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By

G. V.RAVI KIRAN
N.S.R.S. KISHORE
OVERVIEW
 Location of Project
 Origin of River
 History of Dam
 Salient Features of Dam
 Irrigatable Area
 Inter State Issue
 Silting of dam
Location of Dam
 Walayar dam is located in
Pudussery East Panchayat of
Palakkad District in Kerala.

 The Coordinates of the Dam


Location are
Latitude :10o 50’ 40’’ N
Longitude: 76o 51’ 7”E

 And it is located at an altitude


of 197 m above MSL

 It is 25 km. Away from


Palakkad town
Origin of river
 Walayar river originates in
western ghats of kerala.

 Walayar river is one of the


tributaries of the river
Kalpathipuza river which is
one of the main tributaries
of the Bharathapuza river.

 Bharathapuzha river is the Map Showing the Walayar Dam


second largest river in and Irrigated land
kerala after periyar.
 Bharathapuza river is called as life line of kerala.

 It is also called as “nila”.

 Walayar dam is situated about 200 m downstream of


the confluence of walayar river and korayar river.
History of Project
 Walayar dam was started in the year 1953 during the 1st five
year plan of planning commission.

 The project was commissioned in the year 1956.

 And it was completed and opened by the year 1964 during 3rd
five year plan of planning commission.

 Approved cost of dam is 1.0 Crore.

 Actual cost is 1.32 Crores.


Catchment Area of Walayar Dam
 The catchment area of walayar reservoir is 106.19 sq. Km
in palakkad district of kerala and Coimbatore district of
Tamilnadu.

 The average annual rainfall in this region is 2110 mm.


General Features of Walayar Dam
Name of the Project Walayar dam

Official Name Waluwanad

State Kerala

Nearest city Palakkad

River Walayar river (Tributary of


bharathapuzha)

NRLD No. KL07HH0004


Hydrological Features of Dam
Catchment Area 106.35 sq.km.

Probable Maximun Flood 396.40 Cumecs

Method of Estimating PMF Current meter method


MASONRY SECTION OF DAM
Reservoir Features
Gross storage Capacity 18.40 M m3 or 0.65 TMC

Full Reservoir Level +203.00 m

Maximum water level +203.00 m

Top Bank level +205.00 m

Free board over FRL /MWL 2.0 m

Minimum draw down level +182.575 m

Dead storage Nil

Area of reservoir at FRL 2.59 sq. km


Structural Features of Dam
Type Masonry dam flanked by earthen dams

Top width of dam Masonry 3.60 m

Bottom width 21.60 m

Length Masonry 150 m, earth dam 1329 m

Slope Earth dam 2.5:1


Masonry dam 2:1
Maximum height from bed level 28.105 m
Spillway
Type Ogee with vertical lift type

Location of spillway Middle portion

Total length 42 m

Crest level +199.95 m

Design capacity of spillway 396.4 Cumecs

Number and size of gates 3 No’s 12 x 3 m


Sluice
Type Head sluice

Sill level +182.575 m and +188.975 m

Spill channel Natural river


Front View of Walayar Dam
Irrigated land
 Walayar dam is a medium Irrigation Project

 The left bank canal of walayar dam covers a total irrigated


land of 3238 hectares of land in Palakkad district.

 The length of the Left canal is about 12.36 km.

 The ultimate irrigation potential of the dam is 7900


hectares.
Industries and their impact on
Environment
 Many industries including Malabar Cements depends on
this dam for their water requirement.

 Limestone quarry is located within the Walayar reservoir


forest and mining of it has led to deforestation in the area.

 It is estimated that an area of 250 ha. of virgin forest


largely of deciduous type has been deforested by the
Malabar cement factory. The waste materials of the
cement factory dumped into the drainage channels.
Silting in Dam
 Silting is a major problem to all the projects.

 The total capacity of dam is about 68 feet

 However, it is estimated that 38 feet is filled with silt by 2018.

 One area of the dam is located in Pollachi taluk and it required the
permission of the revenue authorities of Tamil Nadu to remove the
silt.

 The interstate water wing of kerala water resources department deals


with interstate water sharing aspects in walayar irrigation project
with tamilnadu, as it is located at the border of kerala and tamilnadu.
Floods in 2018
 The Walayar Dam had reached full storage level by July
9,2018
 It is the first time that it has reached this level so early in
the past 12 years.
Refernces
 Wikipedia
 india.wris.nrsc.gov.in water resources information system
of india website.
 Water resources department, Government of Kerala
website.
THANK YOU