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Elemen dan Siklus Penerapan SMK3

Disusun oleh:
Hendri Amirudin Anwar ST, MKKK
Model Management System OHSAS 18001: 2007

Continous
improvement

Management Policy
Review

Monitoring &
Planning
Corrective
Action

Implementation
& Operation

2
Dalam menerapkan SMK3, setiap perusahaan wajib
melaksanakan:

Peningkatan
Berkelanjutan Penetapan
kebijakan K3
Peninjauan
Peninjauan dan
Ulang &
peningkatan
Peningkatan
kinerja SMK3
oleh manajemen
√ Perencanaan
K3
Mengukur
pemantauan dan
evaluasi kinerja
K3 Pelaksanaan
rencana K3

Pasal 6 PP No.50 Tahun 2012


Dalam penerapan SMK3 perusahaan wajib
melaksanakan ketentuan :

Peningkatan Penetapan
Berkelanjutan Kebijakan K3
dan menjamin
Peninjauan Ulang
Peninjauan Komitmen
& Peningkatan
Ulang &
SMK3 oleh
Peningkatan
Manajemen
oleh manajemen Perencanaan
√ K3

Pengukuran
dan
Evaluasi Penerapan
K3

Pasal 4 Per. Menaker No.05/Men/1996


OHS Policy
Hazard identification, Risk Assessment &
determination of control
Hazard identification, Risk Assessment &
determination of control
Example of hazard identification & Risk
Assessment
Activity / process Potential Risk Severity of Probability Risk Level
Injury
Install lamp using slipped and Falling Leg / Hand Rarely occurs High risk
stair from a height of 3 Fracture (C) 10 (B)
m (II)
Pick up glass size 48 Glass break when laceration Often occurs intermediate
x 36 lifted and injure (III) (B) risk
hand or leg 9 (C)
Connecting iron A breath smoke Respiratory Often occurs High risk
with electric from burning disorders / (B) 13 (B)
welding machine welding wire cancer
(II)
Rules & Regulation and Others Requirement
Rules & Regulation and Others Requirement
Example of Rules & Regulation and Others Requirement
Item Regulation / Requirement Qualifications / Requirements
Needed
Personal regulation minister of labor No. Companies shall provide PPE for
protective 8/MEN/VII/2010 workers / laborers in the
equipment workplace
First Aid regulation minister of labor No. Companies shall provide first aid
15/MEN/VIII/2008 officers and first aid facilities at
the workplace.
AGC 1. SAEMP (Forklift, LOTO, & Body 1. SAEMP (Forklift, LOTO, & Body
Requirement Harness) Harness)
2. Adjusment during running 2. Adjusment during running
3. Logistic safety procedure (Working 3. Logistic safety procedure
using Hanger, sling belt & High (Working using Hanger, sling belt
workplace job) & High workplace job)
4. Standard for glass keeping 4. Standard for glass keeping
5. Risk Assessment 5. Risk Assessment
6. Special equipment (Welding & gas 6. Special equipment (Welding &
cutting) gas cutting)
Objective and program OHSMS
Example of Objective and program OHSMS
Operational Performance
Implementation Program
Objective Target Objective Target
Regular check for high risk tools (hoist, forklift, 1 x / month 100% comply with
gas cutting, welding, nailgun, etc) standard
List up high risk job & Evaluation remain high 1 x / month Reduce risk 50%
risk job & execute countermeasure base on
priority
5S Model at each Dept 1 area / 3 month Score 5S model
min 24 point
Resources, roles, responsibilities, accountability and
authority
Example of Resources, roles, responsibilities,
accountability and authority
Competence, training, awareness
Example of Competence, training, awareness
Safety Training Trainee Trainer Schedule
Machinery Safety Purchase, Production & Internal Trainer Jan
Standard Maintenance
Risk Assessment All Dept Internal Trainer Feb
Kiken Yochi All Dept Internal Trainer Mar
(Hazard Prediction)
Forklift Logistic, Purchase, Internal & Apr
Production & Maintenance External trainer
LOTO Purchase, Production & Internal Trainer May
Maintenance
Body Hardness Logistic, Purchase, Internal Trainer Jun
Production & Maintenance
Chemical Safety Expert Purchase & HSE External trainer Jul

General Safety Expert HSE External trainer Aug

Fire Safety Expert GA External trainer Sep


Communication, participation and
consultation
Example of Communication, participation and consultation
Safety Communication Agenda / Content PIC Schedule
System
Monthly HSE Factory Progress HSE Achievement Factory, HSE & monthly
meeting & Activity (factory & Some Dept manager
Dept)
Monthly HSE Dept meeting Progress HSE Achievement Internal Dept monthly
& Activity Dept member
Training induction visitor Socialize safety basic rules visitor tentative
One on One Operator Interview to get operator Forklift operator monthly
Forklift safety knowledge &
awareness level
Patrol safety SOP To make sure Factory, HSE & Apr
impelementation of SOP & Dept manager
to grab “hard to do”
information from worker
Unsafe Report Collect information unsafe All employee Monthly
condition / action from
employee
Safety report to Safety activity HSE Monthly /
government & AGC Quarterly
Documentation
Document Control
Example Procedure for Document Control
No Safety Procedure
1 Procedure management personal protective equipment
2 Procedure safety working permit
3 Procedure audit & safety inspection
4 Procedure risk assessment

