IMSI of the terminal and interface ID list to SX-A through the A+ interface.
3. After receiving the REGNOT, SX-A finds, based on the IMSI number segment, that the subscriber is
homed to the local softswitch and has never roamed before. Then, SX-A changes the roaming flag in
the roaming user list to NOT and dynamically allocates a physical port (interface ID + sub-address
(10+222001 in this example) to the subscriber. The roaming user list after being updated is as follows:

IMSI LDN 漫游状态 漫游号码 物理端口

4444000111 88880001 NOT NULL 10+222001

SX-A returns a REGNOT_ACK message to RAC1 and notifies RAC1 of interface ID+ sub-address.
4.After receiving the REGNOT_ACK, RAC1 records the mapping relation between interface ID +
sub-address and the BTS geographic position of the service area to which the terminal is homed and
sends a response indicating successful registration to the terminal.

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Roaming Between Areas Covered by Home
SoftSwitch
1. Subscriber A roams from the service area of BTS1 to the service area of BTS2. The
terminal, through BTS2, automatically sends a Registration Message to RAC2. After
receiving the Registration Message, RAC2 sends a REGNOT message containing the IMSI
of the terminal and interface ID list to SX-A through the A+ interface.
2. After receiving the REGNOT, SX-A finds, based on the IMSI number segment, that the
subscriber is homed to the local softswitch and has never roamed before, but the position
changes. Then, SX-A dynamically allocates a new physical port (interface ID + sub-address,
20+1120001 in this example) to the subscriber. The roaming user list after being updated is
as follows:

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Physical Port


Number

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 NOT NULL 20+112001

…… …… …… …… ……

SX-A returns a REGNOT_ACK message to RAC2 and notifies RAC2 of interface ID + sub-address.
1. After receiving the REGNOT_ACK, RAC2 records the mapping relation between interface ID +
sub-address and the BTS geographic position of the service area to which the terminal is homed
and sends a response indicating successful registration to the terminal.

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Roaming out of Home SoftSwitch and
Registering with Visited SoftSwitch
1. Subscriber A roams from the service area of BTS2 to the service area of BTS3. The terminal,
through BTS3, automatically sends a registration message to RAC3. After receiving the
registration message, RAC3 sends a REGNOT message containing the IMSI of the terminal
and interface ID list to SX-B through the A+ interface.
2. After receiving the REGNOT, SX-B finds, based on the IMSI number segment, that the
subscriber is not homed to the local softswitch, so SX-B adds a record with the roaming flag
set to IN in the roaming user list. Then, SX-B dynamically allocates a roaming number and
physical port (interface ID + sub-address) to the subscriber. (Note that the roaming DN is a
number segment that can be dynamically allocated.) The newly-added record in the roaming
user list is as follows:

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 NULL IN 777111 10+123401

…… …… …… …… ……

3. Through the extended SIP message, SX-B sends a location registration message to SX-A.
The message contains the IMSI and the roaming number 777111. (The number 777111 is
only an example. When deployed, the number format is country code + area code + LDN.)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 15


Roaming out of Home SoftSwitch and
Registering with Visited SoftSwitch
4. SX-A, based on the IMSI, obtains the corresponding record in the roaming user list and finds
that the subscriber has never roamed before and is allocated with the physical port resource in the
format of interface ID + sub-address. Then, SX-A releases the sub-address resource and sends the
REGCANC message containing the IMSI to RAC2. RAC2 then releases the involved resources.
SX-A updates the roaming user list. It sets the roaming number to 777111 and roaming flag to
OUT. The roaming user list of SX-A after being updated is as follows:

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Physical Port


Number

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 OUT 777111 NULL

…… …… …… …… ……

5. SX-A sends a SIP- REGNOT message indicating successful registration to SX-B. The message
contains the IMSI, LDN, subscriber subscription data, authentication data, and roaming restriction data.
6. SX-B returns a REGNOT_ACK message to RAC3. The message contains the IMSI, interface ID + sub-
address, subscriber subscription data, authentication data, and roaming restriction data.
7. RAC3 records the subscriber subscription data, authentication data, and roaming restriction data, and
then sends the registration result to the MS.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 16


