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A History of Global

Politics: Creating an
International Order
LESSON 3
Content

 The State and Nation


 Nationalism and Internationalism
 Relationbetween Globalization and
Internationalization
 Interstate System
 The Attributes of Today’s World Politics
The State and Nation
STATE
 Refers to the country and its government.
 Four (4) Attributes of State:
 Exercises authority over a specific population called citizens.
 Governs a specific territory.
 Hasa structure of government that crafts various rules that
people (society) follows.
 Has sovereignty over its territory.
 Internal and External Authority
NATION
 According to Benedict Anderson,
is an “imagined community”.
 It
is limited and does not go
beyond a given “official
boundary”.
Nationalism and
Internationalism
Nationalism and Internationalism
 Nationalism – In politics and public policy,
nationalism is a doctrine whose mission is to
protect a nation's right to self-govern and shield
fellow residents of a state from global
economic and social pressures.

 Internationalism
– the desire for greater
cooperation and unity among countries and
people.
Internationalism
 Two (2) Categories of Internationalism:
a. Liberal Internationalism – believing
that government should be active in
supporting social and political change.
b. Socialist Internationalism – a society in
which major industries are owned and
controlled by the government.
Liberal Nationalism
Immanuel Kant
the late 18th Century
German Philosopher.
He is the first major thinker
of Liberal Nationalism.
Proposed “global
government”.
Liberal Nationalism
Jeremy Bentham
late 18th Century
British Philosopher.
Proposed
“international law”.
Liberal Nationalism
Giuseppe Mazzini
19th Century Italian
Patriot.
Major critic of
Metternich System.
Advocate for the
unification of Italian-
speaking mini states.
Liberal Nationalism
Woodrow Wilson
 United States President (1913 –
1921).
 One of the 20th Century most
prominent internationalist.
 He forwarded the Principle of Self-
Determination.
 Most notable advocate for the
creation of the League of Nations.
 Awarded with the Nobel Prize in
1919.
Liberal Nationalism
Karl Marx
 German Socialist Philosopher.
 He placed a premium on economic
equality.
 He divided the world into classes instead
of dividing it into countries.
Capitalist Class – owners of factories and
other “means of production”.
Proletariat Class – who works for the
capitalist.
 Friedrich Engels was his co-author. Marx
died in 1883.
Socialist Internationalism
 Established in Paris in 1889.
 Achievement of SI: declaration of May 1 as Labor Day; creation of an
International Women’s Day; successful campaign for an 8-hour
workday.
 It collapsed during World War 1.
 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) – revolutionary government
led by Bolshevik Party and leader Vladimir Lenin. In supporting this,
Lenin established Communist International (Comintern) in 1919.
 Comintern was dissolved in 2943 by Joseph Stalin (Lenin’s successor).
 After the World War 2, Stalin re-established Comintern as Communist
Information Bureau (Cominform).
 Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.
 The Socialist International re-establish itseld in 1951.
Socialist Internationalism
Bolshevik Party Vladimir Lenin
Relation between
Globalization and
Internationalization
Globalization and Internationalization
 GLOBALIZATION encompasses a multitude of
connections and interactions that cannot be
reduced to the ties between governments.

 INTERNATIONALIZATION does not equal


globalization but it is a major part of it. Exploring
the deepening of interactions between states
refers to the phenomenon of
internationalization.
Interstate System
Treaty of Westphalia or The
Westphalian System
 Setof agreements signed in 1648 to end
the Thirty Years’ War between the major
continental powers of Europe.
designed by The Holy Roman Empire, Spain,
France, Sweden, and the dutch republic
 agreed that each state has absolute
sovereignty over its territory.
Napoleonic Code(1803-1815)
Napoleon Bonaparte
 A French statesman and a
military leader
 He believed in the principles of
the French Revolution: Liberty,
Equality, and Fraternity
 He started the Napoleonic
Wars(1803-1815)
Napoleonic Code
Napoleon Bonaparte
 implemented the Napoleonic
code in every country they
conquered.
 Forbade birth previliges
 Encouraged freedom or
religion
 Promoted meritrocracy in
qovernment service.
 defeated in the Battle of
Waterloo in 1815
Concert of Europe
 Created to prevent another war from
happening and to restore the Westphalian
System.
 It restored monarchical system
 Restored the sovereignty of states
 It lasted from 1815-1914, at the dawn of
world war.
The Attributes of
Today’s World Politics
Four (4) Attributes of Today’s Global
System:
1. Some countries or states are independent and
governs themselves.
2. These countries interact with each other
through diplomacy.
3. The interactions are facilitated by International
Organizations like United Nations (UN).
4. Aside from facilitating meetings between
states, international organizations also take on
lives of their own.
References:

 https://www.thoughtco.com/nationalism-definition-4158265
 https://socratic.org/questions/what-was-the-metternich-system-and-
how-did-it-provide-stability-for-europe-durin
 http://valdaiclub.com/multimedia/infographics/westphalian-system/
Group 2

John Lester Glenn Apigo


Fathima Ariola
Samantha Bartolome
Gerald Bista

THANK YOU!!!

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