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Prepared by: Engr. B. A.

Benito/Rubbie Gay De Claro


TYPES OF JOINTS TYPES OF WELDS WELD SYMBOL WELDING SYMBOL

BUTT JOINT SQUARE WELD II


T - JOINT FILLET WELD

LAP JOINT GROOVE WELD

CORNER JOINT V – GROOVE

EDGE JOINT BEVEL GROOVE

J - GROOVE

U - GROOVE U
Standard Location of Elements of a
Welding Symbol
CONTOUR SYMBOL FINISH SYMBOL

GROOVE ANGLE, INCLUDED ANGLE


ROOT OPENING, DEPTH OF FILLING
OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS
F FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELD

DEPTH OF BEVEL, SIZE OR STRENGTH A LENGTH OF WELD


FOR CERTAIN WELDS
GROOVE WELD SIZE
R PITCH (CENTER TO
CENTER SPACING) OF WELDS
FIELD WELD
SYMBOL
SPECIFICATION S (E) Both Other Side L- P
PROCESS
OR OTHER T WELD -ALL-AROUND
SYMBOL
REFERENCE
Sides Arrow Side

REFERENCE

TAIL OMITTED
NUMBER OF SPOT, SEAM,
STUD, PLUG, SLOT, OR
(N) LINE

WHEN REFERENCE ARROW CONNECTING


PROJECTION WELD
IS NOT IN USED REFERENCE LINE TO
ELEMENT IN THIS ARROW SIDE MEMBER
AREA REMAIN AS SHOWN OF THE JOINT OR OTHER
WHEN TAIL AND ARROW SIDE OF JOINT
ARE REVERSED
OTHER SIDE

ARROW SIDE

ARROW SIDE

OTHER SIDE

BUTT JOINT
OTHER SIDE

ARROW SIDE

OTHER SIDE ARROW SIDE

T JOINT
OTHER SIDE
ARROW SIDE

ARROW SIDE
OTHER SIDE

LAP JOINT
OTHER SIDE
ARROW SIDE

ARROW SIDE

OTHER SIDE

CORNER JOINT
BASIC WELDING SYMBOL AND THEIR LOCATION SIGNIFICANCE

LOCATION SQUARE FILLET V BEVEL U J PLUG OR


SIGNIFICANCE SLOT
ARROW
SIDE

OTHER
SIDE

BOTH
SIDES NOT
USED

NO ARROW
SIDE OR
OTHER SIDE NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT
SIGNIFICANCE USED USED USED USED USED USED
BASIC WELDING SYMBOL AND THEIR LOCATION SIGNIFICANCE
LOCATION SPOT OR BACK OR
SIGNIFICANCE SEAM SURFACING
PROJECTION BACKING
ARROW GROOVE WELD
SYMBOL
SIDE

OTHER
SIDE NOT
USED
GROOVE WELD SYMBOL

BOTH
SIDES NOT NOT NOT NOT
USED USED USED
USED

NO ARROW SIDE
OR OTHER
SIDE
NOT NOT
SIGNIFICANCE USED USED
BASIC WELDING SYMBOL AND THEIR LOCATION SIGNIFICANCE
LOCATION SCARF FOR FLANGE
SIGNIFICANCE
FLARE - V FLARE - BEVEL
BRAZED JOINT EDGE
ARROW
SIDE

OTHER
SIDE

BOTH
SIDES NOT
USED

NO ARROW SIDE
OR OTHER
SIDE NOT NOT NOT NOT
SIGNIFICANCE USED USED USED USED
M

C U
G

G - GRINDING M - MACHINING
G
C - CHIPPING U – UNSPECIFIED
METHOD
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
3RD OPERATION

2ND OPERATION

1ST OPERATION

1ST

2ND (SEQUENCE
OF OPERATION)

3RD
RT
GTAW-AU

WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESS SPECIFICATION


A-2

B3-S

REFERENCES
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
1/2 1/2

1/2
SYMBOL
DESIRED WELD
½ ½
½

½
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
¼
¼ ½

½
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
6
6
24

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


LOCATE WELDS AT ENDS OF JOINT

OF WELD

2
2-4

DESIRE WELDS SYMBOL


LOCATE WELDS AT ENDS OF JOINT
2-5
2-5
2 2 2

5 5

OF WELD

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


LOCATE WELDS AT END OF JOINT

3 3 3 3 3 – 10

3 – 10

10 5

OF WELDS
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
SYMBOL

DESIRED WELD
DESIRED WELD SYMBOL
SYMBOL
DESIRED WELD
1/8

1/8

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


¾ ¾
7/8

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


1
4
DEPTH OF CHAMFERING
1 3
4 8

1
ROOT PENETRATION
8

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


ARROW–SIDE FLUSH CONTOUR SYMBOL

WELD APPROXIMATELY
WITH THE BASE METAL

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


OTHER-SIDE FLUSH CONTOUR SYMBOL

REINFORCEMENT REMOVED
BY CHIPPING

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


BOTH SIDES CONVEX CONTOUR SYMBOL

FINISH TO CONVEX CONTOUR


BY GRINDING
G

SYMBOL

WELD CROSS SECTION


DESIRED WELD SYMBOL

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


¼ 3/8
¼ (3/8)

