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Managing storage

Hitachi Virtual Storage Platform – VSP(Thin storage)

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Module Objectives
At the end of this presentation we should be able to :

Hardware over view of VSP


Data flow within the system
Understand the concepts of VSP
Understand the HDS command suite

© Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
Array Overview
Cabinet Names

DKU Rack DKU Rack DKC-1 DKC-0 DKU Rack DKU Rack

Rack-12 Rack-11 Rack-1 Rack-00 Rack-01 Rack-02


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Array Overview
Connectivity

42U

2U 2U 2U 2U
1U 1U

RACK-12 RACK-11 RACK-10 RACK-00 RACK-01 RACK-02


Height Information
•2U spacing at the bottom of the DKU Frames
•1U spacing at the bottom of the DKC frames
•DKCBOX = 14U
•DKUBOX = 13U
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Array Overview
DKC (Disk Controllers)

42U

DKC-1 DKC-0
2U 2U 2U 2U
1U 1U

RACK-12 RACK-11 RACK-10 RACK-00 RACK-01 RACK-02

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Array Overview
All DKC and DKU components present

DKU-17 DKU-14 DKU-11 DKU-01 DKU-04 DKU-07

42U DKU-16 DKU-13 DKU-10 DKU-00 DKU-03 DKU-06

DKU-15 DKU-12 DKC-1 DKC-0 DKU-02 DKU-05

2U 2U 2U 2U
1U 1U

RACK-12 RACK-11 RACK-10 RACK-00 RACK-01 RACK-02

6 © Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
Array Overview
Maximum Size with one DKC

DKU-01 DKU-04 DKU-07


This is the maximum configuration
size with only one DKC.

DKU-00 DKU-03 DKU-06

DKC-0 DKU-02 DKU-05

RACK-00 RACK-01 RACK-02

7 © Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
Nomenclature of VSP
AC: Alternating Current
ASSY: Assembly
BE:
CHA:
Back End
Channel Adapter
VSD- Virtual storage Director
CHK: Check
CL:
CM:
Cluster
Cache Memory
FED- Frond End Director(for Hos
CSW: Cache Switch
DC:
DKA:
Direct Current
Disk Adapter
BED-Backend Director( for Disk)
DKC: Disk Controller
DKCMN: DKC Monitor
DKCPS: DKC Power Supply
GSW-Grid switch
DKU: Disk Unit
EPO:
ESW:
Emergency Power Off
PCI-E Switch
LDEV - Logical device
LUSE – LUN size expansion
FE: Front End
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
JP: Jumper
LAN: Local Area Network
LED:
mm:
Light Emitting Diode
millimeter
PG- Parity Group
MDR: Mini Delta Ribbon (cable type)
MP:
MPB:
Multiprocessor
MP Board
Shadow image
PCB: Printed Circuit Board (also, PK)
PCI-E:
PDU:
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express
Power Distribution Unit
True copy
PK: Package (also, PCB)
RPM:
SIM:
Revolutions Per Minute
Service Information Message
HUR- Hitachi Universal Replicato
SM: Shared Memory
SSD:
SVP:
Solid State Disk
Service Processor
Dynamic pool/provisioning
SSVP: Sub SVP
SSVPMN: Sub SVP Monitor
SW: Switch
Smart tiering
µcode: microcode
Zero - reclamation
8 © Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
Hardware cont…
The VSP is a Fibre Channel and FICON enterprise storage array that scales from a single bay up to a
maximum of 6 bays. The two central bays house what Hitachi is calling Control Chassis(containing
processors, memory, front and backend connectivity…) as well as drive enclosures. The remaining 4
bays can contain only drive enclosures. It can scale from zero (0) drives to a maximum of 2,048 drives

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FRONT of the UNIT includes
8 DataCache Adpaters >> 32GB or 64GB Adapters>> Min: 2 (64GB cache) Max: 16 (1024 GB Cache)
4 Virtual Storage Directors blade >> 4 core/blade(min 2 blade, max 8 )
Drive bays have FANs in the front of the unit

