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NARRATIVE TEXT

LANGUAGE FEATURES
MALIN KUNDANG
A long time ago, in a small Malin, wearing his expensive
beach in western clothes and standing beside
Indonesia, lived a woman his beautiful wife, didn’t
and her son namely Malin recognize his mother and
refused to greet the poor old
Kundang. They were poor,
woman. His mother begged
but Malin Kundang was a for him three times, but he
healthy strong boy who declined. At last Malin
was a good boatman and shouted: “Enough, old
swimmer. He went to the woman! I have never had a
sea to catch fish which he dirty poor peasant woman
and his mother ate or sold like you as my mother!” Then
in town. he ordered his crews to set
sail.
Specific
Adverb of Time
Character

A long time ago, in a small beach


in western Indonesia, lived a woman
and her son namely Malin Kundang. P eT
a
They were poor, but Malin Kundang s n
s
was a healthy strong boy who was a t e
good boatman and swimmer. He went
to the sea to catch fish which he and
his mother ate or sold in town.

Action Verb
Malin, wearing his expensive Direct
clothes and standing beside his Speech
beautiful wife, didn’t recognize his
mother and refused to greet the poor
old woman. His mother begged for him
three times, but he declined. At last
Malin shouted: “Enough, old woman! I
have never had a dirty poor peasant
woman like you as my mother!” Then
he ordered his crews to set sail.
Time Conjunction
ADVERB OF TIME

tell us when an action


happened
(e.g. once upon a time, one
day, etc)
HOME
SPECIFIC CHARACTER

The character of the story is


specific, not general.
(e.g. Cinderella, Snow White,
Alibaba, etc)
HOME
TIME CONJUNCTION

Is used to connect clauses or


sentences which shows the time
HOME (e.g. when, then, suddenly, etc)
Simple Past Tense
V2
Example:
Malin Kundang helped and fought
off the pirates.
Past ContinousTense
PAST
Example: to be + Ving
TENSE It was being raided by a small band
of pirates.
Past Perfect Tense
had + past participle
Example:
HOME They had lived in poverty for a long
ACTION VERB

A verb that shows an


action.
(e.g. killed, dug,
walked, etc)
HOME
DIRECT SPEECH

It is to make the story lively.

Example:
At last Malin shouted, “Enough, old
woman! I have never had a dirty poor
peasant woman like you as my mother!”
HOME
Note: The direct speech uses present tense