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AIR CONDITIONING

EQUIPMENTS

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LIST OF EQUIPMENTS
COOLING COILS
HEATING COILS
AIR CLEANING DEVICES (FILTERS)
HUMIDIFIERS
DEHUMIDISFIERS
FANS AND BLOWERS
GRILLS AND REGISTERS

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COOLING COILS

 Cooling coils are usually made of copper tubing


with alluminium fins.
 The no. of fins placed per centimeter is called
fin density.
 The surface area provided by the fins and
available for heat exchange is called
secondary area.
 The inner surface area of tubes through which
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water flows is called as primary area.
The performance of a cooling coil depends on following
factors:
 The amount of sensible and latent heat that must be
transferred from the air

 DBT and WBT of air entering and leaving

 Water or refrigerant velocity


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HEATING COILS

The heating of air could be carried out by many


devices
 Steam coils
 Hot water coil
 Electric heaters

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AIR CLEANING

METHODS OF AIR CLEANING


 AIR FILTRATION
 AIR STERILIZATION
 AIR IONIZATION
 ODOUR SUPPRESION

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AIR CLEANING DEVICES(FILTERS)

 DRY FILTERS

 VISCOUS FILTERS

 ELECTRIC FILTERS

 WET FILTERS

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 CENTRIFUGAL DUST COLLECTORS
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Wet filters
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Centrifugal
dust collector

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DRY FILTERS
 The dust in the air will be trapped when it is
passed through this filtering medium.
 The velocity of air allowed through these filters
ranges between 2m to 5m/min.
 Dry filters remove tiny dust particles of 0.3 to
10µ diameter very satisfactorily.
 The dry-type filters are not capable to remove
the smoke from air

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VISCOUS FILTERS
 These filters are made in form of pads using
glass wool , steel wool. These pads are
impregnated with viscosine which is oily
substance.
 Viscous filters are available from 80m 3/min to
600m3/min flow of air.

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ELECTRIC FILTERS
 Air is passed between a pair of oppositely
charged conductors and it becomes ionised as the
voltage applied between the conductors is
sufficiently large(8000 to 15000V).
 This unit consists of set of vertical plates spaced
15 to 20mm apart. alternate plates are positively
charged and earthed and attract the negatively
and positively charged dust particles respectively.
 To remove the dust accumulation, the collector
plates are cleaned periodically by washing them
with hot water spray
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CENTRIFUGAL DUST COLLECTORS
 A high velocity air stream is directed into a
conical chamber. This produces a whirling air
current within the chamber and throws the
heavier dust particles to the sides and fall out of
air stream and are collected at bottom of
cleaner.

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SELECTION OF FILTERS
Factors to be considered in evaluating the
suitability of air filter
 The degree of air cleanliness required
 Amount of air handled
 Type of dust particles to be filtered
 The method of disposal of collected dust

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ODOUR SUPPRESSION
 Use of activated carbon (charcoal) for removing
gases and odours by ADSORPTION

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HUMIDIFIERS
 By injecting the steam
 Atomizing the water
 Atomization type humidifiers
 Impact type humidifiers
 Evaporating the water
 Heated water type
 Heated air type
 Air washer
 Spray type air washer
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HUMIDIFICATION BY INJECTING
THE STEAM

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HUMIDIFICATION BY ATOMIZING
THE WATER INTO AIR

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IMPACT TYPE HUMIDIFIER
HUMIDIFICAION BY
EVAPORATING WATER INTO AIR

HEATED
WATER TYPE

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HUMIDIFICATION BY AIR
WASHING
 SPRAY TYPE AIR WASHER HUMIDIFIER

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DEHUMIDIFIERS
 By reducing the temperature of air below its
DPT
 Spray type dehumidifier
 Liquid absorbent dehumidifier
 Solar driven dehumidifier
 Gear heat pump dehumidifier

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BY REDUCING THE AIR TEMPERATURE BELOW DPT or
BY REFRIGERATION
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27 GEAR HEAT PUMP DEHUMIDIFIER
28 Liquid absorbent dehumidifier
FANS AND BLOWERS
 AXIAL FLOW FANS
 PROPELLER FAN(2- 6)
 DISK TYPE FAN
 CENTRIFUGAL FANS or RADIAL FLOW FANS
 FORWARD CURVE
 BACKWARD CURVE
 RADIAL
SELECTION OF FAN

Selection depends on
 volume of air required to be circulated in
m3/min
 Total system resistance

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GRILLS AND REGISTERS
 A Decorative covering for an outlet or intake is known
as grill

 A grill provided with damper is known as Register


HEAT PUMP AND
HEAT PUMP CIRCUITS

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DIFFERENT HEAT PUMP
CIRCUITS
 AIR TO AIR CIRCUIT
 FIXED AIR CIRCUIT
 FIXED REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT

 WATER TO AIR CIRCUIT


 AIR TO WATER CIRCUIT
 WATER TO WATER CIRCUIT
 AIR TO LIQUID CIRCUIT
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FIXED AIR CIRCUIT

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In this arrangement the source of heat is outside air
and it is supplied to conditioned air

During heating cycle


valves 5,6,7,8 are in OPEN position
valves 1,2,3,4 are in CLOSE position

During coling cycle


valves 1,2,3,4 are in OPEN position
valves 5,6,7,8 are in CLOSE position

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FIXED REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT

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During heating cycle
dampers E,F,G,H are in OPEN position
dampers A,B,C,D are in CLOSE position

During coling cycle


dampers A,B,C,D are in OPEN position
dampers E,F,G,H are in CLOSE position

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WATER TO AIR CIRCUIT

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In this arrangement the source of heat is WATER
and it is supplied to conditioned air

During heating cycle


valves 5,6,7,8 are in OPEN position
valves 1,2,3,4 are in CLOSE position

During coling cycle


valves 1,2,3,4 are in OPEN position
valves 5,6,7,8 are in CLOSE position

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AIR TO WATER CIRCUIT

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In this arrangement the source of heat is out door
air and it is supplied to conditioned air through
water medium

During heating cycle


valves 5,6,7,8 are in OPEN position
valves 1,2,3,4 are in CLOSE position

During coling cycle


valves 1,2,3,4 are in OPEN position
valves 5,6,7,8 are in CLOSE position
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WATER TO WATER CIRCUIT

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AIR TO LIQUID CIRCUIT

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In this arrangement the source of heat is out door
air and it is supplied to conditioned air through
LIQUID medium

During heating cycle


valves 5,6,7,8 are in OPEN position
valves 1,2,3,4 are in CLOSE position

During coling cycle


valves 1,2,3,4 are in OPEN position
valves 5,6,7,8 are in CLOSE position
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