BACK of the UNIT includes

8 Front End Directors >> 8 ports/Director(min 2/max 24, installed in


pair, 4Gbps,FC/FICON)

4 Back End Directors >> 4 SAS link/BED(min 0/max 64, 6Gbps)

4 Data Grid Switches

10 © Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
Disk drive enclosure
2.5 inch drives. 2.5 inch drives are
the future of disk drives, and allow
for greater capacity in the same
footprint. For example, a single
frame VSP with a Control Chassis 0
can have 384 drives, each of which
can be 2TB. That’s a lot of capacity
in a relatively small footprint.

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Hardware cont…

Front End Director (FED) Design


So the front end design of the VSP is significantly different
to the design of previous generations and one of the more
technically interesting changes.
At a high level, Hitachi have taken the wide-striping
concept that is now commonplace in backend
architectures, and are bringing it to the front end.
Basically, the FEDs and BEDs (Front End Directors and
Back End Directors) have custom I/O routing ASICs that
are specialized for I/O traffic management – Hitachi are
calling these data accelerator ASICs. These ASICs have
an affinity with ports. However, the more general purpose
CPUs are no longer locked to particular ports, they have
been moved to a processor complex called the Virtual
Storage Director (VSD) where they are pooled and can
have their resources dynamically assigned and un-
assigned from any front or back end port.

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VDS - Virtual Storage Director
Virtual Storage Director (The Brains behind the VSP)
* There are 4 Virtual Storage Directors in each system
* Each Virtual Storage Director has 4 Cores
* You can have 16 Cores per system
* These processors manage the internal workings of the VSP along with the LUNs, eLUNs, Addressing, data mapping, virtual
partition manager, operational control data memory.
* You can expand this to 32 Cores using the PCIe Hitachi Data Switch Grid and 3 additional cabinets along with a controllers

Control Memory
* Serves at L2 Cache
* On Virtual Storage Directors
* Responsible for managing and maintaining Metadata, mappings, etc

Data Cache (Global Cache)


* Primarily used as Cache for read/write
* Caches data during read operations from BED, similarly caches data from FED for write operations
* Only write data is mirrored in cache (not all data is mirrored like the VMAX)
* 1024GB of total cache for 2 VSP’s tightly coupled
* Read Operations only require one copy of cached data
* Cache backed up to onboard Flash drive, reducing the amounts of needed batteries

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DKC – Disk Controller
Integrated Processors vs. Previous Gen Distributed Processors

FED
DKA
MP MP

CHA VSD Grid


CSW BED
MP MP MP MP
switch

CACHE CACHE

With the R600 and previous generations, MPs were located directly With the R700, the MPs reside on an MP Board, and are independent
on the CHAs and DKAs. of specific responsibilities (in relation to the hardware). All MPs share
responsibility for the operation of the array.
Each MP had specific task sets it had to manage.
The one thing that is divided up for management by each MPB is the
LDEVs for which that MPB has been defined as the owner.

More detail regarding the MPB will be in the MPB slide set.

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Backend Director

Each BED has 8 x 6Gbps SAS


paths. That adds up to 32 backend SAS
links per Control Chassis, and 64 x 6Gbps
links in a fully configured unit. SAS runs at
full duplex.(two way communication)

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Architecture cont…

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RAID & Emulation

The emulation sizes are defined as:

•RAID 1 (2D + 2D) Open-3 2.29GB


•RAID 1 (4D + 4D) Open-8 6.84GB
•RAID 5 (3D + 1P) Open-9 6.87GB
RAID Level •RAID 5 (7D + 1P) Open-E 13.56GB
•RAID 5 (14D + 2P) Open-L 33.94GB
•RAID 5 (28 D + 4P) Open-V user defined size
•RAID 6 (6D + 2P)

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Thank you

© Copyright 2014 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.