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# Energy

Efficiency
Goldschmidt
1 What is
Energy
Efficiency?

Efficiency
￮ is the good use of time and
energy in a way that does
not waste any
￮ an action designed to
achieve efficiency

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Energy Efficiency
￮ Efficiency is a measure of how much
work or energy is conserved in a
process.
￮ Energy cannot be created or
destroyed, only converted from one
form to another.
￮ In many processes, work or energy is
lost, for example as waste heat or
vibration.

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The efficiency of a device is the proportion of the
energy supplied that is transferred in useful ways.
The efficiency can be calculated as a decimal or a
percentage.
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Formulas Used

WHERE:

## η = efficiency (Greek letter "eta")

Wout = the work or energy produced by a process. Units are Joules
(J).
Win = the work or energy put in to a process. Units are Joules (J).
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Note that the efficiency of
a device will always be less
than 100 per cent.
Occasionally the power is
shown in W instead of the
energy in J.
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Example
￮ An energy saving lamp has
an electrical energy of 100 J.
The light energy it provides is
75 J. What is the efficiency of
the energy saving lamp?

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Solution
The efficiency of the
energy saving lamp
Given: is 75%. This means
that 75 per cent of
Wout - 75 J the electrical energy
75
Win – 100 J η = 100 X 100% supplied is
transferred as light
energy (25 per cent
η = 0.75 x 100% is transferred as
η = 75% heat energy).
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EXAMPLE
￮ A construction worker puts 20 J of
energy in to one strike of his
hammer on the head of a nail.
The energy transferred to driving
the nail in to the wood is 8.0 J.
What is the efficiency of the
construction worker's
hammering?

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Solution
The efficiency of
Given: the hammer
strike was 40%.
Wout - 8.0 J Vibrations and
Win – 20 J heating of the
nail are two
possible reasons
η = 0.40 x 100% for the energy
η = 40% loss.
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