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Presented by –
Soumadip Bhunia
Roll – 15601317014
• Prestressed concrete is a method for
overcoming concrete's natural weakness in
• In 1904, Freyssinet attempted to introduce
permanent acting forces in conc. to resist
elastic forces under loads and was named
“Pre Stressing”.
• It can be used to produce beams, floors or
bridges with a longer span than is practical with
ordinary reinforced concrete.
 This classification is based on the method by which the
prestressing force is generated.
 They are
 Hydraulic Prestressing
 Mechanical Prestressing
 Electrical Prestressing
 Chemical Prestressing
 Pre-stressed concrete refers to a
procedure whereby tensile rods
are put in place first and
tightened, followed by concrete
 Compression can be applied
after pouring concrete using
bonds. They are tightened once
the concrete is dry
 Main disadvantage is that a
cable can burst out of the slab, if
the anchoring system fails.
 Even without a load,  An upward force is
the ordinary concrete created which in effect
relieves the beam of
beam must carry its
having to carry its own
own weight. weight.
 There are two types of prestressed concrete.
 They are
 Pre- tensioned concrete
 Post tensioned concrete
 Pre-tensioned concrete is cast
around already tensioned
 This method produces a good
bond between the tendon and
concrete, which both protects the
tendon from corrosion and allows
for direct transfer of tension.

 The cured concrete adheres and

bonds to the bars and when the
tension is released it is transferred
to the concrete as compression by
static friction.
 Post tensioning is a technique for reinforcing concrete.

 Post-tensioning tendons, which are prestressing steel cables inside

plastic ducts or sleeves, are positioned in the forms before the
concrete is placed.

 Afterwards, once the concrete has gained strength but before the
service loads are applied, the cables are pulled tight, or tensioned,
and anchored against the outer edges of the concrete.

 They are classified into two types,

 Bonded post tensioned concrete

 Unbonded post tensioned concrete

 Bonded post-tensioned concrete is the descriptive
term for a method of applying compression after
pouring concrete and the curing process (in situ).

 The concrete is cast around a plastic, steel or

aluminium curved duct, to follow the area where
otherwise tension would occur in the concrete element.
 Unbonded post-tensioned concrete differs from
bonded post-tensioning by providing each
individual cable permanent freedom of
movement relative to the concrete.
 To achieve this, each individual tendon is coated with a
grease (generally lithium based) and covered by a
plastic sheathing formed in an extrusion process.
 Take full advantages of high strength concrete and
high strength steel
 Need less materials
 Smaller and lighter structure
 No cracks
 Use the entire section to resist the load
 Better corrosion resistance
 Very effective for deflection control
 Better shear resistance
 Bridges
 Slabs in buildings
 Water tank
 Concrete pile
 Thin shell structures
 Offshore platform
 Nuclear power plant
 Repair and rehabilitations
 Thus, pre-stressed concrete increases the quality,
strength, span of the structure.

 Since it is cost effective, it is used widely on recent