Registration After Roaming Back to Home Location
1. The scenario of subscriber A roaming from BTS4 to BTS3 is similar to that described in section
4.2.4 "Roaming Between Visited Softswitches." Subscriber A roams from the service area of
BTS3 to the service area of BTS2. The terminal, through BTS2, automatically sends a
registration message to RAC2. After receiving the registration message, RAC2 sends a
REGNOT message containing the IMSI of the terminal and interface ID list to SX-A through
the A+ interface.
2. SX-A, based on the IMSI, finds that the subscriber is homed to the local softswitch and has
roamed out before. Then, SX-A sends a location cancellation message through the SIP
message containing the IMSI and the roaming number (based on which the call is routed to
SX-B) to SX-B. SX-B then releases the involved resources allocated to subscriber A,
including resources of RAC3, and then deletes the following record in the roaming user list: :

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 NULL IN 777112 10+111001

…… …… …… …… ……

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 17


Registration After Roaming Back to Home Location

3. SX-A updates the corresponding record in the roaming user list. It sets the roaming flag to NOT and
dynamically allocates a physical port resource to the subscriber in the format of interface ID + sub-address.

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 NOT NULL 20+100666

…… …… …… …… ……

4. SX-A returns a REGNOT_ACK message to RAC2. The message contains the IMSI, interface ID + sub-
address, subscriber subscription data, authentication data, and roaming restriction data.
5. RAC2 records the subscriber subscription data, authentication data, and roaming restriction data, and
then sends the registration result to the MS.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18


Basic Call Service- Calls Between Non-Roaming
Subscribers Connected to One Softswitch

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Calls Between Non-Roaming Subscribers
Connected to One Softswitch
As shown in the figure of last page, subscribers A and B are homed to the same SoftX3000. Neither of
them is roaming. They are located in different service areas and registered successfully. The roaming
user list of SX-A stores the following records:

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 NOT NULL 10+100666

4444111777 28560888 NOT NULL 10+100777

…… …… …… …… ……

When subscriber A calls subscriber B,


1) The terminal of subscriber A sends a call initial message to the RAC. The message contains the IMSI of subscriber A and
the LDN of the called party (subscriber B).
2) The RAC sends an ESTABLISH message to SX-A through the A+ interface. The message contains the IMSI of subscriber
A and the LDN of the called party.
3) SX-A queries the service database, and finds, based on the IMSI, that the calling party is homed to SX-A and is in NOT
status. It obtains the LDN and other attributes of the calling party by querying the roaming user list.
4) Based on the LDN of the called party, SX-A queries the roaming user list and obtains the IMSI of the called party, based
on which SX-A finds that the called party is homed to SX-A and is in NOT status. SX-A then queries the roaming user list to
obtain interface ID + sub-address of the called party.
5) SX-A, based on the interface ID, locates the RAC to which the called party belongs and sends an ESTABLISH message
to the RAC.
6) The RAC, based on interface ID + sub-address, locates the BTS to which the called party belongs. The BTS pages the
called terminal.

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Calls Between Non-Roaming Subscribers Connected
to Different Softswitch

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 21


Calls Between Non-Roaming Subscribers Connected
to Different Softswitch
As shown in the above Figure, subscriber A is homed to SX-A and subscriber B is homed to SX-B. Neither of them is
roaming. The roaming user list of SX-A stores the following record:
IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 NOT NULL 10+100666

The roaming user list of SX-B stores the following record:


IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444111777 28560888 NOT NULL 10+100777

When subscriber A calls subscriber B,


1) The terminal of subscriber A sends a call initial message to RAC1. The message contains the
IMSI of subscriber A and the LDN of the called party. RAC2 sends an ESTABLISH message to SX-A
through the A+ interface. The message contains the IMSI of subscriber A 2) and the LDN of the called
party.
2) SX-A queries the service database, and finds, based on the IMSI, that the calling party is homed
to SX-A and is in NOT status. It obtains the LDN and other attributes of the calling party by querying the
roaming user list.
3) SX-A, based on the LDN of the called party, routes the call to SX-B through a SIP trunk.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 22


Calls Between Non-Roaming Subscribers Connected
to Different Softswitch

Notes:
Technical points:
Any switching node in the network can, based on the LDN of a WLL subscriber, route calls to
the home softswitch of the WLL subscriber.

