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RESEARCH REPORT WRITING

Lecture 1

Academy of Sports Sciences Research and Management


A UNIT OF
Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University
THE RESEARCH REPORT

• Types of Report: Formal and Informal

• Research report: a factual message that transmits research results,


vital recommendations, conclusions, and other important
information to the client, who in turn bases his or her decision
making on the content of the report

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THE IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH REPORT

• The researcher/student/client bases his or her decision making on the


contents of the report.
• Effectively communicate the findings of the research.
• Show how the research findings add to the existing body of
research.
• Represent the areas current research is present and areas it can be
expanded.
• Pave for submitting to be published in a research journal/magazine.

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ORGANIZING THE WRITTEN REPORT
Your research report should answer the following:

What is your research question?


Who is the research targeted towards?
What are the result of the research?
What are its implications?

Things to note while you write your report:


• Write clearly and in a simple and scientific language
• Use a consistent format ( Times New Roman, 12 font, 1.5 spacing)
• Proofread and edit, check the grammar
• Get feedback if possible

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ORGANIZING THE WRITTEN REPORT

Front Matter

1. Title Page
2. Abstract
3. Preface/Declarations
4. Table of Contents
5. List of Tables/Figures/Abbreviations

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ORGANIZING THE WRITTEN REPORT

Body

1. Introduction
2. Background and Research aims and objectives
3. Methodology
4. Results
5. Discussion
6. Limitations
7. Conclusion and Recommendations
8. References
9. Appendix

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SAMPLE TITLE PAGE

TITLE OF THE RESEARCH

DONE BY: (Your Name)

UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF: (Your Professors Name)

NAME OF THE UNIVERSITY

DATE SUBMITTED
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SAMPLE OF CONTENT PAGE

• Usually the front page details are


added with roman numerals.

• The consent forms,


questionnaires, any other forms
used(PAR-Q, injury history etc.)
are added in the appendices.

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WRITING THE ABSTRACT
- An abstract is a concise summary of your research.
- It is approximately 200-400 words in length

What to include in your abstract:

What is the importance of the research?


What body of knowledge is it adding?
What method has been used?
What is the overall result and what does it mean?

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WRITING THE INTRODUCTION
The introduction may contain:

• Rationale of the research: The background situation leading to the problem


• Explanation of the key terms
• A summary description of how the research process was initiated

Check out this link:


https://wp.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Writing-Research-Paper-Introductions.pdf

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WRITING THE BACKGROUND & RESEARCH OBJ.

• Give background to your research: What are the existing


information ? What do they lack? How can your research prove
useful to fill these knowledge gap?
• State your hypothesis
• Research objectives may be listed here or in a separate section.

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WRITING THE METHODOLOGY

Method describes in detail how the research was conducted, who (or what) the
subjects were, and what methods were used to achieve the objectives
Methodology refers to the science of determining appropriate methods to
conduct research.
Method refers to the tools used in a scientific investigation.
Use method, not methodology!

It can define:

No of participants, did they


belong to any certain group?,
where was the test conducted?
Why a certain method is being
used?

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REPRESENTING TABLES, FIGURES AND CHARTS

• The tables, figures and charts should have a title


• All the data should be accompanied by units wherever necessary
• Any tables, charts or figures used from other research should be
referenced.

(Diabetes Care, 2003) 13


CONCLUDING THE REPORT

Limitations are the potential limitations to your study due to time, human
factors, or instrumental errors etc.

Conclusions are the outcomes and decisions you have reached based on your
research results.

Recommendations are suggestions for how to proceed based on the conclusions.

Check out this link:


https://www.adelaide.edu.au/writingcentre/sites/default/files/docs/learningguide-writingaresearchreport.pdf

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PLAGIARISM
Plagiarism refers to presenting the work of others as your own and is a serious offense.

If you are in doubt, cite!

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