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ECOLOGICAL SOLID

WASTE MANAGEMENT
“ Waste is a resource in the wrong place at the
wrong time. Once it finds its rightful place, it will
be just as valuable as any other resource.”
THE PHILIPPINE ECOLOGICAL SOLID
WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000
 Republic Act 9003

 It is an Act providing for an ecological solid waste


management program, creating the necessary
institutional mechanisms and incentives, declaring
certain Acts prohibited and providing penalties,
appropriating funds therefore, and for other
purposes.
Salient Provisions of R.A. 9003
 Section 10. The Role of the LGUs in Solid Waste Management
–Pursuant to the relevant provisions of RA 7160, otherwise
known as the Local Government Code, the LGUs shall be
primarily be responsible for the implementation and
enforcement of the provisions of this Act within their
respective jurisdiction.

 Segregation and collection of solid waste shall be


conducted at the barangay level specifically for
biodegradable, compostable and reuseable wastes:
Provided, that the collection of non-recyclable materials and
special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipality
or city.
Salient Provisions of R.A. 9003
 Section 20. Establishing Mandatory Solid Waste
Diversion – Each LGU plan shall include an
implementation schedule which shows that within
five (5) years after the effictivity of this Act; the
LGU shall divert at least 25% of all solid waste
from waste disposal facilities thru re-use, recycling,
and composting activities and other resource
recovery activities.
Salient Provisions of R.A. 9003
 Section 32. Establishment of LGU Materials Recovery
Facility – There shall be established a Materials
Recovery Facility (MRF) in every Barangay or cluster
of Barangay
Salient Provisions of R.A. 9003
 Section 21. Mandatory Segregation of Solid Waste –
The LGUs shall evaluate alternative roles for the
public and private sectors in providing collection
services, type of collection system, of combination
of systems, that best meet their needs: Provided,
that segregation of wastes shall primarily be
conducted at source, to include household,
institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural
sources:
Salient Provisions of R.A. 9003
 Section 21. Mandatory Segregation of Solid Waste –
The LGUs shall evaluate alternative roles for the
public and private sectors in providing collection
services, type of collection system, of combination
of systems, that best meet their needs: Provided,
that segregation of wastes shall primarily be
conducted at source, to include household,
institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural
sources:
The 3 R’s of Solid Waste
Management
Common sense tells us the most cost-effective way of
managing waste is to do something at the source of
generation.

That is, at home, at the office or at the institutional


level. Activities such as sorting and eventually
recovery works best if done at this point.
RECYCLE
 Choose recyclable products and containers and recycle
them.
 Select products made from recyclable materials

 Compost yard clippings and leaves. These should never


be burned as the smoke could only contribute to more
air pollution
REUSE
 Consider reusable products.
 Maintain and repair durable products.

 Re-use bags, containers and other items

 Borrow, rent or share items used infrequently

 Sell or donate goods instead of throwing them out.

 Patronize goods that are reuseable, rather than


throwaway types.
REDUCE
 Avoid wasteful consumption of goods.
 Reduce the amount of unnecessary packaging.

 Adopt practices that reduce waste toxicity

 Avoid over-packed goods.

 Avoid or limit the use of disposable goods.

 Buy food in bulk.

 Buy durable products.


Fines and Penalties
The following schedule of fines and penalties shall be
imposed, upon conviction:
SPECIFIC FINES PENALTIES
VIOLATIONS
(under Section 49
of the Act)
Paragraph 1. Payment in the Rendering of
Littering, throwing, amounts not less community service
dumping of waste than Three hundred for not less than one
matters in public pesos (P300.000) (1) day to not more
places, such as but not more than than fifteen (15)
roads, sidewalks, One thousand pesos days to an LGU
canals, esteros or (P1,000.00) or where such
parks, and prohibited acts are
establishment, or committed or both
causing or
SPECIFIC FINES PENALTIES
VIOLATIONS
(under Section 49 of
the Act)
Para 2. Undertaking Payment in the Imprisonment of not
activities or operating, amounts not less than less than one (1) day
collecting or Three hundred pesos to not more than fifteen
transporting equipment (P300.000) but not (15) days or both
in violation of more than One
sanitation operation thousand pesos
and other (P1,000.00) or
requirements or
permits set forth in or
established pursuant
to the Act

