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RECYCLED AGGREGATE

CONCRETE IN RIGID PAVEMENTS

PROJECT BY :
HITESH BHOI
KAILASH KUMAR
GUPTA
MD JUNAID
NOSHIN
PRAVEEN
GUIDE: SHARMA
H.D. ASHWINI
CONTENT
• INTRODUCTION
• BACKGROUND
• OBJECTIVES
• ADVANTAGES
• DISADVANTAGES
• LITERATURE REVIEW
• METHODOLOGY
• DESIGN AND ANALYSIS
• TESTING
• CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
• To achieve sustainable issue in construction area,
researchers and companies focus on using waste
concrete as a new construction material.
• It is called recycled aggregate which can be
produced by concrete crusher.
• The aggregates are categorized by size as coarse
and fine aggregate.
• The characteristic of recycled aggregates could be
different by its parent concrete because the parent
concrete was designed for its purposes such as
permeability, durability and high strength concrete.
HISTORICAL
BACKGROUND
• The applications of recycled aggregate in the construction
areas are wide and they had been used long time ago.
• Wilmot and Vorobieff (1997) stated that recycled aggregate
have been used in the road industry for the last 100 years in
Australia. They also stated that the use of recycled aggregate
for the construction and rehabilitation of local government
roads has a great improve in the last five years
• C & D Recycling Industry (n.d.), the fact file stated that from
the time of the Romans, the stones from the previous roads
were reused when rebuilding their vaunted set of roads. It also
stated that since the end of World War II, the recycling industry
had been well established in Europe.
• According to Seecharan (2004), the Detroid News stated that
in 1980s, the old concrete crushed into a powder was a
popular road builder at Michigan, USA
OBJECTIVES
• To find out the % use feasible for construction
• To reduce the impact of waste materials on
environment
• To carry out different tests on recycled
aggregates & natural aggregates and
compare their results
• To find out the ways of cost saving such as
transportation costs, excavation costs, etc.
ADVANTAGES
• Cost saving
There are no detrimental effects on concrete & it is expected that the
increase in the cost of cement could be offset by the lower cost of Recycled
Concrete Aggregate (RCA).

• Save environment
 There is no excavation of natural resources & less transportation.
 Less land is required.
 Less emission of carbon due to less crushing.

• Save time
There is no waiting for material availability.