4) Based on the LDN of the called party, SX-B finds that the called party is homed to SX-B and
is in NOT status. SX-B obtains interface ID + sub-address of the called party.
5) SX-B, based on the interface ID, locates RAC2 to which the called party belongs and sends
an ESTABLISH message to RAC2.
6) RAC2, based on interface ID + sub-address, locates BTS2 to which the called party belongs.
BTS2 pages the called terminal.
7) SX-A and SX-B, through a series of signaling interaction including media negotiation,
establish the VoIP session. The blue line in Figure 4-3 indicates the media path.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 23


Roaming Call
Procedure

As shown in Figure, subscriber A with the LDN 88880001 is homed to SX-A and roaming to SX-B. SX-B with the LDN
28560888 is homed to SX-B and roaming to SX-C. The roaming user list of SX-A stores the following record:

IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444000111 88880001 OUT 777222 NULL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 24


Roaming Call
Procedure
The roaming user list of SX-B
stores the following record: IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port

…… …… …… …… ……

4444111777 28560888 OUT 777333 NULL

4444000111 NULL IN 777222 10+111222

The roaming user list of SX-C


IMSI LDN Roaming Flag Roaming Number Physical Port
stores the following record:
…… …… …… …… ……

4444111777 28560888 IN 777333 10+555777

For better understanding, the procedure of the call between subscriber A and subscriber B is divided into two
stages: calling call establishment and called call establishment.
Calling call establishment stage (corresponding to red lines 1, 2, and 3 in above Figure)
1) The terminal of subscriber A sends a call initial message to RAC2. The message contains the IMSI of
subscriber A and the LDN of the called party. RAC2 sends an ESTABLISH message to SX-B through the A+
interface. The message contains the IMSI of subscriber A and the LDN of the called party.
2) Based on the IMSI, SX-B finds that the calling party is not homed to SX-B. After querying the roaming user
list, SX-B finds that the calling party is in IN status and finds the home softswitch (SX-A) based on the IMSI. Then,
SX-B routes the call to SX-A through a SIP trunk, which is as shown in red line 3. The INVITE message contains the
IMSI of the calling party and the LDN of the called party.
3) After receiving the INVITE message, SX-A finds, based on the IMSI, that the calling party is homed to SX-A
and is in OUT status. The calling call is established.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 25


Roaming Call
Procedure

 Called call establishment stage (corresponding to red lines 4, 5, 6 and 7 in above Figure)

 1) SX-A, based on the LDN of the called party, routes the call to SX-B (as shown in red line 4 in
above Figure).This shows the home service provisioning principle of the LiteFME solution.
 2) After receiving the INVITE message, SX-B finds that the subscriber is homed to SX-B and is
in OUT status based on the LDN. Then, it routes the call to SX-C based on the roaming number
777333. The INVITE message contains the roaming number of the called party.
 3) Based on the roaming number, SX-C finds that subscriber B is in IN status and locates the
terminal of the called party based on interface ID + sub-address.
 4) SX-A, SX-B, and SX-C, through a series of signaling interaction including media negotiation,
establish the VoIP session. The blue line in Figure 4-4 indicates the media path. The media path is
not alternative.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 26


Supplementary Service Call Procedure
• Home Softswitch function:
• Process supplementary service.
• Judge the user’s right of calling and
service
• Indicate number collection and voice
announcement.
• Control MRF to provide
announcement resource.

Visited RAC function:


• Basic call control.
• Report terminal events hand on, hand up, flash, the dialed
number, etc.

Core Principle: All additional service is completely handled on user’s home


Softswitch.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 27


Supplementary Service Call Procedure
Suppose the User-B has established the call, and he has the right of
Call Transfer. The call procedure is as the following:

1)User-B reports the hook pressing event to SX-A.

2)SX-A detects the hook pressing event and query the user type. The
user-B is judged as not local user but roaming-in user, so SX-A
sends the hook pressing event to home Softswitch SX-B with SIP
message.