Para 3. The open


burning of solid waste
SPECIFIC VIOLATIONS FINES PENALTIES
(under Section 49 of the
Act)

Para 4. Causing or Payment in the amounts Imprisonment of not less


permitting the collection not less than One than fifteen (15) days to
of non-segregated or thousand pesos not more than six (6)
unsorted waste (P1,000.00) but not more months or both
than Three thousand
Para 5. Squatting in pesos (P3,000.00) or
open dumps and landfills

Para 6. Open dumping,


burying of biodegradable
or non-biodegradable
materials in flood-prone
areas

Para 7. Unauthorized
removal of recyclable
material intended for
collection by authorized
persons
SPECIFIC VIOLATIONS FINES PENALTIES
(under Section 49 of the
Act)

Para 8. The mixing of source- For the first time, shall pay a The additional penalty of
separated recyclable material fine of Five hundred thousand imprisonment of a minimum
with other solid waste in any pesos (P500,000.00) plus an period of one (1) year, but not
vehicle, box, container or amount not less than five to exceed three (3) years at
receptacle used in solid waste percent (5%) but not more the discretion of the court,
collection or disposal than ten percent (10%) of his shall be imposed for second or
net annual income during the subsequent violations of Sec.
Para 9. Establishment or previous year 48 of the Act, paragraphs (9)
operation of open dumps as and (10)
enjoined in the Act, or closure
of said dumps in violation of
Sec. 37 of the Act

Para 10. The manufacture,


distribution or use of non-
environmentally acceptable
packaging materials

Para 11. Importation of


consumer products packaged
in non-environmentally
acceptable materials
SPECIFIC VIOLATIONS FINES PENALTIES
(under Section 49 of the
Act)

Para 12. Importation Payment in the Imprisonment of not


of toxic wastes amounts not less than less than thirty (30)
misrepresented as Ten thousand pesos days but not more than
“recyclable” or “with (P10,000.00) but not three (3) years, or both
recyclable content” more than Two
hundred thousand
Para 13. Transport pesos (P200,000.00)
and dumping in bulk of or
collected domestic,
industrial, commercial
and institutional
wastes in areas other
than centers of
facilities prescribed
under the Act
SPECIFIC VIOLATIONS FINES PENALTIES
(under Section 49 of the Act)

Para 14. Site preparation, construction, Payment in the Imprisonment of not


expansion or operation of waste amounts not less less than one (1)
management facilities without an than One hundred year but not more
Environmental Compliance Certificate thousand pesos than six (6) years, or
required pursuant to Presidential Decree (P100,000.00) but both
No. 1586 and the Act and not conforming not more than One
with the Comprehensive Land Use Plan of million pesos
the LGU (P1,000,000.00) or

Para 15. The construction of any


establishment within two hundred (200)
meters from open dump or controlled
dumps or sanitary landfills

Para 16. The construction or operation of


landfills or any waste disposal facility on
any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or
watershed area and/or any portion
thereof.
Creation of a Barangay Solid Waste
Management Committee
The Barangay SWM Committee shall have the following
functions and responsibilities:

 Formulate Solid Waste Management program consistent


with the City/Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan
 Segregate and collect biodegradable, compostable,
reusable wastes
 Establish a Materials Recovery Facility
 Allocate barangay funds; look for sources of funds
 Organize core coordinators
 Submit SWM monthly reports
Membership of the Barangay Solid
Waste Management Committee
The Barangay SWM Committee shall be composed of the barangay captain
as chair with the following as members:

 One (1) kagawad


 SK chair
 Presidents of Home Owners Association
 Public/private school principals or representative
 One (1) Parents and Teachers Association president or representative
 One (1) Religious organization representative
 One (1) business sector representative
 One (1) environmental NGO representative
 President of Market Vendors Association; One (1) representative from
junkshop owners’ association
The implementation of the ecological solid
waste management shall fundamentally
take into account the management of waste
in the following hierarchy:
 Source reduction and minimization of wastes
generated at source;
 Resource recovery, recycling and reuse of wastes at
the barangay;
 Efficient collection, proper transfer and transport of
wastes by city/municipality; and
 Efficient management of residuals and of final
disposal sites and/or any other related
technologies for the destruction/reuse of residuals.