• Job opportunity
Creates employment opportunities and economic activities in recycling
industries
DISADVANTAGES
• Less quality (e.g. compressive strength reduces by
10-30%).
• Duration of procurement of materials may affect life
cycle of project.
• Land, special equipments & machineries are
required (more cost).
• Very high water absorption (up to 6%).
• It has higher drying shrinkage & creep.
LITERATURE REVIEW
• The applications of recycled aggregate in the
construction area are very wide. There are many
testing based on the recycled aggregate have
been carried out all around the world.
• Hanson and Torben (1986) stated that since 1945,
the research on recycled aggregate had been
carried out in many countries. Some of the literature
reviews on recycled aggregate are shown as
below.
J-1.Recycled Concrete Aggregate, a Sustainable
Option from Demolition Concrete Waste- A
Percentage Replacement Method
AUTHORS: OBJECTIVE: CONCLUSION:
Praveen Mathew To find out the percent 1. Recycled aggregate is an ideal
replacement that offers a better substitute for the natural
Jeevan Jacob structural property in comparison aggregate in structural concrete.
with the conventional concrete. 2. Maximum Values of strength
Leni Stephen
Selected Replacements: were obtained at 40%
Thomas Paul replacement.
0% (NAC),
(2014) 20% (RAC 20),
30% (RAC 30) and
40% (RAC 40)
J-2.Performance of Rigid
Pavements containing RCA
AUTHORS: OBJECTIVE: CONCLUSION:
GREGORY D. CUTTEL 1. To identify the material and 1. Comparable Pavement
pavement design factors that performance between recycled
MARK B. SNYDER and conventional PCC pavements
have resulted in both Good
JULIE M. VANDENBOSSCHE was especially common when
and Unacceptable there were similar amounts of
MONTY J. WADE performance. natural aggregates in the PCC
2. Field study focused on the mixtures.
causes of pavement distresses 2. Recurrent D-cracking was not
associated with the use of observed on any of the surveryed
RCA in PCC surface layers. projects.
3. Recurrent ASR appeared to
present in small localized areas in
one of the project as soon as 9
years after construction.
J-3. RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE IN
CONCRETE PAVEMENTS: A FIVE YEAR STUDY
ON ITS EFFECT ON PAVEMENT PERFORMANCE
AUTHORS: OBJECTIVE: CONCLUSION:
Federico Irali The objective of this research 1. Four experimental concrete
project was to evaluate the pavement sections, each
Aleks Kivi containing a different percentage
long-term performance of
James T. Smith of RCA in the concrete mix, were
concrete pavements with built at the CPATT test track in
Susan L. Tighe different percentages of RCA 2007 and all remain in very good
through the construction of condition after being subjected to
Cesare Sangiorgi
full scale test sections that was traffic loading for more than five
(2013) instrumented with various years.
sensors to analyze and 2. It suggest that the increased use
monitor pavement responses of waste concrete in the form of
over time. RCA is feasible in concrete
pavements, if performance
comparable to virgin materials can
be expected
J-3. RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE IN
CONCRETE PAVEMENTS: A FIVE YEAR STUDY
ON ITS EFFECT ON PAVEMENT PERFORMANCE
AUTHORS: OBJECTIVE: CONCLUSION:
Federico Irali The objective of this research 1. Four experimental concrete
project was to evaluate the pavement sections, each
Aleks Kivi containing a different percentage
long-term performance of
James T. Smith of RCA in the concrete mix, were
concrete pavements with built at the CPATT test track in
Susan L. Tighe different percentages of RCA 2007 and all remain in very good
through the construction of condition after being subjected to
Cesare Sangiorgi
full scale test sections that was traffic loading for more than five
(2013) instrumented with various years.
sensors to analyze and 2. It suggest that the increased use
monitor pavement responses of waste concrete in the form of
over time. RCA is feasible in concrete
pavements, if performance
comparable to virgin materials can
be expected
J-4.USE OF RECYCLED
AGGREGATE CONCRETE
AUTHORS: OBJECTIVE: CONCLUSION:
Mr. Tushar R 1. To find out the % use 1.Use of recycled aggregate up to
Sonawane feasible for construction. 30% does not affect the functional
requirements of the structure as
Dr. Sunil S. Pimplikar 2. To reduce the impact of per the findings of the test results.
waste materials on 2. Various tests conducted on
environment. recycled aggregates and results
3. To carry out different tests compared with natural aggregates
are satisfactory as per IS 2386.
on recycled aggregates &
natural aggregates & compare 3. Due to use of recycled aggregate
their results. in construction, energy & cost of
transportation of natural resources
4. To find out the ways of cost & excavation is significantly saved.
saving such as transportation,
excavation etc.
METHODOLOGY
COLLECTION
Collection of Plain Cement Concrete (PCC) from site (Kumar Swamy Layout)

CRUSHING
Collected material is crushed by hammer to separate the aggregates and reduce their sizes in
smaller fraction.

TESTING
Conducting various tests are conducted in laboratory as per IS code & their results are
compared with natural aggregate
Concrete
It is crushed, the
reinforcement bar is
removed, and the
material is screened
for size. Market
outlets for recycled
concrete include
road base, general
fill, pavement
aggregate, and
drainage media.
DESIGN & ANALYSIS
MIX PROPORTIONING
The mix proportioning was done as per the Indian
standards (IS 10262:2009). The cement used is of
single origin Portland Pozzolana type with specific
gravity 2.6.
• AGGREGATE:
Recycled aggregates comprises of crushed,
graded inorganic particles processed from
construction and demolition concrete debris.
These materials were obtained from a pavement.
TESTING
• SHAPE TEST : as per IS:2386(part I)-1963
− Elongation Index test
− Flakiness Index test
− Combined Index test
− Angularity number test
• AGGREGATE CRUSHING VALUE as per IS 2386(part IV)
1963
• AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE as per IS 2386(part IV)1963
• LOS ANGELES ABRASION as per IS 2386(part IV)1963
• WATER ABSORPTION TEST as per IS 2386(part IV)1963
• COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH TEST as per IS Code
• SPLIT TENSILE TEST as per IS Code
• FLEXURAL STRENGTH TEST as per IS Code
CONCLUSION &
EXPECTED RESULTS
• Various tests conducted on recycled aggregates
and results compared with natural aggregates are
satisfactory as per IS 2386
• Due to use of recycled aggregate in construction,
energy & cost of transportation of natural resources
& excavation is significantly saved.
• Hence directly reduces the impact of waste
material on environment.
• ER: Achieving the maximum strength at 40%
replacement.
THE CHOICE IS YOURS
TO LANDFILL TO RECYCLE

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