3)SX-B triggers the procedure of Call Transfer according configuration


and sends digitmap and number collection to SX-A.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 28


IN Call Procedure of Roaming
Subscribers

SCP A SCP B

INAP INAP 3
5 4

SIP
SX B
SX A
2

6
UMG
A+
UMG A+

RAC
1 RAC

UserB UserA
BTS BTS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 29


IN Call Procedure of Roaming Subscribers
As shown in the above Figure , suppose subscriber A subscribes to the caller prepaid
service on SCP-A and subscriber B subscribes to the called CRBT service on SCP-B.
When subscriber B calls subscriber A,
1) The call is sent to SX-A first.
2) SX-A finds that the calling party is a roaming-in subscriber and, based on the roaming
number, routes the call to the home softswitch of the calling party (SX-B).
3) SX-B triggers the caller party prepaid service of subscriber B based on the data
configuration.
4) After the caller party service is processed, SX-B routes the call to the home softswitch of
the called party, that is, SX-A.
5) SX-A triggers the called party service.
6) After the called party service is processed, SX-A, based on the roaming number, routes
the call to visited softswitch of the called party (SX-B) and establishes the VoIP session.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 30


Dual-Homing Networking
SIP

SX-A SX-B

UMG-A UMG-B

RAC1 RAC2

BTS1
BTS2

User A User B

The LiteFME dual-homing solution can perfectly avoid the risks of single
point failure and improve system reliability.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 31


Dual-Homing Switchover Mechanism

SIP

SX-A SX-B

UMG-A UMG-B

RAC2
RAC1

As shown in the above figure, if SX-A is faulty, the heartbeat between SX-A and the gateway,
as well as the heartbeat between SX-A and SX-B, is interrupted. SX-B, which is the mutual-aid
softswitch of SX-A, activates the mutual-aid function. UMG-A automatically registers with SX-B,
so that SX-B takes over the services of SX-A.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 32


Contents

Overview

Service Solution

SMS Solution

Highlight Service

Configuration Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 33


LiteFME SMS solution Topology

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SMS solution Key point
• A+ interface is used for SMS between RAC and SX.

• SX interconnects IP SMS GW with SIP

• IP SMS GW interconnects SMSC (short message center)with SMPP.

• RAC and SX transfer the user part of SMS transparently.

• Each SX interconnect the exclusive IP SMS GW for entire network.

• IP SMSC GW is a SMS gateway. It is responsible for encoding or


decoding the user part of SMS and translating SIP into SMPP or SMPP
into SIP.

• A IP SMS GW can interconnect multiple SX, but each SX can sense


only one IP SMS GW and one SMSC.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 35


Submit Flow
SMSC

1. The RAC receives a short message from a subscriber


through the air interface. Then, the RAC sends the short
SMPP message through the V5 channel, including the IMSI of the
IP SMS subscriber.
GW
2. The SoftX3000 checks the subscriber location based on
the IMSI. If the subscriber is a local subscriber, the
SoftX3000 authenticates the subscriber and sends the short
SIP SIP
message to the IP SMS GW through the SIP interface.
Home SIP Visited
SoftX 3000 SoftX 3000 3. If a subscriber is a roaming subscriber, the SoftX3000
queries the home SoftX3000 of the subscriber based on the
IMSI of the subscriber and then roams the short message
A+ A+ A+ A+ through SIP to the home SoftX3000. Then, the home
SoftX3000 sends the short message to the IP SMS GW
through IP.

4. The IP SMS GW decodes the short message, packetizes it


RAC RAC RAC RAC in the SMPP format, and then sends it to the SMSC.

5. After receiving the short message, the SMSC performs


subsequent processing (including charging, resending,
authentication, and routing) and then places the short
MS
message in the sending queue.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 36


Deliver Flow
SMSC

1. The SMSC obtains the short message from the sending


queue and sends it to the IP SMS GW through SMPP based
SMPP on the destination address.
IP SMS
GW 2. The IP SMS GW resolves the short message in the SMPP
format and determines the home SoftX3000 based on the
called number. Then, the IP SMS GW converts the short
message into the CDMA format and sends it to the home
SIP SIP
SoftX3000 through SIP: MESSAGE.
Visited
Home SIP SoftX 3000
SoftX 3000 3. The SoftX3000 obtains the called number and
authenticates it. After the authentication is passed, the
SoftX3000 checks whether the called number is a roaming
A+ A+ A+ A+ number. If the called number is not a roaming number, the
SoftX300 sends the short message to the RAC through the
V5 channel.

