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CONT… CHAPTER

22: EXILE IN
DAPITAN
RIZAL AS TEACHER
Specimens
Draco Rizali – a flying dragon

Apogania Rizali – a small beetle

Rhachophrus Rizali – a rare frog

Spatholmes Rizali – Fungus Beetle


RIZAL'S ART WORK IN
DAPITAN
CARVING OF JOSEPHINE BRACKEN
FISHES CAUGHT IN DAPITAN
RIZAL AS FARMER
16 hectares of land in Talisay
where he built his home,
school, and hospital, and
planted cacao, coffee,
sugarcane, coconuts and fruit
trees.
his total holdings reached 70
hectares,:
modern methods of agriculture
which he had observed in
Europe and America.
imported agricultural
machinery from the U. S.
to establish a new Calamba in
Dapitan
RIZAL AS
BUSINESSMAN
most profitable
business of Rizal was:
in hemp industry
To break the Chinese
monopoly on business
in Dapitan, Rizal
organized the:
 Cooperative
Association of
Dapitan Farmers
prime commodities at
moderate prices.
Rizal’s Inventions
He invented a cigarette
lighter, which he called
sulpakan, and sent it to
Blumentritt in 1887 as a gift.
The lighter used a
compressed air mechanism.

While in Dapitan, Rizal also


invented a wooden machine
for making bricks which
turned out about 6,000 bricks
daily.
Mr. Taufer &
Josephine
RIZAL & BRACKEN
Fr. Obach on their marriage
Mr. Taufer
Unable to endure the thought of
losing Josephine, he tried to
commit suicide by cutting of his
throat with a razor
Went away uncured
Rizal and Josephine held hands
together
and married themselves before the
eyes of God.
Jose played a prank on her:
frightening her
prematurely gave birth to an 8th
month baby boy, who only lived for
three hours
RIZAL AND THE KATIPUNAN
Dr. Pio Valenzuela was
named emissary to Dapitan
Rizal objected to
Bonifacio’s audacious
project to plunge the
country in bloody
revolution
disapproved of the other
plan of the Katipunan to
rescue him
he had given his word of
honor to the Spanish
authorities
VOLUNTEERS AS MILITARY DOCTOR IN
CUBA
shortage of physicians to
minister to the needs of the
Spanish troops
It was Blumentritt who told
him of the deplorable health
situation in war-ridden Cuba
Rizal wrote to Gov.-Gen.
Ramon Blanco, Despujol’s
successor, offering his
services
Blanco notified him of the
acceptance of his offer
CHAPTER 23: LAST
TRIP ABROAD (1896)
RIZAL MISSES SHIP GOING TO SPAIN
Rizal was transferred
to another cruiser by
the order of Ramon
Blanco (1 month)
He was treated not a
prisoner, but a guest
detained on board
CRY OF BALINTAWAK (PUGADLAWIN)

Beginning of
Revolution
tearing of
community
tax
certificates
to mark
their
separation
from Spain.
OUTBREAK OF THE PHILIPPINE
REVOLUTION
 discovered by Fray Mariano
Gil
aggravated by the Cry of
Balintawak
attacked San Juan, but
they were repulsed with
heavy losses
 After the Battle of San Juan,
Governor General Blanco
proclaimed a state of war
in the first eight provinces
for rising in arms against
Spain
DEPARTURE FOR SPAIN
Rizal received from
Governor General
Blanco 2 letters of
introduction for the
Minister of War and
the Minister of
Colonies, with a
covering letter which:
 absolved him from
all blame for the
raging revolution
RIZAL IN SINGAPORE
Don Pedro/ Don
Manuel Camus
advised Rizal to stay
and take advantage
of the protection of
the British Law
had given his word
of honor to
Governor General
Blanco
VICTIM OF SPANISH DUPLICITY
Blanco and the
Ministers of War and
the Colonies were :
exchanging coded
telegrams (secret
conspiracy) and
confidential
messages for his
arrest upon
reaching
Barcelona
ARRIVAL IN BARCELONA AS PRISONER (8
DAYS)
Rizal was escorted to
the grim and infamous
prison-fortress named
Monjuich
Jose’s interview with
Despujol
he would be
shipped back to
Manila
CHAPTER 24: LAST
HOMECOMING
AND TRIAL
Confiscation of Diary
Their suspicion was
aroused, for they
feared that the
diarist might be
writing something:
 seditious or
treasonable
Writ of habeas corpus
a writ (legal action)
which requires a person
under arrest to be
brought before :
a judge or into court
a prisoner can be
released from unlawful
detention
detention lacking
sufficient cause or
evidence
Unsucessful rescue in Singapore
Atty. Fort instituted
proceedings at the Singapore
Court:
 for the removal of Rizal
from the steamer
Chief Justice Loinel Cox
denied the writ on the
ground:
warship of a foreign
power, which under
international law was
beyond the jurisdiction of
the Singapore authorities
ARRIVAL IN MANILA
authorities
fished for
evidence
against Rizal
brutally
tortured to
implicate Rizal
Paciano
PRELIMINARY
INVESTIGATION
2 kinds of evidence
were presented
against Rizal,
namely:
 documentary
testimonial
RIZAL CHOOSES HIS DEFENDER
only right given to
Rizal by the Spanish
authorities
Don Luis Taviel de
Andrade
name was familiar
brother of Luis
Taviel de Andrade,
Rizal’s bodyguard in
Calamba
READING OF INFORMATION TO THE
ACCUSED
Jose was accused of :
being the principal
organizer and the
living soul of the
Filipino rebellion
Rizal: pleaded:
not guilty to the crime
of rebellion.
RIZAL'S MANIFESTO
appealing to them to:
 stop the necessary
shedding of blood
to achieve their liberties
by means of education
Rizal’s manifesto was:
not issued to the people
saved from the shame
of his manifesto’s being
misinterpreted
TRIAL OF RIZAL
considered guilty
before the actual
trial
not given the right
to face the
witnesses against
him in open court
RIZAL PROVED HIS INNOCENCE BY:
he advised Dr. Pio
Valenzuela in Dapitan:
not to rise in
revolution
If he were guilty he
could have:
 escaped Singapore
His life in Dapitan had
been:
 exemplary
SIGNING OF RIZAL'S EXECUTION
Polavieja:
 approved the
decision of the court-
martial
ordered Rizal to be
shot at 7am of
December 30 at
Bagumbayan Field.
CHAPTER 25:
MARTYRDOM
IN
BAGUMBAYAN
LAST HOURS OF RIZAL
gave to Trinidad:
the alcohol cooking
stove
“Mi Ultimo Adios”
10PM 29 December 1896
wrote his retraction,
in which he abjured
Masonry and his
religious ideas which
were anti-catholic
MARTYRDOM OF A HERO
requested the commander of
the firing squad, that:
 he be shot facing the firing
squad
His request was denied
A Spanish military physician
asked:
 his permission to feel his
pulse
7:03 in the morning:
 when he died in the bloom
of manhood – aged 35 y. o.
AFTERMATH OF A
MARTYR'S DEATH
Spanish spectators
shouted “Viva Espana!”
“Muerte a los Traidores”
(Long live Spain!
Death to the
Traitors!)
pen is mightier than
the sword