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Proposal Presentation

Introducing Parasitic Elements to Short

Backfire Antenna for Radiation Pattern
Members ID
Abdikadir Dahir Muse. E114006
Abdirahman Hussein Muse. E114026
Bashir Abdirahman Hussein. E114048
Bashir Ahmed Sabrie. E114013
 Outline of the Presentation
1.1 Overview.
1.2 Problem statement.
1.3 Objectives of the project.
1.4 Significance of the project
1.5 Research Methodology
1.6 Results and Analysis
1.7 Recommendations
1.1 Overview of the project
 According to IEEE (society, 2013) “antenna is that part of a
transmitting or receiving system that is designed to radiate or to
receive electromagnetic waves”. Why antenna is needed? The
answer is whenever there is a need for wireless communication
there also must be necessity for antennas.
 Microstrip patch antenna is probably the most successful and
revolutionary antenna technology ever.
 The microstrip backfire antenna configuration combines the
microstrip type antenna element and backfire cavity this
combination depending on the various antenna parameters can
provide more than three times gain over a single microstrip
1.2 Problem Statement
 One of the drawbacks of patch antennas is that they have low gain.
 As a small size and increased gain antenna is preferable in mobile
communications, microstrip short backfire antennas can match these
 However, it has problem for propagating of surface wave that will
reduce the efficiency of antenna, this is due to increment radiation of
side and back lobes, thus the main lobe will decrease and that will lead
the gain of the antenna to be reduced.
 In other words, microstrip short backfire antenna has a broad E-plane
radiation pattern main lobe leading to a loss of gain.
 In order to eliminate the surface wave and increase the gain, this
project will introduce parasitic elements by placing inside the cavity
of the Microstrip Short backfire antenna to improve the gain
1.3 Objectives of the project
 The main objectives of this project are:
I. To overcome the heavy weight antennas and produce light weight
antennas that has performance which is approximately same as
II. To design a microstrip short backfire antenna that operates at the
frequency of 2.4 GHz.
III. To study and analyze how parasitic elements increase the gain of
the microstrip short backfire antenna.
1.4 Significance of the project

 This study will contribute to the improvement of microstrip short

backfire antenna. By introducing parasitic elements which leads to
suppressing the surface waves effect, Radiation patterns with
narrow broadside direction (high gain) and minimal back lobe
level is expected to achieve, in addition to that, this antenna could
be used for many commercial and military applications including
Radar, Mobile communications, satellite communications, and
Wireless Local Area networks (WLANs).
1.5 Research Methodology.

 At the early phase of this project single element microstrip short

backfire antenna will be designed, this antenna consists of
rectangular microstrip patch with microstrip feed line, next stage
two reflectors will be introduced main and sub reflector that
causes the radiated Electromagnetic wave from the patch to meet
multiple reflections between the reflectors before it is radiated to
the air. Finally, some parasitic elements will be introduced by
placing an appropriate position on the main reflector to increase
the performance of the antenna.
1.6-Results and Analysis

Summary of effects of parasitic wires on

Short backfire antenna.
 A Microstrip short backfire antenna has been designed operating at
2.4 GHz and modified so that beamwidth of its principal planes
were equalized, without decreasing the cavity wall height and
reducing sub reflector’s distance from the radiating patch. Six
parasitic wires have been installed on the floor of the main
reflector and placed distances away from the center of the
microstrip patch. Four wires have been placed along the E-Plane
of the patch which improved the reflected electromagnetic wave

 A further pair of wires placed in the H-plane of the microstrip

antenna feed, to make the design rotationally symmetric and give
a total of six wires, making the principle Planes E&H planes
symmetric and produced a further increase in boresight gain over
what had been achieved with four wires.

 We are recommending not only to stop it by simulation

and make the fabrication of Microstrip short backfire
antenna, this fabrication may mean many to the students
who want to do the fabrication part.
 Also doing these steps can make the antenna better
i. Increasing the number of wires
ii. Use of different parasitic elements
iii. Use of different material

 C. M. Kaloi, D. Hatfield, P. Simon. (1981, June 16-19). Microstrip

backfire antenna. Antennas and Propagation Society International
Symposium, 643-646. doi:10.1109/APS.1981.1148503
 Kirov,G. S., Chervenkov, G. T., & Kalchev, C. D. (2012). Aperture
Coupled Microstrip Short Backfire Antenna. Journal of Electrical
Engineering, 63, 75-80.
 N.T.Markad, Dr.R.D.Kanphade, Dr.D.G, Wakade. (2015, Feb 26-27).
Analysis of dual band microstrip antenna. 2015 International
Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation,
108-111. doi:10.1109/ICCUBEA.2015.27