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STEAM AND HOT

STEAM AND HOT WATER BOILER


WATER BOILER
1101.0 Purpose.
 is to establish and provide minimum
standards for the protection of public welfare,
health, safety, and property by regulating and
controlling the quality, location, and
installation of steam and hot water boilers.
1102.0 Scope.
 it shall apply to the construction, installation,
operation, repair, and alteration of all boilers
and pressure vessels.
1103.0 Workmanship.
All equipment, appurtenances, devices, and
piping shall be installed in a workmanlike
manner in conformity with the provisions and
intent.
1104.0 Definitions
Certain words and terms used in this topic,
unless clearly inconsistent with their context,
shall mean as follows:
1104.1 Boiler
A closed vessel used for heating water or
liquid, or for generating steam or vapor by
direct application of heat from combustible
fuels or electricity.
Ex.
1104.2 Automatic Boiler
A vessel in which water is boiled to generate
steam.
Ex.
Burner, Automatic Boiler
A device to convey fuel into the combustion
chamber and equipped with an ignition
system to reliably ignite the entire heat
release surface of the burner assembly.
Ex.
1104.3 Continuous Pilot
Burns without turndown throughout the
entire period that the boiler is in service,
whether or not the main burner is firing.
1104.8 Hot Water Heating Boiler
A boiler having a volume exceeding 120
gallons (454L), a heat input exceeding 200,000
Btu/h (58.62 kW), or an operating
temperature exceeding 210˚F (99˚C) that
provides hot water to be used externally to
itself.
1104.9 Interlock
A device that senses a limit or off limit
condition of events and shuts down the
system and prevents proceeding in an
improper sequence in order to prevent a
hazardous condition from developing.
Intermittent Pilot
A pilot that burns during light off and while
the main burner is firing, and that is shut off
with the main burner.
1104.12 Low Pressure Hot Water
Heating Boiler
A boiler in which water is heated for the
purpose of supplying heat at pressures not
exceeding 160psi (1,102 kPa) and
temperatures not exceeding 250˚F (121˚C).
1104.13 Miniature Boiler
A power boiler having an internal shell
diameter of 16inches (406mm) or less, a
volume of 5cubic feet (142L) or less, a heating
surface of 20square feet (1.86𝑚2 ) or less (not
applicable to electric boilers), and not
exceeding 100 psi (689 kPa).
1104.15 Package Boiler
Any class of boiler defined and shall be a
boiler equipped and shipped complete with
fuel burning equipment, automatic controls
and accessories, and mechanical draft
equipment, if used.
1104.15 Package Boiler
1104.15 Pilot
Power Boiler
A boiler in which steam is generated at
pressures exceeding fifteen (15psi) (103kPa).

Power Hot Water Boiler (High Temperature


Water Boiler)
A boiler used for heating water or liquid to a
pressure exceeding 160psi (1,103 kPa) or to a
temperature exceeding 250˚F (121˚C).
Pressure Vessel (unfired)
 A closed container, having a nominal internal diameter
exceeding 6inches (152.4mm) and a volume exceeding 11/2
cubic feet (42L), for liquids, gases, vapors subjected to
pressures exceeding 15psi (103 kPa), or steam under any
pressure.

Purge
 The acceptable method of scavenging the combustion
chamber, boiler passes, and breeching to remove all
combustion gases.

Steam Heating Boiler


 A boiler operated at pressures not exceeding (15psi) (103kPa)
for steam.
1105.1 Safety Requirements
The construction of boilers and pressure
vessels and the installation thereof shall
conform to minimum requirements for safety
from structural and mechanical failure and
excessive pressures in accordance with
Chapter 23 and as established by the
“Authority having Jurisdiction in accordance
with nationally recognize standards”.
Republic Act (RA) 11058, signed by Duterte,
ensures that the provisions of the Labor Code,
domestic laws, and internationally-recognized
standards on Occupational Safety and Health
(OSH) are being fully enforced and complied
with by employers.
1105.2 Controls
 Required electrical, mechanical, safety, and
operating controls shall carry approval of an
approved testing agency or be accepted by the
Authority having Jurisdiction.

1105.3 Gauges
 All steam boilers shall be provided with a
pressure gauge and a water level glass. All water
boilers shall be provided with a pressure gauge
and a temperature indicator.
1105.4 Stack Dampers
Stack dampers on boilers fired with oil or solid
fuel, prevent over pressurization and damage
to the turbine or boiler.
1105.5 Welding
Welding on pressure vessels shall be done by
certified welders in conformity with nationally
recognized standards.
1106.0 Expansion Tanks
An expansion tank or expansion vessel is a tank
partially filled with air, whose compressibility
cushions shock caused by water hammer and
absorbs excess water pressure caused
by thermal expansion.
1105.5 Welding
Welding on pressure vessels shall be done by
certified welders in conformity with nationally
recognized standards.
1106.0 Expansion Tanks
An expansion tank or expansion vessel is a tank
partially filled with air, whose compressibility
cushions shock caused by water hammer and
absorbs excess water pressure caused
by thermal expansion.
1106.1 General
 All hot water heating systems shall be provided
with an air expansion tank securely fastened to
the structure.

1106.2 Systems with Open Expansion


Tanks
 Systems equipped with an open expansion tank
to satisfy thermal water expansion shall be
provided with an indoor overflow from the upper
portion of the expansion tank in addition to an
open vent.
1106.3 Closed Type Systems
 Systems of the closed type shall have an airtight
tank or other suitable air cushion that will be
consistent with the volume and capacity of the
system.

1106.4 Minimum Capacity of Closed


Type Tank
 The minimum capacity of the closed type
expansion tank may be determined from the
following formula:
𝑃𝑎2
𝑉𝑡 = 0.00041𝑡 0.0466𝑉𝑠 ( )
Pf Po

Where:
Vt = minimum volume of expansion tank, gallons.
Vs = volume of system, not including expansion,
tank, gallons.
t = average operating temperature, ͦF.
Pa = atmospheric pressure, feet 𝐻2 𝑂 absolute.
Pf = fill pressure, feet 𝐻2 𝑂 absolute.
Po = maximum operating pressure, feet 𝐻2 𝑂
absolute.
1107.0 Safety or Relief Valve
Discharge
An example of safety valve is a pressure relief
valve(PRV), which automatically releases a
substance from a boiler, pressure vessel, or
other system, when the pressure or
temperature exceeds preset limits.