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Introduction to the philosophy of

the human person


Course subject description
An Initiation to the activity and process of
philosophical reflection as a search for a synoptic
vision of life. Topics to be discussed include the
human experiences of embodiment, being in the
world with others and the environment, freedom,
intersubjectivity, sociality,being unto death.
Course Objectives: at the end of the Course, the student should be able to;

1. Acquire analytical and critical thinking skills.


2. Apply their critical and analytical thinking skills
3. Become truthful, environmental-friendly, and service oriented
4. Actively committed to the development of a more humane society
5. Articulate their own philosophy of life.
6. Reflect on their daily experiences from holistic point of view.
Content
1st part 2nd part
Doing Philosophy Freedom of the Human Person
Methods of Philosophizing Inter-subjectivity
The human person as an embodied The human Person in Society
Spirit
The human person in their Human person as oriented
environment towards their impending death
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
* In the early times, it was regarded as the sum and
the summit of human knowledge because
philosophy is a search for truth.
Ex. The universal truth, it therefore can cover different disciplines. As
philosophy is asking the most fundamental question like “ Where did the
world came from?,”What is the beginning of the beginning of the world?
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
*Scientia, Scientiarum – the science of
Sciences
• Compedium of all learning
• The mater and the matrix of all
knowledge
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
• The Focus of philosophy is the attainment of human knowledge.
• As philosophers were asking questions regarding the beginning of
things, they also ask questions about
1. How the human person can make sure that he is really
capable of knowing anything.
2. How does one know what he knows?
3. Is this the only thing that we can know of?
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
• Curiosity of men led to them to have reflection on
experience.
• This sense of wander in the human person led him/her
to ask the questions; What is the ultimate material of
the universe?
And How can we explain the process of change in things?
How Philosophy Started?
• According to tradition, Philosophy must have started at
the seaport town of Miletus, located across the Aegean
Sea from Athens, on the western shores of Ionia in Asia
Minor.Miletus was the center of commerce and trade
where wealthy people would gather not only to market
material things but also their intellectual and spiritual
wares.
How Philosophy Started?
• The first philosophers were called Milesians or Ioanians
• These Milesians thinkers belonged to the nobility class,
they had the luxury and the great time for thinking and
reflecting which caused life of art and philosophy to
flourish.
THALES OF MILETUS
• The first person recorded in history for his
philosophical thinking in 585 BCE.
• The Milesians were looking for an answer as regards
the first principle of everything i.e. the source of all
existing things.
• Thales provided the first concrete answer, “
EVERYTHING MUST HAVE COME FROM WATER.”
• Each one them reacting to the water-concept of Thales.
• He earned the title, “The Father of Philosophy.”
* The term philosophy did not
originated from Thales, but from
PYTHAGORAS OF SAMOS, who
believed that a human being
would never be able to acquire the
whole truth.
• There is only one being who
can know everything. This
being is the “ THEOS” or God,
who is also the
“ SOPHIA” or the wisdom himself.
• The term philosophy
came about as it came
from the two Greek
words, “ PHELEIN” which
means to love, and “
SOPHIA” which means
wisdom. Etymologically,
philosophy means a “
love of wisdom.”
WHY PHILOSOPHY?
1. It is basically a search for truth. – a method of
knowing the meaning of existence.
2. Philosophy uses the rational method in solving
problems. – philosophy is rationally critical thinking.
3. It is a good tool in understanding the human person.
4. It deals with wisdom.
Definition of PHILOSOPHY
• It is defined as a human, and consequently a social
activity, which consists in a human person a perennial
and a disinterested search for the intelligible structure
of the totality of being.
• It is first and foremost an activity. – which attempts to
understand the general principles and ideas that lie
behind various aspect of life.
Assignment;
1. What Philosophy is not?
2. Explain Philosophy as science, that by natural
light of reason, study of all things, First cause or
highest Principle.
3. What are the different branches of Philosophy?