4. If the called number is a roaming number, the SoftX3000


RAC RAC RAC RAC finds the roaming area based on the called number and sends
the short message to the SoftX3000 of the roaming area
through SIP. Then, the SoftX3000 of the roaming area sends
the short message to the RAC.

5. After receiving the short message, the RAC sends the


MS short message to the callee through the air interface.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 37


Failure Processing
SMSC

1. If sending the short message fails, for example, because


the terminal of the callee is switched off or the callee is out
Alert of the service area, the SoftX3000 returns to the SMSC a
IP SMS message indicating that sending the short message fails. At
GW the same time, the SoftX3000 records the flag that indicates
the subscriber fails to receive the short message.
Alert
2. The SMSC keeps the short message that cannot be sent.
SIP
Thus, the SMSC can scan the system at a specific interval to
Home SIP Visited check whether the short message can be re-sent.
SoftX 3000 SoftX 3000
3. When the SoftX3000 learns that the state of the subscriber
is changed from “unavailable” to “switched on” and the flag
A+ A+ A+ A+ that indicates the subscriber fails to receive the short
message is True, the SoftX3000 sends an Alert message to
the SMSC, asking the SMSC to send the short message
again.

RAC RAC RAC RAC

MS MS MS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 38


Short Message Between WLL Subscribers and SIP
Subscribers -Submit Flow
SMSC
1. A SIP subscriber sends a short message through SIP:
Message. (The XML coding is completed on the SIP
terminal.) The message body contains Content-Type:
SMPP
text/xml.
IP SMS
GW 2. The SoftX3000 transparently transmits SIP: Message to
the SMS GW.
SIP(XML)
SIP(XML or CDMA) 3. The SMS GW identifies the xml and decodes it. Then, the
SMS GW sends the short message in the SMPP format to the
SMSC.
UC SoftX 3000
Server 4. A WLL subscriber sends a short message in the CDMA
SMS format to the RAC through the air interface.
Va(CDMA) SIP(XML)
5. The RAC transparently transmits the user party of the
short message to the SoftX3000 through the Va interface.

6. The SoftX3000 transparently transmits the user part of the


RAC short message to the SMS GW. The message body contains
SIP UE Content-Type: application/cdma.sms-tl.

UC Client UC Client 7. The SMSC identifies cdma.sms and decodes it. Then, the
SMS GW sends the short message in the SMPP format to the
MS SMSC.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 39


Short Message Between WLL Subscribers and SIP
Subscribers -Deliver Flow
SMSC

1. The SMSC obtains the short message from the sending


queue and finds the type of the destination subscriber (the
SMPP
subscriber number is allocated based on the number segment
IP SMS or in a random manner). Then, the SMSC sends the type to
GW the IP SMS GW through SMPP.

2. The IP SMS GW resolves the short message in the SMPP


SIP(XML)
SIP(XML or CDMA) format and determines the home SoftX3000 based on the
called number. Then, the IP SMS GW converts the short
message into the CDMA format or the XML format based
UC SoftX 3000 on the type of the destination subscriber, and sends it the
Server home SoftX3000 through SIP:MESSAG.

Va(CDMA) SIP(XML) 3. The home SoftX3000 obtains the called number. If the
callee is a SIP subscriber, the home SoftX3000 transparently
transmits SIP: message to the callee.

4. If the callee is a WLL subscriber, the home SoftX3000


RAC
transparently transmits the Body to the RAC.
SIP UE
5. After receiving the short message, the RAC sends it to the
UC Client UC Client callee through the air interface.

