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IDENTIFYING AND SELECTING

PLUMBING MATERIALS AND


FITTINGS

PLUMBING REVIEW CLASS 2012


TYPES OF MATERIALS
• PLASTIC
• COPPER TUBING
• MALLEABLE IRON
PIPE
• CASTE IRON SOIL
PIPE
• VITRIFIED CLAY
PIPE
PLASTIC
• Characteristics:
– Low Initial Cost
– Ease Of Assembly
– Lightweight
– Corrosion Resistant
– Low friction loss
– Fire resistant
– Maintenance free
TYPES OF PLASTIC
• ABS (Acrylonitrite-Butediene-Styrene)
• PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
• CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride)
• PE (Polyethelyne)
• PB (Poybutylene)
ABS (Acrylonitrite-Butediene-Styrene)

• Uses:
– Sanitary Drainage
– Vent Piping
– Storm Water Drainage
• Size Availability:
– 11/4- 6 inch diameter
– 10 ft or 20 ft. lengths
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
• Uses:
– Cold water lines
– Drians
– Irrigation
• Size Availability:
– 1/2” to 4” diameter
– 10 and 20 ft. lengths
CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride)
• Uses:
– Cold and hot water
lines
– High temperature and
pressure lines
• Size Availability:
– 1/2” ND 3/4” diameter
– 10 ft. lengths
PE ( Polyethelyne)
• Uses:
– Underground water
service

• Size Availability:
– 3/4 to 2” diameter
– 100 ft. coils
COPPER PIPE
• Characteristics:
– Resists corrosion
– Accepted by virtually every
plumbing code
– Will not burn or support
combustion and decompose to
toxic gases
– Easy to join

– Easily formable
– Lightweight
– Economical
TYPES OF COPPER PIPE
• Types K, L, M, DWV and Medical
Gas tube are designated by ASTM • K (Green)
standard sizes. Each type represents
a series of sizes with different wall • L (Blue)
thicknesses. Type K tube has
thicker walls than Type L tube, and • M (Red)
Type L walls are thicker than Type
M, for any given diameter. All • DWV (Yellow)
inside diameters depend on tube
size and wall thickness
• Copper Pipe - Used to carry water
to fixtures and appliances. Use
Type M for most residential work.
Type L is required if the pipe is
buried
TYPE K (GREEN)
• Uses:
– Domestic water
– Service and distribution
– Fire protection
– Solar
– Fuel/fuel oil
– HVAC
• Available Sizes:
– Straight lengths: ¼’’ to 8’’
20 ft.
– Coils: ¼’’ to 1’’ - 100 ft.
TYPE L (Blue)
• Uses:
– Domestic water
– Service and distribution
– Fire protection
– Solar
– Fuel/fuel oil
– Liquefied petroleum (LP) gas
– HVAC
– Snow melting

• Size Availability:
– Straight lengths: ¼’’ to 8’’ 20 ft.
– Coils: ¼’’ to 1’’ – 100 ft.
TYPE M (Red)
• USES:
– Domestic water
– Service and distribution
– Fire protection
– Solar
– Fuel/fuel oil
– Liquefied petroleum (LP) gas
– HVAC
– Snow melting

• Size Availability:
– Straight lengths: ¼’’ to 12’’- 20 ft
– No coils
DMV (Yellow)
• Uses:
– Drain
– Waste
– Vent
– Solar
– HVAC

• Size Availability:
– Straight lengths: 1¼’’ to 8’’-
20 ft.
– No coils
MALLEABLE IRON PIPE
• Characteristics:
– strong
– susceptible to rust and
corrosion
– difficult to install
• Uses:
– drain pipes
– hot and cold supply
• Size Availability:
– 1/2” to 12” diameter
– 21’ lengths- cut pipe available
CASTE IRON SOIL PIPE
• CHARACTERISTICS
• Versatile
• Adaptable for use in all types of
building
• Low-Cost Installation.
• Cast iron soil pipe can be
preassembled
• Product readily available
• USES
• sanitary and storm drain
• waste and vent piping
applications

• SIZE AVAILABILITY
• 11/2” to 12” diameter
• 5’ AND 10’ lengths
VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE
– ADVANTAGES OF VITRIFIED CLAY PIPE

• CHARACTERISTICS:
• .Life expectancy: over 100 years
• .Chemically inert: resistant to attack from
solvents, acids, alkalis, gases, etc.
• Low friction coefficient.
• Structural integrity: inherent load bearing
• Resistant to root penetration and leakage.
• Abrasion resistance:
• Handling: easy to handle and install.
• Economical

• USES
• sanitary and storm drain
• waste and vent piping applications
• SIZE AVAILABILITY:
• 11/2” to 12” diameter
• 5’ AND 10’ lengths
COMMON PIPE FITTINGS
ELBOWS

45 DEGREE STREET ELL


90 DEGREE
COUPLINGS

STAIGHT COUPLING REDUCING COUPLING


ADAPTERS

MALE ADAPTER FEMALE ADAPTER BUSHING


UNION
TEE
WYE
CROSS
NIPPLE
CAPS AND PLUGS

PLUG CAP
water
flow
water water
flow flow

90 degree 45 degree 90 degree


standard ell standard ell side tee

water water water


flow flow flow

standard valve of
coupling various types

inline tee
STANDARD PIPE FITTINGS
( FRINGES )

GLOBE VALVE GATE VALVE

CHECK VALVE ANGLE VALVE


Pipe Fittings

• Adaptor

• Reducing Tee
Pipe Fittings

• Tee

• 90o “Elbow”
Pipe Fittings

• 45o “Elbow”

• Coupler
Pipe Fittings

• Union

• Reducer
Pipe Fittings

• Adaptor

• Reducing Tee
THAT’S ALL FOLKS FOR
TODAY….
THE END …. GOOD
NIGHT.

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