5 Safety traffic rules

6 Safety guideline for earthquake

7 Procedure lock out tag out (LOTO)

8 Procedure forklift safety operation

9 Procedure for emergency response


Operational Control
Example Operational Control
No Item Operational Control
1 High Risk Job 1. Working Permit
2. SOP for high risk job like high
workplace, LOTO, confined space,etc
3. Patrol (Director, Factory manager,
Manager, Staff, SOP, etc)
2 Contractor safety management 1. Contractor gathering & meeting
system 2. SOP for contractor (safety permit,
reward & pinalty, etc)
3. Evaluation & Patrol contractor
3 Regular safety inspection 1. High risk tools (gas cutting
,welding,nail gun etc)
2. forklift, LOTO & Body harness
3. Standar for glass keeping
Performance measurement and monitoring
Example of Performance measurement & monitoring
No Item Performance measurement / monitoring
1 Accident Accident index
2 Risk Management Risk reduction
3 Health 1. Occupational illness index
2. Medical Check up result
3. Record Employee visit to clinic
4 Monitoring working environment 1. Dust
2. Chemical
3. Noise
4. WGBT
5. etc
Evaluation of conformity
Example Evaluation of conformity
Investigation of incidents, nonconformities and corrective and
preventive actions
Example of Investigation of incidents, nonconformities and
corrective and preventive actions
Control of records
Internal Audit
Example of Internal Audit
Manajemen Review
Example Content of Management Review

1. Follow up of Last Management Review


2. Result of Internal Audit
3. Compliance to Rules & Regulation
4. Participation & Consultation
5. External Communication & complaint
6. OH&S Performance
7. Attainment Level of Objective & Target
8. Incident Investigation Status, Corrective & Preventive Action
9. Change of Tools, Work System, Regulation, etc
10. Improvement Recommendation
Perencanaan :
1. Rencana K3
Pelaksnaan
Penetapan berdasarkan:
 Hasil penelaahan awal
Renacana K3:
Kebijakan K3: 1. Penyediaan SDM
 Risk mgt Pemantauan dan
1.Penyusunan 2. Penyediaan sarana &
 Peraturan per-uu-an Evaliasi Kinerja:
Kebijakan K3:  SDA yg ada
prasarana
 Tinjauan awal 3. Prosedur & Instruksi 1.Pemeriksaan,
 Konsutasi bipartit 2. Rencana K3 memuat: Kerja Pengujian dan
2.Penetapan Kebijakan:  Tujuan & sasaran 4. Penyerahan Sbgn Pel. Pengukuran
 Disahkan pimpinan  Skala prioritas Pek
a. Personil yg kompeten
 Tertuis, tanggal,  Upaya pengendalian 5. Peembelian/Pengadaa
b. Catatan pemerisaan,
tanda tangan bahaya n Barang dan Jasa
pengujian &
 Tujuan & sasaran  Penetapan sumber 6. Produk Akhir pengukuran
 Dijeaskan dan daya 7. Keadaan Darurat Kec. c. Perlatan dan metode
disebarkan Dan Bencana Industri
 Jangka waktu pel. pengujian
 Terdokumentasi
 Indikator pencapaian 8. Rencana & Pemulihan d. Tindkan perbaikan
 Dinamis
Keadaan Darurat
 Ditinjau berkala  Sistim pertanggung e. Penyelidikan yg
jawaban memadai
3.Pelaksanaan No.2
diatas harus: f. Hasil temuan
 organisasi K3 2.Audit Internal SMK3
 SDA
 menetapkan personil
 perencanaan K3 Peninjauan dan Peningkatan Kinerja K3
 penilaian kinerja & 1. Tinjauan ulang secara berkala, meliputi:
tindak lanjut a. Evaluasi thd kebiakan K3
4.Peninjauan ulang b. Tujuan. Sasaran & kinerja K3
c. Hasil temuan audit
5.Komitmen tingkatan
pimpinan d. Evaluasi efektifitas penerapan SMK3 dan
kebutuhan pengembangan
6.Peran serta pekerja & 2. Dapat mengatasi implikasi K3
orang lain di tempat
Perncanaan :
1. Ident. Bahaya, Penerapan :
Komitmen Penilaian, dal. risk 1. Jaminan
Pengukuran dan
dan Kebijakan : 2. Per per-uu dan kemampuan
Evaliasi :
1. Kepemimpinan persyartan lainnya 2.Kegiatan
1. Inspeksi dan
dan komitmen 3. Tujuan dan pendukung (5)
pengujian (6)
2. Tinjauan awal sasaran 3.Identif. SB,
2.Audit SMK3
K3 (initial review) 4. Indikator kinerja Penilaian dan
3. Tindakan
3. Penetapan 5. Perernc. awal dan Dal. Risk (10)
perbaikan dan
kebijakan K3 perenc kegiatan
pencegahan
yg sedang
berlangsung

Tinjauan ulang dan peningkatan oleh


pihak manajemen :
1.Evaluasi kebijakan
2.Tujuan,sasaran & kinerja K3
3.Hasil temuan audit SMK3
4.Evaluasi efektivitas penerapan SMK3
dan kebutuhan u/ mengubah sistem yg sesuai (8)
Terima kasih &
Sampai Jumpa di Pertemuan
Selanjutnya