MS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 40


Short Message Between WLL Subscribers and SIP Subscribers
-Number allocation Based on the Number Segment
SMSC
WLL subscriber
segment:
3000~3999 1. If WLL subscribers belong to an
SMPP
independent number segment, the number
IP SMS segment can be configured on the SMSC so
GW
that the type of a destination subscriber can
be identified.
SIP(XML or CDMA)
2. After the SMSC identifies the type of a
SoftX 3000 destination subscriber, it sends the type to the
IP SMS GW through SMPP.
Va(CDMA) SIP(XML)

RAC
SIP UE
4006

MS
3008

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 41


Short Message Between WLL Subscribers and SIP Subscribers
-Number Allocation in a Random Manner
SMSC
WLL Subscriber Customer service center
Number:3001,
3008,4002,
SMPP
1. If WLL subscribers (including SIP
IP SMS subscribers) whose numbers are allocated in
GW
a random manner exist on the carrier’s
network, these WLL subscribers must be
SIP(XML或CDMA) registered on the SMSC so that the SMSC
can identifies the type of a destination
SoftX 3000 BOSS interface subscriber. The MSSC supports a maximum
of 5 million subscribers whose numbers are
Va(CDMA) SIP(XML) allocated in a random manner.

2. After the SMSC identifies the type of a


destination subscriber, it sends the type to the
RAC IP SMS GW through SMPP.
SIP UE
3009

MS
3008

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 42


Multiple SoftX3000s: Number Allocation Based on the
Number Segment
SMSC

SMPP
1. The IP SMS GW can connect to multiple
IP SMS
GW SoftX3000s. When the IP SMS GW receives
a Deliver message, it must select a route
4XXX based on the called number.
3XXX

2. If WLL subscribers belong to an


SoftX 3000 SoftX 3000
independent number segment, the route to the
home Soft3000 can be configured on the IP
Va(CDMA) Va(CDMA) Va(CDMA) SMS GW for the number segment.

RAC RAC RAC

MS MS MS
4001 3001 3002

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 43


Multiple SoftX3000s: Number Allocation in a Random
Manner
SMSC Customer
WLL subscribers Service
with office center 1. The IP SMS GW can connect to multiple
numbers: 3001,
SMPP
0755,3008,020, SoftX3000s. When the IP SMS GW receives
4002,020 IP SMS a Deliver message, it must select a route
GW based on the called number.
BOSS interface
0755 020 2. If subscribers whose numbers are allocated
in a random manner exist on the carrier’s
SoftX 3000 SoftX 3000 network, these subscribers must be registered
0755 020 on the SMSC and the office number of the
home SoftX3000 must be provided.
Va(CDMA) Va(CDMA) Va(CDMA)

3. The SMSC sends the office number of the


home SoftX3000 of a destination subscriber
RAC RAC RAC to the IP SMS GW through SMPP.

4. The route to the home SoftX3000 can be


configured on the IP SMS GW for the office
MS MS MS number.
3001 3008 4002

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 44


SMSC Networking

SMSC SMSC

SMSC

The SoftX3000 connects to the SMSC


by way of the IP SMS GW. For the
SoftX3000, the IP SMS GW serves as
the SMSC.
IP SMS
GW The IP SMS GW connects to only one
SMCS. The load sharing is
implemented by the SMCS for short
messages.
SoftX 3000 SoftX 3000 The IP SMS GW can connect multiple
SoftX3000s and can route to different
SoftX3000s based on the destination
number.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 45


Interworking Between SMSC Networks
Two interworking modes are available:
Interworking through the short message gateway InfoX
The Infox can serve as an interworking gateway for different short message
networks. For example, the short message network of China Mobile can
interwork with that of China Unicom.
Through the Infox,
gateway ofsubscribers Subscribers
Interworking SMSCof
of China Mobile can exchange short messages with
China Mobile of China
China Mobile
Mobile
subscribers of China Unicom. The following figure shows the interworking
between SMSC networks through the Infox.
Subscribers
Interworking gateway of SMSC of
of China
China Unicom China Unicom
Unicom

Note: The continuous line indicates direction connection; the


broken line indicats indirect connection

Interworking through mobile signaling


In some areas outside China, there is no interworking gateway for short messages. In this case,
the interworking through mobile signaling can be used.
SMSC(O)----USAU----STP----GMSC(T)----SMSC(T);
Charging settlement is performed between the local MC and the peer GMSC (or MC).