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


3/8
¼ (3/8)
¼ ¼ (3/8)

3/8

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


NOTE: OVERLAP OF 1/8 ¼ (3/8)
¼ 3/8
¼ (3/8)

5/8

¼
3/8 SYMBOL
WELD CROSS SECTION
NOTE: TOTAL WELD SIZE 5/8 in.
25º
0

2
2 – 1/8

2 2 – 1/8 25º
2 (2–1/8)
2 (2–1/8)
0
25º
25º
WELD CROSS SECTION
4 – 1/2

GROOVE WELD SYMBOL SYMBOL


WITH COMBINED DIMENSION
SYMMETRICAL GROOVE WELDS
WITH BACKGOUGING

60º
60º
BACKGOUGE
1/8
60º

1/8

SYMBOL
60º

WELD CROSS SECTION


APPLICATION OF BACK WELD SYMBOL

V-GROOVE WELD MADE BEFORE


BACK WELD FROM OTHER SIDE

BACK
OR WELD

BACK
WELD

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


APPLICATION OF BACKING WELD SYMBOL

V-GROOVE WELD MADE AFTER


BACKING WELD ON OTHER SIDE

BACKING
OR WELD

BACKING
WELD

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


APPLICATION OF BACKING WELD WITH
ROOT OPENING SPECIFIED
V-GROOVE WELD MADE AFTER
BACKING WELD ON OTHER SIDE

3/4(7/8) 1/8 BACKING


OR 3/4(7/8) WELD
3/4 7/8 1/8

BACKING 1
1/8
WELD

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


SINGLE-V-GROOVE WELD WITH BACKING

30º R ¼X1
A572
1 (1) GR50
¼
30º

REMOVED AFTER
1/4 1/4 WELDING
1 SYMBOL
WELD CROSS SECTION
DOUBLE-V-GROOVE WELD WITH SPACER

20º 20º
¼x½ ½ (5/8)
SAE 1010 ½ (5/8)
5/8 1/2 1/2
1/2 20º

1 – 1/4
1/2
5/8

20º

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


+

OR
+

DESIRED WELD SYMBOL


B
ANGLE
45º
7 D
3
16 3 PITCH
8
45º C
DEPTH
B
C A SIZE
3 A 7 ANGLE
8 SIZE 16
DEPTH
SYMBOL

+ + +

1 3 3

D
PITCH

DESIRED WELD
600
200

800

STRENGTH IN POUNDS PER WELD OR POUNDS


PER LINEAR INCH OF WELD
(9)
(5)
GTAW

QUANTITY OF SPOT WELD


A A

+
GTAW
½

½
SECTION A-A

ARROW SIDE ½ IN (13 mm) DIAMETER GAS TUNGSTEN ARC SPOT WELD
B

+ + +
126 mm

50 mm 50 mm +
13 mm B 13 mm

13 mm
50mm
RSW

SECTION B-B

50 mm PITCH ON RESISTANCE SPOT WELD


7
100 mm

LENGTH OF SEAM WELD


0.62
RSEW
A

0.62

A
SECTION A-A

NO ARROW OR OTHER SIDE SIGNIFICANCE,


0.62” WIDE RESISTANCE SEAM WELD
A

SECTION A-A
A
EBW
200

ARROW SIDE 200 LB/IN MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE


SHEAR STRENGTH ELECTRON BEAM SEAM WELD
SIZE (THICKNESS) OF SURFACING WELD

A
SECTION A-A
WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL
2 4 2
1

1
SECTION A-A

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL

WIDTH AND LENGTH OF SURFACING WELD


CORRECTION OF DIMENSION

REDUCE ROOT
1/8 MIN OPENING TO
3/6 MAX 1/8 MIN, 3/16 MAX

WELD CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


.005
TB
30º
30º .005

BRAZE CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


TB L
CL
L S S

CL

CL – CLEARANCE
L - LENGTH OF OVERLAP
S - FILLET SIZE

BRAZE CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


TB
.16-.17
.16 - .17 .06 .001-.003
.06

.001 - .003

BRAZE CROSS SECTION SYMBOL


END OF PRESENTATION