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 46


Contents

Overview

Service Solution

SMS Solution

Highlight Service

Configuration Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 47


Mobile Centrex Network
SMSC

SMPP

SMS GW

U-PATH
SIP SIP

SIP
SoftX3000 SoftX3000
IP Core

AG
UMG
AG
A+ UMG A+

RAC RAC

6001 BTS BTS 8001 8002 8003


6002 6003

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 48


Mobile Centrex

Besides the traditional fixed Centrex service is inherited by LiteFME,


there are two highlights:
Mobile Centrex: Wherever the wireless user locates in, the region of
home softswitch or the visited softswitch, she or he can always enjoy
the Centrex service. The service experience is not affected by user
roaming factors.
U-PATH:The wireless user is local user of softswitch, which is similar
with other type of local user. So U-path can manage the wireless
user service even if the user has moved to other softswitch region.
This service capability also depend on the core principle: All
additional service is completely handled on home Softswitch.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 49


Contents

Overview

Service Solution

SMS Solution

Highlight Service

Configuration Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 50


ADD HDB Database function

Add HDB Database function


ADD CDBFUNC: CDPM=102, FCF=HDB-1;//if there are many database functions , the second CDB module is
recommend to add for HDB
SET HDBCFG: DHSXHDBID=0, HDBID=1, HDBPERIODVALUE=7, OVERLOADTHD=100, RESUMETHD=95;
//This command configures the SX HDB ID and the dual-homing backup SX HDB ID. And call restriction threshold
also is configured for A+ interface circuits occupation ratio.

Visited HDB ID
A RHDB ID should be assigned for every visited SX on home SX.
ADD RHDB: ROAMHDBID=1, SXROUTANALYSISNUM=K'20, SXDESCRIPT=“Guangzhou";

Set SMS Center number


SET OFI: TMZ=8, SMSNUM=K'10086;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 51


ADD IMSI
IMSI Segment
Dual-homing MASTER number segment
ADD IMSISEG: SIMSI=K'461234567890000, EIMSI=K'461234567890299, HFLG=YES;

Dual-homing SLAVE number segment


ADD IMSISEG: SIMSI=K‘461234567890000, EIMSI=K’461234567890299, HFLG=YES,
MSTYPE=SLAVE;

Roam number segment


ADD IMSISEG: SIMSI=K'461234567890000, EIMSI=K'461234567890299, HFLG=NO, HDB=2;

IMSI number
ADD IMSINUM: IMSI=K'461234567890000, AKY="0000000000000000", REGF=MANUAL;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 52


ADD WS Resources

Compared with common V5 users adding, the differences of WS home and roam
users adding in ADD VSBR are as following:
(1) Select “Home” or “Roam” for WS subscriber in MML parameter “ Port Type”
(2)V5 ID and L3 address are not necessary for WS subscriber

Add home WS subscriber number


ADD VSBR: D=K'13866880068, LP=0, DID=HOME, MN=22, RCHS=0, CSC=0, CNTRX=NO,
PBX=NO, CHG=NO, ENH=NO;
Add Roam WS subscriber number
ADD VSBR: D=K‘6680068, LP=0, DID=ROAM, RCHS=0, CSC=0;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 53


Provision command

ADD WSUSR

Bind IMSI and WS user number when provisioning.

MOD WSPN

Modify WS user number

MOD WSIMSI

Modify WS user IMSI

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 54


ADD A+ Interface

ADD V5I(ADD API)


ADD V5I: V5IID=5, TGID=0, PNUM=16, MID=2, BS=B1, SNUM=48, SCA=CBA-1&PLAY_VOICE-
1&A_PLUS-1, GRPNO=0;
//Select CBA and A_PLUS when add A+ interface. GRPNO is A+ office direction number which indicate a SX-RAC
connection. The V5 Interfaces with same GRPNO means they are in one A+ interface group and share
resources among them.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 55


06.April 2006 Security Level:

Thank You
www.huawei.com

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential


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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.